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Pädosexuelle Täter im Profil: Personen- und tatbezogene Merkmale geistlicher Sexualstrafäter

  • Institut für Gerichts- und Kriminalpsychologie, Tübingen, Germany


Aktuelle Befunde legen den Schluss spezieller persönlicher und tatbezogener Merkmale, bezüglich derer sich Sexualstraftäter aus der Gruppe der Geistlichen von anderen Sexualstraftätern unterscheiden, nahe. Gerade der Anteil katholischer Diözesanpriester – auch in Bezug auf die Vertreter anderer Ordensgemeinschaften, ist dabei herausragend. Zentral ist daher die Frage, inwieweit spezielle Strukturen einer mit großem Einfluss ausgestatteten Organisation, wie insbesondere die der katholischen Kirche, mit ihrer Forderung nach zölibatärem Ordensleben, zu einem erhöhten Risiko führt, Sexualstraftäter in ihren Reihen anzutreffen. Übt im Ergebnis vielleicht gerade eine rigide Sexualpolitik eine besondere Anziehungskraft auf pädosexuell veranlagte Menschen aus oder weckt sie gar pädosexuelle Neigungen? Nach einem Überblick zur aktuellen Befundlage hinsichtlich allgemeiner Charakteristika von Sexualstraftätern, deren Opfer Kinder sind, folgt die Auseinandersetzung mit einer offensichtlich speziellen Subgruppe der Sexualstraftäter, die dem Klerus angehören. Die Ausführungen nehmen speziell zu der Frage Stellung, ob und inwieweit die katholische Kirche Bedingungen als Biotop und Schutzwall für Täter bietet, die Kinder sexuell missbrauchen.
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Although religious coping has gained acceptance in some spheres of mental health treatment, it has yet to be integrated into the treatment of those suffering from persistent mental illness. In this study, 379 individuals with persistent mental illness who attended 1 of 13 Los Angeles County Mental Health facilities completed a survey consisting of a demographic questionnaire and an adapted version of the Religious Coping Index. More than 81% of the participants reported using religious beliefs or activities to cope, 65% perceived religion as effective, and the majority devoted up to 50% of their total coping time to religion. Participants with more severe symptomatology were more likely to engage in specific religious coping strategies than those with less severe symptoms. These findings suggest that religion may serve as an important coping mechanism for those with persistent mental illness and that such coping could be appropriately incorporated into the treatment and research afforded by mental health professionals.
A total of 279 men were asked about their purchase of erotic magazines, rental of videos and attendance at erotic movies. There were 131 sex offenders and 50 community controls from Alberta and 97 sex offenders from Ontario. In line with results from previous commissions on the subject, community volunteers reported greater exposure to erotica than sex offenders but there were no group differences in regular use of erotica. There were also no group differences in the types of erotica to which the respondents were exposed. The adult female was the main subject of materials to which most men had been exposed. An examination of age, education, intelligence, admission to the offense, and validity scales of the MMPI showed that the best predictor of erotica use was lower intelligence. Of the 15% of sex offenders against children who used erotic materials in their offence, conventional adult female erotica was used, usually to stimulate the child''s curiosity. Theories of erotica use in sex offences and methods of study are reviewed.
The goal of this study was to determine if cleric-sex offenders differed significantly from other sex offenders when compared to a control group and assessed with standard instruments that examine the major factors important in sexual offenses. Twenty-four male clerics accused of sexual offenses were compared to 24 male sex offender controls, matched on offense type, age, education, and marital status. Both groups were compared to a general sample of sex offenders (n = 2125) matched only for offense type. The three groups were compared on sexual history and preference, substance abuse, mental illness and personality, history of crime and violence, neuropsychological impairment, and endocrine abnormalities, using reliable and valid measures. The clerics in this study formed a statistically significant highly educated, older, and predominantly single subgroup of sex offenders. The majority of cleric-sex offenders suffered from a sexual disorder (70.8%), predominantly homosexual pedophilia, as measured by phallometric testing, but did not differ from the control groups in this respect. The clerics were comparable to the other two groups in most respects, but tended to show less antisocial personality disorders and somewhat more endocrine disorders. The most noteworthy features differentiating the clerics from highly educated matched controls were that clerics had a longer delay before criminal charges were laid, or lacked criminal charges altogether, and they tended to use force more often in their offenses. In spite of differences in age, education, and occupation between cleric-sex offenders and sex offenders in general, the same procedures should be used in the assessment of this group as for the sex offender population in general. Hypotheses about reduced sexual outlet and increased sexual abuse of clerics in childhood were not supported. Assessment and treatment of cleric-sex offenders should focus especially on sexual deviance, substance abuse, and endocrine disorders.
Cases of substantiated sexual abuse have declined approximately 39% nationwide from 1992 to 1999, according to estimates from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS). Despite the dramatic nature of the decline, little discussion of the trend has occurred at either the national or the state level. Aims of the research were to: (1) gather state-level information about possible sources of the sexual abuse decline, (2) identify child protection trends that might be contributing to the decline, and (3) assess the level of awareness of the decline in state child protection offices. Telephone interviews were conducted with child protection administrators in 43 states. More than half of the officials in states with large declines were unaware of any discussion of the declines within their agency or in the public at large within their state. State officials cited a diverse array of possible causes for the decline, including: (1) increased evidentiary requirements to substantiate cases, (2) increased caseworker caution due to new legal rights for caregivers, and (3) increasing limitations on the types of cases that agencies accept for investigation. More than half also mentioned the effectiveness of prevention programs, increased prosecution, and public awareness campaigns, implying that a portion of the decline may result from a real decline in occurrence. Responses from child protection officials have inherent biases, but they are useful in generating hypotheses for further study in trying to account for the decline. The results suggest that further discussion and increased analysis of child maltreatment system data are important next steps.
Report to the Ontario Mental Health Foundation: A 25-year followup study of sex-offender recidivism, Phase I
  • R Langevin
  • P Fedoroff
Langevin, R., Fedoroff, P. (2000) Report to the Ontario Mental Health Foundation: A 25-year followup study of sex-offender recidivism, Phase I
Vertuschen und versetzen, in Spiegel 29
  • P Wensierski
Wensierski, P. Vertuschen und versetzen, in Spiegel 29/2002
Interview mit Prof. Berner vom Hamburger Institut für Sexualforschung und Forensische Psychiatrie, Themenabend bei ARTE am 12
  • N Hellmann
  • Verbrechen
  • Kindesmissbrauch
Hellmann, N. Verbrechen Kindesmissbrauch. Interview mit Prof. Berner vom Hamburger Institut für Sexualforschung und Forensische Psychiatrie, Themenabend bei ARTE am 12. Oktober 2004
Pädophile – Wegsperren oder therapieren? Dokumentation, Frankreich
  • C Denavarre
Denavarre, C. Pädophile – Wegsperren oder therapieren? Dokumentation, Frankreich 2004, auf ARTE vom 12. Oktober 2004
Sexual molesters of adolescents, Ephebophilia and catholic clergy: a review and synthesis Sexual abuse in the catholic church – scientific and legal perspectives
  • M Kafka
  • R Hanson
Kafka, M. (2003) Sexual molesters of adolescents, Ephebophilia and catholic clergy: a review and synthesis. Seite 51-59 In: Hanson, R. et al. (2003) Sexual abuse in the catholic church – scientific and legal perspectives. Proceedings of the conference " abuse of children and young people by catholic priests and religious " (Vatican City, April 2-5, 2003)