This-work, being the-first, in-a-series of 10, was intended to-provide a-sufficient-introductory to SWM; yet, it
can also-be-treated-as an-independent and a-complete-piece. This-article starts-with a-concentrated-digest
(synthesized from over 400 published-reference-documents), providing a-starting point, for readers, interested
in-advanced-investigation on the-topic. As-such, the-following-issues were presented and analyzed: SWM
history; Global and regional-generation-rates; WM-‘value-chain’; SWM-technologies; Impacts of uncontrolled-
SW; International-Conventions, Protocols, Agreements, and commitments, addressing SWM, and their-analysis;
as-well-as Global-SWM-practices (including municipal-waste management) and current-challenges,
incorporating POPs. It was concluded, that waste is completely-unavoidable in-any, and every-human-activity;
however, the-way the-waste is handled, stored, collected, and disposed-off, will-determine the-quality of oursurrounding-
environment, to-be-either; clean, pleasant, healthy, and sustainable, or filthy, disgusting, harmful,
and wasteful. The-way each-individual, company/organization, government, and society, at-large, deal with
their-waste, will-eventually-determine our-own-future, as-humans. The-study also justified, that the-waste
should-be-treated as a-resource, as it still-contains many-valuable-materials. The-study also-offered a-newanalogy;
the-sustainable SWM-system should-be analogous to-a-digestive-system, extracting all-the-recyclables
from the-waste, and only then discarding, the-small-remainder/waste. The-author, also-believes that Recycling
(with a-capital R) is the-future of human-civilization; however, it must be done in the-environmentally soundsustainable-
manner, to-protect health of workers, and also to-extract the-optimum-amount of valuable-materials,
from the-waste. This-study also-exposed, that despite the-existence of International, regional, and multilateralagreements,
illegal-trafficking of hazardous, toxic, radioactive, and e-waste, is still widely-practiced. Suchpractices
can-be regarded-as Environmental-racism, conducted by, or with the-help of, an-international-‘ecomafia’.
Environmental-racism was analyzed against human-rights; in-the-context of both; the-Universal-
Declaration of Human-Rights and the-generation-approach. The-author also-justified, that Environmental-racism
is real, alive, and widespread-global-trend, affecting many, if not all-countries. Environmental-racism is a-sin,
against humanity; logically, as any-sin, it should-be exposed, condemned, and fought against, with every-fibre,
of impartiality, left in-us. The-study also-exposed an-increasing-interest of majority of African-countries in
inherently-dangerous nuclear-energy (with its-by-product--radioactive-waste); the-recommendation was offered,
to-shift their-interest to clean/green/renewable-energy-sector, particularly solar-energy. There is also a-commonprejudiced
stereotyped-misconception, that, in-the-developed-countries almost-everything (including WM) is:
superior, brainy, flawless, highly-organized, and tidy; in-contrast, in-developing countries, and particularly inthe-‘
dark’-continent of Africa, almost-everything (including WM) is substandard, mediocre, unsound, ad-hoc,
and filthy. The-selected-examples, provided in-this-paper, will, possibly, demonstrate, that the-current-situation,
at-least, with-regard-to WM, is not so ‘black and white’. This-paper has also-offered several-recommendations
for further-research. Lastly, this-article does not claim to-be fully comprehensive, as it-is physically-impossible
‘to-fill an-ocean into a-small-cup’, and even the-most-comprehensive-review, have to-stop, at a-certain-point.
Nevertheless, the-cohesive-theoretical-background, alongside-with author’s analytical-scholarly-input, hopefully
provides a-credible-contribution to-the-body of knowledge, on-the-subject-matter, as-well-as a ‘food-forthought’.
With anticipation, this-work will not only attract, but also hold, considerable-attention, from SWM
stakeholders, and other-interested-parties, both; locally and internationally.
Keywords: Environmental racism, Convention, human rights, ‘eco’ mafia, POPs, e-waste, toxic, hazardous,
radioactive, nuclear plants, solar energy, Africa.