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Abstract

Series of articles correlating two recent developments with Louis de Broglie's hypothesis about localized photon's possible inner electromagnetic structure and Maxwell's initial conclusion that both electric and magnetic fields have to induce each other for the existence of electromagnetic energy to be correctly described, leading to the first mechanical explanation of electromagnetic photons emission and absorption by electrons.
INDEX - Electromagnetic mechanics
of elementary particles
(The Trispatial Model)
André Michaud
Service de Recherche Pédagogique
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Research project undertaken in 1998 to demonstrate the validity of the reasoning
method by perception of coherences, explained in the research project on general
neurolinguistics, when the properties of the multilayer neural network of the neocortex
are correctly used. --------------------
Demystifying the Lorentz Force Equation
The Lorentz force equation F= q(E + v×B), which has been used by the engineering
community since the early 20th century to control the motion of electrons on free
trajectories in a wide range of technical applications, is a generalized equation that was
originally developed by Hendrik Antoon Lorentz at the beginning of the 20th century,
and that treats in a single formulation, two very different aspects of the behavior of free-
moving electrons. This article aims to put into perspective the historical context in which
the equation was developed, and to clarify in which ways its two different aspects can be
clearly separated for practical computational purposes and use in fundamental research in
physics, to help reconcile classical/relativistic mechanics and quantum mechanics with
electromagnetism, and in particular how its first term can be related to gravitation while
its second term can be related to measurable mass from the electromagnetic perspective
- Demystifying the Lorentz Force Equation
Michaud, A. (2022) Demystifying the Lorentz Force Equation.
Journal of Modern Physics, Vol.13 No.5, May 2022, 776-838 DOI:
10.4236/jmp.2022.135046
- Démystification de l'équation de force de Lorentz
- Desmistificación de la ecuación de fuerza de Lorentz
- Entmystifizierung der Lorentz-Kraftgleichung
--------------------
Our Electromagnetic Universe
Hypothesis of the progressive establishment and growth of the Universe, strictly from
electromagnetic considerations, as suggested by Einstein towards the end of his life.
Discussion of the conflicting relations observed between the various current black holes
and Big Bang theories. Discussion of the possibility of a progressive adiabatic energy
increase in the universe from a hypothetical zero energy level in vacuum at the beginning
of the universe, as an alternate solution to the Quantum Field Theory (QFT) postulated
stable conservative zero-point energy level in vacuum. Proposal of an alternate process
for the origin of the Universe grounded on an expanded space geometry emerging from
Maxwell's initial interpretation of the relation between the electric and magnetic E and B
fields, leading to a new perspective on the objective and subjective aspects of the time
dimension.
An expanded version of an article initially published in 2016 was republished
upon invitation in 2021 as a book chapter as an expanded final version under the title
Our Electromagnetic Universe in book titled "Newest Updates in Physical Science
Research Vol. 12" which is part of a collection that pre-selects papers deemed worthy of
attention in the global offer, to make them more immediately available to the community.
- Our Electromagnetic Universe
Michaud, A. (2021) Our Electromagnetic Universe. In: Dr. Mohd
Rafatullah, Editor. Newest Updates in Physical Science Research Vol. 12.
23 July 2021, Page 64-82. https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/nupsr/v12/11459D
- Notre univers électromagnétique
- Nuestro Universo electromagnético
- Unser elektromagnetisches Universum
------------
The last challenge Final version
An expanded version of an article published in 2017 that provided an overview of the
the last remaining challenge in fundamental physics was republished upon invitation in
2021 as a book chapter in a final completed version under the title “The Last Challenge of
Modern Physics: Perspective to concept and model analysis in book titled "Newest
Updates in Physical Science Research Vol. 4" which is part of a collection that pre-
selects papers deemed worthy of attention in the global offer, to make them more
immediately available to the community:
An Appendix A was added to the republished version, summarizing Maxwell's
synthesis of the electromagnetic equations set and introducing the first level forms of
these equations that are applicable to individual elementary electromagnetic particles as
extensions of Maxwell's fourth equation for electromagnetic photons and of the Lorentz
force equation for elementary particles such as the electron.
- Last Challenge of Modern Physics: Perspective to concept and
model analysis
Michaud, A. . (2021). The Last Challenge of Modern Physics:
Perspective to Concept and Model Analysis. In: Dr. Jelena Purenovic,
Editor. Newest Updates in Physical Science Research Vol. 4, 129.
- Dernier défi de la physique moderne: Perspective en matière
d'analyse des concepts et des modèles
- Último reto de la física moderna: Perspectiva sobre el análisis de
conceptos y modelos
- Letzte Herausforderung der modernen Physik: Perspektive zur
Konzept- und Modellanalyse
------------
Adiabatic processes - Final version
An expanded version of an article about adiabatic processes at the subatomic level
initially published in 2016 was republished upon invitation in 2021 as a book chapter in a
final version under the title “On adiabatic processes at the subatomic level” in book titled
"Newest Updates in Physical Science Research Vol. 4" which is part of a collection that
pre-selects papers deemed worthy of attention in the global offer, to make them more
immediately available to the community.
- On adiabatic processes at the subatomic level
Michaud, A. . (2021). On Adiabatic Processes at the Subatomic Level. In:
Dr. Jelena Purenovic, Editor. Newest Updates in Physical Science
Research Vol. 4, 3062.
-Sur les processus adiabatiques au niveau subatomique
- Sobre los procesos adiabáticos al nivel subatómico
- Über adiabatischen Prozessen auf subatomarer Ebene
------------
De Broglie photon - Final version
An augmented version of a seminal paper concerning the possible internal structure of
localized electromagnetic photons, originally published in 2016, was republished by
invitation in 2021 as a book chapter as a final version under the title De Broglie’s
Double Particle Photon in book titled "Newest Updates in Physical Science Research
Vol. 4" which is part of a collection that pre-selects papers deemed worthy of attention in
the global offer, to make them more immediately available to the community.
As a tribute to the contribution of Paul Marmet to the development of the
electromagnetic mechanics of elementary particles, an Appendix A was added to the
republished version, highlighting his contribution to science and incidentally the "high
esteem" that was manifested for the accomplishments of this outstanding researcher and
experimentalist by his colleagues and the authorities of the University of Ottawa, and by
the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada:
- De Broglie’s Double-Particle Photon
Michaud, A. (2021). De Broglie’s Double-Particle Photon. In: Dr. Jelena
Purenovic, Editor. Newest Updates in Physical Science Research Vol. 4, 63102.
- Le photon à double-particule de de Broglie
- El fotón de doble partícula de De Broglie
- De Broglies Doppelteilchen Photon
------------
Final monograph
Introduction to Maxwell's initial electromagnetics theory with
deeper analysis leading to the establishment at the subatomic level
of clear mechanics of electromagnetic photons emission and
absorption and of electron stabilization in atoms. The resulting
discovery of the adiabatic nature of the energy induced in all
elementary charged particles, related to Maxwell's first equation,
tends to confirm the conclusion that Einstein reached towards the
end of his life that gravitation seems to follow the pattern of
electromagnetism.
Introduction to Electromagnetism According to Maxwell
------------
Maxwell's initial interpretation - Final version
A very positive recent development has occurred regarding the three articles reproduced
and completed as Chapter 1, Chapter 2 and Chapter 3 of this book, that can only hasten
the re-familiarization of the community with Maxwell’s initial interpretation and thus
contribute to the better understanding of physical reality that it seems to favor.
The paper titled "Electromagnetism according to Maxwell's Initial Interpretation"
reproduced and expanded as Chapter 1 was chosen to be republished with a new title to
account for the clearer explanation given in the book of the the reason why Einstein
suspected that gravitation was related to electromagnetism, in the book titled "New
Insights into Physical Science Vol. 10", which is part of a collection that pre-selects
articles deemed worthy of attention from the global offering, to be put at the disposal of
the community.
The original article was initially published in January 2020 in the Journal of Modern
Physics and is referred to further on.
- Emphasizing Electromagnetism according to Maxwell's Initial
Interpretation
Michaud, André (2020) Emphasizing the Electromagnetism according to
Maxwell's Initial Interpretation. In: Dr. Thomas F. George, Editor. Chapter 4 In
New Insights into Physical Science Vol. 10. West Bengal, India: Book Publisher
International. 2020.
(PROMOTIONAL VIDEO)
- Mise en évidence de l'interprétation initiale de Maxwell de
l'électromagnétisme
- Subrayando la interpretación inicial de Maxwell sobre el
electromagnetismo
- Hervorhebung von Maxwells ursprünglicher Interpretation des
Elektromagnetismus
------------
The Hydrogen atom resonance states - Final version
The paper titled "The Hydrogen Atom Fundamental Resonance States" reproduced as
Chapter 2 was chosen to be republished as a chapter of the Book titled "New Insights
into Physical Science Vol. 6", by "Book Publisher International", whose aim is to provide
the global academic community with works that its editors identifies as belonging to the
highest level of scholarly research in the global offering. The title of this republication
was changed to "An Overview of The Hydrogen Atom Fundamental Resonance States"
due to its having been expanded to include some sections from the articles being
reproduced as Chapter 1 and Chapter 3. These new sections cover the mechanics of
photon emission and absorption initially published in Reference [9], object of Chapter 1,
and the analysis and resolution from the trispatial perspective of the "absolute motion /
relative motion" conundrum previously published in Reference [15].
- Overview of the Hydrogen Atom Resonance States
André Michaud. (2020) An Overview of The Hydrogen Atom Fundamental
Resonance States. In: Dr. Mohd Rafatullah, editor. New Insights Into Physical
Science Vol. 6. West Bengal, India: Book Publisher International. 2020.
(PROMOTIONAL VIDEO)
- Vue d'ensemble des états de résonance de l'atome d'hydrogène
- Visión general de los estados de resonancia del átomo de hidrógeno
- Überblick über die Resonanzzustände des Wasserstoffatoms
------------
Gravitation, QM, Equilibrium states Final version
Finally, the paper titled "Gravitation, Quantum Mechanics and the Least Action
Electromagnetic Equilibrium States" reproduced and expanded in Chapter 3 was chosen
to be republished as one of the chapters of the eBook titled "Prime Archives in Space
Research", by Vide Leaf Prime Archives, whose aim is to promote scientific research in
the world by making research results considered state-of-the-art available to young
researchers to facilitate their application in their research practices.
- Gravitation, Quantum Mechanics and the Least Action Electromagnetic
Equilibrium States
Michaud, A. (2020) Gravitation, Quantum Mechanics and the Least Action
Electromagnetic Equilibrium States. In: Amenosis Lopez, editor. Prime Archives in
Space Research. Hyderabad, India: Vide Leaf. 2020.
------------
Final synthesis
It is well established that classical electrodynamics, quantum electrodynamics (QED)
as well as Quantum Field Theory (QFT) are grounded on Maxwell's wave theory and on
his equations, but it is much less well understood that they are not grounded on his initial
interpretation of the relation between the E and B fields, but are rather grounded on
Ludvig Lorenz's interpretation of this relation, with which Maxwell disagreed.
Maxwell considered that both fields had to mutually induce each other cyclically for
the velocity of light to be maintained while Lorenz considered that both fields had to
synchronously peak at maximum at the same time for this velocity to be maintained, both
interpretations being equally consistent with the equations. Two recent breakthroughs
however now allow confirming that Maxwell's interpretation was correct because,
contrary to the Lorenz interpretation, it allows to seamlessly reconcile Maxwell's
electromagnetic wave theory, so successfully applied at our macroscopic level, with the
electromagnetic characteristics that apply at the subatomic level to localized
electromagnetic photons and to all localized charged and massive elementary
electromagnetic particles of which all atoms are made, and finally allows establishing a
clear mechanics of electromagnetic photon emission and absorption by electrons during
their interactions at the atomic level.
- Electromagnetism according to Maxwell's Initial Interpretation
Michaud, A. (2020) Electromagnetism according to Maxwell's Initial
Interpretation. Journal of Modern Physics, 11, 16-80.
https://doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2020.111003.
- L'électromagnétisme selon l'interprétation initiale de Maxwell
- El electromagnetismo según la interpretación inicial de Maxwell
- Elektromagnetismus nach der ursprünglichen Maxwellschen
Interpretation
------------
Hydrogen atom resonance states
Ever since Schrödinger proposed a wave function to represent the least action
resonance states that electrons stabilize into in atomic orbitals, research has been
unsuccessful in reconciling the Schrödinger wave function with the electromagnetic
properties of electrons. This article identifies and discusses the electromagnetic harmonic
oscillation properties that the electron must possess as a resonator in order to explain
these resonance states, as well as the electromagnetic interactions between the elementary
charged particles making up atomic structures that explain electronic and nucleonic
orbitals stability. An unexpected benefit of the expanded space geometry required to
establish these properties and interactions is that the fundamental symmetry requirement
is respected by structure for all aspects of the distribution of energy within
electromagnetic quanta.
- The Hydrogen Atom Fundamental Resonance States
Michaud, A. (2018) The Hydrogen Atom Fundamental Resonance States.
Journal of Modern Physics, 9, 1052-1110. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2018.95067.
- Les états de résonance fondamentaux de l'atome d'hydrogène
- Los estados fundamentales de resonancia del átomo de hidrógeno
- Die fundamentale Resonanzzustände des Wasserstoffatoms
------------
Gravitation, QM, Equilibrium states
The trispatial model proposes an alternate foundation of physical reality that
establishes the ultimate foundation as a hypothetical uniform zero energy level in space at
the beginning of the universe, instead of the hypothetical uniform zero-point-energy
excitation level of the quantum vacuum which is the foundation of the quantum field
theory (QFT).
The major difference is that instead of quantizing the interaction by means of assumed
natural quantum vacuum fluctuations, this model proposes a continuous infinitesimally
progressive interaction alternative that offers mechanical solutions that QFT does not
provide. Namely, Maxwell equations compliant descriptions of the internal self-
sustaining mutual induction of the electric and magnetic fields of the energy quanta
constituting each individual localized electromagnetic elementary particle, a mechanical
explanation to orbital stability in atomic structures, hints at the possibility that the
methods of quantum mechanics can be applied to describing nucleons inner resonance
states in a manner more satisfactory than QCD, reconciles the wave function with
permanent localization of the electron captive in orbital resonance states and finally
mechanically relates quantum mechanics to gravitation:
- Gravitation, Quantum Mechanics and the Least Action Electromagnetic
Equilibrium States
- Michaud A (2017) Gravitation, Quantum Mechanics and the Least Action
Electromagnetic Equilibrium States. J Astrophys Aerospace Technol 5: 152.
doi:10.4172/2329-6542.1000152
- Gravitation et mécanique quantique vs les états d'équilibre
électromagnétique de moindre action
- Gravitación y mecánica cuántica vs los estados de equilibrio
electromagnético de mínima acción
- Gravitation/Schwerkraft, Quantenmechanik und die elektromagnetischen
Gleichgewichtszustände der stationären Wirkung
------------
The last challenge
The following paper puts in perspective the manner in which a new trispatial space
geometry allows establishing a mechanics of elementary electromagnetic particles that
integrates all conversion processes that are possible between electromagnetic energy and
mass at the submicroscopic level, as well as the sequence of trispatial LC equations that
stems from this space geometry, and clarifies how mass, velocity, pressure and charge
can only be emergent properties due to the presence of kinetic energy.
- The Last Challenge of Modern Physics
- Michaud A (2017) The Last Challenge of Modern Physics. J Phys Math
8: 217. doi: 10.4172/2090-0902.1000217.
- Le dernier défi de la physique moderne
- El último reto de la física moderna
- Die letzte Herausforderung der modernen Physik
------------
Adiabatic processes
Some aspects of the model require clear understanding of the relation between the
initial and irreversible adiabatic acceleration phase of newly created massive particles
and the Principle of conservation of energy, and of the factors that must be taken into
account to calculate the least action electromagnetic equilibrium states that determine the
resonance states revealed by Quantum Mechanics. An analysis of these aspects of particle
physics is carried out in the following paper:
- On Adiabatic Processes at the Elementary Particle level
(2016) J Phys Math 7: 177. doi:10.4172/2090-0902.1000177
- Analyse des processus adiabatiques au niveau des particules élémentaires
- Análisis de los procesos adiabáticos al nivel de las partículas elementales
- Analyse von adiabatischen Prozessen auf der Elementarteilchenebene
------------
First monograph
First described in a popularization work in 1999 [2], a summary overview of this new
space geometry was formally presented at CONGRESS-2000, "Fundamental Problems of
Natural Sciences" [3], St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia on July 5 of
2000.
The electromagnetic mechanics that underlies this model is described in a monograph
published by Scholars' Press, Les Éditions universitaires européennes y el Editorial
académia española:
Electromagnetic
Mechanics
of
Elementary
Particles
Scholars'
Press
Mécanique
électromagnétique
des particules
élémentaires
Éditions
universitaire
européennes
Mecánica
electromagnética
de las partículas
elementales
editorial
académica
española
------------
De Broglie's double-particle photon
The seminal considerations that gave rise to the 3-spaces model and its fundamental
space geometry are detailed in the following paper, which was accepted by the reviewers
and editors of the Journal of Physical mathematics as conforming to Maxwell's equations
and was published in the 2016 issue No. 7 of the Journal:
- On de Broglie's Double-Particle Photon Hypothesis
(2016) J Phys Math 7: 153. DOI:10.4172/2090-0902.1000153
- À propos de l’hypothèse du photon à double corpuscule de Louis de Broglie
- Sobre la hipótesis de Louis de Broglie respecto al fotón a partícula doble
- Über die Hypothese des Doppelpartikelphotons von Louis de Broglie
------------
Model Dependant papers
The critical sequence
Series of model dependant papers describing a seamless series of clearly defined
interaction sequences providing an uninterrupted path of causality from:
1) From the quantities of unidirectional (that is, translational) kinetic energy that
sustain the momentum of charged and massive elementary electromagnetic
particles and of their electromagnetic complement that are adiabatically
induced in them by the Coulomb acceleration,
2) to the release as a free-moving electromagnetic photon of any quantity of this
energy that becomes in excess of the precise amount allowed by some stable
or metastable electromagnetic equilibrium state, for example, when an
electron becomes captive of the resonance state of an atom's available orbital
after having accumulated this energy now in excess while accelerating to
reach this equilibrium state,
3) to the creation of electron-positron pairs from the destabilization of
electromagnetic photons of energy 1.022 MeV or more,
4) to the creation of protons and neutrons from the interaction of thermal
electrons and positrons forced into groups of three involving both types, in
sufficiently small volumes of space, with insufficient energy to escape mutual
capture,
5) to the final shedding in the form of neutrino energy of momentary metastable
excess mass (different from velocity related momentary relativistic mass
increment) as overexcited newly created massive elementary particles are
forced by local electromagnetic equilibrium states to reach their lowest
possible and henceforth stable and invariant rest mass.
Note that the following series of papers should be read in sequence for the
uninterrupted causality link between state 1) and state 5) to become totally clear.
Steps 1) and 2), while not being model dependant, nevertheless belong to the same
interaction sequence and are described in Sections 3 and 4 of the following paper:
1) + 2) The Corona Effect
International Journal of Engineering Research and Development. e-ISSN: 2278-
067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 7, Issue 11 (July 2013), PP. 01-09
- L'effet Corona
- El efecto Corona
- Der Korona-Effekt
------------
Before proceeding to the analysis of steps 3), 4) and 5), it would be important to
clearly understand the internal cyclic motion of the energy making up localized photons,
motion that arises from Louis de Broglie's hypothesis on the double-particle photon being
applied to the 3-spaces model. This motion, which was already described in the seminal
paper previously mentioned, is integrated in a more detailed manner into the causality
sequence in the following article:
- Expanded Maxwellian Geometry of Space Geometry and the Photon
Fundamental LC Equation
International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, e-ISSN: 2278-
067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 6, Issue 8 (April 2013), PP. 31-45.
- La géométrie maxwellienne augmentée de l'espace et
l'équation LC fondamentale du photon
- La geometría maxwelliana aumentada del espacio y la Ecuación
LC fundamental del fotón
- Die erweiterte Maxwellsche Geometrie des Raums und die
fundamentale LC-Gleichung des Photons
------------
3) - The Mechanics of Electron-Positron Pairs Creation in the
3-Spaces Model
International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, e-ISSN: 2278-
067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 6, Issue 10 (April 2013), PP. 36-49.
- La mécanique de création de paires électron-positron dans le modèle
trispatial
- La mecánica de creación de pares electrón-positrón en el modelo
tresespacial
- Die Mechanik der Elektron-Positron-Paarbildung im Dreiräume-
Modell
-----------
4) - The Mechanics of Neutron and Proton Creation in the 3-Spaces Model
International Journal of Engineering Research and Development. e-ISSN:
2278-067X, p-ISSN : 2278-800X. Volume 7, Issue 9 (July 2013), PP.29-53.
- Mécanique de création de Protons et Neutrons dans le modèle trispatial
- Mecánica de creación de protones y neutrones en el modelo tresespacial
- Mechanik der Protonen- und Neutronenbildung im Drei-Räume-Modell
------------
5) - The Mechanics of Neutrinos Creation in the 3-Spaces Model
International Journal of Engineering Research and Development. e-ISSN: 2278-
067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 7, Issue 7 (June 2013), PP.01-08
- Mécanique de création des neutrinos dans le modèle des 3-espaces
- Mecánica de creación de los neutrinos en el modelo de los tres espacios
- Mechanik der Neutrino-Erzeugung im 3-Räume-Modell
------------
Other papers Not model dependant
The foundation
Although not model dependant, the following papers account for all observed
phenomena in light of the conclusions imposed by the 3-spaces model. They can be read
in any order.
1 - Field Equations for Localized Individual Photons and Relativistic Field
Equations for Localized Moving Massive Particles
International IFNA-ANS Journal, No. 2 (28), Vol. 13, 2007, p. 123-140,
Kazan State University, Kazan, Russia.
- Уравнения поля для локализованных фотонов и
релятивистских уравнений поля для локализованных
движущихся массивных частиц
- Also available: Extended abstract from the Kazan SU site.
- Équations de champs pour photons localisés et pour particules massives en
mouvement.
- Ecuaciones de campos para fotones localizados y ecuaciones relativistas de
campos para partículas masivas en movimiento
- Feldgleichungen für lokalisierte Photonen und relativistische
Feldgleichungen für bewegende lokalisierte massive Teilchen
------------
2 - From Classical to Relativistic Mechanics via Maxwell
International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, e-ISSN:
2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 6, Issue 4 (March 2013), PP. 01-10.
- De la mécanique classique à la mécanique relativiste via Maxwell
- De la mecánica clásica a la mecánica relativista vía Maxwell
- Von der klassischen Mechanik zur relativistischen Mechanik via Maxwell
------------
3 - Unifying all Classical Force Equations
International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, e-ISSN:
2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 6, Issue 6 (March 2013), PP. 27-34
- Unification des équations de force classiques
- Unificación de las ecuaciones de fuerza clásicas
- Vereinheitlichung aller klassischen Kraftgleichungen
------------
4 - Deriving εo and μo from First Principles
International Journal of Engineering Research and Development. e-ISSN:
2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 7, Issue 4 (May 2013), PP. 32-39.
- Dérivation de 0 et 0 à partir des principes premiers
- Derivación de εo y μo a partir de los principios fundamentales
- Herleitung von 0 und 0 aus Grundbegriffe
------------
5 - On the Einstein-de Haas and Barnett Effects
International Journal of Engineering Research and Development. e-ISSN:
2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 6, Issue 12 (May 2013), PP. 07-11.
- À propos des effets Einstein-de Haas et Barnett
- Sobre los efectos Einstein-de Haas y Barnett
- Über die Einstein-de Haas- und Barnett-Effekte
------------
6 - On the Electron Magnetic Moment Anomaly
International Journal of Engineering Research and Development. e-ISSN:
2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 7, Issue 3 (May 2013), PP. 21-25.
- A propos de "l'anomalie" du moment magnétique de l'électron
- Sobre la "anomalía" del momento magnético del electrón
- Über die "Anomalie" des magnetischen Moments des Elektrons
------------
7- Proposal of an invariant mass reference for the kilogram
- Proposition pour une référence de masse invariante pour le kilogramme
The General Science Journal 2011
------------
8 - The Corona Effect
International Journal of Engineering Research and Development. e-ISSN:
2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 7, Issue 11 (July 2013), PP. 01-09.
- L'effet Corona
- El efecto Corona
- Der Korona-Effekt
------------
9 - Inside Planets and Stars Masses
International Journal of Engineering Research and Development. e-ISSN:
2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 8, Issue 1 (July 2013), PP. 10-33.
- L'intérieur des masses planétaires et stellaires
- Dentro de las masas de los planetas y de las estrellas
- Das Innere der Planeten- und Sternmassen
------------
10 - On the Magnetostatic Inverse Cube Law and Magnetic Monopoles
International Journal of Engineering Research and Development e-ISSN:
2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 7, Issue 5 (June 2013), PP.50-66.
(Grounding Experiment)
- Sur la loi de l'inverse du cube et les monopôles magnétiques
- Sobre la ley de lo inverso del cubo y los monopolos magnéticos
- Das magnetostatische inverse Würfelgesetz und magnetische Monopole
------------
11- The Birth of the Universe and the Time Dimension
American Journal of Modern Physics. Special
Issue: Insufficiency of Big Bang Cosmology. Vol. 5, No. 4-1, 2016, pp. 44-52.
doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.s.2016050401.17
------------
Formal presentation of the new space geometry
that underlies the trispatial model
Presentation text for the article titled "On an Expanded Maxwellian Geometry of
Space". Presented on July 7, 2000 in plenary session of the Congress-2000 event at St
Petersburg State University, Russia. The article was published on pages 291 to 310 of the
congress proceedings.
- Presentation in plenary session at CONGRESS-2000
- Présentation en session plénière à l'événement CONGRESS-2000
- Presentación en sesión plenaria en el CONGRESS-2000
- Vortrag in Plenarsitzung auf dem CONGRESS-2000
------------
Conference paper published in the proceedings of Congress-2000.
Definition of an expanded Maxwellian geometry of space that allows
description of a possible mechanics 1) of motion of photons; 2) of conversion of a
photon of energy 1.022 MeV or above to a pair electron/positron as it passes close
to a nucleus as well as re-conversion of such a pair to a single photon through
Coulomb interaction close to a nucleus; 3) of creation of protons and neutrons
from the capture within a volume of space of diameter 2.116708996E-10 meter of
2 electrons plus one positron, or alternately, of 2 positrons plus one electron,
possessing insufficient energy to escape from that volume against mutual
Coulombian interaction; 4) of gravitation.
- On an Expanded Maxwellian Geometry of Space
Proceedings of Congress-2000 Fundamental Problems of Natural Sciences and
Engineering. (2000). Volume 1, St-Petersburg, Russia. pages 291-310.
- A propos d'une géométrie maxwellienne augmentée de l'espace
- Sobre una geometría maxwelliana ampliada del espacio
- Über eine erweiterte Maxwellsche Geometrie des Raums
------------
References
[1] A. Einstein, E. Schrödinger, W. Pauli, L, Rosenfeld, M. Born, I. & F. Joliot-Curie, W.
Heisenberg, H. Yukawa, et al. Louis de Broglie, physicien et penseur. Éditions
Albin Michel, Paris, 1953.
[2] Michaud, A. (1999) Theory of Discrete Attractors, Canada, SRP Books, 1999.
https://www.smashwords.com/books/view/159189
[3] Michaud, A. (2000) On an Expanded Maxwellian Geometry of Space. Proceedings
of Congress-2000 Fundamental Problems of Natural Sciences and Engineering.
(2000) Volume 1, St.Petersburg, Russia, pages 291-310.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/357527119_On_an_Expanded_Maxwelli
an_Geometry_of_Space
[4] Michaud A (2004). Expanded Maxwellian Geometry of Space. 4th Edition, SRP
Books.
https://www.smashwords.com/books/view/163704
[5] De Broglie L (1993) La physique nouvelle et les quanta, Flammarion, France
1937, 2nd Edition 1993, with new 1973 Preface by Louis de Broglie. ISBN: 2-08-
081170-3.
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Conference Paper
Full-text available
Definition of an expanded Maxwellian geometry of space that allows description of a possible mechanics 1) of motion of photons; 2) of conversion of a photon of energy 1.022 MeV or above to a pair electron/positron as it passes close to a nucleus as well as reconversion of such a pair to a single photon through Coulomb interaction close to a nucleus; 3) of creation of protons and neutrons from the capture within a volume of space of diameter 2.116708996E-10 meter of 2 electrons plus one positron, or alternately, of 2 positrons plus one electron, possessing insufficient energy to escape from that volume against mutual Coulombian interaction ; 4) of gravitation.
Book
Full-text available
Description of a spacetime geometry that allows representing the mutual induction of electric energy and magnetic energy within elementary particles in motion in conformity with Maxwell's equations. This new geometry draws attention to the fact that adiabatic kinetic energy is continuously induced in all elementary particles captive within atomic structures, which is linked to an atomic axial mass variation effect related to the local intensity of the gravitational gradient, which sheds an entirely new light on gravitation, since it can be demonstrated that these least action electromagnetic equilibrium states determine the local intensity of the gravitational gradient on top of determining the orbital resonance states revealed by Quantum Mechanics. This book explores the foundations of an electromagnetic mechanics of elementary particles whose laws apply by structure to the sub-microscopic level, the macroscopic level and the astronomical level, thus allowing the reconciliation of electromagnetism, Quantum Mechanics, Relativistic Mechanics and gravitation.
Article
Description of a new space geometry that allows explaining the existence of all stable physically scatterable particles, relativistic velocities and gravity solely from Maxwell's electromagnetic theory and that consequently opens up a new and very promising avenue of research. This expanded geometry is the first to allow a seamless series of clearly defined interaction sequences providing an uninterrupted path of causality from: 1) the unquantized quantities of unidirectional kinetic energy induced in particles by natural acceleration through Coulomb or gravitational interaction, 2) to the quantization in the form of free-moving electromagnetic photons of any quantity of this energy in excess of the precise amount required by the local stable or metastable electromagnetic equilibrium 3) to the creation of electron-positron pairs from the destabilization of photons of energy 1.022 MeV or more, 4) to the creation of protons and neutrons from the interaction of electrons and positrons forced into groups of three including both types in sufficiently small volumes of space with insufficient energy to escape mutual capture, 5) to the final shedding in the form of neutrino energy of momentary metastable excess rest mass (different from velocity induced extra momentary relativistic mass) as overexcited massive elementary particles are forced by local electromagnetic equilibrium into lowering their mass to their lower and stable true rest mass. . First described in a popularization work ([8]) in 1999, a summary overview of this new space geometry was formally presented at CONGRESS- geometry of the model is now presented as a separate paper quoted from this book. Many aspects of the model were then progressively made available over the Internet in separate papers.
Theory of Discrete Attractors, Canada, SRP Books
  • A Michaud
Michaud, A. (1999) Theory of Discrete Attractors, Canada, SRP Books, 1999. https://www.smashwords.com/books/view/159189
Louis de Broglie, physicien et penseur. A Tribute to Louis de Broglie for his 60 th birthday, each colleague providing one chapter
  • A Einstein
  • E Schrödinger
  • W Pauli
  • L Rosenfeld
  • M Born
  • I F Joliot-Curie
  • W Heisenberg
  • H Yukawa
A. Einstein, E. Schrödinger, W. Pauli, L, Rosenfeld, M. Born, I. & F. Joliot-Curie, W. Heisenberg, H. Yukawa, et al. Louis de Broglie, physicien et penseur. A Tribute to Louis de Broglie for his 60 th birthday, each colleague providing one chapter, Einstein even collaborating to 2 distinct chapters, the complete text drafting a detailed overview of the state of knowledge in fundamental physics in 1952. Éditions Albin Michel, Paris, 1953.