Decision-making in the Lords does not take place in a vacuum. A number of individuals and groups exist whose notions of acceptable behaviour for a judge when deciding appeals (i.e. of his role), potentially have an influence on a Law Lord. These potential or would-be reference groups* might include fellow Law Lords, other members of the Judiciary, Benchers, barristers, legal academics, litigants, ... [Show full abstract] solicitors, the legislature, the media and the general public. But which, if any, of these actually do influence the Law Lords when they are deciding appeals? Those whom the Law Lords have in mind as audiences when preparing their speeches, those with whom they most frequently discuss their decisions and those whose criticism the Law Lords pay most attention to, would seem to be the prime candidates.