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The Bandon Sandspit Site: The Archaeology of a Proto-Historic Coquille Indian Village

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Abstract

In 1952, a team led by Luther Cressman excavated the Bandon Sandspit site (35-CS-5), a protohistoric village at the mouth of the Coquille River. A large assemblage of bone and lithic artifacts, faunal material, trade goods, and architectural remains were recovered but remained largely unreported. I present the results of analyses of these materials. Native American oral traditions, geomorphological research, architectural remains, and radiocarbon dating of curated material provide insights into the activities that occurred at the site and suggest that it was abandoned as a permanent settlement sometime during the protohistoric period.
... We have also initiated cooperative research programs with the Coquille Indian Tribe and the Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Siuslaw Indians, one aspect of which is the analysis and reporting of existing collections from the southern Oregon Coast (Losey 1996;Erlandson et aI. 1997;Moss and Wasson 1998;Tveskov 2000a). One of our goals has been to help build a more refined chronology for Oregon Coast archaeological sites by radiocarbon dating sites investigated by earlier researchers. ...
... More recent geoarchaeological research has focused on southern Cascadia estuaries [11,12,16,18,26,38,43,61,64]. Estuaries are continually reworked by interrelated geological and biological processes, including eustatic sea level rise, the reworking of estuarine mouths by sand spit formation, changes in estuarine morphology by natural habitat succession, isostatic changes in sea levels caused by coastal subsidence, and the impact of tsunamis. ...
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