Article

The Relationship Between Personality, Coping Styles and Stress, Anxiety and Depression

Source: OAI

ABSTRACT

Our personality and the way we cope with stress are two factors that are important in the development of psychological distress. The current study explored the relationship between personality, coping styles and psychological distress in 201 students from the University of Canterbury. Participants completed the Temperament Character Inventory - Revised (TCI-R; Cloninger et al., 1994), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS; S.H. Lovibond & P.F. Lovibond, 1995) and the Coping Orientation of Problem Experience (COPE; Carver, Scheier, Weintraub, 1989). The study showed that participants with high harm avoidance and low self-directedness reported increased stress, anxiety and depression, while low harm avoidance and high self-directedness appeared to be a protective factor against the development of distress. Avoidant coping was shown to be the most maladaptive coping style as it was associated with increased stress, anxiety and depression, while problem-focused coping appeared to reduce depressive symptoms. Strong associations were also found between personality and coping styles, as individuals with high reward dependence were more inclined to engage in emotion-focused coping, while high self-directed individuals engaged in more problem-focused coping. High harm avoidance was associated with avoidant coping, resulting in greater distress than either predictor alone. The current study suggests that our personality and the coping styles we employ may influence whether we experience stress, anxiety and depressive symptoms. Furthermore, the association between personality and coping styles suggests that individuals with maladaptive personalities (e.g. high harm avoidance) are at a greater risk for experiencing psychological distress as they are more likely to use a maladaptive coping style such as avoidant coping.

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Available from: canterbury.ac.nz
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    • "In this regard, Farahani (2009) found in his study that coping strategies reduced level of academic stress. Furthermore, literatures reported results similar to the present study (Foladvand, 2010; Ptacek, Smith & Zanas, 2003; McCarthy, Moller & Fouladi, 2001; Berkel, 2009; Crockett et al., 2007; Khan & Achour, 2011). But on the other hand, some study reported unlike results and are in contrast with the results of the current study (Samari, Laelifaz, & Asgari, 2006; Kline & Snoww, 2005). "

    Full-text · Dataset · Sep 2015
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    • "In this regard, Farahani (2009) found in his study that coping strategies reduced level of academic stress. Furthermore, literatures reported results similar to the present study (Foladvand, 2010; Ptacek, Smith & Zanas, 2003; McCarthy, Moller & Fouladi, 2001; Berkel, 2009; Crockett et al., 2007; Khan & Achour, 2011). But on the other hand, some study reported unlike results and are in contrast with the results of the current study (Samari, Laelifaz, & Asgari, 2006; Kline & Snoww, 2005). "

    Full-text · Dataset · Sep 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Personality is considered as a dynamic organisation, inside an individual, of psychophysical systems that create an individual's characteristic patterns of behaviour, thoughts and feelings. Individuals are clustered into five categories which are 'Peaceful Phlegmatic (PP)', 'Popular Sanguine (PS)', 'Powerful Choleric (PC)' and 'Perfect Melancholy (PM)'. According to the Big Five Factors, personality traits are classified into five categories in which openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, compatibility and neuroticism. This study examines the relationship between personality traits and image perceived. It is motivated from the fact that little is known on how personality traits influence image perceived and preferences. Littauer's Personality Plus is utilised to identify human personality group. Then, an image perceived test is conducted to observe the pattern in thinking style or perception of each personality traits. The result indicates that there is a strong relationship between PS, PC and PP with image perceived meanwhile there is weak relationship between PM and image perceived.
    No preview · Conference Paper · Dec 2011
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