In order to introduce the discussion in chapter 7 involving the United Nations Declaration era and to further the understanding involving some of the specifics not covered in the previous chapter, which offered a broad outline, this chapter will provide additional background on both termination and Self-Determination. Termination and Self-Determination began in earnest with the Second World War. ... [Show full abstract] Prior to the War, Roosevelt’s social welfare programs, incorporated in the New Deal, had brought America out of a depression and had addressed unemployment and poverty. The Second World War brought severe reductions to the budget allowances for domestic programs, for the sake of investment in the War effort. This reduction had a rather obvious effect on spending and willingness to spend for Indian issues. The reduction in domestic spending coupled with shifting political influences after the War paved the way for the adoption of a policy involving the termination of tribes.