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Generic recircumscription in the Loxocarpinae (Gesneriaceae), as inferred by phylogenetic and morphological data

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The Loxocarpinae, also known as the “Boea group”, are the subtribe of Gesneriaceae which includes Boea and a number of segregated genera and close relatives. This group currently comprises over 200 species in 15 genera. Here we present the most up-to-date phylogeny, covering all the genera known to belong to the group, based on Bayesian inference and parsimony of the nuclear ITS and the plastid regions trnL-trnF (intron and spacer) and ndhF-trnL UAG(spacers). The results show discrepancies between the current generic delimitation in the subtribe and the clades delineated by the phylogeny. As a result Boea, Damrongia, Paraboea and Streptocarpus are recircumscribed in an attempt to establish a more natural classification and new combinations are made. The new genus Middletonia is described.
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Puglisi & al. • Phylogeny of Loxocarpinae
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65 (2) • April 2016: 277292

 
INTRODUCTION


  

-
          -

     .

     
 Boea   

 
-


Loxocarpus

Paraboea
  -
 BoeaBoea


    

 Boea    

  Boea
   
      Boea 

Boea  Paraboea
 
     

Boea ParaboeaKaisupeea
SenyumiaSpelaeanthus
Emarhendia
Boea
Paraboea.
-

 
-
   Chirita
Henckelia      
Boea
   -
   Chirita
DamrongiaBoea
Generic recircumscription in the Loxocarpinae (Gesneriaceae),
as inferred by phylogenetic and morphological data
Carmen Puglisi,1 Tze Leong Yao,2 Richard Milne,3 Michael Möller1 & David J. Middleton4
1 Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 20A Inverleith Row, Edinburgh EH3 5LR, U.K.
2 Forest Research Institute Malaysia, 52109 Kepong, Selangor, Malaysia
 University of Edinburgh, Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, Edinburgh EH9 3JH, U.K.
 Herbarium, Singapore Botanic Gardens, National Park s Board, 1 Cluny Road, Singapore 259569
 Carmen Puglisi, cpuglisi@rbge.ac.uk
ORCID 
DOI  
Abstract
   Boea   Boea  

   -
trnL-trnFndhF-trnLUAG

BoeaDamrongiaParaboea  Streptocarpus   
Middletonia
Keywords
BoeaDamrongiaParaboeaStreptocarpus
Supplementary Material
)  
    
Puglisi & al. • Phylogeny of Loxocarpinae
 Version of Record
TAX ON
65 (2) • April 2016: 277292
Chirita 
ChiritaHenckelia-
 Loxocarpus Boea Henckelia
Loxocarpus .
  Boea
ParaboeaTrisepalum  
Phylloboea
Paraboea-
     



-



MATERIALS AND METHODS
       
    -


         -
DidissandraCodonoboea
Streptocarpus

 
Boea     Hoog-
land 5129
BoeaOrnithoboea

            -
  


        

-

       
      
trnL-trnF
trnLtrnL-trnF
ndhF-trnLUAG (ndhF-rpl32r pl32-trnLUAG spacers).
Fig. .         A,        Paraboea burttii B,  -
 Ornithoboea puglisiaeC,Loxocarpus incanus
 D,   Paraboea incudicarpa   

Puglisi & al. • Phylogeny of Loxocarpinae
279Version of Record
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65 (2) • April 2016: 277292
trnL-trnF  -


       

O.
 




    



-


trnL-trnF 
.
-

-




ndhF-trnLUAG 
.
ndhF-rpl32rpl32-trnLUAG-


        

 
   
      


 

   

   
    -
  


       

  
    

      
ndhF-trnLUAG 
 
   trnL-trnF  
          
ndhF-trnL
UAG
     -


trnL-trnF
-


-
 
   


     

-
   

   

 
        .
 
trnL-trnFndhF-trnLUAG
  





      
    


 
        

RESULTS


Tab le . 
    


trnL-trnF ) 6 2271  677
trnL-trnFndhF-trnLUAG)    
Puglisi & al. • Phylogeny of Loxocarpinae
 Version of Record
TAX ON
65 (2) • April 2016: 277292
   


LoxocarpusEmarhendia
Orchadocarpa   
 

        
      
         

  -


Fig. . P  
   trnL-trnFndhF-trnLUAG
   
     

0.02
Didissandra elongata subsp. minor
Paraboea harroviana var. ovata
Somrania lineata
Paraboea variopila
Loxocarpus incanus var. sekayuensis 2
Kaisupeea orthocarpa 2
Paraboea barnettiae 2
Didissandra sp.
Somrania flavida
Loxocarpus incanus 2 *
Paraboea multiflora *
Damrongia lacunosa 2
Boea philippensis 4
Spelaeanthus chinii 2 *
Loxocarpus sericiflavus 1
Paraboea monticola
Ornithoboea barbanthera
Paraboea middletonii
Paraboea velutina
Damrongia trisepala 1
Kaisupeea herbacea 1 *
Loxocarpus holttumii 1
Paraboea evrardii
Orchadocarpa lilacina *
Streptocarpus glandulosissimus
Boea hygrometrica 2 *
Paraboea doitungensis
Paraboea burttii
Boea philippensis 1
Senyumia minutiflora *
Streptocarpus sumatranus
Loxocarpus argenteus
Paraboea rufescens var. tomentosa
Ornithoboea pseudoflexuosa 1
Boea clarkeana 1
Paraboea neurophylla
Paraboea umbellata
Paraboea glandulosa
Loxocarpus rufescens
Boea clarkeana 2
Paraboea amplifolia
Paraboea rosea
Paraboea acutifolia 1
Paraboea trachyphylla
Streptocarpus orientalis 1
Streptocarpus rexii
Loxocarpus violoides
Paraboea glutinosa
Paraboea crassifolia 1
Ornithoboea wildeana
Boea geoffrayi
Boea hygrometrica 1 *
Paraboea verticillata
Paraboea divaricata
Emarhendia bettiana *
Damrongia fulva
Ornithoboea pseudoflexuosa 2
Paraboea sinensis
Paraboea crassifolia 3
Somrania albiflora *
Paraboea paniculata
Ornithoboea arachnoidea
Paraboea subplana
Paraboea glabra
Boea hygroscopica 1
Boea sp.nov.
Ornithoboea flexuosa
Paraboea acutifolia 2
0.78/–
1/79
1/88
1/100
0.89/–
0.93/75
0.99/–
1/99
0.8/–
1/100
1/93
1/100
1/84
1/100
0.99/58
1/100
1/86
1/100
1/–
1/98
1/91
1/100
1/100
1/51
1/95
1/–
1/100
1/98
0.98/–
0.85/–
1/100
1/100
0.99/–
1/100
1/100
0.56/–
1/–
1/72
1/100
1/100
1/100
1/74
1/100
1/100
1/89
1/100
1/97
0.97/56
1/83
1/100
1/100
1/100
1/83
1/100
1/–
1/100
1/94
1/96
1/100
1/100
1/97
0.53/–
1/100
0.91/57
3
5
6
2
7
1
4
7
Middletonia
Dorcoceras
Boea
Damrongia
Paraboea
Puglisi & al. • Phylogeny of Loxocarpinae
Version of Record
TAX ON
65 (2) • April 2016: 277292
           -



      
    


      
Paraboea
P. mont icola      is sis-
P. evrardii P. multiflora
-
Paraboea


     .
Paraboea
Paraboea

  Boea     
     B. geoffrayi   
B. hygrometrica B. philippensis  
 BoeaBoea
geoffrayi
 B. philippensis    

Loxocarpus
EmarhendiaOrchadocarpa
  
SenyumiaSpelaeanthus-
BoeaBoeaB. hygroscop-
ica          
B. lawesiiBoea  

Loxocarpus L. rufescens  
L. sericiflavus
L. holttumii
Loxocarpus   L. incanus  
 Orchadocarpa
LoxocarpusL. argenteus L. violoides
L. verbeniflos   
L. repens    
Emarhendia
   Boea  B. clarkeana
Damrongia
D. trisepala
D. cyanantha   Streptocarpus sumatranus
Damrongia 
D. lacunosa
D. fulva  
  Streptocar-
pus orientalis    
 
Somrania   Somrania
S. albifloraS. lineata
S. flavida
  Kaisupeea  Rhabdothamnop-
sis  
   Ornithoboea Kaisupeea
  
K. cyaneaOrni-
thoboea 
DISCUSSION
       

Boea
Damrongia Loxocarpus Paraboea Streptocarpus

Kaisupeea Ornithoboea Somrania
          
          

Emarhendia LoxocarpusOrchadocarpa

Boea. — Boea al-


Boea clarkeana
Damrongia B. hygroscopica 
B. lawesiiSenyumia
Tab le ..
  
  
Middletonia  
Dorcoceras  
Loxocarpus / Orchadocarpa Ridl. / Emarhendia / Senyumia /
Spelaeanthus / Boea  
Ornithoboea  / Kaisupeea / Rhabdothamnopsis  
Somrania  
Damrongia  
Paraboea  
Puglisi & al. • Phylogeny of Loxocarpinae
 Version of Record
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65 (2) • April 2016: 277292
SpelaeanthusLoxo-
carpus 
          
Boea
     Paraboea 
-

BoeaB. magellanica
 

Boea
lawesii


         

      
 
   Boea re-
B. hygroscopicaB. lawesii
B. magellanica 
Dorcoceras Dorcoceras hy-
grometricum 
Dorcoceras Boea      


DorcocerasBoea
   B. geoffrayi B. hygrometrica
B. philippensisB. wallichii.

Boea clarkeana  Damrongia
-
 D. trisepala
  Boea clarkeana
Damrongia
Boea clarkeana-

     Damrongia    Paraboea
    Ornithoboea 
   -


Boea clarkeanaDamrongia.
Paraboea. —
Paraboea    

Paraboea      



    

Trisepalum Phylloboea     -

   

Paraboea 
       
 


 Paraboea
        


 

Paraboea 
Middletonia
     Paraboea multi-
flora   
Paraboea
Wen 2010-01
     
 
Paraboea dictyoneura    
 
P. multiflora

Streptocarpus. — Streptocarpus 

   
 

   Streptocarpus
S. burmanicusS. orientalis
S. sumatranus  

S. orientalis
 -
S. rexiiS. glandulosissimus
          
Streptocarpus sumatranus   
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S. orientalis.
Streptocarpus sumatranus
 Damrongia   
      
Streptocarpus 
 
  Streptocarpus sumatranus
Damrongia

Streptocarpus-
Damrongia-

Damrongia   
Boea clarkeana
Streptocarpus
Streptocarpus orientalis DamrongiaBoea
clarkeanaStreptocarpus sumatranus-
Streptocarpus     

Damrongia Boea clarkeanaStreptocarpus su-
matranus  
      
Puglisi & al. • Phylogeny of Loxocarpinae
Version of Record
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65 (2) • April 2016: 277292
Fig. ., Middletonia
ParaboeaMiddletonia multiflora , Dorcoceras-
BoeaDorcoceras    D. philippense
,    Loxocarpusa, Loxocarpus
incanusb, Emarhendia bettiana    c, Orchadocarpa lilacina
d, Senyumia minutif lora   e, Spelaeanthus chinii
  f, Boea hygroscopica  , 
a, Kaisupeea herbacea  b, Rhabothamnopsis sinensis 
c, Ornithoboea pseudoflexuosa   , Somrania      Damrongia 
Somrania flavida, DamrongiaBoea clarkeana
 Streptocarpusa, Damrongia orientalis b, Damrongia trisepala   
c, Damrongia clarkeana, Paraboea
Middletonia. Paraboea middletonii
Puglisi & al. • Phylogeny of Loxocarpinae
 Version of Record
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65 (2) • April 2016: 277292

S. orientalis
S. orientalis
Damrongia
Streptocarpus burmanicus  

S. orientalisDamrongia

Loxocarpus. — Loxocarpus  -


Orchadocarpa
Emarhendia  BoeaSpelaeanthusSenyumia

 Loxocarpus
  Loxocarpus incanus
L. incanus var. sekayuensis
L. incanus var. sekayuensis
L. incanus var. incanus


LoxocarpusL. violoides 
  

L. argenteus       

   Loxocarpus     
 L. rufescens
         
SenyumiaSpelae-
anthusBoea 
   
Loxocarpus   
-
BoeaSenyumiaSpelaeanthus

    
Loxocarpus   
   
    
Loxocarpus    

Patterns of diver sity. —

      

          -
 
   

    Paraboea species
  
         
     
Orchadocarpa ParaboeaP. inc udi -
carpa-

Loxocarpus

    
  Paraboea incudicarpaSomrania Emarhendia-
  
 Orchadocarpa 

      
     

are Emarhendia LoxocarpusOrchadocarpa Somrania
-
  DorcocerasRhab-
dothamnopsisSenyumiaSpelaeanthus
BoeaDamrongiaKaisupeea
MiddletoniaOrnithoboea Paraboea.

    -

Boea
Paraboea         
MiddletoniaDorcoceras
 

-


-


-

     
 Paraboea 
P. crassifoliaP. acutifolia ( R i d l .)
  



 ParaboeaP. subplana 
    
  

Ornithoboea




EmarhendiaOrchadocarpaSenyumiaSomraniaSpe-
laeanthusLoxocarpus
Boea is
MiddletoniaDamrongia

  

Damrongia trisepala -


Puglisi & al. • Phylogeny of Loxocarpinae
Version of Record
TAX ON
65 (2) • April 2016: 277292
Dorcoceras      
   -
D. philippense
  


  
al..
     

Dorcoceras

TAXONOMIC TREATMENT
BoeaB. magel-
lanica



 Boea 


Species list. – Boea dennisii B. hemsleyana
B. hiansB. hygroscopica B. kin-
neariiB. lawesiiB. magel-
lanicaB. mollis B. rosselensis
B. urvillei
Damrongia    
D. purpureolineata
Boea clarkeana
  Streptocarpus      
Damrongia cyananthaD. trisepalaDamrongia



n  
 
Dam-
rongia

Species list. – Damrongia burmanica 
D. clarkeanaD. cyanea-
D. fulva
D. integraD. lacunosa
    D. orientalis  
 D. purpureolineata D. sumatrana
 D. trisepala 

-
Damrongia.
Damrongia burmanica   co mb. nov.Strep-
tocarpus burmanicus     -
    

     Mg
Tha Myaing 262 

Damrongia clarkeana comb. nov.Boea
clarkeana
Dorcoceras clarkeanum
Streptocarpus clarkeanus 

-
He n r y 7584 (K
   

= Boea mairei 
Lectotype (designated here):

 Maire s.n. 

= Boea densihispidula    
 
Zhou Xiu-Fang 89053

Damrongia orientalis comb. nov.Strepto-
carpus orientalis
  Lectotype      
   second step des-
ignated here
Ker r 769
 

Damrongia sumatrana  comb. nov.
Streptocarpus sumatranus   
        
 Meijer
7560      

Damrongia trisepala
 Chirita trisepala 
   -

Put 905 


= Damrongia cyanantha
    sy n . nov.
Triboun & Yothakaew 4289

Dorcoceras 
    D. hygrometricum

Boea. Dorcoceras is

Puglisi & al. • Phylogeny of Loxocarpinae
 Version of Record
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65 (2) • April 2016: 277292
Dorcoceras-



Species list. – Dorcoceras geoffrayi
D. hygrometricumD. philippense  
D. wallichii
Dorcoceras geoffrayicomb. nov.Boea
geoffrayi

      
Geoffray 58
Dorcoceras wallichiicomb. n ov.  Boea
wallichii   Didymocarpus
helicteroides
Lectotype
second step desig-
nated hereWallich list n.789
    

Emarhendia       
E. bettiana
  Paraboea
bettiana
-
     -

 LoxocarpusOrchadocarpa  

Kaisupeea 
K. herbacea Boea herbacea
 


 Kaisupeea  
Rhabdothamnopsis
Species list. – Kaisupeea cyaneaK. herbacea
K. orthocarpa
Loxocarpus   L. incanus

-
     
-

 
  

Loxocarpus
Emarhen-
diaOrchadocarpa
Species list. – Loxocarpus angustifolius L. argen-
teus L. burttii     L. caeruleus
L. caulescens  L. conicapsularis   
 L. coodei L. holttumii
L. incanus L. incanus var. sekayuensis
L. litteralis     L. meijeri 
L. pauzii L. repens L. rufescens  
  L. segelamensis  L. semitortus
L. sericeusL. sericif la-
vusL. stapfii
L. taeniophyllusL. tunkui   L. ver-
beniflos    L. violoides  
 
Middletoniagen. nov. M. multiflora 
Boea multifloraBoeaCaules-
centes
     
  Boea
multif lora
Paraboea





   
       -
-
      
   
  
  -
    

   
      
 

    
    
     
    
  
   

    


Distribution. – 

Habitat. – 
    Paraboea
-
Middletonia

Middletonia evrardii comb. nov.Boea
evrardii
Puglisi & al. • Phylogeny of Loxocarpinae
Version of Record
TAX ON
65 (2) • April 2016: 277292
Paraboea evrardii
Lectotype

 second step designated here  
Ev ra rd 1177  

Middletonia monticola 
comb. nov.Paraboea monticola  -

 Tr ib o u n 3662-

Middletonia multifloracomb. nov.Boea
multif lora
Paraboea multiflora
Didymocarpus
multif lorus

De Silva
in Wallich 793      

= Boea flocculosa


Hooker & Thomson s.n.
= Boea multif lora var. burmannica
-
      
Parish 436
= Boea microcarpa
      Paraboea microcarpa 

      
Balansa 4302
= Boea thirionii       
 Paraboea thirionii 
        
Esquirol 2699 

= Boea multif lora var. villosa   
 
 
 
E. Poilane 12188
= Boea reticulata

Kerr 6356 (K


Middletonia multiflora var. caulescens 
comb. nov. Paraboea multiflora var. caules-
cens 
 
  G. Den Hoed Exp. No. 946 

Middletonia regularis comb. nov.Didy-
mocarpus regularis
Paraboea regularis   


Curtis s.n. 

Orchadocarpa 
O. lilacina Ridl.
-

    
  Orchadocarpa
Emarhendia
Loxocarpus
Ornithoboea  
O. parishii

-

Orni-
thoboea  
are RhabdothamnopsisKaisupeea
Species list. – Ornithoboea arachnoidea
O. barbanthera O. calcicola  
O. emarginata O. feddei
  O. flexuosa     O. henryi 
O. lacei O. maxwelliiO. multitorta
O. obovataO. occultaO. parishii
O. pseudof lexuosaO. puglisiae
O. wildeana
Paraboea  
       Didymocarpus 
Paraboea   
P. clarkei
 Paraboea 
       
Middletonia. Paraboea





Species list. – Paraboea acaulis  
P. acu taP. a lbida
P. amplexicaulis P. ang us-
tifolia  P. arachnoidea     P. axil-
laris   P. bakeri  P. banyengiana 
  P. barnettiae P. berouwensis Z.R.Xu &
 P. bhumiboliana   P. bintan-
gensis P. birmanicaP. brachy-
carpaP. brunnescensP. burttii
 P. caerulescens P. candidissima
P. capitata  P. capitata var. oblongifolia 
Puglisi & al. • Phylogeny of Loxocarpinae
 Version of Record
TAX ON
65 (2) • April 2016: 277292
P. changjiangensis  P. chiangdaoensis
 P. chumphonensis    P. clarkei
P. cochinchinensis P. cras-
sifolia   P. culminicolaP. deter -
gibilis  P. dictyoneura
P. divaricata  P. doitungensis 
 P. eburnea     P. effusa 
P. elegans   P. ferruginea  
P. filipes   P. glabra  
P. glabrescens P. glabriflora 
P. glabrisepalaP. glandulifera
P. glandulifloraP. glandulosa
P. glutinosaP. gracillima
 P. graniticolaP. guilinensis
P. hainanensis   P. halongensis
P. harroviana   P. harroviana var.
ovataP. havilandii P. hekouensis
   P. incudicarpa P. in su-
laris  P. kalimantanensis   
P. lambokensis    P. lan ata P. lanci-
folia     P. lavandulodora    P. lax a
 P. leopoldii   
P. leporina P. leuserensis 
P. longipetiolata P. luzoniensis 
P. maculata  P. mahaxayana
P. manhaoensisP. martinii
 P. mataensis  P. meiophylla
 P. middletonii     P. minahassae  
P. minor P. minuta
P. nanaP. ner-
vosissima     P. neurophylla
  P. nobilis   
P. nutans  P. obovataP. ob tusa
P. paniculata P. pa ra-
martinii  P. paraprimuloides 
P. parvifloraP. patens
P. peltifolia    P. peninsularis
 P. phanomensis
P. prazeri   P. primuloides 
P. prolixa  P. pubicorolla Z.R.Xu &
 P. puglisiae    P. pung-
gulensis    P. quercifolia     P. rabilii Z.R.Xu &
 P. ro bus ta P. romklaoen-
sis P. rose a P. rufescens
   P. rufescens var. tomentosa    
 P. sabahensis  P. sangwaniae
    P. scabriflora  P. schefferi
  P. schefferi var. ambigua  
P. siamensis     P. sinensisP. speci-
osaP. speluncarum
P. strobilacea P. subplana      
 P. suffruticosa   P. swinhoei
  P. takensis   P. tarutaoensis
P. tenuicalyx P. tetrabracteata
P. thorelii
P. trachyphyllaP. treubii
 P. trisepala  P. umbellata
P. uniflora P. vacha-
reeaP. variopila
P. velutinaP. verticillata
P. vulpinaP. xylocaulis 
Rhabdothamnopsis 
R. sinensis
  
Kaisupeea-
 
Senyumia 
S. minutiflora ( R id l.)
Boea minutiflora R i d l.).
 -
Boea Spelaeanthus 

Somrania          
S. albif lora
Somrania    Damrongia
 


Species list. – Somrania albif lora S. fla-
vida S. lineata 
 
Spelaeanthus                 -
  S. chinii   


SenyumiaBoea. Spelaeanthus

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
            

      -

               
               
                

             
-
 
      
   Didissandra 
  Streptocarpus
      
     

 
Puglisi & al. • Phylogeny of Loxocarpinae
Version of Record
TAX ON
65 (2) • April 2016: 277292
Kiew, R., Weber, A. & Burt t, B.L.  -
Beitr. Biol. Pf lanzen

Maddison, W.P. & Maddison, D.R.      


Maddison, W.P. & Maddison, D.R.        

Middleton, D.J., Puglisi, C., Triboun, P. & Möller, M.  
Paraboea  PhylloboeaTrisepalum
Tax o n
Middleton, D.J., Weber, A., Yao, T., Sontag, S. & Möller, M. 
     Henckelia
Edinburgh J. Bot.
     
Miller, M.A., Pfeiffer, W. & Schwartz, T. 
      
Proceedings of the Gateway Computing Environments
Workshop (GCE) -
 
Möller, M. & Clark, J.L. 
Selbyana
Möller, M. & Cronk, Q.C.G. Saint-
paulia    -
Amer. J. Bot.
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Möller, M. & Pullan, M.    
 
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Möller, M., Pfosser, M., Jang, C.G., Mayer, V., Clark, A.,
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 
Amer. J. Bot
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Möller, M., Forrest, A., Wei, Y.-G. & Weber, A. 
   
   
 Pl. Syst. Evol
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 
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
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ChiritaTaxon 60: 767–790.
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Selbyana
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
Appendix 1.
   voucher name,      collector, number   
trnL-trnFndhF-trnLUAG  
Boea clarkeana 1, Damrongia clarkeana  H.F. Lu, JBS II-2trnL-trnF:
ndhF-trnLUAGBoea clarkeana 2, Damrongia clarkeana     P. Zhou &
M. Möller, ZP 2010-019AtrnL-trnFndhF-trnL
UAG
Boea geoffrayi, Dorcoceras geoffrayi
  D.J. Middleton & al., 5658      trnL-trnFndhF-trnL
UAG

Boea hygrometrica 1, Dorcoceras hygrometricum     M. Möller & J.B. Chen, MMO 09-1436
trnL-trnFndhF-tr nLUAGBoea hygromet rica 2, Dorcoceras hygrometricum 
M. Möller & L .M. Gao, MMO 05-687trnL-trnFndhF-trnLUAGBoea hygrometrica 3,
Dorcoceras hygrometricum  M. Möller & L.M. Gao, MMO 05- 686trnL-trnF
Boea hygroscopica 1, Boea hygroscopicaB. Tan & al., 443
 trnL-trnF ndhF- trnLUAGBoe a hygroscopica 2 , Boea hygroscopica     
A.Weber,810808-1/1    trnL-trnFBoea lawesii, Boea lawesii
Lambinon,87/380 B. magellanicatrnL-trnFBoea philippensis 1, Dorcoceras philippense  
   M. Möller & Y.G. Wei, MMO 06-814   trnL-trnFndhF-trnL
UAG

Boea philippensis 2, Dorcoceras philippense     M. Möller & P. Zhou, MMO 10-1672A
 trnL-trnFBoea philippensis 3, Dorcoceras philippense     
M. Möller & Y.G. Wei MMO 07-1156trnL-trnFBoea philippensis 4, Dorcoceras philippense
   S.M. S cott, S cott 02-142trnL-trnFndhF-
trnLUAGBoea sp., Boea Hoogland, 5129      trnL-trnFBoea
sp. nov., Dorcoceras              D.J. Middleton & al., 5283      trnL-trnF 
ndhF-trnL
UAG
Codonoboea elata, Codonoboea elata      A.R. Rafidah, FRI 64321   
    trnL-trnF Codonoboea leucocodon, Codonoboea leucocodon   C.L. Lim s.n. (KEP).
 trnL-trnFDamrongia cyanantha, Damrongia trisepala   
  P. Triboun, s.n . (EDNA09_02232)  trnL-trnFDamrongia fulva, Damrongia fulva     
D.J. Mid dleton & al., 5393trnL-trnF
ndhF-trnL
UAG
 Damrongia lacunosa 1, Damrongia lacunosaA.Weber,870510-1/8 
trnL-trnFDamrongia lacunosa 2, Damrongia lacunosa  Imin & al., FRI 63238
  trnL-trnFndhF-trnLUAG  Damrongia purpureolineata 1, Damrongia purpureolineata
 D.J. Middleton & al., 4812trnL-trnFDamrongia purpureolineata 2, Damrongia
purpureolineata     P. Triboun, s.n. (CH111)  trnL-trnFDamrongia trisepala 1,
Damrongia trisepala D.J. Middleton & al., 5676
trnL-trnFndhF-trnL
UAG
  Damrongia trisepala 2, Damrongia trisepala    
 D.J. Middleton & al., 5626trnL-trnFDidissandra elongata 