Chapter
To read the full-text of this research, you can request a copy directly from the authors.

Abstract

Each development to the e-learning systems is a profit to the learning model. Most universities work with e-learning system as a main request at their education to automate the managing of learning events to get more flexibility in their learning system. This work compares e-learning systems, our study discuss the basis for choosing the most adequate one. The paper presents the results of the comparison of the most popular e-learning system. The comparison is based on various pedagogical and technical aspects. The open source factor supported the improvement of the e-learning which give great developed communities in many universities. Moodle is the most e-learning management system that has been chosen in many education processes. The article analyses three distance learning environments (Moodle, Blackboard, and Claroline).

No full-text available

Request Full-text Paper PDF

To read the full-text of this research,
you can request a copy directly from the authors.

ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Article
Full-text available
Advancements in web technologies and the increased influence of the World Wide Web are leading to new and innovative ways of learning. New e-learning system technologies and services enable activities that allow users to be active learners, actively participating in the on-line learning process. When an e-learning system with new technologies and services is presented, it needs to be adopted by its users. The acceptance and use of an e-learning system can be influenced by different factors. The objective of this research is to examine the factors that have an impact on students' perceptions about the use and acceptance of Moodle -an open source e-learning system. In this study, the technology acceptance model (TAM) was used as an underlying theory. The data, collected from 235 students, was used to test the hypothesized research model. A data analysis was performed using structural equation modelling (SEM). The results of the analysis have revealed that the actual use of Moodle depends on two main factors: behavioural intentions and attitudes toward using Moodle. Perceived usefulness was found as the strongest and the most important predictor of attitudes toward using Moodle. Several practical and theoretical implications of the present study are discussed at the end of the paper. Povzetek: Analizirana je uporaba sistema Moodle, odprtokodnega sistema za e-učenje.
Article
Full-text available
Traditional academic institutions as well as newly established online or hybrid educational organizations in the Middle East (ME) are still in the early phases of trying to get students and their parents to accept and adapt to the concept of e-learning. Different countries and different universities within individual countries within the ME have achieved various levels of success to this regard. While some traditional universities have already started offering a good number of e-learning courses, others are still in the very early stages of setting up such programs. This paper presents a general overview of the current situation of e-learning in the ME. It presents drivers and barriers to e-learning, the different types of e-learning initiatives, steps being taken towards overcoming the challenges, and a possible future of e-learning through a case study of ongoing developments by an authority on e-learning in Saudi Arabia.
Article
Full-text available
Using the Internet to enhance e-learning has become a trend in modern higher education institutes. E-learning systems are increasingly becoming an important part of the strategy for delivering online and flexible e-learning. The main advantage of e-learning is the opportunity for students to interact electronically with each other and their teachers during forums, on discussion boards, by e-mail and in chat rooms. Though recognizing that the world at large will continue to use terminology in different and often ambiguous ways, the term of Virtual Learning Environments (VLE) is used to refer to the on-line interactions of a variety of kinds that take place between learners and instructors. There are many pieces of software available that provide VLE systems, both commercial and Open Source Software (OSS). One such system that has been gradually gaining worldwide popularity is known as Moodle. This paper focuses on this platform and on a comparison between VLE (Moodle) and other VLE systems in order to discover their strengths and limitations. The comparative study is in two phases. The first phase is based on the features and capabilities of VLE tools and the second phase is based on the technical aspects of the VLE platforms.
Article
Full-text available
Executive Summary Course Management Systems (CMS) are an increasingly important part of academic systems in higher education. When choosing a Course Management System for an educational institution, the usability of the system is the key to the effectiveness and efficiency of the online courses that are to be implemented. The goal of this paper is to report the results of a comparative usability study conducted in 2008-2009 on two different course management systems: BlackBoard and Moodle. 135 students enrolled in the Fall 2008 and Spring 2009 sections of Introduction to Educational Technology participated in the study (72 and 63 respectively). At the beginning of each semester, participants were randomly divided into two groups to experience different CMSs at different times. It can be concluded from this study that in almost every module or function comparison that was made, Moodle was favored by course participants over Blackboard with the exception of the Dis-cussion Board module where scores were not significantly different. At the end of the study, the researchers concluded that use of Moodle in online courses can be a suitable alternative to the current CMS system (BlackBoard). In fact, now that the pilot has showed that Moodle is as effec-tive as BlackBoard, the researchers have already shared their experiences with other faculty members and expanded their investigations by involving numerous other online courses, instruc-tors, and students, because the product showed significant potential for further examination. This study adds to the growing body of studies that are carried out to see if an open source CMS (Moodle) warrants consideration as an alternative to the institution's current course management system. In addition to comparing the students' feedback quantitatively, this study also tried to explain in detail what specific component / function of each CMS students found useful or better than in the other. Rather than focusing only on student satisfaction scores, this study further in-vestigated what aspect of each module for each CMS course participants particularly liked or dis-liked. Material published as part of this publication, either on-line or in print, is copyrighted by the Informing Science Institute. Permission to make digital or paper copy of part or all of these works for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that the copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage AND that copies 1) bear this notice in full and 2) give the full citation on the first page. It is per-missible to abstract these works so long as credit is given. To copy in all other cases or to republish or to post on a server or to redistribute to lists requires specific permission and payment of a fee. Contact Publisher@InformingScience.org to request redistribution permission.
Article
Full-text available
Successful implementation of e-learning is dependent on the extent to which the needs and concerns of the stakeholder groups involved are addressed. This paper discusses e-learning, describes the needs and concerns of the various stakeholder groups, and derives a Stakeholders' Responsiblity Matrix to summarize the responsibilities of each stakeholder group. Fulfilling the responsibilities described in the Stakeholders' Responsibility Matrix will address the needs and concerns of each stakeholder groups, thereby encouraging the success of e-learning in higher education.
Article
Full-text available
The primary questions addressed in this paper are the following: what are the factors that affect students’ adoption of an e-learning system and what are the relationships among these factors? This paper investigates and identifies some of the major factors affecting students’ adoption of an e-learning system in a university in Jordan. E-learning adoption is approached from the information systems acceptance point of view. This suggests that a prior condition for learning effectively using e-learning systems is that students must actually use them. Thus, a greater knowledge of the factors that affect IT adoption and their interrelationships is a pre-cursor to a better understanding of student acceptance of e-learning systems. In turn, this will help and guide those who develop, implement, and deliver e-learning systems. In this study, an extended version of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) was developed to investigate the underlying factors that influence students’ decisions to use an e-learning system. The TAM was populated using data gathered from a survey of 486 undergraduate students using the Moodle based e-learning system at the Arab Open University. The model was estimated using Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). A path model was developed to analyze the relationships between the factors to explain students’ adoption of the e-learning system. Whilst findings support existing literature about prior experience affecting perceptions, they also point to surprising group effects, which may merit future exploration.
Conference Paper
E-learning provides the opportunity for student to interact electronically with each other as well as with their teachers. This interaction can be via e-mail or on discussion board or in chat rooms. Though recognizing that the world at large will persist to use language and terminology in different ways, so the term of virtual learning environments (VLE) is used to refer the on-line interactions for a variety of kinds that take place between students and teachers. There are many software systems available that provide VLE systems. This software is in both forms, commercial and open source software (OSS). Moodle is one of the systems that have been increasingly gaining worldwide popularity in e-learning system. This paper is focused on the Moodle Architecture and comparative study of Moodle, thus we discusses comparisons between different virtual learning management systems and presents some authentication plug-in that Moodle supports. The open source learning management, LMS Moodle has been adopted by many people and organizations around the world because it offers a tightly integrated set of tools said to be designed from a social constructive perspective. Moodle has been developed under the general public license and many of its components were developed without a specific design documentation including its security services.
Conference Paper
Whether for development, maintenance or refactoring, multiple steps in software development cycle require comprehension of a program's access control model (AC model). In this paper, we present a novel approach to reverse-engineer AC model structure from PHP source code. Using an hybrid approach combining static analysis and model checking techniques, we are able to extract AC model structure in a fast and precise way.
Conference Paper
Learning management systems are becoming ubiquitous technology adopted at institutions of higher learning. Before these systems can be considered effective the user experience must be studied and analyzed to provide the optimum solution to meet pedagogical needs of both faculty and students. This study compared the user experience between the leading proprietary solution, Blackboard, and the leading open source solution, Moodle. We established a control group that only used the proprietary solution and two study groups, a faculty group and a student group that used the open source solution, but had previous experience with the proprietary solution. We used online surveys to compare the user experience of the basic functionality of each system such as communication tools, student-student interaction tools, student-instructor interaction tools. The study was conducted during the Fall 2006 semester at California State University Monterey Bay and included five upper division courses with the learning management systems used as an adjunct to a traditional face-to-face delivery modality.
Foreign student enrollment rises in Jordanian universities, website of the embassy of Hashemite kingdom of
  • H Hazaimeh
Comparison of e-learning management systems
  • K Fertalj
  • H Jerkovae
  • N Hluplae
Analysis and comparison of learning and control tools of virtual learning applications Moodle 1.6.1 and blackboard learning system ce 6.1 enterprise
  • K Ponomariov
  • S Galdikiene
  • S Goštautaitė
Problem based learning tool as a plug-in for Moodle
  • S Mandal
Blackboard vs. Moodle: Comparing user experience of learning management systems. Paper presented at the 37th ASEE/IEEE frontiers in education conference
  • M Machado
  • E Tao