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State-of-the-art analysis of product data definitions usage in BIM

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... Therefore, the amount of information that could be jointly shared was limited due to the lack of a central source of information (Wu & Hsieh, 2011). Today, project data are easily accessible through diverse BIM software which makes the sharing and control of project information more efficient (Palos, 2012). In other words, BIM gathers core competences to jointly decide and address onsite related problems more effectively (Zeng & Tan, 2007). ...
... Various organisations are involved in construction projects and they often use different types of software. Interoperability between all software is not guaranteed as many major BIM vendors address interoperability only among their own products (Palos, 2012). This makes the sharing of information and the communication between participants ineffective (Wu & Hsieh, 2011). ...
... Moreover, many different national and regional initiatives have been launched to address this problem (Wong et al., 2010;Palos, 2012). Although this can lead to new challenges in a global level because of different BIM policies, in national level it is helpful if government demands the use of BIM at least in public sector projects (Wong et al., 2010). ...
Conference Paper
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The major focus of this paper is to identify the advantages, challenges and usability of BIM during the project life cycle. Understanding the actual advantages of BIM is an essential driver for effective adaptation while both academic research and case studies particularly within construction and post construction stages failed to analyse and quantify BIM benefits. It was also found there is lack of investigation on inter-organisational challenges prior to adopt BIM and majority of undertaken research have focused merely on technical obstacles. This study did a literature review and suggests there should be universal guidelines to quantify benefits gained not only during design and construction phase, but also in post construction phase. This can greatly contribute to increase the use of BIM in both public and private projects. In addition, the findings indicate there are more three challenges other than technical obstacles that need consideration when implementing BIM, namely process related obstacles, social context obstacles and associated costs.
... Therefore, data formats for creating product models have been introduced, e.g. proprietary formats, such as the Revit Family File (RFA), and an adaptation of the BIM standard, the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) [6] [7]. Apart of these internationally applied formats, several national initiatives exist, for example the VDI Directive 3805 (VDI 3805) of the German Verband Deutscher Ingenieure (VDI) [8]. ...
... In a Semantic Web context, URIs can be shortened by using prefixes that separate the base-URI from the 'local name' of the identifier. For example, the URL https://www.w3.org/community/ lbd/participants can be split to its base-URL, https://www.w3.org/community/lbd/, and 7 An action-adventure video game published in 2007 8 A video game company from France 9 A strategy video game published in 2019 Figure 2.1: Semantic Web Layer Cake, inspired by [22] its local name, participants. To shorten the URL within files, the prefix lbd: can be defined once at the beginning of the document with the value of the base-URL. ...
... Como observado anteriormente, apesar do avanço consistente da maturidade de implementação BIM observada em todo mundo, ainda existem questões semânticas e estruturais ligadas às bibliotecas BIM a serem resolvidas para garantir a interoperabilidade das informações de identificação, classificação, composição e desempenho dos objetos ou componentes BIM (PALOS, 2012). As limitações identificadas por Miettinen e Paavola (2014) para que os benefícios potenciais do BIM do gerenciamento integrado das informações do projeto se concretizem aparecem principalmente em decorrência das diferentes linguagens adotadas pelos softwares disponíveis e pela diversidade de dados fornecidos e demandados pela cadeia de suprimentos da construção ao longo do ciclo de vida do edifício (PALOS, 2012). ...
... Como observado anteriormente, apesar do avanço consistente da maturidade de implementação BIM observada em todo mundo, ainda existem questões semânticas e estruturais ligadas às bibliotecas BIM a serem resolvidas para garantir a interoperabilidade das informações de identificação, classificação, composição e desempenho dos objetos ou componentes BIM (PALOS, 2012). As limitações identificadas por Miettinen e Paavola (2014) para que os benefícios potenciais do BIM do gerenciamento integrado das informações do projeto se concretizem aparecem principalmente em decorrência das diferentes linguagens adotadas pelos softwares disponíveis e pela diversidade de dados fornecidos e demandados pela cadeia de suprimentos da construção ao longo do ciclo de vida do edifício (PALOS, 2012). ...
Technical Report
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O Mapeamento Internacional de Bibliotecas de Building Information Modelling (BIM) se soma ao esforço de construção de uma biblioteca nacional BIM, para o Brasil, como parte das ações previstas pelo decreto nº 9.377 de 17 de maio de 2018, que estabeleceu a Estratégia Nacional de Disseminação do Building Information Modelling (BIM), e foi promovido no âmbito de um convênio entre a Agência Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Industrial (ABDI) e o Ministério da Indústria, Comércio Exterior e Serviços (MDIC) com o objetivo de superar os obstáculos identificados para consolidação do paradigma BIM no Brasil. Esta iniciativa acompanha o movimento mundial de estímulos governamentais para que o setor de Arquitetura, Engenharia e Construção (AEC), e demais atores ligados ao ciclo de vida da construção, adotem sistemas BIM em seus negócios para melhorar a qualidade do ambiente construído e a eficiência dos processos ligados à sua construção, operação, uso e manutenção. [O conteúdo desta publicação é de exclusiva responsabilidade dos autores, não refletindo, necessariamente, a opinião do MDIC ou da ABDI. É permitida a reprodução total ou arcial dos artigos desta publicação, desde que citada a fonte.]
... Record model can have a major impact on information management of construction projects and building life cycle but it requires that BIM is truly used to store all the information related to the project (Grilo & Jardim-Goncalves, 2010;Palos, 2012). ...
Conference Paper
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Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a process whereby digital representation of the physical and functional characteristics of a facility are built, analysed, documented and assessed virtually, then revised iteratively until the optimal model is obtained. The virtual BIM model is not only a graphical design but a process to generate and manage building data. All project participants can use BIM as a real simulation of the actual project. However, in regard to the linear, uncoordinated and highly variable traditional processes, there is ambiguity how BIM can be consistently utilised during whole project life cycle and whether traditional processes are able to fully benefit from BIM. This study did a literature review and identified that BIM is greatly effective in all aspects of a construction project life cycle and overcomes many of the problems found within the traditional process management by providing an object oriented, parametric and visual representation of the product. It was also found collaborative delivery methods such as IPD and DB are more appropriate for BIM based projects. Nevertheless, in order to effectively use the BIM, it is required to rethink the way in which projects are delivered.
... Furthermore, and more importantly, with the key focus of such product libraries being the provisioning of model objects, the arduousness of the exchange of non-compatible information across organisational boundaries is foreseeable. Thus, certain conditions must be met for such product libraries to be considered truly interoperable, including: data-format compatibility (Palos, 2012), and use of uniform standards in the creation of the libraries (Aguilar & Ashcraft, 2013). As a result two forms of interoperability are distinguishable: ...
Article
Building information modeling (BIM) plays a critical role in the integration of different parties by acting as a centralized database defining their responsibilities and contractual obligations. However, resolution of conflicts among stakeholders remains a shortcoming of BIM. Blockchain is on a path to disrupt many aspects of businesses that deal with the coordination of information and trust to enable a single source of truth model with multiple control entities. The purpose of this study is to analyze construction supply chain (CSC) data delivery challenges to provide a rationale for the integration of BIM and blockchain enabling a reliable digital deliverable (RDD) for operation. Three systematic reviews and a focus group discussion are used in this study. This is the first study to develop a compelling rationale systematically for the integration of BIM and blockchain and propose an RDD model, paving the way for a single source of truth system. The study enables blockchain to be set in context of both theoretical value transfer and its practical application for CSC data delivery in the form of BIM.
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