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This dissertation explores the possibility of using the concept of 'amanualidade' (handiness) to understand the foundations of Interaction Design. Developed by Álvaro Vieira Pinto, this concept seeks to grasp social and technological transformation from the handling of artifacts. In this work we present considerations for foundations in Interaction Design building on the thought of Vieira Pinto, especially from your handiness concept, which deals with the relationship between human beings and the objects around, available 'at hand'. Coming from existential-phenomenological philosophy, this concept is already discussed in Interaction Design and Human Computer Interaction, mainly by the interpretation made by Terry Winograd and Fernando Flores, in which readiness-to-hand (handiness) is used to understand the existential dimension of action human use of artifacts in everyday life. The conceptualization of handiness by Vieira Pinto allows the understanding of dimensions of the relationship between people and artifacts, considering the active role of individuals in technological development and the widespread socio-historical facet of human existence, by the use and production of artifacts from the work with them. With this aim, we carried out a historical review of the concept of handiness and the foundations in Interaction Design, we analyze how the concept is characterized by Vieira Pinto and we propose a counterpoint between their characterization and how it is proposed by Winograd and Flores, and examples in Interaction Design from the handiness by Álvaro Vieira Pinto. RESUMO: Partindo da perspectiva de tecnologia de Álvaro Vieira Pinto esta dissertação explora possibilidades de aproximação do seu conceito de 'amanualidade' aos fundamentos em Design de Interação. Este trabalho busca contribuir para a compreensão da transformação social e tecnológica a partir do manuseio de artefatos, e apresenta considerações para fundamentos em Design de Interação tomando por base o pensamento de Vieira Pinto, especialmente a partir do seu conceito de amanualidade, que trata das relações entre o ser humano e os objetos ao seu redor, disponíveis 'à mão'. Proveniente da filosofia fenomenológico-existencial, esse conceito já é debatido no Design de Interação e na Interação Humano-Computador, principalmente pela aproximação realizada por Terry Winograd e Fernando Flores, no qual a amanualidade (readiness-to-hand) é utilizada para compreender a dimensão existencial da ação humana no uso dos artefatos no cotidiano. A conceitualização da amanualidade realizada por Vieira Pinto permite compreender dimensões da relação entre pessoas e artefatos, considerando o caráter ativo dos sujeitos no desenvolvimento tecnológico e a ampla faceta sócio-histórica da existência humana, pelo uso e pela produção de artefatos a partir do trabalho realizado com esses. Para tal, realizamos um resgate histórico do conceito de amanualidade e dos fundamentos em Design de Interação, analisamos como o conceito é caracterizado por Vieira Pinto e propomos um contraponto entre sua caracterização e a forma como é proposta por Winograd e Flores, assim como considerações para o Design de Interação a partir da amanualidade de Álvaro Vieira Pinto.
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UNIVERSIDADE TECNOL/GICA FEDERAL DO PARAN3
PROGRAMA DE P/S-GRADUA67O EM TECNOLOGIA
RODRIGO FREESE GONZATTO
DESIGN DE INTERA67O E A AMANUALIDADE
EM 3LVARO VIEIRA PINTO
DISSERTAÇÃO
CURITIBA
2014
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Dados Internacionais de Catalogação na Publicação
G643 Gonzatto, Rodrigo Freese
Design de interação e a amanualidade em Álvaro Vieira Pinto / Rodrigo
Freese Gonzatto2014.
196 f. : il. ; 30 cm
Orientador: Luiz Ernesto Merkle.
Dissertação (Mestrado) Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná.
Programa de Pós-graduação em Tecnologia, Curitiba, 2014.
Bibliografia: f. 183-196.
1. Pinto, Álvaro Vieira, 1909-1987. 2. Fenomenologia existencial. 3.
Interação homem-máquina. 4. Desenho (Projetos) Fatores humanos. 5.
Tecnologia Aspectos sociais. 6. Tecnologia Dissertações. I. Merkle, Luiz
Ernesto, orient. II. Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná. Programa de
Pós-graduação em Tecnologia. III. Título.
CDD (22. ed.) 600
Biblioteca Central da UTFPR, Câmpus Curitiba
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AGRADECIMENTOS
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ABSTRACT
This dissertation explores the possibility of using the concept of 'amanualidade' (handiness)
to understand the foundations of Interaction Design. Developed by Álvaro Vieira Pinto, this
concept seeks to grasp social and technological transformation from the handling of artifacts.
In this work we present considerations for foundations in Interaction Design building on the
thought of Vieira Pinto, especially from your handiness concept, which deals with the
relationship between human beings and the objects around, available 'at hand'. Coming from
existential-phenomenological philosophy, this concept is already discussed in Interaction
Design and Human Computer Interaction, mainly by the interpretation made by Terry
Winograd and Fernando Flores, in which readiness-to-hand (handiness) is used to understand
the existential dimension of action human use of artifacts in everyday life. The
conceptualization of handiness by Vieira Pinto allows the understanding of dimensions of the
relationship between people and artifacts, considering the active role of individuals in
technological development and the widespread socio-historical facet of human existence, by
the use and production of artifacts from the work with them. With this aim, we carried out a
historical review of the concept of handiness and the foundations in Interaction Design, we
analyze how the concept is characterized by Vieira Pinto and we propose a counterpoint
between their characterization and how it is proposed by Winograd and Flores, and examples
in Interaction Design from the handiness by Álvaro Vieira Pinto.
Keywords: Álvaro Vieira Pinto, handiness, Interaction Design, existential phenomenology,
Human-Computer Interaction.
RESUMÉN
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LISTA DE ABREVIATURAS E SIGLAS
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k \2$%/67(&-(''$&%(&.2+)D(&+0&*-A85't&RThis view of ethnography as purely methodological and instrumental
supports the idea that “implications for design” are the primary or even sole output of ethnographic
investigation. From this perspective, the reason to adopt ethnographic methods is not that they will generate
quite different kinds of understandings from laboratory investigations [...] In reducing ethnography to a
toolbox of methods for extracting data from settings, however, the methodological view marginalizes or
obscures the theoretical and analytic components of ethnographic analysis.' VPsC`Q]l,&BWWn,&19"Z
Y \2$%/67(&-(''$&%(&.2+)D(&+0&*-A85't 'In summary, one concern about the “implications for design” approach
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other empirical approaches in the HCI arsenal, to be selectively deployed as needed. The ethnographer, in
this view, is a passive instrument, a lens through which a specimen setting might be examined, with the
ethnography providing an objective representation of that setting. What is missed is the extent that
ethnography is always, inherently, a perspectival view, and that this perspectival quality is critical to what
ethnography is.' VPsC`Q]l,&BWWn,&19XZ
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