The history of Belgian feminism has hitherto been written almost exclusively from within a national framework, portraying the image of a moderate and backward movement fragmented along party-political lines. Following the relational and reflexive approach of "entangled history", this article argues that the transnational intersections of Belgian, Dutch and French feminisms profoundly challenge this "pillarized" categorization, allowing in particular for a reassessment of the socialist and the Catholic wings of the movement for women's rights. The transnational perspective brings to light, first, the introduction and persistence in Belgium of a radical left-wing feminist tradition and, second, the French-Belgian-Dutch intersections of Catholic feminism. In both cases these transnational entanglements, cutting across the presumed boundaries of class, ideology and party politics, demonstrate that the framework of "pillarization" cannot adequately explain the complex Belgian feminist movement. This contribution concludes with a tentative exploration of how the First World War impacted on these transnational connections and collective identities.
This book explores the precarious margins of contemporary labour markets. Over the last few decades, there has been much discussion of a shift from full-time permanent jobs to higher levels of part-time and temporary employment and self-employment. Despite such attention, regulatory approaches have not adapted accordingly. Instead, in the absence of genuine alternatives, old regulatory models are applied to new labour market realities, leaving the most precarious forms of employment intact. The book places this disjuncture in historical context and focuses on its implications for those most likely to be at the margins, particularly women and migrant workers. Managing the Margins provides a rigorous analysis drawing on original qualitative and quantitative material. It innovates by analyzing the historical and contemporary interplay of employment norms, gender relations, and citizenship boundaries. Available in OSO: http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/oso/public/content/management//toc.html
L'A. decrit de quelle maniere l'identite feministe s'est constituee au 20 e siecle. Il qualifie le mouvement feministe de mouvement international. Il estime que l'identite collective des feministes se manifeste, d'une part, au travers d'un sentiment d'appartenance a une meme organisation, a un meme mouvement et, d'autre part, au travers de solidarites.