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Effect of morinda citriffolia(Indian Mulberry) fruit and leaf extract on blood biochemical profile of Nicobari fowls and broilers

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... In Egypt, ducks' meat is very preferable especially Muscovy ducks for their small size compared with turkey and economical prices, but it is famous of its high content of "Fat". Suwannee, (2009) and Sunder et al. (2011) investigated the effect of dietary mulberry leaves extracts used to decrease meat cholesterol concentration in broilers. Therefore the aim of the present study was to further investigate the cholesterollowering and antioxidative effect of dietary juice black mulberry on productive performance and some blood parameters of Muscovy ducklings under high ambient temperature. ...
... Consumption of products rich in antioxidants as additives in duck diets could increase physiological antioxidant defenses, which results in a decrease in oxidative stress. The use of black mulberry fruit juices in duckling diets has been shown to promote anti-oxidative properties (Sunder et al. 2011). ...
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the dietary mulberry (Morus Nigra) fruits juice as natural antioxidative additive given under high ambient temperature on their performance and some blood parameters of Muscovy ducks. The experiment was conducted for 8 weeks, using 100 Muscovy ducks, aged 21 days. The first group was fed the basal diets, while the diets of groups 2, 3 and 4 also thoroughly mixed with black mulberry fruits juice at a rate of 1, 2 and 4 %, respectively. Results showed that the average biweekly body weight gain, final weight, and feed conversion ratio were improved in mulberry juice groups compared to control group. The biweekly feed consumption was increased significantly with mulberry juice groups than control group. There were an improvement in the immune response of treated ducks, in terms of significant increases in WBCs count, Heterophils, Lymphocytes and serum globulin level in the experimental groups compared to control group. Blood glucose, HDL and GSH concentrations increased significantly in black mulberry juice groups compared with control group. But, creatinine, total lipid, cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL and MDA concentrations decreased in the experimental groups. Results indicated that slaughter weight, carcass and dressing percentage were increased significantly by mulberry juice groups, to reach (102.3, 105.2 and 109.2%); (102.9, 103.7 and 104.4%) and (102.9, 103.3 and 103.8%) of control, respectively. Liver, bursa and abdominal fat percentage were reduced significantly with the mulberry juice groups to reach (95.4, 99.0 and 92.4%), (95.4, 97.0 and 90.1%) and (97.1, 97.1 and 109.0%) of control group, respectively. It can be concluded that dietary black mulberry juice addition to high ambient temperature Muscovy ducks can reduce physiological strain, cholesterol level and oxidative effect.
... Albumin is a plasma protein synthesized in liver from amino acids absorbed from ileum. The extract of Morinda lowers serum total protein, serum creatinine and albumin (Sunder et al., 2011b) indicating its boosting effect on kidney and liver function. ...
... Morinda citrifolia could effectively produced low cholesterol eggs on the platform of enriched egg production. Morinda citrifolia fruit and leaf extract @ 5% reduces blood cholesterol level by 15% depositing low cholesterol in meat of broilers and egg of Nicoabri fowl (Sunder et al., 2011b). ...
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... In Egypt, ducks' meat is very preferable especially Muscovy ducks for their small size compared with turkey and economical prices, but it is famous of its high content of "Fat". Suwannee, (2009) and Sunder et al. (2011) investigated the effect of dietary mulberry leaves extracts used to decrease meat cholesterol concentration in broilers. Therefore the aim of the present study was to further investigate the cholesterollowering and antioxidative effect of dietary juice black mulberry on productive performance and some blood parameters of Muscovy ducklings under high ambient temperature. ...
... Consumption of products rich in antioxidants as additives in duck diets could increase physiological antioxidant defenses, which results in a decrease in oxidative stress. The use of black mulberry fruit juices in duckling diets has been shown to promote anti-oxidative properties (Sunder et al. 2011). ...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the dietary mulberry (Morus Nigra) fruits as antioxidative role given to Muscovy ducks on their performance and cholesterol-lowering in heat stressed. The experiment was conducted for 8 weeks, on 100 Muscovy ducks, aged 21 days. The ducks were assigned to 4 groups with 25 birds each 10 males and 15 females per group. The diets for groups 2, 3 and 4 also thoroughly mixed with black mulberry fruits at a rate of 1, 2 and 4 %, respectively of diets to evaluate black mulberry ability antioxidative role and to reduce physiological strain resulted from heat stress. The average weekly body weight gain, final weight, and feed conversion ratio were improved in mulberry groups compared to control group. The weekly feed consumption was increased significantly with mulberry groups than control group. There were improved the level of immunity in blood WBC, Heterocyte, Lymphocyte and globulin in the experimental groups compared to control group. Glucose, HDL and GSH concentrations increased significantly with black mulberry groups compared with control group. But, creatinine, total lipid, cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL and MDA concentrations decreased in the experimental groups, the difference between groups four and control also being significant. Results indicated that slaughter weight, carcass and dressing percentage were increased significantly by mulberry groups, to reach (102.3, 105.2 and 109.2%); (102.9, 103.7 and 104.4%) and (102.9, 103.3 and 103.8%) of control, respectively. Live, bursa and abdominal fat percentage were reduced significantly with the mulberry groups to reach (95.4, 99.0 and 92.4%), (95.4, 97.0 and 90.1%) and (97.1, 97.1 and 109%) of control group, respectively. It can be concluded that black mulberry to heat stressed Muscovy ducks can reduce physiological strain, cholesterol level and oxidative effect resulted from heat stress.
... Albumin is a plasma protein synthesized in liver from amino acids absorbed from ileum. The extract of Morinda lowers serum total protein, serum creatinine and albumin (Sunder et al., 2011b) indicating its boosting effect on kidney and liver function. ...
... Morinda citrifolia could effectively produced low cholesterol eggs on the platform of enriched egg production. Morinda citrifolia fruit and leaf extract @ 5% reduces blood cholesterol level by 15% depositing low cholesterol in meat of broilers and egg of Nicoabri fowl (Sunder et al., 2011b). ...
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Clinical, molecular and epidemiological studies revealed viruses that induce persistent infections are significantly connected with cancer, inflammation as well as chronic infections. Oncoproteins of Human Papilloma virus motivate specific cellular pathways modifications that promote tumorigenesis. Pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines possibly to interact with the exchanging of leucocytes and/or allowing a better development of tumor. In this review, the key role of inflammatory in the HPV is addressed.
... Albumin is a plasma protein synthesized in liver from amino acids absorbed from ileum. The extract of Morinda lowers serum total protein, serum creatinine and albumin (Sunder et al., 2011b) indicating its boosting effect on kidney and liver function. ...
... Morinda citrifolia could effectively produced low cholesterol eggs on the platform of enriched egg production. Morinda citrifolia fruit and leaf extract @ 5% reduces blood cholesterol level by 15% depositing low cholesterol in meat of broilers and egg of Nicoabri fowl (Sunder et al., 2011b). ...
... Albumin is a plasma protein synthesized in liver from amino acids absorbed from ileum. The extract of Morinda lowers serum total protein, serum creatinine and albumin (Sunder et al., 2011b) indicating its boosting effect on kidney and liver function. ...
... Morinda citrifolia could effectively produced low cholesterol eggs on the platform of enriched egg production. Morinda citrifolia fruit and leaf extract @ 5% reduces blood cholesterol level by 15% depositing low cholesterol in meat of broilers and egg of Nicoabri fowl (Sunder et al., 2011b). ...
... Thus, Chowdary et al. (2009), Dorigan et al. (2011) and Freddie Simol et al. (2012) investigated their effects on the production parameters and health state of broilers, while Jang et al. (2008) and Park and Kim (2010) studied effect of dietary mulberry leaves on the quality of breast muscle in terms of antioxidative potential during storage. Since it is known that high cholesterol concentration in broiler meat is detrimental to human health, Suwannee Saenthaweesuk (2009) and Sunder et al. (2011) investigated the effect of dietary mulberry leaves extracts used to decrease blood cholesterol concentration in broilers. ...
... Several studies showed that use of mulberry leaves in broiler diets decreased level of serum cholesterol. Sunder et al. (2011) showed that use of 5% extract of Morinda citrifolia mulberry leaves in drinking water decreased significantly serum cholesterol compared to the control group. Panja (2013) noticed that use of 0-2% mulberry leaves in broiler diets decreased significantly serum cholesterol and triglycerides with the use of higher dietary proportions. ...
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the dietary mulberry leaves given to broiler chicken on their performance and on the quality of the breast meat. The experiment was conducted for 4 weeks, on 114 broilers, aged 21 days. The broilers were assigned to 3 groups (C, E1 and E2) with 38 animals per group. The diets for groups El and E2 also included mulberry leaves 2 and 5%, respectively. The birds had free access to the feed and water. The average daily feed intake (g/day/broiler), average daily weight gain (g/day/broiler), final weight (g) and feed conversion ratio (g feed/g gain) were not significantly different among the 3 groups. The fatty acid content of the breast muscle had the following evolution: the concentration of saturated fatty acids decreased, while the concentration of polyunsaturated fatty acids increased by 14.53% in groups El and 25.58% in E2 compared to the control group, the difference between groups E2 and C being significant. The cholesterol concentration decreased in the experimental groups, the difference between groups E2 and C also being significant. The inclusion of up to 5% mulberry leaves in broiler diets did not have adverse effects on broiler performance, while it increased the quality of the breast muscle by decreasing the concentration of saturated fatty acids, omega 6 (n-6) to omega 3 (n-3) ratio, and also the concentration of cholesterol.
... Whereasa supplemental energy or glucose decreasing the blood urea nitrogen concentrations 33 . The Mulberry leaveshave improve the nutrients digestion and rumen fermentation by improving the ruminal environment 11 .Regarding triglycerides and cholesterol concentration, they were observed that group fed Mulberry leaves with concentrate diet resulted in a significantly less than control group, that agreement with several studies showed that use of Mulberry leaves in animals diet, decreased level of serum triglycerides and cholesterol 34,35 . It is noting that elevated cholesterol can be indicative of dietary lipid content or tissue catabolism 29 .On the other hand, that triglycerides and cholesterol was not affected by the supplemented feeds with the Mulberry leaves according to reported by 36 . ...
Chapter
A majority of population living in the villages of Andaman & Nicobar Islands depends not only on the farming but a major role of their livelihood is animal rearing. Due to remote locality, the cure for their cattle from diseases is not easier; therefore, they develop their own methods by using locally available plants in their backyard, nearby forest, and home remedies to cure their animals and poultry. Many of these practices are quite effective and being used by them since long past. In most of the cases plants or plant parts are given as such, seldom in combination with some other plants, plant parts, or home remedies. The old-aged farmers and livestock owners gained the ethnoveterinary knowledge from their own experience or from their ancestors through the words of mouth. Livestock are an important and integrated component of the agricultural production system in developing countries. Antibiotics are indiscriminately used in livestock and poultry production and the phenomenon of the problem of multidrug resistance has evolved with a great concern for an organic livestock production system. The importance of traditional and alternative medicine out of medicinal plants has been realized for sustainable livestock production by the veterinary practitioners and medicinal plants have comprised a significant proportion of veterinary research. Due to isolated spread of 572 islands in remote locations of A&N Islands, rural farmers are dependent on indigenous knowledge for the treatment of their livestock and poultry rather than immediate animal husbandry and veterinary services. A&N Islands are the hot spot of a large number of medicinal plants. A field survey was done to study and document these ethnoveterinary medicinal plants. A total of 41 plants from 27 families were identified which are of ethnoveterinary importance from the different villages of South and North Andaman districts of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Extensive research works are being carried out to explore medicinal plants as growth promoter and immunomodulator in poultry.
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averTHE CONCERN overuse of chemical substances in poultryfeed has increased research into feed additives from plant origin. Morinda (Morinda citrifolia), a well-adapted and distributed shrub in the tropics, contains several substances which have nutritional and nutraceutical properties. These attributes justify the maximum utilisation of Morinda products in poultry feeding. Several products from the fruit, and leaves have antimicrobial, digestion enhancing, cholesterol reducing, immune modulation and heat stress reducing effects in poultry. Morindafruit powder at 2 g/kg diet relieved heat stress in broilers; 30 g/kg reduced plasma cholesterol below 50% in broilers and 150 g/kg improved weight gain and feed efficiency in quails. Extracts from thefruit/leaf at 50 g/kg diet improved weight gain, feed efficiency, immunomodulation and reduced plasma cholesterol and E. coli count in broilers; at 1.5ml/bird/day and 50 g/kg diet improved weight gain and feed efficiency in broilers and quails, respectively. Morinda fruit granules at 200 g/kg was recommended as optimum for egg production in quails.There is however, need for more research into plant and animal factors and processing methods for maximum utilisation of these products in poultry diets. Morindaroot has many functional properties but itsuse in poultry feeding is still limited and needs investigationin orderto broaden our knowledge of the application of Morinda products in poultry nutrition.
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