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Workaholísm: Addiction to Work

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Addiction, from the perspective of Individual Psychology, can be conceptualized as goal-oriented, creative, and chosen behavior. Shifron (1999) indicated that addictions are creative choices to deal with the hardships of life. In this article, workaholism is introduced as an addiction through an Adierian framework. Workaholism is important because it negatively affects not only the individual, but also the family system.
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... Dans le même ordre d'idée des séances de supervision (pour toutes les professions qui sont amenées à être dans des relations d'aide ou de soins aux autres) peuvent aussi être un moyen de prévention du burn out par le fait d'aborder le sujet et d'accompagner les collègues [14,134] ou de la mise en place d'une processus d'épuisement compassionnel [37]. Dans le workaholism les séances de groupe avec les collègues semblent utiles [135]. ...
... Les thérapies familiales pour les sujets dépendant au travail peuvent avoir de l'intérêt dans la mesure ou l'impact familial du processus de workaholism est fort [135]. ...
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Tikslas – išanalizuoti ir susisteminti mokslinėje literatūroje aprašomas psichosocialines darboholizmo pasekmes. Tyrimo medžiaga ir metodai. Mokslinių straipsnių paieška vykdyta trijose internetinėse mokslinių duomenų bazėse. Sisteminei analizei ieškota nuo 2013 m. paskelbtų mokslinių straipsnių. Jų tinkamumas analizei vertintas peržiūrint pavadinimus, santraukas ir visus tekstus. Sisteminei analizei tinkamomis laikytos publikacijos, kuriose pristatomi empiriniai kiekybiniai tyrimai ir pateikiami rezultatai, atskleidžiantys darboholizmo ir jo pasekmių ryšį. Rezultatai ir išvados. Paieškos metu rastos 1 679 publikacijos. Į sisteminę analizę įtraukta 13 straipsnių. Apibendrinus darboholizmo pasekmės gali būti skirstomos į keturias pagrindines grupes: 1) pasekmės asmeniui, 2) jo darbinei veiklai, 3) šeiminiam gyvenimui, 4) organizacijai. Dažniausiai nagrinėjamos darboholizmo pasekmės pačiam darbuotojui arba jo atliekamai darbinei veiklai. Nustatyta, jog darboholizmas didina darbo ir šeimos konflikto, ketinimo palikti darbą, su darbu susijusio streso, profesinio pervargimo tikimybę. Taip pat nustatyta, jog dėl darboholizmo eikvojami asmens psichologiniai ištekliai, mažėja darbuotojo našumas darbe ir pasitenkinimas gyvenimu. Gauti rezultatai ir išskirtų pasekmių pobūdis patvirtina, jog darboholizmas yra neigiamas konstruktas, ir kartu teikia argumentų, leidžiančių pagrįstai abejoti dėl darboholizmo kaip teigiamo reiškinio interpretavimo. Reikšminiai žodžiai: darboholizmas, priklausomybė nuo darbo, psichosocialinės pasekmės.
... Strategies that serve the patient well within the family may be of no use, or even destructive, in a work situation, and vice versa. At times, strategies may have served a patient perfectly but became destructive when used excessively (i.e., overdosed), for example, in cases of addiction (Shifron, 1999(Shifron, , 2009(Shifron, , 2010(Shifron, , 2011 or in neurosis characterized by a "pampered style of life" (Adler, 1956, p. 241). ...
... Garson (2005) considered work engagement to be a coping strategy that allows workaholics to escape into another realm for the purpose of stress management. Other researchers, including Shifron and Reysen (2011), conceptualized workaholism as a diagnosable addiction that should be listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. In that vein, some view workaholism as addiction oriented or a process that includes "salience, mood modification, tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, conflict, and relapse" (Griffiths, 2005). ...
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The purpose of this study is to explore workaholism tendencies and their relationship to the Big Five personality traits and life satisfaction within a school counselor population. Results indicate that school counselors employed in high school settings experience significantly higher levels of workaholism tendencies than those at the elementary or middle school level, and school counselors with neurotic tendencies are most likely to be workaholics. Data also showed that school counselors with higher levels of workaholism have lower life satisfaction. We discuss implications for school counselor training and practice.
... According to Ng et al. (2007), workaholics are characterized by a high need for achievement and perfectionism. Numerous studies have found positive correlations between perfectionism and stress (Shifron & Reysen, 2011). This increases the risk for the development of occupational burnout (Aziz & Tronzo, 2011;Kristensen et al., 2005). ...
... ), on changing the proportion of time spent on different life domains (Robinson 2000a), on regulating emotions (Robinson and Kelley 1998) and/or on motivation (van Beek et al. 2011, 2012). Others are inter-individual-level interventions that focus on implementing social support in the workplace (Johnstone and Johnston 2005; van den Broeck et al. 2011), and/or in the family(Burke 2000a;Shifron and Reysen 2011). nevertheless, various authors recommend adopting a broader approach that encompasses both intra-individual and inter-individual levels of intervention (e.g.Chamberlin and Zhang 2009;Piotrowski and Vodanovich 2008). ...
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حتى وقت قريب كان الباحثون والأخصائيون الإكلينيكيون مهتمين بشكل رئيسي باضطرابات استخدام المواد "Substance use disorders". ومع ذلك، ففي السنوات الأخيرة ظهر اهتمام متزايد ديناميكيًا في المجتمع العلمي وبين المهنيين الذين كرسوا أبحاثهم لفهم مشكلة الاعتمادية "Dependence" غير المرتبطة بالمواد "Substance" أو المخدرات "Drugs". الآن، هناك اتجاهات متنامية تنظر إلى عدد من السلوكات على أنها يمكن أن تسبب الإدمان بما في ذلك العديد من السلوكات التي لا تنطوي على تناول أي عقار (مثل القمار، وألعاب الفيديو، واستخدام الإنترنت). وهو ما انبثق عنه ما يسمى بالإدمانات السلوكية "Behavioural Addictions". واحد من هذه الإدمانات السلوكية هو ما عُرِف بإدمان العمل "Workaholism"، وهو من المفاهيم الجديدة نسبيًا التي لاقت اهتماما مطردا من قبل الباحثين والدارسين عبر مختلف الميادين والثقافات. في هذه الورقة البحثية سنحاول تسليط الضوء على مفهوم إدمان العمل، من خلال الأطر النظرية والتناولات التي اعتمدها الباحثون لدراسة إدمان العمل، وتحديده، وتصنيفه. وتوضيح مختلف التصورات المفاهيمية التي فسرت طبيعة بنيته، كما سنعرض بعض الأدوات المستعملة لقياس مفهوم إدمان العمل. وفي الأخير عرض للعواقب النفسية والاجتماعية التي يمكن أن يخلفها إدمان العمل على الفرد، فضلًا عن العواقب التنظيمية والاجتماعية. Recently, researchers and clinical psychologists have focused primarily on substance use disorders. However, in recent years there has been a growing dynamic interest in the scientific community and among professionals who focused their research to understand the problem of dependence unrelated to substances or drugs. Now, there is a growing movement that considers a number of behaviors as potentially addictive, including those that do not involve the use of drugs (such as gambling, video games, and Internet use…). This has resulted behavioral addictions. One of these behavioral addictions is Workaholism. Workaholism is a relatively new concept that has received constant attention from researchers in various fields and cultures. This research paper will shed light on the concept of Workaholism, through theoretical frameworks and approaches adopted by researchers to study Workaholism. And show some common Workaholism measurement tools. Finally, a presentation of the psychological and social results that Workaholism may causes to the individual; As well as the organizational and social consequences.
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