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Herbs & herbal drugs are clinically proved good for hair growth. Hair loss problem is of great concern to both males & females & the main problems associated with hair loss are hair fading, dandruff & falling of hair. Various synthetic medicines are available for hair loss which does not treat permanently & also shows severe side effects. The main objective of this work is to develop such an herbal hair oil formulation which can resolve the problem related to hair fall & other hair diseases. Herbal drugs like Emblica officinalis, Bacopa monniera and Cyperus rotundus were selected for the formulations of poly herbal hair oil. The hair oil was prepared individually and in a varying concentration of all three herbs and a mixture of all the three herbs in fixed proportion using coconut oil as base. The formulated oil in varying concentration was evaluated physical, chemical and hair growth properties of formulated oil by applying it topically on shaved skin of albino rats. Primary skin irritation test, hair length test were performed and the hair growth was compared with standard Minoxidil 2% ethanolic solution using healthy albino rats. It was observed that hair oil formulation (HF3) showed the best result among the other formulation evaluated by showing an enlargement of follicular size and prolongation of the anagen phase.
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Evaluating Hair Growth Activity of Herbal Hair Oil
Pushpendra Kumar Jain1*, Debajyoti Das2, Puneet Jain3
1Faculty of Pharmacy, Naraina Vidyapeeth Group of Institutions, Panki-Kanpur, Uttar
Pradesh, India.
2School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University,
Bhubaneshwar, Odisha, India.
3Maharana Pratap Education Center, Kalyanpur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Abstract: Herbs & herbal drugs are clinically proved good for hair growth. Hair loss problem is
of great concern to both males & females & the main problems associated with hair loss are
hair fading, dandruff & falling of hair. Various synthetic medicines are available for hair loss
which does not treat permanently & also shows severe side effects. The main objective of this
work is to develop such an herbal hair oil formulation which can resolve the problem related to
hair fall & other hair diseases. Herbal drugs like Emblica officinalis, Bacopa monniera and
Cyperus rotundus were selected for the formulations of poly herbal hair oil. The hair oil was
prepared individually and in a varying concentration of all three herbs and a mixture of all the
three herbs in fixed proportion using coconut oil as base. The formulated oil in varying
concentration was evaluated physical, chemica l and hair growth properties of for mulated oil by
applying it topically on shaved skin of albino rats. Primary skin irritation test, hair length test
were performed and the hair growth was compared with standard Minoxidil 2% ethanolic
solution using healthy albino rats. It was observed that hair oil formulation (HF3) showed the
best result among the other formulation evaluated by showing an enlargement of follicular size
and prolongation of the anagen phas e.
Keywords: Hair loss, Herbal drugs,Emblica officinalis, Bacopa monniera, Cyperus rotundus,
herbal hair oil, hair length.
Introduction
Hair loss is a distressing condition for an increasing number of men and women. Therefore it is of great
importance, to develop new therapies for the treatment of hair loss. It is a dermatologic disorder, and the surge
for discovering natural products with hair growth promoting potential is continuous1, 2. Hair loss, or alopecia, is
a common patient complaint and a source of significant psychological and physical distress3. Androgens are
considered to be one of the most important causes for alopecia apart from a variety of other factors4
. Natural
products in the form of herbal formulations are available in the market and are used as hair tonic, hair growth
promoter, hair conditioner, hair-cleansing agent, antidandruff agents, as well as for the treatment of alopecia,
dandruff and lice infection5. A numb er of herbal products have been acclaimed with hair growth–promoting
activity6. The tr aditional system of medicine in India acclaims a number of herbal drugs for hair growth
promotion. In our study, we have found that the Ethanolic extracts of Emblica officinalis,Bacopa monniera and
Cyperus rotundus are useful in treating “Indralupta” (i.e., loss of hair)7,8. The present study was, therefore,
undertaken to develop a formulation containing Ethanolic extracts of these drugs in the form of herbal hair oils
in varying ratios & concentrations and evaluating the formulated oils for their hair growth initiating and hair
growth promoting activity.
International Journal of PharmTech
Research
CODEN (USA): IJPRIF, ISSN: 0974-
4304
Vol.9, No.3, pp 321-327, 2016
Pushpendra Kumar Jain
et al
/ International Journal of PharmTech Research, 2016,9(3),pp 321-327. 322
Emblica officinalis ( Euphorbiaceae )
Fig. 1: Emblica officinalis fruits
Emblica officinalis is rich in vitamin C, tannins and minerals such as phosphorus, iron and calcium
which provides nutrition to hair and also causes darkening of hair11,14 in Fig.1 Part Used: Fruit.
Chemical constituents:
Alkaloids (Phyllantidine, Phyllantine), Vitamin C, Gallotannis (5%), Carbohydrates (14%), Pectin,
Minerals, Phenolic acid, Gallic acid, Ellagic acid, Phyllemblic acid, Emblicol, Amino acid ( Alanine, Aspartic
acid, Glutamic acid, Lysine, Proline)9. Gupta et al investigated increase in hair growth activity of Emblica
officinalis.
Fig. 2: Bacopa monnieri herb
Bacopa monnieri (Scrophulariaceae)
Bacopa monnieri is small herb with purple flowers. It grows in wet and sandy areas and near the
streams in tropical regions. It is a creeping herb with numerous branches and small fleshy, oblong leaves.
Flowers and fruits appear in summer. The stem and leaves of the plants are used11,14 in Fig.2 Part used: Whole
Plant.
Chemical constituents:
Alkaloids (Brahmin, Herpestine), Saponins (Monnierin, Hersaponin, Bacoside A, A3, B), betulic acid,
D-mannitol Steroids (Stigmasterol, Sitosterol)10.
Pushpendra Kumar Jain
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/ International Journal of PharmTech Research, 2016,9(3),pp 321-327. 323
Fig.3: Cyperus rotundus herb
Cyperus rotundus (Cyperaceae)
Cyperus rotundus
is a major weed of cultivated crops and gardens, but only a minor weed
elsewhere
11,14
. It is encouraged by frequent cultivation and grows best in moist fertile soils
in Fig.3 Part Used:
Rhizome.
Chemical Constitue nts:
Sesquiterpenes like: α-Cyperone, β selinene, cicerone, cyperotundone, patchoulenone, sugeonol, it also
contain other terpenes like: pinene (monoterpene) and other derivatives of sesquiterpenes such as cyperol,
isocyperol and cyperone.12
Materials and Methods
Collection and authentication of plant
Dried ripe fruits of Emblica officinalis, entire herb of Bacopa monniera, rhizomes of Cyperus rotundus
were purchased from Institute Herbal garden and also from local market. Specimen sample was authenticated
from NBRI, Lucknow vide Specimen No NBRI SOP 202 dated 23.07.2010. The desired parts of plant drugs are
cleaned to remove unwanted foreign material, shade dried and then crushed in with the help of mechanical
device and passed through the sieve number 80. The powdered drugs were subjected for pharmacognostic
screening for confir mation and characterization of phyto-constituents present in the drug sample.13
Procedure
After authenticating the drug and confirming from the literature survey. Herbal oil was prepared in a fix
proportion containing all the thr ee drugs (Emblica officinalis,Bacoopa monari, Cyperus rotundus). The oil of
mixture of all the three herbs hair oil was formulated in varying concentration using coconut oil as base. There
are various methods available for the preparation of hair oils, direct boiling method, paste method and cloth
pouch method 10. The preparation were prepared in the strength of ( HF1 ) 5%, ( HF2 ) 7.5% & ( HF3 ) 10%
as mentioned in Table 1, which were further evaluated for their Physical, Chemical and hair growth property.
Table 1: Selection of concentration of herbal extract % for preparing oil for hair growth activity.
Formulations Emblica officinalis Bacopa monniera Cyperus rotundus
HF1 5% 5% 5%
HF2 7.5% 7.5% 7.5%
HF3 10% 10% 10%
Pushpendra Kumar Jain
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/ International Journal of PharmTech Research, 2016,9(3),pp 321-327. 324
Physical & Chemical Evaluation of Prepared Formulation
Formulated herbal oil were evaluated physically and chemically for the phyto constituent present as per
the ayurvedic pharmacopeial standard for its general characterization which includes pH, Acid value, Refractive
index, Specific gravity , Colour & Odour as mentioned in Table 2, 3 and 4.
Table: 2 Evaluation of General Characteristics of prepared formulation.
S.no Parameter HF-1 HF-2 HF-3
1Colour Greenish brown Greenish brown Greenish brown
2Odour Characteristic Characteristic Characteristic
Table: 3 Evaluation of Physical Parameters of prepared Formulation.
ConcentrationsPhysical Parameters
5% 7.5% 10%
pH 9.2 8.9 7.8
Acid Value 2.76 2.19 1.42
Specific Gravity 9.454 9.621 9.769
Refractive Index 1.498 1.426 1.361
Table: 4 Chemical evaluations of herbs used in formulation for the Phyto-constituents.
Name of analysis Emblica officinalis
(Euphorbiaceae )
Cyperus rotundus
(Cyperaceae)
Brahmi
(Bacopa monnieri)
Alkaloids - + +
Glycosides - + +
Carbohydrates - + -
Saponins - - +
Flavonoids + + +
Proteins - + -
Vitamin C + - -
Tannin + + +
Terpenoids - + -
Primary skin irritation test
The protocol of the experiment was approved by the Institutional animal ethical committee as per the
guidance of the committee for the purpose of control and supervision of experiments on animals by Animal
Ethics Committee (Letter No.1122/ac/07/CPCSEA) Six healthy male albino rats, weighed 200-250g were
selected for the study. Each rat was caged individually and kept at room temperature (24±20C) on a normal day
night cycle (06.00 hour to 18.00 hours) with standard diet and water. The animals were kept on fasting before
the test for 24 hours. The hair from the back of each rat of 1cm2 was shaved as shown in Figure 4 on the side of
the spine to expose sufficiently large test areas, which could accommodate three test sites were cleaned with
surgical sprit 1mL quantity of formulations HF1, HF2 ,HF3, were applied over the respective test sites. The test
sites were observed for erythema and edema for 72 hours after application of the prepared for mulations. 15
Pushpendra Kumar Jain
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/ International Journal of PharmTech Research, 2016,9(3),pp 321-327. 325
Fig. 4: Skin irritation test
Application of test formulation
Mouse model for the study of hair growth initiation was followed. The albino Wister rats were divided
into three groups (five animals in each group) as group A, B, C respectively 2cm2 area of surface of each rat
was shaved or denuded to remove all the hairs in Fig.4. Each albino Wister rat was caged individually and kept
at room temperature (24±20C) on a normal day night cycle (06.00 hour to 18.00 hours ) with standard diet and
water under the supervision of animal house Supervisor. In each group there were 05 animals and Animal No.
1 was treated with Coconut oil (base) and kept as controlled, Animal No.2 was with Minoxidil 2% solution and
kept as Standard or Reference, Animal No.3, 4 & 5 served as Test Animals. Group A was treated with HF1,
Group B was treated with HF2, Group C was treated with HF3, and with 0.5 mL of prepared formulations per
day respectively .The hair growth initiation pattern was observed a nd recorded. The treatment was continued for
30 days and the hair growth activity was recorded at following stages described in Table 5. Hair growth activity
was recorded a t 00 days, 10 days, 20 days and 30 days.
Hair Growth study
Hair growth initiation time was observed and recorded i.e. the minimum time required to initiation of
hair growth on shaved or denuded skin of albino wister rats, hair growth completion time was recorded i. e.
minimum time required for the complete hair growth to cover the shaved or denuded skin completely. Mean
hair length was calculated by plucking 25 hair from the shaved area / region were herbal hair oil formulation
was applied after 10 days, 20 days and 30 days and measured using a vernier caliper or scale carefully .
Results & Discussion
The result and the observation which were recorded during the present work for general appearance of
formulated herbal hair oil, physical and chemical evaluation of prepared formulations are shown in Table 2, 3
and 4.
Primary skin irritation test
Test was performed in order to evaluate the irritation effect of the prepared formulation on the denude
intact skin of rats. The test sites were observed for erythema and edema for 72 hours after application of the
prepared for mulations15. It was obs erved that no er ythema or edema was developed on the skin of test animals
(albino rats) hence prepared formulation were non irritant to rat skin.
Hair growth activity
The results of preliminary hair growth initiation tests were quit e satisfactory. They were recorded on
the basis of time taken for initiation of growth and number of hair follicles. This parameter is recorded for
finding minimum effective concentration of drug. The control group was treated with Coconut oil (base) and
kept as controlled; Group 2 was treated with Minoxidil 2% solution and kept as Standard or Reference, Group
Pushpendra Kumar Jain
et al
/ International Journal of PharmTech Research, 2016,9(3),pp 321-327. 326
3, 4 & 5 served as Test Animals. The results for hair growth activity are shown in table 5. The hair growth
studies finally prove that formulation HF2 have excellent hair growth promoting activity by an enlargement of
follicular size and a prolongation of the anagen phase. When compared to the standard, it holds the promise of
potent herbal alternative for minoxidil. HF-2 showed growth in 6-7 days at a concentration of 7.5% in Fig. 4, 5,
6, & 7 shows the results obtained after the biological screening. Thus the optimum growth was observed in HF-
2 which shows that the herbal hair oil formulated is having promising hair growth activity.
Fig. 4: At 0 day Fig. 5: Hair growth initiation at 6th day with HF2.
Fig. 6: Hair growth at 10th day with HF2 Fig. 7: Hair growth at 20th day with HF2
Conclusion
Among the various formulation HF2 showed good and satisfactory result for hair initiation and hair
growth activity, it also shows the remarkable improvement in the length of hair and its diameter as compared to
control , standard and other test formulations HF1 & HF3 . Hence it can be concluded that HF2 shows excellent
hair growth promoting activity.
Table: 5 Qualitative analysis of Hair growth for the prepared Formulation.
Formulation Number of
Rats
Time required for
Initiation of Hair
Growth (in days)
Time required for
Complete hair
Growth (in days)
Control ( Base) 05 07 23
Standard (2% Minoxidil Solution) 05 05 18
HF1 05 08 25
HF2 05 06 20
HF3 05 08 24
Pushpendra Kumar Jain
et al
/ International Journal of PharmTech Research, 2016,9(3),pp 321-327. 327
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*****
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