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• Illo Humphrey | Ph. D.-HDR. | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 10-III-2017 •

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• Illo Humphrey | Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | ResearchGate.net | 8-IV-2016 • • [¶1] Illo possesses all the required interdisciplinary skills of a seasoned mediævalist. Indeed, gifted with an immense curiosity, Illo has acquired great mastery in fields of: mediæval history, scientific philosophy, proto-philology (ecdotique: complete critical edition de texts with their glosses, cross-reference signes [notae sententiarum, Isidori Hispalensis Etymologiae I, 21], punctuation, respecting, as often as possible, the identical layout of the manuscript source), palæography, calligraphy, codicology, hagiohraphy, prosopography, archivistics, chronology, sigillography, and musicology (theory – practice – liturgy), etc. In addition to this, Illo, as of Saturday, November 27, 1993 at 2: 49 p. m., distinguished himself as today’s leading expert worldwide in Latin stenography (tironian notes); on that day at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Site Richelieu), after 6 years 3 months and 8 days of assiduous work, Illo completed the critical transcription of a 9th-century complete copy of the “gallican” Pslater (150 Psalmi | 16 Cantica), entirely written in tironian notes, namely: the manuscript Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, nouvelles acquisitions latines 442, 9th c., Tours [?], the critical proto-philological edition of which is in preparation • • Marcus Tullius Tiro, “ libertus ab epistulis ” • • [¶2] Tironian notes are named after their legendary inventor Marcus Tullius Tiro, “libertus ab epistulis", a freed slave and secretary of the famous roman senator Marcus Tullius Cicero. Tiro died approximately in the year of Rome 749-750 (i.e. circa 4 BCE.) at the age of one hundred. Tiro, of whom we know very little, was probably of Greek origin. Tiro’s existence is attested by several generations of roman writers: from Cicero himself (†the year of Rome ca. 693 (i. e. ca. 43-44 BCE), cf. Epistolarum ad Familiares, Liber XVI : epistles I-XXVII) to Aulus Gellius (†ca. 180 a.D., cf. Noctium Atticarum, Liber I, 7: 1; V1, 3: 8; XIII, 9: 1 et 21[20]: 16; XV, 6: 2). According to the testimony of Πλούταρχος ὁ Χαιρωνεύς (†ca. 120 a. D.): Βίοι Παράλληοι, Βίος Κικέρωνος, xli : § 881, Tiro, a freed slave (“ὁ τοῦ Κικέρωνος ἀπελεύθερος”) was indeed reputed to be an excellent scribe-stenographer writing in signs (τὸ σημεῖον); see also the testimony of Aulus Gellius, op. cit., V1, 3: 8; XIII, 9: 1. However it must be noted that it was only as of the 16th-17th century that Tiro’s name began to be associated with Latin stenography by certain French, Dutch, and German humanists, such as: Janus Gruter (1560 – 1627, cf. Notae Tyronis Ciceronis Q., ac Senecae, inscriptiones antiquae totius orbis Romani, Heidelbergae, ex officina Commeliniana [i.e. the well-known Heidelberg printer Jerome Commelin], ed.1 1602-1603, ed.2 1616, ed.3 Amstelaedami, 1707, in-folio), and his friend, colleague and collaborator Giuseppe Giusto Scaligero (*Agen, France, 1540 - †Leiden, Netherlands, 1609). Prior to that period, Latin stenography was commonly known as : notae Ciceronis • notae Senecae • or simply notae (cf. Codex Cassellanus : Kassel, Gesamthochschule, 2° Ms. philol. 2, 9th c., cf. facsimile-edition by Ferdinand Ruess, 1914), f. 1v° et Wolfenbüttel, Codex Guelferbytanus 9, 8 Aug. 4 (9th c.), f. 1r°, where one reads : « In Christi Nomine Incipiunt Notae Senecae » ; Johann von Heidenberg von Trittenheim (i.e. Johannes Tritthemius, †1516), Polygraphiae libri sex, Oppenhemii, 1518 (2 parts in 1 volume, in-quarto), p. Qvi-recto et Qvi-verso: “…Psalterium notis Ciceronis descriptum” • • [¶3] Bibliography • • (1) Illo Humphrey, Boethius De institutione arithmetica libri duo. Édition proto-philologique intégrale princeps d’un manuscrit du IXe siècle (Paris, BnF, latin 14064), texte, gloses, notes tironiennes, signes de renvoi, 265 pages, 7 plates, Glossaries, Indices; Institute of Medieval Music, Musicological Studies Vol. LXXXVI, Ottawa, Canada, ISBN 978-1-896926-90-2, 2007, cf. p. 203-230 • • (2) Illo Humphrey, “Boethii De institutione arithmetica libri duo: Étude proto-philologique”, in Carmina Philosophiae Volume 14, 2005, ©International Boethius Society, ISSN#1075-4407, p. 57-158, cf. critical Glossary of the glosses in tironian notes, p.93-110 • • (3) Illo Humphrey, “La sténographie latine (notes dites “tironiennes”), état de la question (histoire et tradition manuscrite, transcription et édition critique, pratique)”, in Colloquia Aquitana I – 2005. Études médiévales : Patrimoine matériel et immatériel, (Proceedings of the Symposium held in Duras, France – 47120, the 5th and 6th of August, 2005), Illo Humphrey (ed.), Paris (Éditions Le Manuscrit), ISBN: 2-7481-4750-2, 2006, p. 99-152 • • (4) Illo Humphrey, “Trois homélies attribuées à Heiric, moine de Saint-Germain d’Auxerre. Leur écriture en notes tironiennes. Manuscrit Bamberg patristique 46 Q.VI, 32”, in Bulletin de la Société des Fouilles Archéologiques et des Monuments Historiques de l'Yonne, numéro 13, 1996, pages 25-46, 11 Plates • • (5) Illo Humphrey, Boethius. His Influence on the European Unity of Culture: from Alcuin of York (†804) to Thierry of Chartres (†1154): Nordhausen, Germany (Traugott Bautz Verlag), 2010 | 2012, ISBN: 978-3-88309-603-2, 237 pages, Bibliography, Catalogue of the 128 cited Manuscripts, Glossary, Index; cf. Introduction: p. 15, Ch. 5: p. 104-105 • • [¶4] Frontispice: The manuscript Paris, BnF, n.a.l. 442, (98 feuillets [196 pages], 184 mm x 135 mm,9th century), originates, so it seems, from the scriptorium of Saint-Martin of Tours. It is a complete copy of the gallican Psalter, whose Psalmi and Cantica are all written in Latine stenography, that is to say tironian notes. This Psalter is unique in that it is the only tironian Psalter, among the eight known tironian Psalters, which is absolutely complete, without any lacunae. It contains 150 Psalms and the 16 Canticles in their entirety. On folio 1-recto, one discovers the sole lettrine of the manuscript, which is an illumination of Psalm I, verse 1: Beatus vir qui non abi-it in-consilio impi-orum. It is a full page lettrine with guilded interlace decoration enhanced with red, which comes out of the ductus of the tironian letter for “B” and out of the stenogram for the word “Beatus”. Illo is preparing now the critical proto-philological edition of the manuscript Paris, BnF, n.a.l. 442. Cf. Illo Humphrey, “La sténographie latine (notes dites “tironiennes”), état de la question (histoire et tradition manuscrite, transcription et édition critique, pratique)”, in Colloquia Aquitana I – 2005. Études médiévales : Patrimoine matériel et immatériel, (Proceedings of the Symposium held in Duras, France – 47120, the 5th and 6th of August, 2005), Illo Humphrey (ed.), Paris (Éditions Le Manuscrit), ISBN: 2-7481-4750-2, 2006, p. 110-112 • • [¶5] Parallel to the above, Illo has done for fellow researchers in Mediaeval Studies worldwide more than 100 benevolent unpublished critical, readings, transcriptions, and editions of Latin stenographic texts covering a wide variety of interdisciplinary fields, namely: proto-philology, musicology, liturgy, archival documents, diplomatic charters, scientific philosophy, etc. In addition to this, Illo has also written a 300-page unedited pedagogical manual on Latin stenography, as well as a collection of 70 epistolæ in Latin stenography to personal friends and colleagues around the world • • Lutetia Parisiorum • die martis decimo kalendas novembris • anno Domini G bis M° VII° • • Paris, 10th day before the Calends of November, i.e. October 23rd, a. D., dominical letter G, 2007 • • IH | ih | Ph. D.-HDR | scripsi et subscripsi | Explicit •
Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 2017 - 1 -
Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert Baritone | Simultaneous Interpreter
• Address: Béluzie-Est | Route de Sainte-Foy des Vignes | 24130 Bergerac | France | Tel.: +33 (0)9 52 45 02 53
illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Noteshttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
« Bea-tus vir qui non abi-it in-consilio impi-orum »
• Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, nouvelle acquisition latine 442 | Tours [?] | 9th Century | Folio 1r° | Ps. I:1
• Complete Gallican Psalter with its 16 Cantica | written entirely in Latin Stenography (Tironian Notes) •
• (Of the 8 known tironian Psalters, BnF, n.a.l. 442 is the only complete one; it contains no liturgical divisions) •
Former Possessors | Former Call-numbers:
• Jean Bouhier de Savigny (*1673-†1746) E 150 | Montpellier, Bibliothèque de la Faculté de Medecine H 449
Guglielmo Brutus Icilius Timeleone Libri-Carucci dalla Sommaja (*1803-†1869) 94
• Lord Bertram Ashburnham IV (*1797-†1878) s.c. | http://www.arlima.net/mss/collections_particulieres/ashburnham/ | BnF R. C. 8070(59)
Codicology:
• Parchment | 98 folios | 2 columns | 19 lines | 12 quaterniones | Binding: 184 mm x 143 mm | Justification: 120 mm x 95 mm •
Bibliography:
ILLO HUMPHREY, “La sténographie latine (notes dites “tironiennes”), état de la question (histoire et tradition manuscrite, transcription et édition critique,
pratique)”, in Colloquia Aquitana I – 2005. Études médiévales : Patrimoine matériel et immatériel, (Proceedings of the Symposium held in Duras, France – 47120, the 5th
and 6th of August, 2005), Illo Humphrey (ed.), Paris (Éditions Le Manuscrit), ISBN: 2-7481-4750-2, 2006, p. 99-152; see pages 110-112
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Papers
Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 2017 - 2 -
Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert Baritone | Simultaneous Interpreter
• Address: Béluzie-Est | Route de Sainte-Foy des Vignes | 24130 Bergerac | France | Tel.: +33 (0)9 52 45 02 53
illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Noteshttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, nouvelles acquisitions latines 442, IXe s.
The tironianPsalter, Paris, BnF, n.a.l. 442, is the only one of the 8 known tironian” Psalters, which is
absolutely complete, without any lacunæ; it contains, en effect, the 150 Psalms and the 16 Cantica in their
entirety. The codex is datable to the first half of the 9th century, around the year 840; its provenance is the
Benedictine monastery of Saint-Martin of Tours, its origin however remains uncertain. As its former library call
numbers indicate, that is to say: Bouhier E 150, Faculté de Médecine de Montpellier H 449, Guiliemo Bruto
Icilio Timolente Libri-Carrucci dalla Sommaja 94, Lord Ashburnham s.c., BnF R. C. 8070(59), this codex had a
very varied itinerary before its acquisiton by the Bibliothèque nationale de France between the years 1868 and
1888. This small pocket-size codex measures approximately 184 mm x 135 mm [7,244094488188977 inches x
5,31496062992126 inches], and contains 98 parchment folios, all written in two columns, with the exception of
f. 98, which is written in 23 long lines. On folio 1-recto, on discovers the sole illuminated page of the
manuscript, a calligraphed lettrine in Latin stenography, tironian notes”, of the beginning of Psalm I: 1 Bea-
tus uir qui non abi-it in-consilio impi-orum. It is a full-page lettrine with ornamental guilded and red interlaces,
which emanate from the center of the tironian” sign for the letter “B ”, the first letter of the word Bea-tus .
The lettrine is painted on a pink background punctuated with miniature flowers, and enclosed in a rectangular
frame ornamented with floral motifs: gilded, green, and black ink [Nota bene: The black ink is perhaps
tarnished silver ink (?)]
The manuscript was copied by two different hands, so it seems, (probably by the master scribe and an
apprentice scribe). All the Psalm titles are written in the script known as capitalis rustica”, and all the Psalms
and all the Cantica, without exception, are written in Latin stenography. On a whole, the manuscript is well
written and relatively easy to read. As for the Psalm text itself, it is the version of what is known as the
gallican” Psalter, which became the official version of the Vulgate Bible of Saint Jerome as of the Popes Sixtus
V: 1585-1590 et Clemens VIII: 1592-1605), except for a few verses, here and there, taken from what is known as
the Roman Psalterand the Hebrew Psalter”, and it must be noted that there are no indications of liturgical
divisions in this Psalter. The 150 Psalms are a veritable lexicographical “gold mine” for Latin Stenography, see
for example the following Psalms : II, VI, XVIII, XXI, XXIIII, XXX, XXXIIII, L, LIIII, LXXII, CII, CXXXIIII,
CXLVI, CXLVIII, etc.; the same is true of the 16 Cantica, see for example the Symbolum, that is to say the
Credo, f. 95v°-b: 8 descend-it, 10 ascend-it ; Fides catholica Athanasii episcopi, f. 97-b : 9 crea-tus.
Indeed, the 150 Psalms and the 16 Cantica provide a very rich vocabulary, which can be very helpful to the Latin
stenographer who is desperately seeking the meaning of a stenographic sign which does not appear elsewhere in
the mediæval glossaries and lexicons of Latin stenography. Being then perfectly conform to the stenographic
tradition conserved in the 9th-century “tironianlexicons, glossaries, and Commentarii, Paris, BnF, n.a.l. 442 is
most reliable, and can indeed itself serve as a very fine lexical glossary of Latin stenography
Bibliography: cf. L. Delisle, Catalogue des Manuscrits des fonds Libri et Barrois, Paris, 1888, page 5 (n° III);
Émile Chatelain, Introduction à la lecture des notes tironiennes, Paris (published by the author), 1900, see
pages 102-105, 224, Plate X; E. K. Rand, A Survey of the Manuscripts of Tours, volume 1, Cambridge,
Massachusetts, USA, 1929, pages 159-160: Nr. 122; A. Boeckler, Abendländische Miniaturen…, Berlin,1930, p.
37, 41, 109; Victor Leroquais, Les Psautiers, manuscrits latins des Bibliothèques publiques de France, vol. I,
Macon, 1940, Introduction, vol. II, Macon, 1941, p. 135
The 7 other known “tironian Psalters
1. Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Codex Guelferbytanus, 3025, 13, 4°, 9th c., provenance: Saint-Amand ?
2 lacunæ: Psalm 151 (the 1st of the 16 Cantica, Pusilus eram inter fraters meos…), and the Te Deum laudamus
2. Bern, Bibliotheca Bongarsiana, 668, 9th c., provenance Fleury ? | many lacunæ
3. London, British Museum, Add. 9046, 9th c., provenance: R[h]eims ? | many lacunæ
4. Paris, BnF, Fonds latin 190, 9th c., provenance: uncertain, very fragmentary.
Contains a fragment of a Latin stenography lexicon from the word praetexta, to the word tenuis
5. Paris, BnF, Fonds latin 1327, 9th c., provenance: uncertain, very fragmentary •
6. Paris, BnF, Fonds latin 13160, 9th c., provenance: Saint-Faron de Meaux ?, fragmentary •
7. Paris, BnF, Fonds latin 17960, 17th c., origin: Saint-Corneille of Compiègne; it is a copie on paper of the
Paris, BnF, Fonds latin 13160 •
Nota bene: Concerning the manuscript Paris, BnF, Fonds latin 17960, cf. Victor Leroquais, Les Psautiers…,
vol. II, Macon, 1941, p. 34, 73, 115
• ILLO HUMPHREY, « La sténographie latine (notes dites “tironiennes”), état de la question (histoire et tradition manuscrite,
transcription et édition critique, pratique) », in Colloquia Aquitana I – 2005. Études médiévales : Patrimoine matériel et
immatériel, (Acts of the Colloquium held in Duras, France – 47120, August 5 & 6, 2005), Illo Humphrey, (ed.), Paris (Éditions Le
Manuscrit), ISBN: 2-7481-4750-2, 2006, p. 99-152; see pages 110-112 : https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Papers
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, nouvelles acquisitions latines 442, IXe s.
Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 2017 - 3 -
Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert Baritone | Simultaneous Interpreter
• Address: Béluzie-Est | Route de Sainte-Foy des Vignes | 24130 Bergerac | France | Tel.: +33 (0)9 52 45 02 53
illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Noteshttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
• Illo | Mediævalist | Proto-Philologist | Expert in Latin Stenography •
[1] Illo possesses all the required interdisciplinary skills of a seasoned mediævalist. Indeed, gifted with an immense curiosity, Illo has
acquired great mastery in fields of: mediæval history, scientific philosophy, proto-philology (ecdotique : complete non-normative critical
edition of texts with their glosses, cross-reference signes [notae sententiarum, Isidori Hispalensis Etymologiae I, 21], punctuation,
respecting, as often as possible, the identical layout of the manuscript source), palæography, calligraphy, codicology, hagiohraphy,
prosopography, archivistics, chronology, sigillography, and musicology (theory – practice – liturgy), etc. In addition to this, Illo, as of
Saturday, November 27, 1993 at 2: 49 p. m., distinguished himself as today’s leading expert worldwide in Latin stenography (tironian
notes); on that day at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Site Richelieu), after 6 years 3 months and 8 days of assiduous work, Illo
completed the critical transcription of a 9th-century complete copy of the “gallican” Pslater (150 Psalmi | 16 Cantica), entirely written in
tironian notes, namely: the manuscript Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, nouvelles acquisitions latines 442, 9th c., Tours [?], the
critical proto-philological edition of which is in preparation.
Marcus Tullius Tiro, “ libertus ab epistulis
[2] Tironian notes are named after their legendary inventor Marcus Tullius Tiro, “libertus ab epistulis", a freed slave and secretary of the
famous roman senator Marcus Tullius Cicero. Tiro died approximately in the year of Rome 749-750 (i.e. circa 4 BCE) at the age of
one hundred. Tiro, of whom we know very little, was probably of Greek origin. Tiro’s existence is attested by several generations of
roman writers: from Cicero himself (the year of Rome ca. 693 (i. e. ca. 43-44 BCE), cf. Epistolarum ad Familiares, Liber XVI: epistles I-
XXVII) to Aulus Gellius (ca. 180 a. D., cf. Noctium Atticarum, Liber I, 7: 1; V1, 3: 8; XIII, 9 : 1 et 21[20]: 16; XV, 6: 2). According to
the testimony of Πλούταρχος ὁ Χαιρωνεύς (ca. 120 a. D.): Βίοι Παράλληλοι, Βίος Κικέρωνος, xli: § 881, Tiro, a freed
slave (“ τοῦ Κικέρωνος ἀπελεύθερος”) was indeed reputed to be an excellent scribe-stenographer writing in signs (τὸ
σηµ
µµ
µεῖον); see also the testimony of Aulus Gellius, op. cit., V1, 3: 8; XIII, 9: 1. However, it must be noted that it was only as of the
16th-17th century that Tiro’s name began to be associated with Latin stenography by certain French, Dutch, and German humanists,
such as : Janus Gruter (1560 1627, cf. Notae Tyronis Ciceronis Q., ac Senecae, inscriptiones antiquae totius orbis Romani, Heidelbergae, ex
officina Commeliniana [i.e. the well-known Heidelberg printer Jerome Commelin], ed.1 1602-1603, ed.2 1616, ed.3 Amstelaedami, 1707,
in-folio) and his friend, colleague and collaborator Giuseppe Giusto Scaligero (*Agen, France, 1540 - Leiden, Netherlands, 1609).
Prior to that period, Latin stenography was commonly known as: notae Ciceronis notae Senecae or simply notae (cf. Codex Cassellanus :
Kassel, Gesamthochschule, Ms. philol. 2, 9th c., cf. facsimile-edition by Ferdinand Ruess, 1914), f. 1v° et Wolfenbüttel, Codex
Guelferbytanus 9, 8 Aug. 4 (9th c.), f. 1r°, where one reads: « In Christi Nomine Incipiunt Notae Senecae »; Johann von Heidenberg von
Trittenheim (i.e. Johannes Tritthemius, 1516), Polygraphiae libri sex, Oppenhemii, 1518 (2 parts in 1 volume, in-quarto), p. Qvi-recto et
Qvi-verso: “…Psalterium notis Ciceronis descriptum”.
[3] To this day, Illo has to his credit 4 major proto-philological critical transcriptions and editions in Latin stenography : (1) Boethii De
institutione musica libri quinque (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Fonds latin 7200, 9th c.: glosses) (2) Boethii De institutione
arithmetica libri duo (Paris, B.n.F., Fonds latin 14064, 9th c.: glosses) • (3) Heirici Autissiodorensis [Heiric d’Auxerre : ca. 876] Homeliæ
(Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, Patristik 46 Q.VI.32, 9th c.: glosses) • (4) gallican” Psalter (Paris, B.n.F., n.a.l. 442, 9th c.: Tours [?], ff. 98,
184 mm x 135 mm); the first two being respectively a part of his Masters Dissertation at the École Pratique des Hautes Études IVth
Section at the Sorbonne and his Ph. D. Dissertation at the University of Paris X – Nanterre Campus, the third being a published article
of 1996, and the fourth is in preparation. Parallel to this, Illo, rendering frequent benevolent service, has done for fellow researchers
around the world more than 100 unedited critical transcriptions and editions of Latin stenographic texts covering interdisciplinary
fields (proto-philology, musicology, liturgy, diplomatic charters, scientific philosophy, etc.), and has also written a 300-page unedited
manual on Latin stenography, as well as a collection of 61 epistolæ in Latin stenography to personal friends • ExplicitDie ueneris septimo
idus iulii, anno Domini intercalario DC bis millesimo quartoillo.humphrey@free.fr | illohumphrey01@gmail.com
• Bibliography •
(1) ILLO HUMPHREY, Boethius De institutione arithmetica libri duo. Édition proto-philologique intégrale princeps d’un manuscrit du IXe siècle (Paris, B. n. F., latin 14064),
texte, gloses, notes tironiennes, signes de renvoi, 265 pages, 7 plates, Glossaries, Indices; Institute of Medieval Music, Musicological Studies Vol. LXXXVI, Ottawa,
Canada, ISBN 978-1-896926-90-2, 2007, cf. p. 203-230 : https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Books
(2) ILLO HUMPHREY, “Boethii De institutione arithmetica libri duo: Étude proto-philologique”, Carmina Philosophiae Volume 14, 2005, ©International Boethius
Society, ISSN#1075-4407, p. 57-158, cf. critical Glossary of the glosses in tironian notes, p.93-110: https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Papers
(3) ILLO HUMPHREY, “La sténographie latine (notes dites “tironiennes”), état de la question (histoire et tradition manuscrite, transcription et édition critique,
pratique)”, in Colloquia Aquitana I 2005. Études médiévales : Patrimoine matériel et immatériel, (Proceedings, Duras Symposium, Fr. – 47120, 5-6-VIII-2005, Illo
Humphrey (ed.), Paris (Éditions Le Manuscrit), ISBN: 2-7481-4750-2, 2006, p. 99-152 : https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Papers
(4) ILLO HUMPHREY, “Trois homélies attribuées à Heiric, moine de Saint-Germain d’Auxerre. Leur écriture en notes tironiennes. Manuscrit Bamberg
patristique 46 Q.VI, 32”, Bulletin de la Société des Fouilles Archéologiques et des Monuments Historiques de l'Yonne, n° 13, 1996, p. 25-46, 11 Plates: https://u-
bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Papers
(5) ILLO HUMPHREY, Boethius. His Influence on the European Unity of Culture: from Alcuin of York (804) to Thierry of Chartres (1154): Nordhausen, Germany
(Traugott Bautz Verlag), 2010 | 2012, ISBN: 978-3-88309-603-2, 237 pages, Bibliography, Catalogue of the 128 cited Manuscripts, Glossary, Index; cf.
Introduction: p. 15, Ch. 5: p. 104-105: https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Books
Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 2017 - 4 -
Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert Baritone | Simultaneous Interpreter
• Address: Béluzie-Est | Route de Sainte-Foy des Vignes | 24130 Bergerac | France | Tel.: +33 (0)9 52 45 02 53
illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Noteshttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
TIRONIAN ALPHABET RECONSTITUTED
Greek Alphabeta Latin Alphabetb Latin Alphabetc Tironian Alphabetd
(in disorder) (Tablets – Wood) (primitive Uncial) (reconstituted)
(Tablets – Wax)
Fragmentum
Wood : 1st c. av. J.-C.
de Bellis Macedonicis
Wax : 1st et IInd c. a. D. 100
(a) (b) (c) (d)
© This chart, Tironian Alphabet reconstituted, was conceived and executed by Illo Humphrey, Paris, France
die iouis pridie idus aprilis anno Domini A M° DCCCC° XCV°, i. e. Thursday, April 12th, 1995
(a) Greek Alphabet: cf. S. E. le Cardinal E. Tisserant, “Les Ecritures”, Papyrus de Timothée de Milet au Berliner Staatsmuseum
(4th c. BCE. – a. D. 1073), Homelies of Saint Basil on the Psalms, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reginensis gr. 18, in Initiation
biblique, A. Robert et A. Tricot (eds.), Paris, 1939, Chapter 4, p. 77; cf. Laon, Bibliothèque municipale, ms. 444, 9th century.
(b) Tablets – Wood: cf. R. Birley, Vindolanda: a Roman Frontier Post on Hadrian’s Wall…, Londres, 1977, Ch. VIII: “Writing
Tablets”, p. 132-157; Tablets – Wax: B. Bischoff, Paléographie de l’Antiquité romaine et du Moyen Âge occidental, Paris, 1985, p. 62-63.
In 1875, 127 wax tablets were discovered in Pompei belonging to the banker Caecilius Iucundus, dated between a. D. 15 and a. D.
62, and conserved today in the Museo Nationali di Napoli. Between 1788 et 1855, in gold mines of Veraspatak in Romania
(Transylvnie), an important quantity of wax tablets, known as “dacian tablets”, were discovered, twenty of which are today
conserved in the Museum of Budapest. The dates of the “dacian tablets” range between a. D. 131 and a. D. 167; Corpus Inscriptionum
latinarum, III, pars II, Inscriptionum Illyrici partes VI. VII. Res gestae divi Augusti. Edictum Diocletiani de pretiis rerum. Privilegia militum
veteranorumque. Instrumenta Dacica, Edidit Theodor Mommsen, Otto Hirschfeld, A. Domaszewski, 1873, impr. iter. 1958, ISBN 3-
11-003190-6; cf. James Chidester Egbert, Jr., Introduction to the Study of Latin inscriptions, New York, Cincinnati, Chicago, 1895, p.
382-286; cf. H. B. Van Hoesen, Roman cursive Writing, Princeton, 1915, p. 27-31, 225-241, Plates: A, B, C, D, cf. Plates : A D;
Giulia Bologna, Merveilles et splendeurs des livres du temps jadis, Milano, 1988, p. 15.
(c) Primitive Uncial: Fragmentum de Bellis Macedonicis, a. D. 100, (10 lines of writing), is in parchment and is conserved in
London, British Library, Papyrus[sic]745; cf. B. Bischoff, op. cit., p. 76, Plate 2b; E. Löwe, Codices latini antiquiores, vol. II-2, n° 207.
(d) Tironian Alphabet: cf. E. Chatelain, Introduction à la lecture des Notes tironiennes, Paris, 1900, reprint N. Y., 1964; Illo
Humphrey, “ Trois Homélies attribuées à Heiric moine de Saint-Germain d’Auxerre: leur écriture en notes tironiennes.
Manuscrit Bamberg Patristique 46 Q.VI, 32 ”, in Bulletin de la Société des Fouilles archéologiques et des monuments historiques de l’Yonne, n°
13, année 1996, p. 25-48, (11 Plates hors-texte), cf. Plate 11.
Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 2017 - 5 -
Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert Baritone | Simultaneous Interpreter
• Address: Béluzie-Est | Route de Sainte-Foy des Vignes | 24130 Bergerac | France | Tel.: +33 (0)9 52 45 02 53
illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Noteshttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
QUINQUE EPISTOLAE
in Latin Stenography (“tironian notes”)
Epistola tironiana LVIIa
addressed to Professor Reinhard Strohm
(Director of the Faculty of Music, Saint Aldate’s, at the University of Oxford)
http://www.music.ox.ac.uk/about/people/academic-staff/university-lecturers-and-college-fellows/reinhard-strohm/
Die Sabbato, septimo kalendas maias, anno domini M°CM°XC°VIII°
• (Saturday, 7th day before the Calends of May, i. e. the 25th of April, year of the Lord, 1998) •
• Epistolary Model : Marcus Tullius Cicero, *-106 – †-43, Epistulae ad Familiares, Liber sextus decimus, Ad Tironem
Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 2017 - 6 -
Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert Baritone | Simultaneous Interpreter
• Address: Béluzie-Est | Route de Sainte-Foy des Vignes | 24130 Bergerac | France | Tel.: +33 (0)9 52 45 02 53
illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Noteshttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
Latin Transcription : Epistola tironiana LVIIa
addressed to Professor Reinhard Strohm
(Director of the Faculty of Music, St. Aldate’s, at the University of Oxford)
http://www.music.ox.ac.uk/about/people/academic-staff/university-lecturers-and-college-fellows/reinhard-strohm/
(1) Die sabbato septimo kalendas maias, anno Domini M°CM°XC°VIII°
(Saturday, 7th day before the Calends of May, i. e. the 25th of April, year of the Lord, 1998)
(2) Amicitia vera plus valet quam Scientia, plus quoque quam divitiae resque pretii magni.
[IH | ih]
(3) Dilecto Reinhardo Strohmo, viro inlustro, clarissimo, doctissimoque, Musico magno,
Professori Universitate Civitatis Oxoniensis.
(4) HUMILLIMUS amicus tuus, Cantor Musicus Notariusque, id est ego, tibi salutem
benignam dicit. Ut vales optime Reinharde ?
(5) AMICE, si vales, bene est, ego valeo, familia quoque mea. Perlibenter opusculum tuum
« De dignitate effectibus Musicae »
(6) Regis collegii, id est duo saeculi quintodecimo tractatus Egidii Carlerii Iohannis
Tinctorisquqe, cum tua nuncupatione benigna,
(7) acceptum legique. Tibi gratias autem ago multas propter erga me benignitatem tuam. Ita
vero benevolentia tua mihi sensus magno inflexit.
(8) LIBELLUS tuus, quem, cum cura collegae sociique tui : Donaldo Cullingtono, editum est,
immo vero utillimus est eru-
(9) ditissmusque, eum legique ab initio usque ad finem. Didici autem multum, tua opera, id
est tuo gratia, potuique in
(10) horto intellecto Carlerii Tinctorisque cum gaudio deambulare. Feliciter dico vobis ex
animo, feliciter praeclareque!
(11) IGNOSCE, precor, silentium longum meum, id non fuit lentitudinis causa, sed veni, in
intervallo, [ in partem ]
(12) Colloquii septimi « Cantus Firmus intinerariaque eius », quod Unversitate Parisiensis
IIIIa apud Sorbonnam hebdomada
(13) Superiore die Mercurii Iovisque decimo nonoque kalendas Maias evenit. Colloquium
enim utillimum erat, eventus eius felix fuit.
(14) Ecce autem index cum omnibus participibus. Participatio mea fuit, ut vides, « Cantus
firmus cantilenaque hymnus ‘Te Deum laudamus
(15) in fragmento manuscripti Cantabrigiensis Gonville et Caius Collegio CCCti XXXta
IIIIor DCCti XXta VIItem (saeculi XIVmi ineunter) ».
(16) QUOD ad meam perigrinationem primam Universitate Oxoniensis pertinet, constituo
enim in praesenti iter meum inter mense Maii, id est,
(17) a die Mercurii tertiodecimo kalendas usque ad diem dominicam pridie kalendas Iunias.
De hospitio meo, prandi[is]que, mihi naturaliter placat apud campum Universitatis
(18) manere. Quid tibi videtur ? exspecto autem tuum responsum consiliaque tua. Silent
nunc calami mei, tibi optoque eorum lectionem bonam.
(19) CURA te diligenter optime Reinharde, Vale, tu tuique omnes. Ab amico tuo, Illo
Humphrey, Cantor Musicus Notarius, scripsi et subscripsi.
Haec est epistola LVIIa
Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 2017 - 7 -
Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert Baritone | Simultaneous Interpreter
• Address: Béluzie-Est | Route de Sainte-Foy des Vignes | 24130 Bergerac | France | Tel.: +33 (0)9 52 45 02 53
illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Noteshttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
Epistola tironiana LXa addressed to Dr. Nicola McDonald,
in 1998 at Saint John’s College, Oxford, today at the University of York
https://www.york.ac.uk/english/our-staff/nicola-mcdonald/
Die mercurii sexto kalendas iunias anno Domini millesimo nongentesimo nonagesimo octauo
• (Wednesday, the 6th day before the Calends of June, i. e. the 27th of May, year of the Lord, 1998) •
• Epistolary Model : Marcus Tullius Cicero, *-106 – †-43, Epistulae ad Familiares, Liber sextus decimus, Ad Tironem
Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 2017 - 8 -
Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert Baritone | Simultaneous Interpreter
• Address: Béluzie-Est | Route de Sainte-Foy des Vignes | 24130 Bergerac | France | Tel.: +33 (0)9 52 45 02 53
illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Noteshttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
English translation :
Epistola tironiana LXa
addressed to Dr. Nicola McDonald,
in 1998 at Saint John’s College, Oxford, today at the University of York
https://www.york.ac.uk/english/our-staff/nicola-mcdonald/
Die mercurii sexto kalendas iunias anno Domini millesimo nongentesimo nonagesimo octauo
• (Wednesday, the 6th day before the Calends of June, year of the Lord, 1998) •
Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 2017 - 9 -
Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert Baritone | Simultaneous Interpreter
• Address: Béluzie-Est | Route de Sainte-Foy des Vignes | 24130 Bergerac | France | Tel.: +33 (0)9 52 45 02 53
illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Noteshttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
Epistola tironiana LVIIIa
addressed to Professor Doctor Richard Rouse et Mme. Mary Rouse,
University of California at Los Angeles
http://www.history.ucla.edu/faculty/richard-rouse
Die mercurii• octauo kalendas apriles• anno Domini• millesimo nongentesimo nonagesimo octauo•
• (Wednesday, the 8th day before the Calends of April, i. e. the 25th of March, year of the Lord, 1998) •
• Epistolary Model : Marcus Tullius Cicero, *-106 – †-43, Epistulae ad Familiares, Liber sextus decimus, Ad Tironem
Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 2017 - 10 -
Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert Baritone | Simultaneous Interpreter
• Address: Béluzie-Est | Route de Sainte-Foy des Vignes | 24130 Bergerac | France | Tel.: +33 (0)9 52 45 02 53
illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Noteshttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
Latin Transcription :
Epistola tironiana LVIIIa
addressed to Professor Doctor Richard Rouse et Mme. Mary Rouse,
University of California at Los Angeles
http://www.history.ucla.edu/faculty/richard-rouse
Die mercurii• octauo kalendas apriles• anno Domini• millesimo nongentesimo nonagesimo octauo•
• (Wednesday, the 8th day before the Calends of April, i. e. the 25th of March, year of the Lord, 1998) •
Explictae sunt tres epistolae tironianae
Illo Humphrey, notarius,
feliciter,
scripsi et subscripsi.
Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 2017 - 11 -
Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert Baritone | Simultaneous Interpreter
• Address: Béluzie-Est | Route de Sainte-Foy des Vignes | 24130 Bergerac | France | Tel.: +33 (0)9 52 45 02 53
illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Noteshttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
Epistola tironiana LVIa
addressed to Michael I. Allen, Associate Professor at the University of Chicago
https://classics.uchicago.edu/faculty/allen | https://chicago.academia.edu/MichaelAllen
Die dominicoundecimo kalendas apriles anno Domini millesimo nongentesimo nonagesimo octauo
• (Sunday, the 11th day before the Calends of April, i. e. the 21st of March, Year of the Lord 1998) •
Illo Humphrey,
Cantor, Musicus, Notarius,
feliciter,
scripsi et subscripsi.
• Epistolary Model : Marcus Tullius Cicero, *-106 – †-43, Epistulae ad Familiares, Liber sextus decimus, Ad Tironem
Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 2017 - 12 -
Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert Baritone | Simultaneous Interpreter
• Address: Béluzie-Est | Route de Sainte-Foy des Vignes | 24130 Bergerac | France | Tel.: +33 (0)9 52 45 02 53
illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Noteshttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
Epistola tironiana LXXXa
addressed to Professor Matthias Martin Tischler, Universitat autònoma de Barcelona
http://centresderecerca.uab.cat/iem/content/matthias-m-tischler-0 | https://uab.academia.edu/MatthiasMartinTISCHLER
Die mercuriiquinto kalendas februarii anno Domini bis millesimo quarto
• (Wednesday, the 5th day before the Calends February, i. e. the 28th of January, 2004) •
Illo Humphrey,
Cantor, Musicus, Notarius,
feliciter,
scripsi et subscripsi.
• Epistolary Model : Marcus Tullius Cicero, *-106 – †-43, Epistulae ad Familiares, Liber sextus decimus, Ad Tironem
Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 2017 - 13 -
Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert Baritone | Simultaneous Interpreter
• Address: Béluzie-Est | Route de Sainte-Foy des Vignes | 24130 Bergerac | France | Tel.: +33 (0)9 52 45 02 53
illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Noteshttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
• Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Short Bibliography on Latin Stenography: Tironian Notes | 9-VI-2016
(1) BOGE (Herbert), Griechische Tachygraphie und tironische Noten : ein Handbuch der antiken und mittelalterlichen Schnellschrift, Berlin : Akademie-
Verlag, 1973, XIII-254 p., [5] pl. (thèse); rééd. Hildesheim-New York : G. Olms, 1974 (Altertumswissenschaftliche Texte und Studien, 2). [BNF]
(2) BOWMAN (Alan), THOMAS (David), Vindolanda: the Latin writing tablets London: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies, 1983,
pp. 71-72 : http://vindolanda.csad.ox.ac.uk/tablets/TVIIcat-shand.shtml
(3) CHATELAIN (Émile), Introduction à la lecture des notes tironiennes, Paris, 1900, XVI-234 p., et album, 18 pl. [ENC: 8° C 84 + 4° C 39] ;
réimpr. New York: B. Franklin, s. d. [v. 1970]. Avec transcriptions. De l’avis des spécialistes, reste la meilleure initiation •
(4) CIBOIS (Philippe), « La sténographie en latin: Les notes tironiennes », 8-IV-2012: http://enseignement-latin.hypotheses.org/5037
(5) COSTAMAGNA (Giorgio), BARONI (Maria Franca), ZAGNI (Luisa), Notae Tironianae quae in lexicis et in chartis reperiuntur, novo
discrimine ordinatae, Rome : Centro di ricerca Pergamene medievali e protocolli notarili, 1983, III-171 p. (Fonti e studi del Corpus membranarum
Italicarum, 2e s., Fonti medievali, 10). [BNF]
(6) GANZ (Peter), ed., Tironische Noten : Vorträge gehalten anlässlich eines Arbeitsgespräches vom 7. bis 10. Dezember 1987 in der Herzog August
Bibliothek, Wiesbaden (O. Harrassowitz), 1990, 110 pages (Wolfenbütteler Mittelalter-Studien, 1): H. Teitler, D. Muzerelle, D. Ganz, W. Berschin,
J. Vezin, P. Riché, G. Costamagna | https://searchworks.stanford.edu/view/2182077
(7) HELLMANN (Martin), Tironische Noten in der Karolingerzeit, am Beispiel eines Persius-Kommentars aus der Schule von Tours, Hanovre : Hahn,
2000, XXVIII-266 p., 12 pl., ill. (Monumenta Germaniae historica, Studien und Texte, 27). https://independent.academia.edu/MartinHellmann
(8) HUMPHREY (Illo), Boethius De institutione arithmetica libri duo. Édition proto-philologique intégrale princeps d’un manuscrit du IXe siècle (Paris, B.
n. F., latin 14064), texte, gloses, notes tironiennes, signes de renvoi, 265 pages, 7 planches hors-texte, Glossaries, Indices; Institute of Medieval Music,
Musicological Studies Vol. LXXXVI, Ottawa, Canada, ISBN 978-1-896926-90-2, 2007, cf. p. 203-230 : https://u-
bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Books | https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
(9) HUMPHREY (Illo), « Boethii De institutione arithmetica libri duo : Étude proto-philologique », Carmina Philosophiae Vol. 14, 2005,
©International Boethius Society, ISSN#1075-4407, p. 57-158, Glossaire des gloses en notes tironiennes, p.93-110 : https://u-
bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Papers | https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
(10) HUMPHREY (Illo), « La sténographie latine (notes dites “tironiennes”), état de la question (histoire et tradition manuscrite,
transcription et édition critique, pratique) », Colloquia Aquitana I 2005. Études médiévales : Patrimoine matériel et immatériel, (Actes du colloque
tenu à Duras, Fr. – 47120, 5-6-VIII-2005), éd. Illo Humphrey, Paris (Éditions Le Manuscrit), ISBN: 2-7481-4750-2, 2006, p. 99-152 :
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Papers | https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
(11) HUMPHREY (Illo), « Trois homélies attribuées à Heiric, moine de Saint-Germain d’Auxerre. Leur écriture en notes
tironiennes.Manuscrit Bamberg patristique 46 Q.VI, 32 », dans Bulletin de la Société des Fouilles Archéologiques et des Monuments Historiques de
l'Yonne, n° 13, 1996, p. 25-46 (11 planches hors-texte) : https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Papers
(12) HUMPHREY (Illo), Boethius. His Influence on the European Unity of Culture: from Alcuin of York (804) to Thierry of Chartres (1154):
Nordhausen, Germany (Traugott Bautz Verlag), 2010 | 2012, ISBN: 978-3-88309-603-2, 238 pages, Bibliographie, Catalogue des 128
manuscrits mentionnés, Glossary, Index; cf. Introduction, p. 15, Chapter 5, p. 104-105: https://u-
bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Books | https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
(13) KOPP (Ulrich Friedrich), Lexicon Tironianum : Nachdruck aus Kopps « Palaeographia critica » von 1817, mit Nachwort und einem Alphabetum
Tironianum von Bernhard Bischoff, Osnabrück, 1965, XVI-664-III p. ENC: [8° C 256]
(14) MENTZ (Arthur), Die tironischen Noten : eine Geschichte der römischen Kurzschrift, Berlin 1944 ; extrait de Archiv für Urkundenforschung, 16,
1939, p. 287-384, 1 pl., ill. ; et 17, 1942, p. 155-303, 2 pl., ill. [ENC: 8° Q 106]
(15) MUZERELLE (Denis), « Les notes tironiennes », 7-IX-2015 : http://irht.hypotheses.org/199 ; 2006 : https://halshs.archives-
ouvertes.fr/halshs-00139922/fr/ ; https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00139922/document
(16) RUESS (Ferdinand), Die Kasseler Handschrift der tironischen Noten, samt Ergänzungen aus der Wolfenbüttler Handschrift, Leipzig, 1914, IV p.,
150 pl. [BNF]
(17) RUESS (Ferdinand), Die tironischen Schriftzeichen, Munich, 1915, 50 pages
(18) SCHMITZ (Wilhelm), Commentarii notarum Tironianarum, cum prolegomenis, adnotationibus criticis et exegeticis notarumque indice alphabetico,
Leipzig, 1893, 117 p., 132 pl. [ENC: 8° Fs 16]
(19) Stanford (Searchworks): https://searchworks.stanford.edu/catalog?q=%22Tironian+notes.%22&search_field=subject_terms
(20) TEITLER (Hans Carel), Notarii and exceptores : an inquiry into role and significance of shorthand writers in the imperial and ecclesiastical bureaucracy
of the Roman Empire, from the early principate to c. 450 AD, trad. du néerl., Amsterdam : J.C. Gieben, 1985, IX-380 p. (Dutch monographs on ancient
history and archaeology, 1). [BNF]
ILLO HUMPHREY, PH. D.-HDR | LIST OF UNEDITED WORKS ON LATIN STENOGRAPHY: Tironian Notes
(1) HUMPHREY (Illo), Transcription critique des gloses en notes dites “tironiennes” attribuées à Adhémar de Chabannes dans le manuscrit Paris, B.n.F., Fonds latin
7231 (a. D. 1024), ff. 62-66, Paris, juin 1988, (10 pages : étude codicologique, glossaire sténographique, bibliographie). Cette étude fut commandée
par Jean Vezin pour Professeur Richard Landes de l’Université de Pittsburg •
(2) HUMPHREY (Illo), Notes dites “Tironiennes”. Manuel pratique, avec lexique et terminologie datée, glossaire sténographique, correspondance
scientifique, fac-similés, bibliographie, carte géographique, Paris, 1988-1995 (300 pages)
(3) HUMPHREY (Illo), Notes Tironiennes (aperçu historique, bibliographie, lecture), 27 pages, 2 figures, 13 planches. Cette étude fut présentée à
L’É.P.H.É. IVe Section (Sorbonne) dans le cadre du séminaire de Jean Vezin, Directeur d’Études, le lundi 27 mars 1995
(4) HUMPHREY (Illo), Paris, BnF, n.a.l. 442, Psautier gallican complet en notes tironiennes : transcription critique proto-philologique intégrale et fac-similé, 350
pages. En préparation, 2016
(5) HUMPHREY (Illo), La sténographie latine, notes dites « tironiennes », un aperçu historique, 12 pages, glossaires critiques proto-philologiques,
planches, cartes géographiques. Cette étude fut présentée au Colloque « Relier, délier des langues… », Université Bordeaux Montaigne, Pessac,
France, le jeudi 19 mai 2016
• Nota bene : BNF = Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France (Site Richelieu) | ENC = Paris, École nationale des chartes
Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 2017 - 14 -
Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert Baritone | Simultaneous Interpreter
• Address: Béluzie-Est | Route de Sainte-Foy des Vignes | 24130 Bergerac | France | Tel.: +33 (0)9 52 45 02 53
illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Noteshttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
• Illo Humphrey, Ph. D. | HDR •
• Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert-Baritone | Trilingual simultaneous Interpreter •
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
• Associate Researcher | EA 4593 CLARE - LaPRIL | Université Bordeaux Montaigne | 33607 Pessac | France •
http://clare.u-bordeaux3.fr/images/COLLOQUES/2016/05_epistolaire/ProgColloque-Bordeaux.2016.pdf
• Fellow | Member of the Board | ICONEA | Faculty of Oriental Studies | University of Oxford | UK:
http://www.iconea.org/?p=444
CURRICULUM VITÆ:
• Name in Full: Raymond Illo Humphrey •
• Vital Statistics: Born the 5th of August, 1947 | USA
Dual Nationality: French & American
• Marital Status: Married, father of 3 sons •
Address in France:
Villa Aquitana • Béluzie-Est • Route de Sainte-Foy-des-Vignes •
• 24130 Ginestet | France or 24100 Bergerac | France •
• Tel. (Landline): +33(0)9 52 45 02 53 | (Cell) : +33(0)6 51 30 69 96 •
• Address E-mail: illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com • Address Skype: illo.humphrey
ACADEMIC PROFILE:
• Illo Humphrey: Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert-Baritone | Trilingual simultaneous Interpreter (French -
English - German)
2014: HDR [Habilitation to direct Doctoral and Post-doctoral Research] in the Philosophy of Music: Université Paris Ouest
Nanterre La Défense (UFR PHILLIA: Philosophie, Information-Communication, Langages, Littératures, Arts du spectacle)
2004: Ph. D. in Philosophy and Epistemology, History of the Sciences and Technology: Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense
(UFR Philosophie, Épistémologie, Histoire des Sciences et Techniques)
2003: Qualified University Lecturer by the CNU (National Council of French Universities), Section 18: Musicologie, Qualification
number 07218128247 | https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000000794900
1994: Master of Arts Degree 1: Élève diplômé | École Pratique des Hautes Études (IVe Section – Sorbonne) in Mediaeval Studies •
1994: Master of Arts Degree 2: DEA in Mediæval History | Université de Paris 1 (Panthéon-Sorbonne)
1990 – 1994: Enrolled auditor: ÉCOLE NATIONALE DES CHARTES | 4 MEDIÆVAL STUDIES CERTIFICATES
PROFESSIONAL PROFILE:
• Associate Researcher | EA-4395 CLARE - LaPRIL | Université Bordeaux Montaigne | Pessac | France •
• Fellow and Member of the Board | ICONEA | Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Oxford | UK: http://www.iconea.org/?p=444
• Associate Researcher and Member | Université Populaire Méroë-Africa | Paris, France | CERDOTOLA | Yaoundé, Cameroun:
http://www.universitepopulairemeroeafrica.org/Illo-Humphrey
• Postgraduate Academic Supervisor & Tutor | Postgraduate Support Ltd. | London (UK):
http://postgraduatesupport.com/academics/
• Member of the Tombouctou Manuscripts Project | University of Cape Town: Institute for Humanities in Africa | South Africa:
http://huma.co.za/?s=tombouctou+manuscripts+project | http://www.tombouctoumanuscripts.org/fr/
Π – π = ἡ πρακτική, τῆς πρακτικῆς • Θ – θ = ἡ θεωρητική, τῆς θεωρητικῆς
cf. Boethii Consolatio Philosophiæ, I, Prosa, 1 : éd. R. Peiper, p. 4 • Cassiodori Institutiones, II, III, 4 : éd. R. Mynors, p. 110
Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 2017 - 15 -
Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert Baritone | Simultaneous Interpreter
• Address: Béluzie-Est | Route de Sainte-Foy des Vignes | 24130 Bergerac | France | Tel.: +33 (0)9 52 45 02 53
illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Noteshttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
[¶ 1] RÉSUMÉ:
• Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR, perfectly trilingual (French-English-German), is a Mediævalist, Musicologist,
Proto-Philologist, Concert-Baritone, Trilingual simultaneous Interpreter. During his 20 years of training as
mediævalist between 1984 and 2004, Illo studied under the following professors, namely: Michel Huglo, Jean
Vezin, François Dolbeau, Guy Beaujouan, Brigitte Mondrain, Édith Weber, Olivier Guyotjeannin, Emmanuel
Poulle, Pascale Bourgain, and Iégor Reznikoff, all of whom renowned masters in their respective fields of study
and research. Today, Illo is one of the foremost specialists on the Philosopher Anicius Manlius Torquatus Severinus
Boethius (*Rome, ca. 480 - †Pavia, ca. 524), in Boethian cognate studies, and in Mediæval Studies in general:
http://www.colloquiaaquitana.com/?page_id=754https://wn.com/illohumphreyhttps://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Illo's-
Television-Lecture-on-Boethius
2] On October 23, 2015, Illo was elected Associate Researcher in the Research Team EA 4593 CLARE
(Cultures – Littératures – Arts Représentations – Esthétiques) – and in the Research Laboratory LaPRIL at the
University of Bordeaux Montaigne in Bordeaux-Pessac, France. Illo is also a Fellow and Board Member of
ICONEA at the Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Oxford: http://www.iconea.org/?p=444, a Fellow and
Member of the Université Populaire Méroë-Africa (Paris, France) and of the CERDOTOLA (Centre International
de Recherche et de Documentation sur les Traditions et les Langues Africaines, Yaoundé, République du
Cameroun): http://www.universitepopulairemeroeafrica.org/Illo-Humphrey, as well as a Postgraduate Academic
Supervisor & Tutor for Postgraduate Support Ltd., London (UK): http://postgraduatesupport.com/academics/. Illo is
member of Academia.edu: https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey, of ResearchGate:
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey, of and ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
3] HABILITATION: In 2014, Illo earned, summa cum laude, his Habilitation to Direct Doctoral and Post-
Doctoral Research (HDR) in the Philosophy of Music, Ancient and Mediæval Musicology from the University of
Paris X-Nanterre (UFR PHILLIA) | HDR Thesis title: Autour de Boèce: Genèse musicale et arithmétique de
l’âme | (English): On Boethius: Genesis of the Soul-Consciousness, its musical and mathematical Implications).
Illo’s HDR Director: Pr. Iégor Reznikoff (http://corail.sudoc.abes.fr//DB=2.1/SET=1/TTL=11/SHW?FRST=13) •
4] PH. D.: In 2004, Illo earned his Ph. D., summa cum laude, in Philosophy and Epistemology from the
University of Paris X-Nanterre (UFR de Philosophie) | Thesis title (French): Le De arithmetica et le De musica
de Boèce dans l’enseignement scientifique et philosophique du Haut Moyen âge entre 814 et 877) | (English):
Boethius (Rome, 480 [?] –†Pavia, 524): De institutione arithmetica and De institutione musica. A Study on the
influence of the scientific-philosophical teachings of Boethius in the 9th century between 814 et 877). Illo’s Ph.
D. Director: Pr. Iégor Reznikoff (http://corail.sudoc.abes.fr/DB=2.1/SET=1/TTL=12/SHW?FRST=14)
http://www.ams-net.org/ddm/fullResult.php?id=1911 http://www.theses.fr/075526573
[¶ 5] Illo’s Area of Specialization:
• Illo specializes in particular in the philosophy of the sevenfold canon of the Liberal Arts (in Greek: α
ἐλευθέριοι τέχναι [ai eleuthéroi téchnai], in Latin: artes liberales), which are divided into two distinct
categories:
(a) Quadruvium [sic]: ars arithmetica, ars musica, ars geometrica, ars astronomica
(b) Trivium: ars grammatica, ars dialectica | ars logica, ars rhetorica
[¶ 6] Indeed, concerning this very important concept both ancient and modern, it must be born in mind that the
role and function of the Liberal Arts is in fact fundamentally humanitarian, that is to say the Liberal Arts exist in
order to ensure the protection and safeguard of the tangible and intangible cultural heritage of humanity in all its
variety and diversity:
http://wn.com/illohumphrey
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Illo's-Television-Lecture-on-Boethius
[¶ 7] Illo specializes in the philosophy of general culture (ἡ παιδεία [Paideia]), in the scientific-philosophical
Tradition of Knowledge (Epistemology) from Plato (†347 BCE) to Boethius (*Rome, ca. 480-†Pavia, ca. 524),
from Boethius to Marsilio Ficino (*Figline Valdarno, 1433-†Carregi, 1499), and from Marsilio Ficino to Howard
Gardner (*Scranton, Pa., 1943-), co-Founder with the late Norman Goodman and Director of Project Zero.
Consequently, Illo is a specialist of the history and development of the European University (primitively known in
the 11th and 12th centuries as: studium generale” | studia generalia”, and in the 13th century as: universitas
magistrorum atque scholarium vel discipulorum”); cf. Illo Humphrey, Boethius. His Influence on the
European Unity of Culture: from Alcuin of York (†804) to Thierry of Chartres (†1154), Traugott Bautz Verlag
(Nordhausen, Germany), 237 pages, 2010 | 2012, p. 46 (note 13); see full text, here: https://u-
bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Books
Illo Humphrey, Ph. D.-HDR | Expert in Latin Stenography | Tironian Notes | 2017 - 16 -
Mediævalist | Musicologist | Proto-Philologist | Concert Baritone | Simultaneous Interpreter
• Address: Béluzie-Est | Route de Sainte-Foy des Vignes | 24130 Bergerac | France | Tel.: +33 (0)9 52 45 02 53
illo.humphrey@free.fr illohumphrey01@gmail.com
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Noteshttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey/publications
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1130-0397
[¶ 8] Cultural Heritage & Diversity | Founder of La B.I.R.E. | Founder of Colloquia Aquitana:
Illo also specializes, and actively participates in the Protection and Safeguard of the tangible and
intangible cultural Heritage of Humanity, and in the Protection and Promotion of the expressions of
cultural Diversity of Humanity, according to the 40 articles established and adopted by the UNESCO
convention in Paris on the 17th of October, 2003: http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/fr/convention, and
according to the 35 articles established and adopted by the UNESCO convention in Paris on the 20th of
October, 2005: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002253/225383F.pdf. In this perspective, Illo is (a) a
member of the Tombouctou Manuscripts Project: http://www.tombouctoumanuscripts.org/fr/, (b) the Director
& Founder of La B.I.R.E. (Bibliothèque Interdisciplinaire de Recherche Européenne):
http://www.colloquiaaquitana.com/?page_id=3, (c) the Director & Founderor the Colloquia Aquitana:
http://www.colloquiaaquitana.com/?page_id=4
[¶ 9] Fundamental Research Interests | Publications:
(1) Philosophy of the Cognitive Process (”ἡ τῆς ψυχῆς γένεσις” | genesis of the soul-consciousness |
cognition),
(2) Philosophy of Numbers and Proportions (”ἡ τοῦ ἀριθμοὺ οὐσία” | essence of number),
(3) Philosophy of Music and musical sounds (in Greek: ϕθόγγος, -ου | ϕθογγή, -ῆς | in Latin:
phthongosvoxsonustonus), musical intervals, that is to say the Regime of the Octave),
(4) Proto-Philology (ecdotique science of non-normative critical editions: including textual and scribal errors,
punctuation, glosses, diacritical signs, cross-reference signs: notae sententiarum, sténographie latine: tironian
notes, and respecting as far as possible the text layout of the original manuscript sources),
(5) Cognitive Hygiene, that is to say the wise management of knowledge and ignorance; all of which are closely
interrelated •
[¶ 10 Illo is the author of 7 major scholarly books (the most recent of which is forthcoming on the philosopher
Boethius in 3 volumes), 1 DVD Lecture on Boethius and the origin of the mediæval university:
http://wn.com/illohumphrey, as well as numerous scholarly articles on the Boethius, on Boethian related studies,
on the Liberal arts, and on mediæval studies in general, etc. •
[¶ 11] Illo's scholarly publications may be consulted in the finest libraries, museums, and research centres, as
well as on the finest databases and meta-databases, worldwide •
http://www.colloquiaaquitana.com/?page_id=754 https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Illo_Humphrey
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Books https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Papers
http://www.sudoc.abes.fr/DB=2.1/SET=1/TTL=11/NXT?FRST=1 http://www.sudoc.abes.fr/DB=2.1/SET=1/TTL=1/NXT?FRST=11
http://oskicat.berkeley.edu/search https://searchworks.stanford.edu/?utf8=%E2%9C%93&search_field=search_author&q=humphrey%2C+illo
http://hollis.harvard.edu/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?vid=HVD
http://opac.regesta-imperii.de/lang_en/autoren.php?name=Humphrey%2C+Illo
http://catalog.loc.gov/cgi-
bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?DB=local&Search_Arg=illo+humphrey&Search_Code=GKEY%5E*&CNT=100&hist=1&type=quick
[¶ 12] Concert-Baritone | Duo Vox Nova:
Illo is also a distinguished musician and virtuoso Concert-Baritone, co-founder of Duo Vox Nova with his
colleague Claudine Pascal-Grisi, Concert-Organist. Duo Vox Nova has toured extensively in France, Germany,
Switzerland, Spain, in the USA, in the West Indies, and has to its credit more than 1500 concerts and 15 Seminar-
Master Classes. Duo Vox Nova specializes in the sacred-liturgical repertoire, for solo voice and solo organ,
including Pre-“Gregorian” and “Gregorian” Chant, as of the 4th century through the 21st century:
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Concerts-Duo-Vox-Nova
[¶ 13] Trilingual simultaneous Interpreter (French – English – German):
• Illo is as well a seasoned and virtuoso trilingual pluridisciplinary simultaneous Interpreter (French A English
A – German C), with 21 years of international experience to his credit:
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Interpr%C3%A8te-simultan%C3%A9
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Simultaneous-Interpreter
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Dolmetscher
[¶ 14] Latin Stenography (Tironian Notes):
• Illo is one of today’s leading experts in Latin Stenography (Tironian Notes), with to his credit 30 years, that is
to say approximately 45 000 hours, of assiduous scholarly research, publications, and practice in this field:
https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Tironian-Notes | https://u-bordeaux3.academia.edu/IlloHumphrey/Notes-Tironiennes
• IH | ih | Ph. D. | HDR | Explicit • Sunday | 10-III-2017 | Sainte-Foy des Vignes | Dordogne-Périgord | France •
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Illo earned, summa cum laude, his Habilitation to Direct Doctoral and Post-Doctoral Research (HDR) in the Philosophy of Music, Ancient and Mediaeval Musicology from the University of Paris X- Nanterre (UFR PHILLIA) | HDR Thesis title (French): Autour de Boèce
@BULLET [ ¶ 3] HDR: In 2014, Illo earned, summa cum laude, his Habilitation to Direct Doctoral and Post-Doctoral Research (HDR) in the Philosophy of Music, Ancient and Mediaeval Musicology from the University of Paris X- Nanterre (UFR PHILLIA) | HDR Thesis title (French): Autour de Boèce: Genèse musicale et arithmétique de l'âme | (English): On Boethius: Genesis of the Soul-Consciousness, its musical and mathematical Implications).
Illo earned his Ph. D., summa cum laude, in Philosophy and Epistemology from the University of Paris X-Nanterre
@BULLET [ ¶ 4] Ph. D.: In 2004, Illo earned his Ph. D., summa cum laude, in Philosophy and Epistemology from the University of Paris X-Nanterre (UFR de Philosophie) | Thesis title (French): Le De arithmetica et le De musica de Boèce dans l'enseignement scientifique et philosophique du Haut Moyen âge entre 814 et 877) | (English):
De institutione arithmetica and De institutione musica. A Study on the influence of the scientific-philosophical teachings of Boethius in the 9th century between 814 et 877)
• [ ¶ 4] PH. D.: In 2004, Illo earned his Ph. D., summa cum laude, in Philosophy and Epistemology from the University of Paris X-Nanterre (UFR de Philosophie) | Thesis title (French): Le De arithmetica et le De musica de Boèce dans l'enseignement scientifique et philosophique du Haut Moyen âge entre 814 et 877) | (English): Boethius (Rome, 480 [?] - †Pavia, 524): De institutione arithmetica and De institutione musica. A Study on the influence of the scientific-philosophical teachings of Boethius in the 9th century between 814 et 877). Illo's Ph. D. Director: Pr. Iégor Reznikoff (http://corail.sudoc.abes.fr/DB=2.1/SET=1/TTL=12/SHW?FRST=14) http://www.ams-net.org/ddm/fullResult.php?id=1911 • http://www.theses.fr/075526573 • • [ ¶ 5] Illo's Area of Specialization:
ecdotique science of non-normative critical editions: including textual and scribal errors, punctuation, glosses, diacritical signs, cross-reference signs: notae sententiarum
  • Proto-Philology
Proto-Philology (ecdotique science of non-normative critical editions: including textual and scribal errors, punctuation, glosses, diacritical signs, cross-reference signs: notae sententiarum, sténographie latine: tironian notes, and respecting as far as possible the text layout of the original manuscript sources),