The impact of BIM on the architectural design process

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... Lack of interoperability of sustainable data has the effect of limiting the application of BIM in building design and needs to be addressed earlier in the planning stage. Throughout the ongoing development in this area, the overall practical effectiveness of BIM still needs to be analyzed and validated [16,29,32]. ...
The benefits of BIM such as effective decision making, improved analysis, easier access to information and simpler green building certification provide an optimised solution for sustainable design and construction. This study proposes an IFC-based framework within an integrated BIM and sustainable data model for the design stage of the building project life cycle. We present the green building assessment tool (GBAT), which implements the proposed model and aids the design team in the generation of documentation necessary for obtaining green building certification. It extracts the necessary data from BIM models for calculating the green rating and provides feedback for further evaluation. A sample project is run and a green rating score table for the BREEAM materials category is obtained for validation of the model. This tool serves as a proof of concept that green data relevant for BREEAM certification can be automatically processed and used to inform the design.
... Architectural design process is complex series of different variables in various levels and scales which has an interaction and effects on each other in order to provide the goals of an architecture project [2]. The design activity can be considered as a new way to combine the known elements together or to introduce new concepts [28]. Additionally, the design activity is done mostly in groups [18]. ...
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This research attempts to offer a new approach for architectural design process that the concepts of interaction and multi-relations are being achieved through it. This approach, which is identified as an interactive architecture, suggests a process that a dynamic and mutual relation will create among all factors and parameters of design and the effects of each factor or parameters on final design will be considered. In fact, the main axis of the suggested approach is comprehensive interaction with all various aspects of design, since the design problems have multi-aspects, mostly. Thus, the final design will be resulted based on these mutual relations and it is a production which will have a maximum and optimum adaption with all factors and parameters. What makes this attitude more significant and crucial is the chaotic situation that is produced in architecture and urban designing of most cities especially in developing countries and leads to lack of identity in these cities. So, the interactive approach can be able to eliminate the challenges and create the fields of sustainable architecture and urban development through an effective method. However, this process encounters to some constraints and challenges along with some potentials which are discussed in this essay. The research method is analytical-interpretative and based on qualitative analyses.
Purpose Because of global environmental concerns, sustainable design has become a mainstream building design goal in recent years. Sustainable development is even more urgent in the light of global climate change. This paper aims to examine the contributions which building information modelling (BIM) can make to the production of sustainable building designs. Design/methodology/approach Various research methodologies have been adopted, including literature review, design tool analysis, a case study and structured face‐to‐face interviews. Data collected were synthesized as part of the research process. Findings BIM is found to be ideally suited to the delivery of information needed for improved design and building performance. Two most significant benefits of BIM for sustainable building design are: integrated project delivery (IPD) and design optimization. However, there are also barriers to adopting BIM for sustainable design. Research limitations/implications This paper does not attempt to address all aspects of BIM functionality because the scope of BIM is very great and the resources of this research were limited. Practical implications Successful implementation of BIM is able to eliminate the extra cost of design changes during the subsequent phases of construction process. BIM, therefore, is also capable of enhancing the project delivery culture in future. Social implications BIM solutions can contribute to the selection of best solutions to reduce energy and resources consumption. This new technology and the approach also can generate the need of more innovative professionals and job opportunities. Originality/value This paper investigates the contribution of BIM to sustainable buildings from the perspective of design performance and improved communication and coordination.
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