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Citing References

Authors:
  • Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine

Abstract

This presentation will discuss various formats of citations and references This is fifth of the six presentations I deliver as part of the workshop titled ”Medical Writing Made Easy: a step by step guide” I have been conducting these workshops since March 2014 and so have have conducted and facilitated 40 workshops on different aspects of medical writing all across Pakistan. Many of these workshops were supported by grant from AuthorAID (authoraid.info)
CITING REFERENCES
FUNCTION OF REFERENCES
To give credit to others for their work
To add credibility to your work by showing that you used valid
information sources
To help show how your work is related to previous work
To help readers find further information
FUNCTION OF REFERENCES
To give credit to others for their work
To add credibility to your work by showing that you used valid
information sources
To help show how your work is related to previous work
To help readers find further information
FUNCTION OF REFERENCES
To give credit to others for their work
To add credibility to your work by showing that you used valid
information sources
To help show how your work is related to previous work
To help readers find further information
FUNCTION OF REFERENCES
To give credit to others for their work
To add credibility to your work by showing that you used valid
information sources
To help show how your work is related to previous work
To help readers find further information
IMPORTANCE OF ACCURACY
Studies show that many references are inaccurate.
For references to fulfill their functions, they must be accurate.
Therefore
Make sure to accurately state what the cited material says.
Make sure that all information in the citation (for example, author list,
article title, journal title, volume, year, pages) is accurate.
FORMATS
Various formats exist for citation in text:
Accuracy of references is important (Day and Gastel, 2011).
Accuracy of references is important.3
Accuracy of references is important (3)
Accuracy of references is important [3]
Read the Instructions to authors
STYLES OF REFERENCING
Vancouver Style
Harvard Style
The Chicago Style
The ACS (American Chemical Society)
Style
AMA (American Medical Association)
Style
The MLA (Modern Language Association)
Style
American Psychological Association style
Scientific Style and Format
Authors in correct sequence, and
names checked from PubMed
Correct title of
the article to
come after the
authors name.
Correct journal
abbreviation as
given in Pubmed
Year of the article
given after the
journal abbreviation
Year of
publication is
followed by the
volume no.
Page no. comes
last this should
not be written as
445-447
BIBLIOGRAPHIC ELEMENTS
Full stop after the last author
followed by space and then
the article title
Coma followed by space after each author
do not write and before the last author
Single space between the journal
abbreviation and the year, place no
other punctuation marks Semicolon ;after
the year without any
space
Colon :after volume
no. without any space
Hyphen to separate the
page no.
Full stop at the
end of the ref.
Full stop followed by
space
PUNCTUATION MARKS
CITATION MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE
EndNote, Reference Manager, Mendeley, Refman, Zotero
Allows you to keep a database of references and full texts
Provides the citations and references in the proper format for your
target journal
Saves time and organizes research
REFERENCES DEMO
QUESTIONS? COMMENTS? ADDITIONS?
HANDS ON EXERCISE
Time 10 minutes
Cite the references in a better manner
Spot the mistakes in the references?
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ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication.