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Western Europe and Russia: Transport Connections and Socio-economic Development

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Abstract

The disintegration of the USSR and the creation of a new independent state — Russia — predetermined changes in many spheres, including external transport connections. A new political regime and market considerations were substituted for old ideas of isolation and the so-called “planned economy.” The behavior of the country became much more pragmatic in the spheres mentioned above. Transport connections are not necessarily interesting per se, but are interesting as a source of national, regional and local development. Russia’s shift from an industrial to a post-industrial stage of development has increased the importance of the transport and communication sectors in the country’s economy, and its role for regional/locally-based industry.

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