An architectural pre-design, which is conducted prior to the architecture design, supports fundamental configuration during the entire AEC project by predicting the cost, demand, etc., of the building, and is therefore gaining importance. In particular, the massing calculation of the pre-design phase should be prioritized, as it is fundamental to architectural outline. However, most architects ... [Show full abstract] depend on only their experience and intuition while conceptualizing an integrated framework of design conditions, including the building code and requirements for the massing calculation of the object. Therefore, many difficulties arise in terms of performing appropriate tasks. Thus, the purpose of this study is to implement a knowledge-based BIM for explicitly representing the design knowledge, which is the basis of decision making for an architect while performing the massing calculation. In particular, the 3D knowledge relevant to a project can be provided and accumulated in the massing calculation by the BIM system; this facilitates an integral understanding. Consequently, the approximate result of massing calculation in 3D BIM environment, through both the knowledge-based BIM template and plug-in, can be swiftly provided to the architect. In addition, the architect can invent various alternatives, estimate resulting costs, and reuse the accumulated knowledge in future BIM design processes.