St. Louis gang violence and the code of the street

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While crime in general has been decreasing in St. Louis, Missouri, gang violence appears to be on the rise in select areas. This paper traces the cause of gang violence in St. Louis by examining it through the deviant subcultures criminological theory of crime. Ultimately, gang violence in St. Louis is a natural consequence of marginalized residents of high poverty neighborhoods internalizing oppositional values and behaviors reflected in Elijah Anderson's code of the street, which posits that violence is a necessary tool to obtain status and respect when such is not possible through conventional means.

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... Nie tylko bezpośredni akt agresji fizycznej czy kradzieży, ale także słowna zniewaga lub drobniejsze objawy braku szacunku, powinny zgodnie z tą zasadą spotkać się ze zdecydowaną, "siłową" odpowiedzią. "reguły ulicznej etykiety" są rozprzestrzeniane i przyswajane w toku codziennych interakcji między członkami "subkultury ulicy" i każdy z nich zdaje sobie sprawę z faktu, iż łamanie zasad kodu pociągnie za sobą karękrańcowo w postaci pozbawienia życia (Anderson, 1994;Brezina i in, 2004;Shostak, 2015). ...
A social systems perspective is utilized here as a frame of reference for examining the nature of delinquent subcultures in neighborhood settings. It is argued that the tendency of delin quent subculture theorists to treat neighborhood and larger social entities as homogeneous wholes obscures a proper under standing of the delinquent subculture. Instead, the delinquent subculture is seen as a subsystem in interaction with other en vironing systems which together make up the neighborhood. The resulting configuration of subsystems must be specified and the delinquent subculture placed within this context before the true nature of its functioning can be determined. A particular neighborhood study serves as a case illustration to demonstrate the utility of this conception.