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Review on Taste disorder (Suvai inmai) – A Siddha Perspective

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Abstract

Suvai inmai is a taste disorder. According to modern concept, taste disorder is only a symptom. But according to Siddha system, it is a separate disease caused by the disturbance of bodily humors. This review article describes the classification, epidemiology and the treatment of the disease as per Siddha system of Medicine.
www.siddhapapers.org Siddha Papers 2016 (1)(1)
ISSN 0974-2522 Review Article
Review on Taste disorder (Suvai inmai) A Siddha Perspective
R. Kalai Priya1, S. Merish2, Thomas M.Walter*
13rd Year BSMS, Government Siddha Medical College, Palayamkottai, Tirunelveli.
kalaipriya319@gmail.com
2CRRI, Government Siddha medical College, Palayamkottai, Tirunelveli. merish@siddhawalter.org
*Asst Professor, Department of Gunapadam, Government Siddha Medical College, Palayamkottai,
Tirunelveli. drthomaswalter@gmail.com
Abstract
Suvai inmai is a taste disorder. According to modern concept, taste disorder is only a
symptom. But according to Siddha system, it is a separate disease caused by the disturbance of
bodily humors. This review article describes the classification, epidemiology and the treatment
of the disease as per Siddha system of Medicine.
Keywords:
Suvai inmai, Taste disorder, Siddha Medicine, Suvaigal
Introduction
Suvai inmai (Agusia) means lack of desire to eat food or unable to recognize the
taste of consumed food. As per the Siddha Literatures, this condition mostly arise due to
psychological factors by the alteration of three bodily humors which results in agusia (both
physically & mentally). It is classified in to 5 divisions as per the nature of the disease. By
nature, it will be in the form of separate humor alteration like vazhi suvaiinmai , azhal, iyam and
Muktram (combination of all three vatha, pitham, kapham).
Kalaipriya et al,
According to recent science, loss of taste is an common symptom of Gastro Esophageal
Reflux Disease (GERD), Salivary gland infection, sinusitis, poor dental hygiene or even
uncertain medicines.The medical term for complete loss of food is called Ageusia. A complete
loss of taste is called Dysgeusia.
Epidemiology
According to survey conducted by the National Institutes of Health .over a quarter of
million people visit their doctors each year complaining of chemosensory disorder.Most causes
of perceived taste loss reflect decreased flavor sensations largely due to olfactory loss of 750
consecutive patients presenting to the University of Pennsylvania Smell & taste center with
complaints of Chemosensory dysfunction , 68 % reported altered quality of life ,46% reported
changes in appetite or body weight , 56% reported adverse influences on daily living or
psychological well being. Out of all systemic illness, depression is most often associated with
chemosensory disorders. In some studies,up to one third of patients report chemosensory.
Other names
Suvaikedu (Suvai taste, kedu- disturbance)
Rusi inmai (Rusi-taste, inmai - absence)
Arosagam
CLASSIFICATION
Vatham
Pitham
Kapham Mukkutram
Manakalakam
Kalaipriya et al,
Suvai maarunoi (suvai taste, maaru alteration, noi disease)
Arusi (arusi - tastelessness)
Pre Symptoms (Noi Mutha lKuri gunangal)
This disorder is caused due to the psychological changes such as stress, anxiety,
extreme joy. Ageustic salivation, dislike of food, intolerance of seeing food substances.
Pathological condition in which the taste disorder occurs
Kudal pidipu noi
Peru vayiru (Ascites)
Manjal noi (Jaundice)
Paandu (Anaemia)
Vala paateeral Viruthi (Hepatomegaly)
Ida paateeral Viruthi (Splenomegaly)
Gunmam (Acid Peptic Disease)
Special Diseases of the Tongue (as per Siddha Literatures)
According to Noi naadal Part 2 ( Siddha Pathology), Tongue is the main organ which
gets affected with occurrence of diseases including Fever, cough etc which in turn produce
ageusia. The tongue becomes normal during the convalescence (recovery) phase of the disease.
Symptoms of Suvai Inmai
In this, each classification have separate symptoms which are followed below
Vazhi Suvai Inmai Noi:
In this disease, the taste of salivation, vomitus becomes astringent.
Apart from it, teeth sensitivity, chest pain, emesis while eating also
appear.
Astringent
Kalaipriya et al,
Azhal Suvai Inmai Noi :
In this disease, the salivation, mouth & the consumed food & even
Vomitus also becomes bitter. Irriation & dryness of the tongue, excessive thirst also appears.
Iya Suvai Inmai Noi:
In this disease the salivation, vomiting& the consumed food becomes
Sweeter in taste. In some cases it may be brackishness. Apart from these symptoms
the tongue becomes lubricious. There is a presence of Foul smelled drooling &
the tongue become unable to move.
Mukutra Suvai Inmai Noi:
In this disease the salivation , consumed food & vomiting becomes mixed in taste or
may be tastelessness.
Mana Kalaka Suvai Inmai Noi :
This disease is caused due to appearance of either over stress, angry, anxiety,
greedy. Due to this imbalance the three types of humor gets increased or decreased
causing tastelessness.
Due to alteration of three humors, Manam kalavara padal (Mind gets perplexed),
Mayakkam (Fainting), excessive kapha (Over expectoration), Unable to recognize the taste,
aversion of food, Impudence of the body.
Curable and Incurable types:
The disease which was caused due to the imbalance of any individual humor can be
curable.
Bitter
Mixed taste
Sweet taste
Kalaipriya et al,
The disease which is caused by the imbalance of the three types of humor can be
cured by prescribing suitable medications.
The disease which is caused by the psychological changes can be cured only when the
normal psychology gets regained.
CAUSES:
Loss of taste is caused by the interruption of the transfer of taste sensations to
the brain or by a problem with the way the brain interprets the taste sensations.
Heart burn or gastric reflux is the common cause of loss of taste .Stomach acid
regurgitated into the mouth produces the loss of normal taste & produces metallic taste.
Infection of the mouth or tongue
Poor dental hygiene
Tongue disorders
Cancer , mouth ulcer
Tobacco use,
Radiation therapy
o Taste disorder occurs in pathological condition such as
High fever, Difficulty in breathing, Sudden weakness and Vision changes.
o GIT SYMPTOMS:
Abdominal pain, Bloating, Cough, Heart burn, Indigestion.
Decreased ability to open the mouth , Dry mouth ,Fever ,Pain in face / mouth ,Redness
over the side of the face / upper neck ,Sore throat ,Swelling of the face / neck ,Nasal
sinus symptoms with loss of taste ,Sore throat ,Stuffy nose/ nasal congestion
o NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY CONDITION WITH LOSS OF TASTE:
Brittle nails, Diarrhoea, Fatigue, Hair loss, Loss of appetite, Rash, Tongue changes
Kalaipriya et al,
o SYMPTOMS THAT MIGHT INDICATE A SERIOUS CONDTION:
Changes in vision / speech,High fever ,Numbness of the one side of the body,Weakness
of the one side of the body
o POTENTIAL COMPLICATION OF THE LOSS OF TASTE :
Dehydration, Excessive weight loss, Malnutrition, Paralysis, Spread of cancer, Spread of
infection
Figure 1. Graphical Representation of Suvaiinmai (Taste disorder) treatment Procedures
Alteration/Imbalance of
any Humor
Curable by proper
medication
Cured by proper
counselling and general
treatment
Manakalakam
Vatham
Pitham
Kapham
Mukkutram
Kalaipriya et al,
TREATMENT
Medicines to be prescribed for laxation in order to regulate the bodily humors. For
laxative action the following raw drugs are used for preparing decotion. They are as follows
Hedyotis corymbosa (Parpadagam)
Tinospora cordyfolia (Seendhil)
Anacardium occidentale (Kottai mundhri)
Rosa centifolia (Paneer mottu)
Cassia senna (Nilaavarai)
Table 1. Drugs used for the treatment of Suvai inmai
Medicine
Ingredients
Other indications
References
Talisadivadagam
Abiesspectabilis
Piper nigrum
Black pepper root
Piper longum
Zingiberofficinale
Cinnamomumverum
Cinnamomumtamala
Mesuanagassarium
Elettariacardmomum
Plectranthusvettiveroides
Alpiniagalanga
Piper longum
Sugar
Milk
Diarrhoea ,
Dysentry
Siddha vaidya
tiratu
Jaathi jambeera kuzhambu
Cinnabar
Camphor
Ocimum sanctum
Anaemia
Hiccup
Siddha
vaidyatiratu
Kalaipriya et al,
Maadhulai Manapaagu
Punicagranatum
Rose water
Honey
Morning sickness
Anaemia
Siddha
vaidyatiratu
Bhavana kadukkai
Terminaliachebula
Zingiberofficinale
Black pepper root
Piper longum
Dried ginger
Carumcopticum
Nymphaea alba
Plumbagoindica
Sodium chloride impura
Sediment of sodium
chorideimpura
Lemon
Sodium chloride
Cough, Stomach
pain
Gunapadam
Mooligai
Pirandai Choornam
Cissusquadrangularis
Alpiniagalanga
Carumcopicum
Piper nigrum
Piper longum
Zingiberofficinale
Sodium chloride impure
Coriandrumsativum
Crocus sativus
Body pain , Mental
disorders
Siddha
vaidyatiratu
Kalaipriya et al,
Conclusion
One among the many specialties of Traditional Siddha medicine is the way it documents
disease and its course. Conditions known as symptoms as per Modern medicine are described as
separate disease entities as per this system. Suvai inmai is one among such entity having its own
pre disposing factors, classifications and their pathology, treatment options etc as mentioned in
the Traditional Siddha literatures. This review paper covers extensive information about all
aspects of this disease. This is also the apt time to do more research on the efficacy of the single
and compound remedies as mentioned in the Siddha literatures for Suvai inmai noi.
References
1. Dr.M.Shanmugavelu,HPIM,a text book of NoiNaadal part 2,published by Department of
Indian Medicine & Homeopathy
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and-treatment/
4. Thomas M.Walter, Fly away Fever Heritage Amruth, Volume 7 Issue 2. April 2011
Pages 12-14. ISSN 0973-2764.
5. http://www.healthgrades.com/symptoms/loss-of-taste
6. Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences @
http://books.google.co.in/books?isbn=012385180
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https://books.google.co.in/books?isbn=1573317381
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Homeopathy
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Kalaipriya et al,
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Article
Full-text available
Recent studies reveal that the attention of the World is focused towards Traditional systems of Medicine especially AYUSH (Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, Homeopathy). WHO data also shows that up to 80% of the World’s population depend Traditional systems of Medicine for their health needs. Siddha medicine is a real blessing to the mankind in many aspects. It offers excellent medicines and lifestyle guidelines for natural and healthy living. The Siddha literatures have solutions for each and every situation arising in our day to day life; may it be disease or psychological problems or even situations involving occult forces. According to the Siddha system, Fever is considered as a Disease and not as a symptom as stated by Modern Allopathic medicine. There are 64 types of fever among which 52 types occur due to intrinsic causes and 12 types occur due to Extrinsic factors. Intrinsic causes are due to the disturbances in the Vatha, Pitha and Kapha equilibrium. Some of the extrinsic factors include fever arising out of God’s wrath, excessive sexual desire, due to black magic, curse, trauma, phobia etc.
Fly away Fever Heritage Amruth
  • M Thomas
  • Walter
Thomas M.Walter, " Fly away Fever " Heritage Amruth, Volume 7 Issue 2. April 2011 Pages 12-14. ISSN 0973-2764.
HPIM, a textbook of Pharmacopoeia of Hospital of Indian Medicine, secondedition, published by Tamilnadu Siddha Medical Board
  • . V Dr
  • Narayanaswami
Dr.V.Narayanaswami, HPIM, a textbook of Pharmacopoeia of Hospital of Indian Medicine, secondedition, published by Tamilnadu Siddha Medical Board.
HPIM,a text book of NoiNaadal part 2
  • . M Dr
  • Shanmugavelu
Dr.M.Shanmugavelu,HPIM,a text book of NoiNaadal part 2,published by Department of Indian Medicine & Homeopathy