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Effective Literature Search : Tips and Tricks

Authors:
  • Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine

Abstract

This presentation will help you in conducting an effective literature search using good keywords and facilitate in finding the fulll text of the articles. This is third of the six presentations I deliver as part of the workshop titled ”Medical Writing Made Easy: a step by step guide” I have been conducting these workshops since March 2014 and so have have conducted and facilitated 40 workshops on different aspects of medical writing all across Pakistan. Many of these workshops were supported by grant from AuthorAID (authoraid.info)
Farooq Rathore
"As long as one keeps searching, the answers
come."
Joan Baez
What is literature search
What is literature search
Developing an ability to search in a purposeful and
systematic manner through the range of literature
or information relevant to one’s particular field
Why search the literature?
Knowledge about recent advances
To identify suitable research topic
Avoid duplication
Understanding of the work done in the past
Provide evidence for the research that is planned
Generate discussion for the topic
Literature search strategy
Literature search strategy
Define your information need / research question
Extract the concepts and terms
List the keywords
Decide which sources to use
Find out how they function
Run your search
Review , refine you search and set alerts
Where to search? ----Global Data bases
Global Databases
Where to search? ----Global Data bases
Medline
PubMed Central
Google scholar
DOAJ
Springerlink
Sciencedirect
Ovid Data base
Highwire
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Where to search? --- Regional data bases
Where to search? --- Regional data bases
AJOL
Pakmedinet
Bangladesh JOL
Medindia
Bioline
Literature search Techniques
Keywords
Synonyms
Demographics & epidemiology
Stroke & Stroke (CVA)
Head injury & traumatic brain injury
Tetraplegia & Quadriplegia
Keywords
Acronyms
AMI; BKA; TBI; SCI; TB
Alternative spellings
Hemorrhage Haemorrhage
Ischemia --- Ischaemia
Pediatric ---Paediatric
Guillain-Barre Syndrome ---Guillian-Barre Syndrome
Keywords
Change in Nomenclature
Juvenile chronic arthritis
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Literature search Techniques
Boolean operators
Boolean Operators
http://img.docstoccdn.com/thumb/orig/135024421.png
Boolean Operators
Literature search Techniques
Boolean operators
Phrase searching
Wildcards (truncation)
Wildcards (truncation)
The asterisk symbol acts as a “wildcard” and matches all words
that begin with the string of characters before the asterisk
arter*
artery
arteries
arterial
arterioles
Literature search Techniques
Boolean operators
Phrase searching
Wildcards (truncation)
Following a search ---Alerts
How to access full text of articles?
How to access full text of articles?
Medline Limits
Google scholar
How to access full text of articles?
Medline Limits
Google scholar
HEC digital library access
Reprint request to author
Personal subscription/ Pay per view
How to access full text of articles?
College/University library
Society membership
Trial access & Promotional offers
How to access full text of articles?
College/University library
Society membership
Trial access & Promotional offers
Friends/Colleagues abroad
Polish you computer and Internet browsing skills
Computer, DSL and Printer
Plan for your literature search and spare some time.
Prepare a list of Key words
Team work
PubMed tutorials
Some practical tips
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