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Erratum: Building Information Modeling (BIM) for existing buildings - Literature review and future needs (Automation in Construction (2014) 38 (109-127))

Corrigendum to <Building Information Modeling (BIM) for
existing buildings - literature review and future needs>
<[AUTCON 38C (2014) 109127]>
<Rebekka Volk*, Julian Stengel, Frank Schultmann>
<Institute for Industrial Production (IIP), Karlsruhe Institute of
Technology (KIT), Hertzstraße 16, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany>
The authors regret that citation [241] was wrongly cited. Names and surnames were mistaken.
Instead of
K. Hannele, M. Reijo, M. Tarja, P. Sami, K. Jenni, R. Teija, Expanding uses of building
information modeling in life-cycle construction projects, Work J. Prev. Assess. Rehab. 41
(2012) 114119.
it should be:
Kerosuo, H. Miettinen, R. Mäki, T. Paavola, S. Korpela, J. & Rantala, T.
Expanding uses of building information modeling in life-cycle construction projects,
Work J. Prev. Assess.Rehab. 41 (2012) 114119.
Furthermore, we would like to indicate that due to a fast publication process, there are still
wrongly highlighted yellow lines in Table 4 on page 116 which we asked to delete
before publication.
We would really appreciate if these two adjustments could be carried out in the course
of this corrigendum. The authors would like to apologise for any inconvenience caused.
DOI of original article: < 10.1016/j.autcon.2013.10.023>
<Rebekka VOLK>
... Likewise, numerous reviews have been done concerning BIM implementation (Chong et al., 2017;Gray et al., 2013;Merschbrock and Munkvold, 2012;Antwi-Afari et al., 2018;Rezgui et al., 2013;Ghaffarianhoseini et al., 2017;Eadie et al., 2013;Succar and Kassem, 2015;and World Economic Forum, 2018) discussing the benefits and challenges of BIM use in the different phases of construction projects. Existing reviews discuss the benefits of and challenges to BIM adoption while focusing on specific aspects of the process such as technical, organizational, functional and information, as noted by Volk et al. (2014). ...
... Further, the term BIM can be interpreted differently, depending on whether the term building refers to "building as product" or "building as a process" of construction. BIM, as Building (product) Information Modelling, comprises the digital building model, itself, and the information centre, which represents how the database is comprehensively structured (Eastman et al. 2008 andVolk et al., 2014) while BIM as Building (operational process) Information Modelling refers to what you can do with the model, for which the latter approach is preferable (Eastman et al., 2008 andTurk, 2016). Some define BIM in broader terms. ...
... For instance, by considering the essential concepts for BIM, Cerovsek (2011) proposed five initial standpoints for BIM analysis, including: BIM as model, modelling tool, communicative intent, individual project work and collaborative project work. Likewise, Volk et al. (2014) have identified narrow and broad perspectives of BIM. The BIM, in the narrow sense, comprises solely the digital model of building plus the technical issues concerning model creation, while in the broad sense, functional, informational and organization issues beyond the narrow sense (technical and model creation processes) are taken into consideration. ...
Conference Paper
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An effectual implementation of BIM is hampered by an ambiguity of interpretation of BIM by users. Despite the considerable anticipated advantages for BIM, this ambiguity is exacerbated by the difficulties inherent in a successful BIM implementation. To reap BIM's full potential, it is crucial to puzzle out the feasible values and risks of BIM implementation from multiple standpoints to come up with a common understanding of what BIM is and how it can be exploited in practice. In this study, we use the conceptual research method and, accordingly, review the literature on BIM topics in search of different approaches to the definitions, challenges and benefits of BIM. Results show that there are three dominant approaches in the interpretation and definition of BIM; 'product', 'tool' and 'process,' each of which seems to have suboptimal features in their definition. In addition, the interpretation of BIM undergoes an evolutionary process from the product to process views. The findings from the review on vantage points and the challenges of BIM implementation revealed that, even though the benefits of BIM are rather clear, the number and variety of challenges indicate that the requisite knowledge and competence is not high enough in AEC industry. The literature-based findings of this paper go hand in hand with our perceptions from the industry. In other words, our literature findings explain our findings from the practice. Construction, as a conservative industry, evolves slowly but the full-scale implementation of BIM requires large scale changes in the whole industry, even structural changes at the business level. The aim of our future research is to provide knowledge for this development
... The application of BIM for retrofitting existing buildings is challenging, due to the multidisciplinary nature and timeliness of information exchange, wherein a wide range of technical components are required to ensure optimal information exchange [174]. As a result, most existing buildings have not been properly maintained, renovated, or deconstructed using BIM [175]. Additionally, waste management is key to achieving sustainable resource management, in which quantifying the amount of construction and demolition waste generated is a prerequisite for implementing successful waste management [176]. ...
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At present, the smart city offers the most desired state of urban development, encompassing, as it does, the concept of sustainable development. The creation of a smart city is closely associated with upgrading the construction industry to encompass many emerging concepts and technologies, such as Construction 4.0, with its roots in Industry 4.0, and the deployment of building information modeling (BIM) as an essential tool for the construction industry. Therefore, this paper aims to explore the current state of the art and development trajectory of the multidisciplinary integration of Construction 4.0, Industry 4.0, BIM, and sustainable construction in the context of the smart city. It is the first attempt in the literature to use both macro-quantitative analysis and micro-qualitative analysis methods to investigate this multidisciplinary research topic. By using the visual bibliometric tool, VOSviewer, and based on macro keyword co-occurrence, this paper is the first to reveal the five keyword-constructed schemes, research hotspots, and development trends of the smart city, Construction 4.0, Industry 4.0, BIM, and sustainable construction, from 2014 to 2021 (a period of eight years). Additionally, the top 11 productive subject areas have been identified with the help of VOSviewer software keyword-clustering analysis and application. Furthermore, the whole-building life cycle is considered as an aid to identifying research gaps and trends, providing suggestions for future research with the assistance of an upgraded version of BIM, namely, city information modeling (CIM) and the future integration of Industry 5.0 and Construction 5.0, or even of Industry Metaverse with Construction Metaverse.
... There are international policies which highlight the need for collaborative systems that allow such information to be exchanged [16][17][18]. In these cases, it is indispensable to link the existing object (existing building geometry) to the respective non-geometric information: technical reports, information about materials and systems or construction solutions and the respective state of conservation, among other information [19,20]. This allows a thorough examination of the building to be carried out so that the correct action can be taken for rehabilitation and conservation. ...
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Residential building inspections are periodically required by public authorities. However, current approaches to storing and viewing data concerning an inspection are often collected in reports whose form and limited content hamper the rigorous assessment of the building's state of conservation and subsequent repair of the identified damage and alterations. This research proposes a method for documenting and displaying inspection-related information in BIM models to generate a dynamic information model. Damage is spatially located by means of a parametric family, which collects the necessary information about each instance of damage and enables agile and up-to-date information extraction. The proposed method was validated in a residential building situated in San Sebastián, with a scenario designed to demonstrate its ability to support the diagnosis of causes and decision making regarding maintenance. This work demonstrates the advantages of the parametric representation of information on damage and alterations in a BIM model, which facilitates the management of a residential building's life cycle by means of a digital twin of the building. The results shown in this research may be very interesting for researchers as well as for those whose work involves the rehabilitation of residential buildings.
... Meanwhile, as a new technology continuing its proliferation in both industrial and academic circles as the "new CAD paradigm" (Succar, 2009), the emergence of building information modeling (BIM) has substantially changed the A/E/C industry, and the benefit brought has been highly valued by the government and generally recognized by the industry (Volk et al., 2014). With the transformation and upgrading of A/E/C industry, BIM technology has been rapidly popularized in China in the past decade. ...
Purpose The aim of this paper is to research the acceptance mechanism of building information modeling (BIM) technology and to explore the differences among Architecture/Engineering/Construction (A/E/C) professionals with different individual characteristics. The proposed acceptance mechanism of BIM technology is intended to be used by industry stakeholders to propose decisions and measures, and improve the degree of BIM adoption. Design/methodology/approach Traditional hypothesis testing is adopted by the current study to empirically research the specific mechanism of A/E/C professionals accepting BIM technologies. In the one phase, a conceptual model based on technology acceptance model (TAM) and technology organization environment (TOE) theory was established and a large-scale questionnaire survey was conducted. In the other phase, structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to analyze acquired sample data, so as to empirically test the validity of the proposed linkage. Findings The results show first that perceived ease of use has no significant influence on perceived usefulness, and perceived usefulness has no significant effect on behavior intention as well. Second, BIM technical features and government BIM policies have positive effects on perceived usefulness, BIM technical features and organization supports have positive effects on perceived ease of use. Third, the BIM acceptance mechanism of A/E/C professionals is diverse from respondents with different characteristics, e.g. regions and working time. Originality/value The authors highlight the large sample size, as well as the nationwide context, of the questionnaire survey. Meanwhile, acceptance differences among A/E/C professionals with different demographic characteristics have been clarified using profound data and t -test. The findings of this study enrich the research on the acceptance mechanism of BIM technology, and contribute to relevant stakeholders taking targeted measures to promote the effective application of BIM technology nationwide.
... One of the key challenges in modern Facility Management (FM) is to digitally represent the current state of the built environment, referred to as-is (or as-built) versus as-designed (Kensek, 2015). While the use of Building Information Modelling (BIM) can address the issue of digital representation, the generation and maintenance of BIM data requires a considerable amount of manual work and domain expertise (Volk et al. 2014). Another key challenge is to enable users to monitor and forecast the current state of the built environment, especially if digital documentation is integrated with real-time or historic data that is used to provide feedback and enhance deci-sion making (Clau~ et al. 2014). ...
... BIM provides us with the virtual accessibility of a real facility throughout its entire life cycle (Volk et al., 2014). BIM can be used throughout the entire asset cycle of the building, from the design process to the building operation. ...
Conference Paper
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Smart cities increase the quality of life of people living in cities with the help of technology. They are the living spaces where practices that minimize the adverse effects of city life are implemented. The ever-growing and complex structure of cities has increased the need to include advanced information and communication technologies in management processes. In addition, the creation and use of three-dimensional (3D) city models in different areas are becoming widespread. 3D city models can be used for spatial analysis and visualization in various applications such as urban and telecommunications planning, disaster management, real-time simulations for educational purposes, and facility management. New concepts and techniques such as 3D GIS and virtual geographic environments are still under development in this context. In addition, Building Information Modelling (BIM) processes are of great importance for the construction of buildings, from manufacturing to operation and management, to the theme of smart cities. In this study, three-dimensional (3D) city models produced by terrestrial and aerial photogrammetry, BIM, and campus infrastructure projects produced by the theme of smart cities were presented on the web. Evaluations were made on the comparison and integration of the mentioned systems.
... Ding et al. (2019a) proposed an integrated framework with effective information and organizational management that integrates BIM, RE, and other supporting technologies, as shown in Fig. 13. This framework combined supporting technologies (VR, 3D laser scanning, 3D printing and prefabrication) to understand better design and construction, and it also combined the tools (work breakdown structure and model breakdown structure) to improve the quality of organization and management (Volk et al., 2014). ...
The application of building information modeling (BIM) technology has effectively supported the high-quality development of building sustainability and informatization in China. However, few studies comprehensively analyzed the enacted policies, prevalent applications, and existing barriers of the latest application and development of BIM technology in building industry from building sustainability and informatization perspectives to provide effective consultation and guidelines for its rational scale application in China. This paper firstly made a statistical analysis on the policies and standards of BIM technology issued from 2011 to 2021 in China. Moreover, the latest application, development and existing issues of BIM technology in building sustainability and informatization were also comprehensively discussed and analyzed. The main conclusions indicated that the application status of BIM technology for building sustainability and informatization in China was large in quantity, wide in scope, but low in level. The existing issue and limitation in terms of BIM application in China was mainly due to the lack of standards and domestic-oriented tools. Finally, the future outlook and recommendations of BIM technology for building sustainability and informatization in China were also presented as avenues for upcoming research.
... In recent years, digital models of indoor building environments (Borrmann et al., 2018) have experienced an ever increasing surge in importance (Ghaffarianhoseini et al., 2017;Sacks et al., 2020) in different fields of application, such as construction (Jafari et al., 2021), facility management (Gao and Pishdad-Bozorgi, 2019), energy efficiency (Jin et al., 2019) or cultural heritage (Solla et al., 2020). In this context, methods for the efficient creation of building models for existing building structures (Volk et al., 2014) have come to the focus of current research efforts (Lehtola et al., 2020;Weinmann et al., 2021) in the fields of indoor mapping (Otero et al., 2020) (i.e. the efficient acquisition of 3D indoor building geometry by means of mobile sensor systems) and indoor reconstruction Pintore et al., 2020) (i.e. the automated generation of building models from indoor mapping data). ...
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In this paper, we present an automated method for classification of binary voxel occupancy grids of discretized indoor mapping data such as point clouds or triangle meshes according to normal vector directions. Filled voxels get assigned normal class labels distinguishing between horizontal and vertical building structures. The horizontal building structures are further differentiated into those with normal directions pointing upwards or downwards with respect to the building interior. The derived normal grids can be deployed in the context of an existing voxel-based indoor reconstruction pipeline, which so far was only applicable to indoor mapping triangle meshes that already contain normal vectors consistently oriented with respect to the building interior. By means of quantitative evaluation against reference data, we demonstrate the performance of the proposed method and its applicability in the context of voxel-based indoor reconstruction from indoor mapping point clouds without normal vectors. The code of our implementation is made available to the public at
... Should the data be insufficient, whether it be points clouds or two-dimensional drawings, then it has to be supplemented by survey activities in order to characterise the BIM model with all geometric and non-geometric data. The study by Volk et al. (Volk, et al., 2014) shows that the most serious problems regarding input data involve the positioning of the systems, reconstruction of the roofs, definition of the materials used, and the internal characterisation of the structures. Many studies have tried to solve some of these problems by merging different methodologies and survey instruments in order to make the input data more reliable and reduce the time of acquisition; in fact there is an increasingly frequent use of aerophotogrammetry from UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) (Themistocleous, et al., 2016;Carvajal-Ramírez, et al., 2019), Mobile mapping (Campi, et al., 2018) or the combination of laser scanners and photogrammetric surveys (Bolognesi & Garagnani, 2018). ...
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This research was developed within an Industrial Doctorate project involving two sponsors: the Negroni Key Engineering company with a consolidated background in the computer sector, more specifically in BIM, and Platinum partner of Autodesk; and the Universidad de Valladolid which for years has been performing critical studies in the field of photogrammetric and laser scanner surveying and digitalisation. The study presented here continues along these lines in order to define a work method for the digitalisation and management of existing building heritage. It must be resilient, envisage sustainable procedures for both the public administration and private entities, and identify the potential of the current systems as well as any critical issues. The work method is based on six work phases, each one preliminary to the next; they are: • Model Definition, indicating the geometric and information characteristics of the BIM models; • Data Acquisition, in which details are provided regarding the data to be acquired and relative survey method; • Model Reconstruction, during which different instruments of the BIM platforms are used to complete the digital twin of the building; • Model Checking, including the operations needed to ensure that all the elements are coherent, both graphically and from the point of view of information; • Model Fixing, envisaging integration, where necessary, of further studies so as to ensure correct completion of the study; • Data Management, characterised by the importation of the result obtained in a GIS platform, cataloguing, and reuse of the result. The optimisation strategies identified are: • The definition of a BIM GIS methodology and the consequent drafting of guidelines, describing the step-by-step progress of the processes contained in each phase of work; • The writing algorithms for the recognition of geometric elements in BIM software; • The creation of parameters that define the reliability of the input data necessary for the reconstruction of the building model. The innovative features of the research are: • The multiscalar management of the building stock, through the combined use of GIS and BIM platforms; • The complete discipline of the digital process extends from acquisition to data management; • The integration of semi-automatic CADToBIM and ScanToBIM processes, through new applications specially developed to optimise the reconstruction of specific objects; • the definition of the parameters CoIN (Confidence of Information Needed), relating to the reliability of the data needed to reconstruct the model, and SuRe (Survey Required), relating to the integration of surveys to be performed in order to complete the process. The doctoral thesis is divided into five parts: • definition of the state of the art, presenting the fundamental features of the issues in questions; • description of the work method, including the strategies to optimise the processes; • identification of the research field and case studies in order to validate the aforementioned methodology; • results and conclusions; • annexes
Ruins of ancient cities hold valuable information for historians and archeologists and it allows them to learn about the society and culture of these cities. This paper explores the first attempt to virtually rebuild the historic city of Karakorum based on ruins and archeological findings from the 13th century AD. Further, the analytical and practical methods used to discover its unique urban planning and architectural form by reconstructing the city using various resources from archeological documents to historical science documents are introduced. We explore a digitized version of Karakorum city in an immersive and embodied manner because of the latest technological advances in virtual reality, and this allows us to conserve and visualize its cultural heritage. The research objectives of this study are to (1) create a three‐dimensional visual model of the Karakorum city as close as possible to its real counterpart, and (2) use a game engine as a development platform for integration and interactive visualization. The capital of the Mongol Empire, Karakorum, was virtually reconstructed based on archeological evidence and resources about its past social and cultural life. The research helps illustrate one moment of ordinary life in Karakorum city.
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