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INDEX - Electromagnetic mechanics

of elementary particles

(The Trispatial Model)

André Michaud

Service de Recherche Pédagogique

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Haga clic aquí para versión en español

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Research project undertaken in 1998 to demonstrate the validity of the reasoning

method by perception of coherences, explained in the research project on general

neurolinguistics, when the properties of the multilayer neural network of the neocortex

are correctly used. --------------------

Demystifying the Lorentz Force Equation

The Lorentz force equation F= q(E + v×B), which has been used by the engineering

community since the early 20th century to control the motion of electrons on free

trajectories in a wide range of technical applications, is a generalized equation that was

originally developed by Hendrik Antoon Lorentz at the beginning of the 20th century,

and that treats in a single formulation, two very different aspects of the behavior of free-

moving electrons. This article aims to put into perspective the historical context in which

the equation was developed, and to clarify in which ways its two different aspects can be

clearly separated for practical computational purposes and use in fundamental research in

physics, to help reconcile classical/relativistic mechanics and quantum mechanics with

electromagnetism, and in particular how its first term can be related to gravitation while

its second term can be related to measurable mass from the electromagnetic perspective

- Demystifying the Lorentz Force Equation

Michaud, A. (2022) Demystifying the Lorentz Force Equation.

Journal of Modern Physics, Vol.13 No.5, May 2022, 776-838 DOI:

10.4236/jmp.2022.135046

- Démystification de l'équation de force de Lorentz

- Desmistificación de la ecuación de fuerza de Lorentz

- Entmystifizierung der Lorentz-Kraftgleichung

--------------------

Our Electromagnetic Universe

Hypothesis of the progressive establishment and growth of the Universe, strictly from

electromagnetic considerations, as suggested by Einstein towards the end of his life.

Discussion of the conflicting relations observed between the various current black holes

and Big Bang theories. Discussion of the possibility of a progressive adiabatic energy

increase in the universe from a hypothetical zero energy level in vacuum at the beginning

of the universe, as an alternate solution to the Quantum Field Theory (QFT) postulated

stable conservative zero-point energy level in vacuum. Proposal of an alternate process

for the origin of the Universe grounded on an expanded space geometry emerging from

Maxwell's initial interpretation of the relation between the electric and magnetic E and B

fields, leading to a new perspective on the objective and subjective aspects of the time

dimension.

An expanded version of an article initially published in 2016 was republished

upon invitation in 2021 as a book chapter as an expanded final version under the title

“Our Electromagnetic Universe” in book titled "Newest Updates in Physical Science

Research Vol. 12" which is part of a collection that pre-selects papers deemed worthy of

attention in the global offer, to make them more immediately available to the community.

- Our Electromagnetic Universe

Michaud, A. (2021) Our Electromagnetic Universe. In: Dr. Mohd

Rafatullah, Editor. Newest Updates in Physical Science Research Vol. 12.

23 July 2021, Page 64-82. https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/nupsr/v12/11459D

- Notre univers électromagnétique

- Nuestro Universo electromagnético

- Unser elektromagnetisches Universum

------------

The last challenge – Final version

An expanded version of an article published in 2017 that provided an overview of the

the last remaining challenge in fundamental physics was republished upon invitation in

2021 as a book chapter in a final completed version under the title “The Last Challenge of

Modern Physics: Perspective to concept and model analysis” in book titled "Newest

Updates in Physical Science Research Vol. 4" which is part of a collection that pre-

selects papers deemed worthy of attention in the global offer, to make them more

immediately available to the community:

An Appendix A was added to the republished version, summarizing Maxwell's

synthesis of the electromagnetic equations set and introducing the first level forms of

these equations that are applicable to individual elementary electromagnetic particles as

extensions of Maxwell's fourth equation for electromagnetic photons and of the Lorentz

force equation for elementary particles such as the electron.

- Last Challenge of Modern Physics: Perspective to concept and

model analysis

Michaud, A. . (2021). The Last Challenge of Modern Physics:

Perspective to Concept and Model Analysis. In: Dr. Jelena Purenovic,

Editor. Newest Updates in Physical Science Research Vol. 4, 1–29.

- Dernier défi de la physique moderne: Perspective en matière

d'analyse des concepts et des modèles

- Último reto de la física moderna: Perspectiva sobre el análisis de

conceptos y modelos

- Letzte Herausforderung der modernen Physik: Perspektive zur

Konzept- und Modellanalyse

------------

Adiabatic processes - Final version

An expanded version of an article about adiabatic processes at the subatomic level

initially published in 2016 was republished upon invitation in 2021 as a book chapter in a

final version under the title “On adiabatic processes at the subatomic level” in book titled

"Newest Updates in Physical Science Research Vol. 4" which is part of a collection that

pre-selects papers deemed worthy of attention in the global offer, to make them more

immediately available to the community.

- On adiabatic processes at the subatomic level

Michaud, A. . (2021). On Adiabatic Processes at the Subatomic Level. In:

Dr. Jelena Purenovic, Editor. Newest Updates in Physical Science

Research Vol. 4, 30–62.

-Sur les processus adiabatiques au niveau subatomique

- Sobre los procesos adiabáticos al nivel subatómico

- Über adiabatischen Prozessen auf subatomarer Ebene

------------

De Broglie photon - Final version

An augmented version of a seminal paper concerning the possible internal structure of

localized electromagnetic photons, originally published in 2016, was republished by

invitation in 2021 as a book chapter as a final version under the title “De Broglie’s

Double Particle Photon” in book titled "Newest Updates in Physical Science Research

Vol. 4" which is part of a collection that pre-selects papers deemed worthy of attention in

the global offer, to make them more immediately available to the community.

As a tribute to the contribution of Paul Marmet to the development of the

electromagnetic mechanics of elementary particles, an Appendix A was added to the

republished version, highlighting his contribution to science and incidentally the "high

esteem" that was manifested for the accomplishments of this outstanding researcher and

experimentalist by his colleagues and the authorities of the University of Ottawa, and by

the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada:

- De Broglie’s Double-Particle Photon

Michaud, A. (2021). De Broglie’s Double-Particle Photon. In: Dr. Jelena

Purenovic, Editor. Newest Updates in Physical Science Research Vol. 4, 63–102.

- Le photon à double-particule de de Broglie

- El fotón de doble partícula de De Broglie

- De Broglies Doppelteilchen Photon

------------

Final monograph

Introduction to Maxwell's initial electromagnetics theory with

deeper analysis leading to the establishment at the subatomic level

of clear mechanics of electromagnetic photons emission and

absorption and of electron stabilization in atoms. The resulting

discovery of the adiabatic nature of the energy induced in all

elementary charged particles, related to Maxwell's first equation,

tends to confirm the conclusion that Einstein reached towards the

end of his life that gravitation seems to follow the pattern of

electromagnetism.

Introduction to Electromagnetism According to Maxwell

------------

Maxwell's initial interpretation - Final version

A very positive recent development has occurred regarding the three articles reproduced

and completed as Chapter 1, Chapter 2 and Chapter 3 of this book, that can only hasten

the re-familiarization of the community with Maxwell’s initial interpretation and thus

contribute to the better understanding of physical reality that it seems to favor.

The paper titled "Electromagnetism according to Maxwell's Initial Interpretation"

reproduced and expanded as Chapter 1 was chosen to be republished with a new title to

account for the clearer explanation given in the book of the the reason why Einstein

suspected that gravitation was related to electromagnetism, in the book titled "New

Insights into Physical Science Vol. 10", which is part of a collection that pre-selects

articles deemed worthy of attention from the global offering, to be put at the disposal of

the community.

The original article was initially published in January 2020 in the Journal of Modern

Physics and is referred to further on.

- Emphasizing Electromagnetism according to Maxwell's Initial

Interpretation

Michaud, André (2020) Emphasizing the Electromagnetism according to

Maxwell's Initial Interpretation. In: Dr. Thomas F. George, Editor. Chapter 4 In

New Insights into Physical Science Vol. 10. West Bengal, India: Book Publisher

International. 2020.

(PROMOTIONAL VIDEO)

- Mise en évidence de l'interprétation initiale de Maxwell de

l'électromagnétisme

- Subrayando la interpretación inicial de Maxwell sobre el

electromagnetismo

- Hervorhebung von Maxwells ursprünglicher Interpretation des

Elektromagnetismus

------------

The Hydrogen atom resonance states - Final version

The paper titled "The Hydrogen Atom Fundamental Resonance States" reproduced as

Chapter 2 was chosen to be republished as a chapter of the Book titled "New Insights

into Physical Science Vol. 6", by "Book Publisher International", whose aim is to provide

the global academic community with works that its editors identifies as belonging to the

highest level of scholarly research in the global offering. The title of this republication

was changed to "An Overview of The Hydrogen Atom Fundamental Resonance States"

due to its having been expanded to include some sections from the articles being

reproduced as Chapter 1 and Chapter 3. These new sections cover the mechanics of

photon emission and absorption initially published in Reference [9], object of Chapter 1,

and the analysis and resolution from the trispatial perspective of the "absolute motion /

relative motion" conundrum previously published in Reference [15].

- Overview of the Hydrogen Atom Resonance States

André Michaud. (2020) An Overview of The Hydrogen Atom Fundamental

Resonance States. In: Dr. Mohd Rafatullah, editor. New Insights Into Physical

Science Vol. 6. West Bengal, India: Book Publisher International. 2020.

(PROMOTIONAL VIDEO)

- Vue d'ensemble des états de résonance de l'atome d'hydrogène

- Visión general de los estados de resonancia del átomo de hidrógeno

- Überblick über die Resonanzzustände des Wasserstoffatoms

------------

Gravitation, QM, Equilibrium states – Final version

Finally, the paper titled "Gravitation, Quantum Mechanics and the Least Action

Electromagnetic Equilibrium States" reproduced and expanded in Chapter 3 was chosen

to be republished as one of the chapters of the eBook titled "Prime Archives in Space

Research", by Vide Leaf Prime Archives, whose aim is to promote scientific research in

the world by making research results considered state-of-the-art available to young

researchers to facilitate their application in their research practices.

- Gravitation, Quantum Mechanics and the Least Action Electromagnetic

Equilibrium States

Michaud, A. (2020) Gravitation, Quantum Mechanics and the Least Action

Electromagnetic Equilibrium States. In: Amenosis Lopez, editor. Prime Archives in

Space Research. Hyderabad, India: Vide Leaf. 2020.

------------

Final synthesis

It is well established that classical electrodynamics, quantum electrodynamics (QED)

as well as Quantum Field Theory (QFT) are grounded on Maxwell's wave theory and on

his equations, but it is much less well understood that they are not grounded on his initial

interpretation of the relation between the E and B fields, but are rather grounded on

Ludvig Lorenz's interpretation of this relation, with which Maxwell disagreed.

Maxwell considered that both fields had to mutually induce each other cyclically for

the velocity of light to be maintained while Lorenz considered that both fields had to

synchronously peak at maximum at the same time for this velocity to be maintained, both

interpretations being equally consistent with the equations. Two recent breakthroughs

however now allow confirming that Maxwell's interpretation was correct because,

contrary to the Lorenz interpretation, it allows to seamlessly reconcile Maxwell's

electromagnetic wave theory, so successfully applied at our macroscopic level, with the

electromagnetic characteristics that apply at the subatomic level to localized

electromagnetic photons and to all localized charged and massive elementary

electromagnetic particles of which all atoms are made, and finally allows establishing a

clear mechanics of electromagnetic photon emission and absorption by electrons during

their interactions at the atomic level.

- Electromagnetism according to Maxwell's Initial Interpretation

Michaud, A. (2020) Electromagnetism according to Maxwell's Initial

Interpretation. Journal of Modern Physics, 11, 16-80.

https://doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2020.111003.

- L'électromagnétisme selon l'interprétation initiale de Maxwell

- El electromagnetismo según la interpretación inicial de Maxwell

- Elektromagnetismus nach der ursprünglichen Maxwellschen

Interpretation

------------

Hydrogen atom resonance states

Ever since Schrödinger proposed a wave function to represent the least action

resonance states that electrons stabilize into in atomic orbitals, research has been

unsuccessful in reconciling the Schrödinger wave function with the electromagnetic

properties of electrons. This article identifies and discusses the electromagnetic harmonic

oscillation properties that the electron must possess as a resonator in order to explain

these resonance states, as well as the electromagnetic interactions between the elementary

charged particles making up atomic structures that explain electronic and nucleonic

orbitals stability. An unexpected benefit of the expanded space geometry required to

establish these properties and interactions is that the fundamental symmetry requirement

is respected by structure for all aspects of the distribution of energy within

electromagnetic quanta.

- The Hydrogen Atom Fundamental Resonance States

Michaud, A. (2018) The Hydrogen Atom Fundamental Resonance States.

Journal of Modern Physics, 9, 1052-1110. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2018.95067.

- Les états de résonance fondamentaux de l'atome d'hydrogène

- Los estados fundamentales de resonancia del átomo de hidrógeno

- Die fundamentale Resonanzzustände des Wasserstoffatoms

------------

Gravitation, QM, Equilibrium states

The trispatial model proposes an alternate foundation of physical reality that

establishes the ultimate foundation as a hypothetical uniform zero energy level in space at

the beginning of the universe, instead of the hypothetical uniform zero-point-energy

excitation level of the quantum vacuum which is the foundation of the quantum field

theory (QFT).

The major difference is that instead of quantizing the interaction by means of assumed

natural quantum vacuum fluctuations, this model proposes a continuous infinitesimally

progressive interaction alternative that offers mechanical solutions that QFT does not

provide. Namely, Maxwell equations compliant descriptions of the internal self-

sustaining mutual induction of the electric and magnetic fields of the energy quanta

constituting each individual localized electromagnetic elementary particle, a mechanical

explanation to orbital stability in atomic structures, hints at the possibility that the

methods of quantum mechanics can be applied to describing nucleons inner resonance

states in a manner more satisfactory than QCD, reconciles the wave function with

permanent localization of the electron captive in orbital resonance states and finally

mechanically relates quantum mechanics to gravitation:

- Gravitation, Quantum Mechanics and the Least Action Electromagnetic

Equilibrium States

- Michaud A (2017) Gravitation, Quantum Mechanics and the Least Action

Electromagnetic Equilibrium States. J Astrophys Aerospace Technol 5: 152.

doi:10.4172/2329-6542.1000152

- Gravitation et mécanique quantique vs les états d'équilibre

électromagnétique de moindre action

- Gravitación y mecánica cuántica vs los estados de equilibrio

electromagnético de mínima acción

- Gravitation/Schwerkraft, Quantenmechanik und die elektromagnetischen

Gleichgewichtszustände der stationären Wirkung

------------

The last challenge

The following paper puts in perspective the manner in which a new trispatial space

geometry allows establishing a mechanics of elementary electromagnetic particles that

integrates all conversion processes that are possible between electromagnetic energy and

mass at the submicroscopic level, as well as the sequence of trispatial LC equations that

stems from this space geometry, and clarifies how mass, velocity, pressure and charge

can only be emergent properties due to the presence of kinetic energy.

- The Last Challenge of Modern Physics

- Michaud A (2017) The Last Challenge of Modern Physics. J Phys Math

8: 217. doi: 10.4172/2090-0902.1000217.

- Le dernier défi de la physique moderne

- El último reto de la física moderna

- Die letzte Herausforderung der modernen Physik

------------

Adiabatic processes

Some aspects of the model require clear understanding of the relation between the

initial and irreversible adiabatic acceleration phase of newly created massive particles

and the Principle of conservation of energy, and of the factors that must be taken into

account to calculate the least action electromagnetic equilibrium states that determine the

resonance states revealed by Quantum Mechanics. An analysis of these aspects of particle

physics is carried out in the following paper:

- On Adiabatic Processes at the Elementary Particle level

(2016) J Phys Math 7: 177. doi:10.4172/2090-0902.1000177

- Analyse des processus adiabatiques au niveau des particules élémentaires

- Análisis de los procesos adiabáticos al nivel de las partículas elementales

- Analyse von adiabatischen Prozessen auf der Elementarteilchenebene

------------

First monograph

First described in a popularization work in 1999 [2], a summary overview of this new

space geometry was formally presented at CONGRESS-2000, "Fundamental Problems of

Natural Sciences" [3], St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia on July 5 of

2000.

The electromagnetic mechanics that underlies this model is described in a monograph

published by Scholars' Press, Les Éditions universitaires européennes y el Editorial

académia española:

Electromagnetic

Mechanics

of

Elementary

Particles

Scholars'

Press

Mécanique

électromagnétique

des particules

élémentaires

Éditions

universitaire

européennes

Mecánica

electromagnética

de las partículas

elementales

editorial

académica

española

------------

De Broglie's double-particle photon

The seminal considerations that gave rise to the 3-spaces model and its fundamental

space geometry are detailed in the following paper, which was accepted by the reviewers

and editors of the Journal of Physical mathematics as conforming to Maxwell's equations

and was published in the 2016 issue No. 7 of the Journal:

- On de Broglie's Double-Particle Photon Hypothesis

(2016) J Phys Math 7: 153. DOI:10.4172/2090-0902.1000153

- À propos de l’hypothèse du photon à double corpuscule de Louis de Broglie

- Sobre la hipótesis de Louis de Broglie respecto al fotón a partícula doble

- Über die Hypothese des Doppelpartikelphotons von Louis de Broglie

------------

Model Dependant papers

The critical sequence

Series of model dependant papers describing a seamless series of clearly defined

interaction sequences providing an uninterrupted path of causality from:

1) From the quantities of unidirectional (that is, translational) kinetic energy that

sustain the momentum of charged and massive elementary electromagnetic

particles and of their electromagnetic complement that are adiabatically

induced in them by the Coulomb acceleration,

2) to the release as a free-moving electromagnetic photon of any quantity of this

energy that becomes in excess of the precise amount allowed by some stable

or metastable electromagnetic equilibrium state, for example, when an

electron becomes captive of the resonance state of an atom's available orbital

after having accumulated this energy now in excess while accelerating to

reach this equilibrium state,

3) to the creation of electron-positron pairs from the destabilization of

electromagnetic photons of energy 1.022 MeV or more,

4) to the creation of protons and neutrons from the interaction of thermal

electrons and positrons forced into groups of three involving both types, in

sufficiently small volumes of space, with insufficient energy to escape mutual

capture,

5) to the final shedding in the form of neutrino energy of momentary metastable

excess mass (different from velocity related momentary relativistic mass

increment) as overexcited newly created massive elementary particles are

forced by local electromagnetic equilibrium states to reach their lowest

possible and henceforth stable and invariant rest mass.

Note that the following series of papers should be read in sequence for the

uninterrupted causality link between state 1) and state 5) to become totally clear.

Steps 1) and 2), while not being model dependant, nevertheless belong to the same

interaction sequence and are described in Sections 3 and 4 of the following paper:

1) + 2) The Corona Effect

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development. e-ISSN: 2278-

067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 7, Issue 11 (July 2013), PP. 01-09

- L'effet Corona

- El efecto Corona

- Der Korona-Effekt

------------

Before proceeding to the analysis of steps 3), 4) and 5), it would be important to

clearly understand the internal cyclic motion of the energy making up localized photons,

motion that arises from Louis de Broglie's hypothesis on the double-particle photon being

applied to the 3-spaces model. This motion, which was already described in the seminal

paper previously mentioned, is integrated in a more detailed manner into the causality

sequence in the following article:

- Expanded Maxwellian Geometry of Space Geometry and the Photon

Fundamental LC Equation

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, e-ISSN: 2278-

067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 6, Issue 8 (April 2013), PP. 31-45.

- La géométrie maxwellienne augmentée de l'espace et

l'équation LC fondamentale du photon

- La geometría maxwelliana aumentada del espacio y la Ecuación

LC fundamental del fotón

- Die erweiterte Maxwellsche Geometrie des Raums und die

fundamentale LC-Gleichung des Photons

------------

3) - The Mechanics of Electron-Positron Pairs Creation in the

3-Spaces Model

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, e-ISSN: 2278-

067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 6, Issue 10 (April 2013), PP. 36-49.

- La mécanique de création de paires électron-positron dans le modèle

trispatial

- La mecánica de creación de pares electrón-positrón en el modelo

tresespacial

- Die Mechanik der Elektron-Positron-Paarbildung im Dreiräume-

Modell

-----------

4) - The Mechanics of Neutron and Proton Creation in the 3-Spaces Model

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development. e-ISSN:

2278-067X, p-ISSN : 2278-800X. Volume 7, Issue 9 (July 2013), PP.29-53.

- Mécanique de création de Protons et Neutrons dans le modèle trispatial

- Mecánica de creación de protones y neutrones en el modelo tresespacial

- Mechanik der Protonen- und Neutronenbildung im Drei-Räume-Modell

------------

5) - The Mechanics of Neutrinos Creation in the 3-Spaces Model

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development. e-ISSN: 2278-

067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 7, Issue 7 (June 2013), PP.01-08

- Mécanique de création des neutrinos dans le modèle des 3-espaces

- Mecánica de creación de los neutrinos en el modelo de los tres espacios

- Mechanik der Neutrino-Erzeugung im 3-Räume-Modell

------------

Other papers – Not model dependant

The foundation

Although not model dependant, the following papers account for all observed

phenomena in light of the conclusions imposed by the 3-spaces model. They can be read

in any order.

1 - Field Equations for Localized Individual Photons and Relativistic Field

Equations for Localized Moving Massive Particles

International IFNA-ANS Journal, No. 2 (28), Vol. 13, 2007, p. 123-140,

Kazan State University, Kazan, Russia.

- Уравнения поля для локализованных фотонов и

релятивистских уравнений поля для локализованных

движущихся массивных частиц

- Also available: Extended abstract from the Kazan SU site.

- Équations de champs pour photons localisés et pour particules massives en

mouvement.

- Ecuaciones de campos para fotones localizados y ecuaciones relativistas de

campos para partículas masivas en movimiento

- Feldgleichungen für lokalisierte Photonen und relativistische

Feldgleichungen für bewegende lokalisierte massive Teilchen

------------

2 - From Classical to Relativistic Mechanics via Maxwell

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, e-ISSN:

2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 6, Issue 4 (March 2013), PP. 01-10.

- De la mécanique classique à la mécanique relativiste via Maxwell

- De la mecánica clásica a la mecánica relativista vía Maxwell

- Von der klassischen Mechanik zur relativistischen Mechanik via Maxwell

------------

3 - Unifying all Classical Force Equations

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, e-ISSN:

2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 6, Issue 6 (March 2013), PP. 27-34

- Unification des équations de force classiques

- Unificación de las ecuaciones de fuerza clásicas

- Vereinheitlichung aller klassischen Kraftgleichungen

------------

4 - Deriving εo and μo from First Principles

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development. e-ISSN:

2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 7, Issue 4 (May 2013), PP. 32-39.

- Dérivation de 0 et 0 à partir des principes premiers

- Derivación de εo y μo a partir de los principios fundamentales

- Herleitung von 0 und 0 aus Grundbegriffe

------------

5 - On the Einstein-de Haas and Barnett Effects

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development. e-ISSN:

2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 6, Issue 12 (May 2013), PP. 07-11.

- À propos des effets Einstein-de Haas et Barnett

- Sobre los efectos Einstein-de Haas y Barnett

- Über die Einstein-de Haas- und Barnett-Effekte

------------

6 - On the Electron Magnetic Moment Anomaly

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development. e-ISSN:

2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 7, Issue 3 (May 2013), PP. 21-25.

- A propos de "l'anomalie" du moment magnétique de l'électron

- Sobre la "anomalía" del momento magnético del electrón

- Über die "Anomalie" des magnetischen Moments des Elektrons

------------

7- Proposal of an invariant mass reference for the kilogram

- Proposition pour une référence de masse invariante pour le kilogramme

The General Science Journal 2011

------------

8 - The Corona Effect

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development. e-ISSN:

2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 7, Issue 11 (July 2013), PP. 01-09.

- L'effet Corona

- El efecto Corona

- Der Korona-Effekt

------------

9 - Inside Planets and Stars Masses

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development. e-ISSN:

2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 8, Issue 1 (July 2013), PP. 10-33.

- L'intérieur des masses planétaires et stellaires

- Dentro de las masas de los planetas y de las estrellas

- Das Innere der Planeten- und Sternmassen

------------

10 - On the Magnetostatic Inverse Cube Law and Magnetic Monopoles

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development e-ISSN:

2278-067X, p-ISSN: 2278-800X. Volume 7, Issue 5 (June 2013), PP.50-66.

(Grounding Experiment)

- Sur la loi de l'inverse du cube et les monopôles magnétiques

- Sobre la ley de lo inverso del cubo y los monopolos magnéticos

- Das magnetostatische inverse Würfelgesetz und magnetische Monopole

------------

11- The Birth of the Universe and the Time Dimension

American Journal of Modern Physics. Special

Issue: Insufficiency of Big Bang Cosmology. Vol. 5, No. 4-1, 2016, pp. 44-52.

doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.s.2016050401.17

------------

Formal presentation of the new space geometry

that underlies the trispatial model

Presentation text for the article titled "On an Expanded Maxwellian Geometry of

Space". Presented on July 7, 2000 in plenary session of the Congress-2000 event at St

Petersburg State University, Russia. The article was published on pages 291 to 310 of the

congress proceedings.

- Presentation in plenary session at CONGRESS-2000

- Présentation en session plénière à l'événement CONGRESS-2000

- Presentación en sesión plenaria en el CONGRESS-2000

- Vortrag in Plenarsitzung auf dem CONGRESS-2000

------------

Conference paper published in the proceedings of Congress-2000.

Definition of an expanded Maxwellian geometry of space that allows

description of a possible mechanics 1) of motion of photons; 2) of conversion of a

photon of energy 1.022 MeV or above to a pair electron/positron as it passes close

to a nucleus as well as re-conversion of such a pair to a single photon through

Coulomb interaction close to a nucleus; 3) of creation of protons and neutrons

from the capture within a volume of space of diameter 2.116708996E-10 meter of

2 electrons plus one positron, or alternately, of 2 positrons plus one electron,

possessing insufficient energy to escape from that volume against mutual

Coulombian interaction; 4) of gravitation.

- On an Expanded Maxwellian Geometry of Space

Proceedings of Congress-2000 – Fundamental Problems of Natural Sciences and

Engineering. (2000). Volume 1, St-Petersburg, Russia. pages 291-310.

- A propos d'une géométrie maxwellienne augmentée de l'espace

- Sobre una geometría maxwelliana ampliada del espacio

- Über eine erweiterte Maxwellsche Geometrie des Raums

------------

References

[1] A. Einstein, E. Schrödinger, W. Pauli, L, Rosenfeld, M. Born, I. & F. Joliot-Curie, W.

Heisenberg, H. Yukawa, et al. Louis de Broglie, physicien et penseur. Éditions

Albin Michel, Paris, 1953.

[2] Michaud, A. (1999) Theory of Discrete Attractors, Canada, SRP Books, 1999.

https://www.smashwords.com/books/view/159189

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[4] Michaud A (2004). Expanded Maxwellian Geometry of Space. 4th Edition, SRP

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[5] De Broglie L (1993) La physique nouvelle et les quanta, Flammarion, France

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