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Cultural heritage open data for developing an educational platform

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... With the diffusion of web technologies and the digitalization of these resources, it has become important to develop new mechanisms to use and manage this large amount of information [2]. For this reason, many institutions, groups, and research projects that work in the domain of CH have developed online catalogs and repositories to manage and promote their heritage. ...
... The semantic web allied to LOD technology is an opportunity to organize and manage heterogeneous content within different catalogs of museums, libraries, research and cultural institutions. This way of managing data supports the diffusion of the CH in different contexts and creates more efficient and consistent means of communication [2]. Thus, the study of the semantic web and its mechanisms of association between things is necessary for the development of applications and intelligent information systems, enabling the integration of data with other systems to generate content in a more efficient and collaborative way. ...
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Cultural heritage institutions store and manage large volumes of historical information, that have great material and humanitarian value. Their means of data organization, often obsolete, hinders the dissemination and reuse of information to be made in an effective way. In this sense, an application of Linked Open Data (LOD) technology is the possibility to extend the knowledge of a collection, with the use of open data already consolidated on the web to describe artworks or any type of physical object. This paper introduces a generic architecture based on an Extract, Transform, Load (ETL) methodology that connects LOD data from cultural heritage available on the web, generates descriptive content for physical objects and provides the mapping of research institutes engaged in studying them, highlighting their collaboration network. For instance, an implementation of the architecture was dedicated to the domain of Botany and can assist herbarium managers in creating exhibitions about medicinal plants. In this paper, we present a software architecture that provides an automatic method for creating dynamic pages from data stored in interconnected databases, and an application, which supports visitation systems with visualization and interaction mechanisms to encourage visitor learning.
... The dynamic construction of the learning experiences takes into account user profiles (the variety of the learners and their individual needs) and pedagogical templates. Ferrara et al. (2014) present tools providing museum information to be shared with teachers who can reuse and re-contextualize them in their multimedia lessons and create educational environments to improve engagement and student learning. Their educational platform aims mainly to disseminate multimedia cultural content inside of classroom through open access data modality to sharing museum resources and to making multimedia lessons. ...
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Web sites are increasingly adapted towards their users by a variety of dynamic techniques, providing improved personalization for the individual. In this paper we discuss various possible approaches from a museological as well as a technical point of view. A number of Web sites, some produced by museums and some in other fields such as e-commerce or Internet based information services, will be considered as case studies. All use personalization techniques in ways that could be beneficial also for the cultural sector. Other possible applications such as audio guides or interactive devices will also be considered, especially with respect to how this technique could help in the personalization of museum Web sites. Currently most museums lag well behind the state of the art with respect to on-line personalization. Perhaps this paper will inspire some museums to add personalization facilities to their Web sites the next time they undertake major updates. Keywords: Personalization, customization, adaptivity, adaptability, museums, Web sites.
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Over the last twenty years, cultural heritage has been a favored domain for personalization research. For years, researchers have experimented with the cutting edge technology of the day; now, with the convergence of internet and wireless technology, and the increasing adoption of the Web as a platform for the publication of information, the visitor is able to exploit cultural heritage material before, during and after the visit, having different goals and requirements in each phase. However, cultural heritage sites have a huge amount of information to present, which must be filtered and personalized in order to enable the individual user to easily access it. Personalization of cultural heritage information requires a system that is able to model the user (e.g., interest, knowledge and other personal characteristics), as well as contextual aspects, select the most appropriate content, and deliver it in the most suitable way. It should be noted that achieving this result is extremely challenging in the case of first-time users, such as tourists who visit a cultural heritage site for the first time (and maybe the only time in their life). In addition, as tourism is a social activity, adapting to the individual is not enough because groups and communities have to be modeled and supported as well, taking into account their mutual interests, previous mutual experience, and requirements.
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Aims This analysis sets out to explore the nature and scope of the concept of practice development. Background The last 10 years has seen a growing interest in the development of health care practice. However, the exact nature of practice development remains poorly articulated and nebulous. Literature from nursing, medical, accountancy, social work and counselling is used to identify the critical attributes of the concept. Data analysis The analysis uses the techniques developed by Walker & Avant (1995) to collect information on the use of the concept from the literature and to construct cases. Key issues Many of the attributes of practice development are shared by other related concepts such as innovation. However, four critical attributes of practice development were identified and illustrated through case construction. Conclusions An understanding of the nature and scope of practice development is essential if the role of the Practice Development Nurse is to be evaluated. The critical attributes and empirical referents identified in this analysis provide a framework for both role development and evaluation.
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