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Digital Marketing in Indian Context

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Abstract

Digital marketing is rising in India with fast pace. Many Indian companies are using digital marketing for competitive advantage. Success of marketing campaign cannot be solely achieved by digital marketing only. Rather for success of any marketing campaign it should fully harness the capabilities of various marketing techniques available within both the traditional and modern marketing. Startups who use digital marketing many times got failed. This study shows precautions to be taken for effective implementation of digital marketing to reap tremendous potential to increase in sales.
IJCEM International Journal of Computational Engineering & Management, Vol. 19 Issue 2, March 2016
ISSN (Online): 2230-7893
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Digital Marketing in Indian Context
Rajiv Kaushik
Prof. Department of Management Studies
Vaish College of Engineering, Rohtak, Haryana(India)
rajivkaushikprince@gmail.com
Abstract
Digital marketing is rising in India with fast pace. Many
Indian companies are using digital marketing for
competitive advantage. Success of marketing campaign
cannot be solely achieved by digital marketing only.
Rather for success of any marketing campaign it should
fully harness the capabilities of various marketing
techniques available within both the traditional and modern
marketing. Startups who use digital marketing many times
got failed. This study shows precautions to be taken for
effective implementation of digital marketing to reap
tremendous potential to increase in sales.
Keywords: Digital marketing, social network, ecommerce,
online retail, start up and commandments.
1. Introduction
Digital Marketing is any form of marketing products or
services, which involves electronic devices. It can be both
online and offline. According to institute of direct
marketing "the use of internet and related digital
information and communication technologies to achieve
marketing objectives."
According to CAM Foundation Digital Marketing is a
broad discipline, bringing together all forms of marketing
that operates through electronic devices online, on
mobile, on-screen. Over the years, digital marketing has
developed enormously, and it continues to do so.”
Search Engine Optimization, Search Engine Marketing or
Pay per Click Advertising, Social Media Marketing,
Content Marketing, Mobile Marketing, Web Analytics,
Marketing Automation, Content Writing & Rate
Optimization are the popular and most-demanded areas in
digital marketing.
It is the creative use of management information system
(MIS) and technology which supports customers
interaction with e-marketers. Marketers need to use
technology and information and intuition to set brands and
grab opportunities. E-Commerce has unleashed the
revolution which is changing the way of doing business. In
1997 U.S. govt. allowed use of internet by commercial
organization. This gave impetus to new way of conducting
trade and commerce.
In 2015 e-commerce activities get boost up with rapid
expansion, multiplicity of campaign, deals based user
acquisition and more. This shift in e-commerce become
more noticeable with higher focus on consumer knowledge
and retention, improvement in experience, and depth of
assortment across an ever wider range of categories. E-
commerce players are focusing on retention on existing
customers and acquisition of new users.
To enhance loyalty of customers towards e-commerce as a
category they are differentiating in leveraging data and
assortment trends to finally move towards one to one
marketing principle. Customers are rewarded for their
loyalty with better experience across delivery, pricing,
exclusive offer and return policies
Early e-commerce trialists and adopters have clearly
understood and experienced the immense benefit of e-
commerce. Therefore companies are scaling down mass
media advertising description of e-commerce targeted
early trialists and adopters. Main digital platform such as
Google, Facebook, Twitter, You Tube etc. are rolling out
more advertiser friendly products that are allowing smaller
as well large players to market with high efficiency to
early adopters. This is resulting in increase in digital
marketing spending. Due to innovation of digital media
coupled e-commerce players system is moving from
application download and visit metrics to user metrics
instead.
Investment made so far to generate early adopters of e-
commerce are rotating into targeting late adopters through
regional and vernacular offline media. Advertisers have
finally accepted that there will be end of long form of
advertisement and branded content will rise. Digital video-
advertising even started issuing advisories asking
consumers to keep edit length short. Brand are
experimenting, to large extent, with expressing themselves
through digital and youth content. This has driven wider
choices of content, sharper entertainment propositions, and
increase in the smart phone viewership dividend. Sustained
IJCEM International Journal of Computational Engineering & Management, Vol. 19 Issue 2, March 2016
ISSN (Online): 2230-7893
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advertiser investment depends on how fast the emerging
digital content industry adopts scientific measurement tool.
Innovations in the core products are generating big impact
on user acquisition and retention due to digital store and
service experience. The players who are delivering gaining
more consumer friendly products and service improvement
are gaining more.
2. Some facts about Indian Digital Marketing
Industry
As per a report by IAMAI and Boston consulting
group, India has one of the largest and fastest
growing populations of Internet users in the
world190 million as of June 2014 and growing
rapidly.
According to a report, India will cross 500 million
Internet Users Mark in 2020
According to Direct Marketing Association,
Digital Marketing Industry is worth $62 billion
According to eMarketer, advertising via mobile
phones and tablets rose 180 percent, to $4 billion
in 2014
According to a report published in The Hindustan
Times, New Delhi digital advertising space in
India is worth Rs. 6000 crore and video is Rs.
1600 crore of that. In 2016 the digital ad space
will grow to Rs. 8100 crore and video will grow
faster than search and classified.
According to a research firm eMarketer ecommerce
sales in India are expected to grow from $14 billion in
2015 to $55 billion in 2018. India has seen the fastest
growth in retail ecommerce among Asia-Pacific
countries, surging 133.8% in 2014 and 129.5% in
2015. The combined gross merchandise value, or total
value of sales of country's top three ecommerce places
i.e. (Flipkart, Amazon and Snapdeal) in 2015 was
$13.8 billion exceeded that of the top 10 offline
retailers, which stood at $12.6 billion for the same
period.
3. Reasons for rise in digital Marketing in India
Increase in internet penetration in the country has led to a
substantial growth of other digital industries such as e-
commerce, digital advertising and so on. Latest trends in
digital marketing in India in web usage, mobile and search,
social networking, shopping and online video are shaping
the Indian digital marketplace and what it holds for the
years to come.
Fig 1: India is now world third largest internet population
By adding 17.6 million users in 2013 and exhibiting a
year-over-year increase of 31%, India becomes to be the
world’s third largest internet population leaving behind
Japan. While in 2012, Mobile Internet grew 111 per cent,
during 2013 the growth was 63 per cent. India registered a
YoY of 28 per cent in 2012 and a YoY growth of 39 per
cent in 2013 as far as the number of internet users is
concerned.
Fig 2: Growth of Digital commerce over years
While in December 2007, the digital commerce market
stood at Rs. 8,146 crore, by December 2012 it was worth
Rs. 47,349 crore.
By December 2013, digital commerce in India grew to a
whopping Rs. 62,967 crore.
The segment witnessed 35 per cent growth between
December 2011 and December 2012 while it grew by 33
per cent between December 2012 and December 2013.
IJCEM International Journal of Computational Engineering & Management, Vol. 19 Issue 2, March 2016
ISSN (Online): 2230-7893
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Fig 3: Online retail is on the rise
60% of web users in India visit online retail sites. Of the
total online market products, consumer durables account
for 34 per cent, apparel and accessories 30 per cent, books
15 per cent, beauty and personal care 10 per cent, and
home and furnishing 6 per cent. Over 50 per cent of sales
in these product categories take place in non-metro cities.
Fig 4: Majority of screen time still captured by Social
media
86% Indian web users visit a social networking
site
214 minutes are spent on Facebook by an
avaerage user
There is 28% increase in facebook visitors in the
last 12 months
59,642,000 users visited facebook on thier Pc’s
Facebook continues to be the number one social
network and LinkedIn as number two while
Pinterest and Tumblr are the fastest growing
networks.
Fig 5: Entertainment and online video continues to grow
74% of internet users in India visited an
entertainment site
31.5 million viewers watched videos on YouTube
making it the number one destination for videos
27% increase in the India online video Audience
over a year
54,025,000 people watched an online video on
their Pc’s
4. Indian companies using digital marketing for
competitive advantage
Nestle's Every Day was facing threat from liquid milk in
North-East. It has taken help of Facebook. Its teams
created a three-second cinema graph- an image with some
moving shots. It targeted women age 21 and above. The
result was five percentage point increase in purchase intent
and 14 point increase in ad recall.
Coca-Cola did a live video for its orange flavoured Fanta.
Maybelline did a three dimensional video. Royal Enfield
shot a 360 degree video for its new bike Himalayan.
Lakme used a slide show format (its five times lighter than
a video), and Cornetto made a three second Cinemagraph.
Pepsi Co. Beverages used Facebook during cricket World
Cup in 2015 for brand building and generating the sale.
Pepsi's Facebook campaign was the most recognised
brands during the event. Pepsi Co. is using social media in
a big way for building its brand equity.
A research conducted by Adobe and CMO Council has
revealed that growing number of marketers in India are
IJCEM International Journal of Computational Engineering & Management, Vol. 19 Issue 2, March 2016
ISSN (Online): 2230-7893
www.IJCEM.org
IJCEM
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15
leveraging digital marketing to increase their competitive
advantage.
According to the study, India leads in the confidence in
digital marketing as a driver of competitive advantage.
Ninety-six per cent of the Indian marketers have high
confidence in the ability of digital marketing to drive
competitive advantage. It is among the highest in Asia-
Pacific APAC with only Australia leading with 97 per cent,
the research said.
However, while Indian marketers believe that the key
driver to adopting digital is a growing internet population
(70 per cent in India against 59 per cent in APAC), their
belief that customer preference and digital dependence
drive the adoption of digital, and that digital can engage
the audience, is lower than the APAC averages, it added.
According to 2014 Adobe APAC, India is an emerging
leader in Digital Marketing, it has dipped in its own
performance in 2015 as compared to the previous year. It
is important to note that India scored much higher than the
APAC average in 2014.
Customer preference and digital dependence would
increase along with the increase in penetration of internet
in the Indian market.
The study revealed that compared to their APAC
counterparts, Indian marketers are receiving lesser support
from channel and sales teams for increasing digital spends.
However they are doing better as compared to 2014
suggesting that departments that have a customer interface
are realising the importance of digital marketing in
augmenting their efforts.
5. Impact of technology growth on traditional
marketing
Due to technologies advancement at an exponential rate,
the marketing paradigm has shifted to newer more
customer and content centric approaches being delivered
on the digital platform.
Traditional marketing like advertising, public relations,
branding and corporate communications, lead generation
etc. broadly relies on television, radio, telephone, and print
media and telephone as a delivery medium. Contrary to
that modern marketing techniques leverage the power of
Internet and social media to reach to a more targeted set of
audience.
Modern marketing techniques provide cost effective
marketing platform with ability to reach millions of
customers in a very short span of time. Businesses which
invest heavily on only on digital marketing as their
marketing delivery tool, can substantially hurt their overall
marketing success.
For success of any marketing campaign it should fully
harness the capabilities of various marketing techniques
available within both the traditional and modern
marketing.
Activities like push marketing, lead generation, launch
events and trade shows, television and print media can be
used to integrate with social computing, customized
content and control budget etc. to effectively reach the
identified market segments and convert them into paying
consumers.
With the rise of social media, changing business
landscapes, and introduction of more educated customers,
the businesses need to rethink about their marketing
strategies and lay out a multi-channel marketing plan that
carefully lays out an optimal mix of both the modern and
traditional techniques best suited for the business.
6. Reasons for failure of digital marketing in
startups
Probable reasons for failure of digital marketing in startups
are as follows:
Measuring the Cost per Acquisition: A large percent of
business owners fail to define key metrics and don't put
relevant structure including using relevant tools to measure
the progress of their digital marketing campaigns. Entire
focus of measurability is on increasing reach in terms of
views and visitors. While reach is necessary but it's not
sufficient. Imagine if your website receives more than
double the traffic of your competitors but if your website
conversions are less than half of your competitors - you
would still be having lower returns than your competitors.
In addition to pay attention to increasing your website
reach, pay attention to the entire customer funnel so as to
meet your ultimate objectives is the key to success in
leveraging digital media.
Believe that Digital Marketing belongs to Technology
Department: A large number of startup founders don't
believe that digital marketing is a marketing function. But
they treat it as a technology piece. Although digital
marketing leverages technology for reasons such as
measurability or scaling up, it's still a marketing function.
Expecting from technical team to create success of digital
marketing is an obvious recipe for failure. This problem is
not limited to startups even large corporations are also the
victims of such treatment of digital marketing.
Think that outsourcing is the solution: Assuming that
outsourcing will take care of end-to-end execution is one
of the reasons for high failure rate of agency-client
IJCEM International Journal of Computational Engineering & Management, Vol. 19 Issue 2, March 2016
ISSN (Online): 2230-7893
www.IJCEM.org
IJCEM
www.ijcem.org
16
relationships. This problem is bigger with the large
corporation which are using outsourcing. By educating
clients about the appropriate approach to leverage digital
helps them restructure their thinking and processes related
to digital marketing.
Hired a Digital Marketing professional on your
ignorance: Hiring one or more digital marketing
professionals without having clarity on overall digital
marketing strategy is almost similar to outsourcing digital
marketing responsibility to an external agency. Whether
startups or marketing professionals they have to realize
that they have an important role to play in creating digital
marketing strategy, whether they want to work with an
external agency or build an in-house team.
Doing Social Media because everyone else is doing: Like
in other business functions, our decisions in digital
marketing are largely influenced by what others are doing
or what's popular at present.
Just because Social Media is the talk of the town is not a
sufficient reason for a startup to invest in it. The choice of
a digital media platform should be based on business
objective and target audience rather on the popularity of a
medium. Social Media may be useful for brand promotion
for a large organization while Search Engine Marketing
may be more appropriate for a startup if lead generation is
the primary objective.
Expect overnight Success: Influenced by mind-blowing
statistics associated with digital media platforms and by
ever growing number of online businesses, every
organization who embark upon the journey of digital
marketing believes that it's a magical wand, which will
solve their sales & marketing objectives overnight.
Although digital media is a powerful weapon to accelerate
business growth, a sustainable success in digital marketing
normally takes few months if not more and this journey to
success would have involved few failures. Digital
Marketing avenues such as Search Engine Optimization
(SEO) require couple of months before a business can see
good results. Expecting quick results normally leads to
giving up on the not-so-visible but real progress
campaigns, which would have produced desired goals if
given the time it requires.
Underestimate the importance of Content: Digital
marketing campaigns relies mainly on regular flow of high
quality, relevant content, the requirement for which is
highly underestimated by a large percentage of small
businesses.
When faced with scarcity of content, either these
businesses end up compromising on the quality of the
content or end up giving up their digital marketing
campaigns.
7. Commandments of Digital Marketing
Consider Digital strategy as a part of Brand Strategy:
Generally for brands, digital strategies are created in a
complete vacuum from the overall brand strategy, or
worse, no digital strategy is crafted at all. Since digital is
the glue that ties the entirety of a marketing plan and
tactics together, anything that happens online needs to
ladder up to the higher objectives of the brand. An
effective digital strategy is typically composed of a group
of sub strategies to effectively plan and account for owned,
earned, shared, and paid assets.
Innovating the Brands: Majority of brands have some form
of goal around innovation. And that’s important because
innovations drive the business forward But innovation
mean better not new. Your strategy should help you select
your tactics, not the other way around. If you are seeking
to use a tool or platform because you think it is innovative,
and can’t identify how or why it works for your audience,
you’re worshipping the shiny object and are destined to
fail.
Put Interest of the Consumer First than their Own: Too
often marketers approach digital from the mindset of their
own (or their brand) objectives. Users crave value, utility,
and having their needs met. This is especially true online
where fractions of a second can make or break a potential
engagement. Instead of focusing on your needs, try and
determine what your users want and how you can insert
your brand or your content into their lives in a way that
makes sense.
Don't Imitate your competitors: Just because your
competitor is doing something doesn’t mean you should
too.
Acknowledge the Importance of Smart Phone and Tablet:
Usage of mobile phone and tablet has increased
extensively. About 85% of HCP’s are using a tablet in their
practice and 1 in 3 people in the US now own a tablet as
well. Increasing use of smart phones means your brand had
better be ready to provide mobile optimized content, tools,
and resources for your users.
Understand the Difference between Metrics and Analysis:
There is difference between metrics and analysis. Metrics
are just data. Metrics are just numbers. Analysis tells you
what to do next. A common misunderstanding is that they
are one and the same. Google analytics may be free, but
can’t give you any insight into what the numbers mean or
where to go from here. Too often marketers collect (or
IJCEM International Journal of Computational Engineering & Management, Vol. 19 Issue 2, March 2016
ISSN (Online): 2230-7893
www.IJCEM.org
IJCEM
www.ijcem.org
17
simply ignore) data and give no thought (or budget) into
understanding it. The digital medium allows you to be
nimble and react to your users with far greater speed and
efficiency.
Maintain healthy relationship with stakeholders: Treat your
employees, suppliers & distributors etc. accordingly so that
they feel as a partner. Healthy company client
relationships are a true partnership where everyone feels
comfortable bringing ideas and co-authoring success. Treat
your organization people fairly and with respect and they’ll
bring results for you. With their help if you succeed, tell
them. When they screw up, do the same.
Share your content with those who need it: Use wants to
use contents as per their convenience when and where they
want. You should take it positively if they decide to copy,
share, link, or tweet it elsewhere. Your contents should be
sharable and videos should be post able. Because your
customers are true amplifier for your brand than anyone
else.
Conclusion:
Digital marketing has increased in last a few years in India.
People have different views about it. But the fact is this
digital marketing has tremendous potential to increase in
sales provided businesses should have knowledge to
implement it in right way. Benefits like increased brand
recognition and better brand loyalty can be gained by
effective digital media plan. Digital marketing campaign
help in reduction in costs, boost in inbound traffic and
better ranking in search engines.
References:
[1] TS, Anoop (Dec. 01, 2014). Digital marketing
communication "mix". www.linkedin.com/20141201185
400-100431809-digitalmark.
[2] Murthy, Srinivas (Jan. 06, 2016). Always keep your
customers close and your loyalist closer.
articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com > collections >
digital marketing.
[3] Chathurvedula, Sadhana (Dec. 16, 2015). Indian
ecommerce sales to reach $55 billion by 2018.
www.livemint.com > customer > research.
[4] Bailay, Rasul & Anand Shambhavi (April 11, 2016).
Japan's Rakuten opens office in Bangaluru; poaches mid
level managers from Flipkart, Amazon. Economic times
bureau.
[5] Why digital marketing is on rise in India? Let's talk
numbers. dsim.in/blog/ why-digital- marketing-is-on-rise-
in-India-lets-talk-numbers. Feb. 18 2014.
[6] Daniel, Anand (June 10, 2015). Rise of Indian market
places, and what the future hold. yourstory.com/2015/06/
rise-Indian-marketplaces.
[7] Why digital marketing is the need of hour-CSDM
Raipur. csdm.in/digital-marketing-need-hour/Feb.20, 2014.
[8] India overtakes Japan to become world's third largest
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... Reference studies 1 Informative Deloitte (2020), Tewari (2020), Chaffey (2019), Key (2017), Kaushik (2016), Bhattacharya (2015), Mogensen (2015), Kaufman and Horton (2014), Adikesavan (2014) 2 Quick Polanco-Diges and Debasa (2020), Alghizzawi (2019), Kannan (2017), Dahiya and Gayatri (2018), Capgemini (2015), CþR Research (2014) 3 Interactive Saura (2020), Tewari (2020), Dahiya and Gayatri (2017), Chaffey and Smith (2017), Durmaz and Efendioglu (2016), Edelman and Heller (2015), Ioan as and Stoica (2014) Expert Advice Parab (2020), Dahiya and Gayatri (2018); Chaffey and Smith (2017); Charan and Dahiya (2015); Kusuma (2015); Bagchi (2013) 7 Easy Comparison Digital Marketing Institute (2020), Alghizzawi (2019), Dahiya and Gayatri (2018), Capgemini (2015), Nguyen (2014) 8 Customer Reviews Deloitte (2020), Dahiya and Gayatri (2018), Chaffey and Smith (2017), Charan and Dahiya (2015), Hausman (2014), Bagchi (2013) 9 ...
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The increasing trend of digital marketing has to lead to an increase in content marketing as every aspect of digital marketing directly or indirectly requires content. As consumers are exposed to a lot of information content marketing will help marketers to stand out in the competition. This research has been carried out to understand the concept the content marketing and analyze various content marketing strategies used by Nike on various social media platforms. The simplest form of content marketing can be known as storytelling which has been existed for many years. The basis of content marketing strategy includes planning, producing, and distributing content. Nike's content marketing strategy which includes localization, storytelling and emotions, diversification of approach, addressing audience needs, and co-creation and trust has helped it to connect and engage with the audience.
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Businesses today are discovering the significance of an online presence. However, only a handful of them, know the importance of identifying what users are doing on their blog or business website. Here Web Analytics plays a critical role. Web Analytics, also known as Web data analytics, help boost website traffic & provide the website visitors’ data. This study shows how web analytics help in collecting the important information of users behaviours, age, demographics, gender, conversions & source of traffic details. Startups & small businesses can optimise their content based on users’ interest & take productive decisions. India which has become a hub of the startups in the world. Studies have showed that 90% of the startups get failed, in this paper it has been tried to find out how can Web Analytics play the role of catalyst for the success of the startup business. The sooner businesses embrace web analytics, the better.
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