The Tones of Democratic Challenges: Skin Color and Race in Mexico
In this paper I analyze the effect of skin tone and racial identity on Mexicans' political attitudes. I also test different intergroup conflict theories to assess which one explains Mexico's situation better if we look at skin tone and racial identification as independent variables. In order to test my hypotheses I use the Americas Barometer data from Mexico 2010 that includes a measure of respondents' skin tone. The results show that people's skin tone not only affects their political attitudes but their income as well, once controlling for education, age and gender. Moreover, the theory of social identity explains better the Mexican case than other theories. The conclusions show that Mexico's democracy faces the challenge of political inclusion of all its citizens regardless of their skin tone or racial identification.