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Taxonomic notes on the genus Zophohelops Reitter, 1901 with description of a new species from Tadzhikistan and a new genus Pseudoprobaticus gen. nov. (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae: Helopini)

Authors:
  • Daghestan Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Abstract

A new species Zophohelops michajlovi sp. nov. is described from Tadzhikistan. Generic position of Zophohelops humeridens (Rtt.), comb. nov. is specified. Genus Zophohelops has found to be distributed not only in Tien-Shan, but also in Hissaro-Darvaz and Southern Armenia. A new genus Pseudoprobaticus gen. nov. (type species Helops granipennis Allard, 1876) is described. Relationships and position of the new genus in tribe Helopini is discussed.
INTRODUCTION
Until recently, the representatives of the genus
Zophohelops Reitter, 1901 were known only from the
mountain systems of the Northern and Western Tien-
Shan (Reitter 1922, Medvedev 1987). In the course of
examination of the material on Helopini it was found,
that one species of this genus, Z. humeridens (Reitter,
1901), is distributed in Armenia. The problem is that the
generic placement of this species was not hitherto
revealed. This species was originally described by Retter
(1901) as Xanthomus humeridens. Subsequently it was
assigned to the subgenus Omaleis Allard, 1877 of the
genus Cylindronotus Faldermann, 1837 (Reitter 1922).
It is noteworthy, that the characteristics of this species
were given by Reitter not in the key, but in the footnote.
Probably, Reitters doubts about the generic placement
of this species were caused by the large geographical
gap between the distribution of the species from Tien-
Shan, on the one hand, and Armenia, on the other. How-
ever, the problematic species from Armenia undoubtedly
belongs to the genus Zophohelops. Such assignment is
supported by the structure of male genitalia, epipleura
and pronotum. A material from south-western Tadzhik-
istan was studied. As a result a new Zophohelops Z.
michajlovi sp. nov. was discovered. Thus, a disjunct
range of the genus Zophohelops includes Tien-Shan,
Hissaro-Darvaz, and south of Armenia plateau. It seems
possible, that in the future this genus will be found also
in northern Iran. There are also other examples of widen
disjunct generic ranges in the family Tenebrionidae in
the Palearctic region. In particular, the genus Seidlitzel-
lus Reitter, 1919 (tribe Apolitini). includes two species,
S. tristis (Faldermann, 1837) and S. turcestanicus Reit-
ter, 1919. The former species is distributed in Transcau-
casus and Balkan Peninsula, whereas the latter was
described from Tien-Shan.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS AND DEPOSITORIES
OF THE MATERIAL EXAMINED
This study is based on the examination of material
from the following institutions:
HNHM Hungarian Natural History Museum, Buda-
pest, Hungary (O. Merkl);
IZA Institute of Zoology of Armenia, Erevan,
Armenia (M. Kalashian);
KES Kharkov Entomological Society, Kharkov,
Ukraine (V. Michajlov);
MLLK Museum of local lore of Kharkov, Kharkov,
Ukraine (A. Drogvalenko);
ZIN Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of
Sciences, St.-Petersburg, Russia;
ZMRSU  Zoological Museum of the Rostov State
University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.
TAXONOMIC NOTES ON THE GENUS ZZOOPPHHOOHHEELLOOPPSS
REITTER, 1901 WITH DESCRIPTION OF A NEW SPECIES
FROM TADZHIKISTAN AND A NEW GENUS
PPSSEEUUDDOOPPRROOBBAATTIICCUUSSGEN. NOV.
(COLEOPTERA: TENEBRIONIDAE: HELOPINI)
MAXIM V. N ABOZHENKO
Rostov State University, Biological Faculty, Department of Zoology; 344711, Bolshaya
Sadovaya street, 105, Rostov -on-Don, Russia, e-mail: nalassus@mail.ru
Abstract. A new species Zophohelops michajlovi sp. nov. is described from Tadzhikistan.
Generic position of Zophohelops humeridens (Rtt.), comb. nov. is specified. Genus Zophohelops
has found to be distributed not only in Tien-Shan, but also in Hissaro-Darvaz and Southern Arme-
nia. A new genus Pseudoprobaticus gen. nov. (type species Helops granipennis Allard, 1876) is
described. Relationships and position of the new genus in tribe Helopini is discussed.
Ë
Key words. Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae, Helopini, Zophohelops, new species, Tadzhikistan,
Pseudoprobaticus, new genus, taxonomy, distribution.
ANNALES ZOOLOGICI (Warszawa), 2001, 51(4): 511-515
I thank the curators and their institutions mentioned
above for the loan of the material. I am grateful to G. S.
Medvedev, B. A. Korotyaev and A. Yu. Solodovnikov for
critically and carefully reviewing this paper and making
useful comments.
ZZoopphhoohheellooppss hhuummeerriiddeennss (Reitter, 1901) comb. nov.
(Figs 14)
Xanthomus humeridens Reitter, 1901: 223;
Cylindronotus (Omaleis)humeridens: Reitter, 1922: 139.
TTyyppeess (examined)..Holotype (male) and paratypes
(1 male and 2 females) with the labels: Caucasus. Arax-
esthal. Leder. Reitter, coll. Reitter, Xanthomus
humeridens m. 1900 (HNHM).
OOtthheerr mmaatteerriiaall eexxaammiinneedd.. Armenia: Vaykskiy Distr.,
Gogi Mts. (3000 m), 1 VII 1935, 1 female (IZA); Kafanskiy
Distr., Atkiz (2500 m), 6 VI 1954 (Akramovskiy), 1 male
(IZA); Megrinskiy Range, 25 V 1987, 2500 m (G. Davidi-
an), 1 male (ZIN); Vaykskiy Distr., Dzhermuk, 6 VI 1988
(M. Savitskiy), 1 female (ZIN); Megrinskiy Pass, 6 VI
1993 (M. Kalashian), 1 male (ZMRSU).
ZZoopphhoohheellooppss mmiicchhaajjlloovvii sp. nov.
(Figs 58)
DDiiaaggnnoossiiss. Similar to Zophohelops humeridens
Reitter, 1901 but differs in the narrow and long antennal
segments, longitudinal segments of the fore tarsus, not
confluent punctures of striae and the structure of aedea-
gus and abdominal sternite VIII.
DDeessccrriippttiioonn. Body pale
fuscous with strong sheen,
legs and antennae paler.
Anterior margin of clypeus
straight. Head widest at the
level of eyes. Eyes small, con-
vex; ratio of head width in its
widest part to distance
between eyes 1.52. Lateral
margin of head at junction of
gena and clypeus without
emargination; genae very
weakly rounded. Head with-
out transverse depression at
junction of clypeus and frons.
Punctation of head very fine
and scarce (distance between
punctures 34 times diameter
of puncture). Antennae long,
extending behind base of
pronotum by their three last
segments; width to length
ratio in antennal segments
2
nd
11
th
, respectively, as fol-
lows: 1, 2.5, 1.6, 1.6, 2, 2, 2, 1.4,
1.4, 1.7. Pronotum weakly
transverse (1.18 times as
wide as long), widest in the
middle; anterior margin
weakly widely emarginate;
base straight; lateral margins
rounded in the middle, but
straight behind and before
the middle; anterior and pos-
terior angles obtuse, rounded;
lateral margins and base nar-
rowly bordered; border of
anterior margin widely inter-
rupted in the middle. Disc reg-
ularly convex, not flattened at
512 M. V. NABOZHENKO
Figures 18. Zophohelops Reitter. 14. Zophohelops humeridens. 58. Zophohelops michajlovi sp. nov.
(1, 5) Aedeagus, ventral view; (2, 6) aedeagus, lateral view; (3, 7) abdominal sternit VIII; (4, 8) antenna.
1 mm
6
7
5
8
4
3
21
sides. Pronotal punctation fine and scarce, distances
between punctures 35 times diameter of puncture. Pro-
pleura smooth, weakly rugose near coxae. Apterous. Ely-
tra oblong-oval, strongly convex; elytral intervals slight-
ly convex, moderately coarsely punctate (two, rarely
three punctures across interval). Lateral reflexed mar-
gin of elytra very narrow, visible only at base (viewed
from above). Visible abdominal sternites smooth, finely
and scarcely punctate. Fore tibia straight, strongly and
gradually widened to apex, its outer margin thorn-
shaped, oblong on the apex; middle and hind tibiae
straight; fore tarsus weakly widened, tarsomeres elon-
gated; middle and hind tarsi not widened, with dense
golden pubescence ventrally.
Aedeagus short and wide; parameres 1.2 times as
long as fallobase; lateral margin of parameres weakly
broadly emarginate in apical quarter; aedeagal sclerites
wide, fused in the middle.
Body length 4.8 mm; body maximal width 2.7 mm.
EEttyymmoollooggyy. Named for V. A. Michajlov (KES), collec-
tor of the new species.
TTyyppee mmaatteerraall.. Holotype, male: Tadzhikistan, Pyandzh-
skiy Karatau Mts., 5 VI 1959 (V. A. Michajlov) (ZIN).
PPsseeuuddoopprroobbaattiiccuuss gen. nov.
(Figs 911)
TTyyppee ssppeecciieess..Helops granipennis
Allard, 1876.
GGeennddeerr.. Masculine.
DDiiaaggnnoossiiss. The new genus is most
closely related to Zophohelops and
Xanthomus (structure of male genitalia
and structure of epipleura), from which
it differs in the sculpture of elytra, pro-
pleura, epipleura, pro- and mesosterna
(with dense fine tuberculation) and very
complicated structure of the spermathe-
ca. From the representatives of a genus
Probaticus (including subgenus Pelori-
nus), where originally joined by Reitter
(1922) the new genus differs by a struc-
ture of aedeagus (it concern to nalassus
type, instead of to helops type) not
extended fore and middle tarsus of
male, absence of rigid erected setae on
abdominal sternite, and also tuberculed
by a sculpture of cuticle.
DDeessccrriippttiioonn. Body black, dull, ely-
tra fuscous. Head punctation very
coarse and dense; eyes strongly con-
vex; head without eye furrows. Pronotum transverse,
widest in the middle; sides strongly rounded. Propleura
coarsely and densely tuberculated; prosternum with
coarse and dense tubercles; prosternal process weakly
convex. Elytra convex, with deep irregular striae; elytral
intervals flattened, with very coarse and dense tubercles;
outer margin of epipleura (lateral inflexed margins of ely-
tra) wide, reaching elytral apex where they are connect-
ed with the 1st interval; epipleura not reaching elytral
apex, densely tuberculated. Ventrites coarsely and dense-
TAXONOMIC NOTES ON THE GENUS ZOPHOHELOPS REITTER, 1901 513
1 mm
b
a
c
d
f
910
11
Figures 911. Pseudoprobaticus granipennis. (9) Aedeagus, ventral view; (10) aedeagus,
lateral view; (11) female reproductive system (a  canal of spermatheca; b  short branches;
c  1
st
reser voir; d  2
nd
reservoir; f  gland of spermatheca).
ly punctate, with regular contiguous pubescence; last
ventrite without coarse erect setae, only with contiguous
fine pubescence. Tibiae straight; fore and middle tarsi
not widened, their segments narrow and longitudinal.
Aedeagus weakly sclerotized, wide, keel-oblonged at the
apex; parameres arcuate in lateral view (Figs 910).
Female reproductive system (Fig. 11). Spermatheca
complicated, with two reservoirs, one of them situated at
base, the other, in the middle; basal quarter of sper-
matheca with short lateral branches. Basal duct of sper-
matheca short; duct of spermatecal gland entering in the
place of connection of basal duct of spermatheca with
apical part of vagina.
MMaatteerriiaall eexxaammiinneedd..1 male (MLLK) and 1 female
(ZIN) of Helops granipennis from Turkey
REMARKS
In this part, the following taxa are discussed: Adel-
phinus Fairmaire, 1866; Catomus Allard, 1876; Cylin-
dronotus Faldermann, 1837: C. bellator (Reitter, 1901);
C. batesi Allard, 1876; C. femoratus (Faldermann, 1837);
Ectomopsis Antoine, 1949; Hedyphanes Fisher de
Waldheim, 1822; Nalassus Mulsant, 1854; Caucasonotus
Nabozhenko, 2000; Helopocerodes Reitter, 1922; Nalas-
sus faldermanni (Faldermann, 1837); Helopondrus
Reitter, 1922; Odocnemis Allard, 1876; Heloponotus
Reitter, 1922; Reitterohelops Skopin, 1960; Stenomax
Allard, 1876: Stenomax aeneus (Scopoli, 1763); Tur-
cmenohelops Medvedev, 1987; Xanthomus Mulsant,
1854; Zophohelops Reitter, 1902.
Before elucidating the position of the new genus in
the classification of the tribe, we must briefly outline
some basic morphological features of the darkling bee-
tles of the tribe Helopini.
Evolutionary transformations within the tribe are
those characteristic of the family Tenebrionidae in gen-
eral. It is known, that ancestral forms of Tenebrionidae
were dendrobionts and the family evolved towards adap-
tations to extreme conditions of the open landscapes.
Therefore, the main adaptations within the tribe Helopi-
ni are those to endure deficiency of moisture. First, this
is the structure of elytra, especially their epipleura. The
following character states of elytra seems to be derived:
epipleura reaching the apex of elytra; outer margin of
epipleura (lateral deflexed margin of elytra) reaching
apex of elytra, where it is connected with first interval;
elytral intervals flat; striae of elytra very fine or absent
(in some species of Hedyphanes, Catomus, Reitteroh-
elops, which occur in very dry habitats); junction of ely-
tra very tight; cuticle strongly sclerotized.
The structure of male genitalia is also taxonomically
very important. Their morphological transformations
proceeded in the direction of ensuring reliability of the
copulation. Presumably, as regards the structure of male
genitalia, members of the subtribe Helopina demon-
strate the most derived character state: strongly sclero-
tized parameres, flattened at the apex, without traces of
the middle suture and with the stiff short setae, directed
backwards (or, in some species of Catomus and Adel-
phinus, with dense rasp-shaped puncturation), probably
necessary for fixing parameres inside the vagina, when
penis moving out (Iablokoff-Khnzorian 1964); apical part
of the parameres often curved upwards. In some species
of the subtribe Cylindronotina (Stenomax aeneus) para-
meres are completely curved upwards thus leaving the
apex of penis exposed. In the subtribe Cylindronotina
the structure of parameres is more diverse. In the Cylin-
dronotus group of genera (Cylindronotus, Odocnemis,
Stenomax and Reitterohelops) the parameres are
strongly sclerotized and elongated and, usually, straight
or slightly curved upwards; in apical part, flattened
dorso-ventrally. The structure of genitalia in the Nalas-
sus group of genera (Nalassus, Zophohelops, Xantho-
mus, Ectomopsis, Turcmenohelops and Pseudopro-
baticus) appears more primitive: aedeagus weakly scle-
rotized, parameres short or moderately elongated (Tur-
cmenohelops, many species of Nalassus), oblonged in
apical part in the laterally flattened keel, often with the
noticed track on the apex. Some species of Zophohelops
and also Pseudoprobaticus with rather curved inwards
parameres. Such type of the parameres probably is
ancestral in the subtribe Cylindronotina.
Gastral spicula usually consisting of two lateral rod-
shaped sclerites, common trunk and apical blades, is also
taxonomically important. Strong S-shaped arcuation of
the sclerites of gastral spicula (best visible laterally) may
be considered as derived character state, owing to which
the area of contact of the blades with aedeagus is
increased (reliability of the fixing of aedeagus is ones
turn provided by this) (Medvedev 2001). Significant
degree of fusion of the rod-shaped sclerites and formation
of the common trunk is also a derived character state
(Medvedev 2001). The most derived structure of the gas-
tral spicula in the subtribe Cylindronotina is character-
istic of the species of Cylindronotus [(C. bellator,
C. batesi, C. femoratus and Odocnemis (only subgenus
Heloponotus)], which possess thick rods of the gastral
spicula, strongly S-shaped arcuated and fused on the
apex in short (rarely in long as in C. batesi) common
trunk. The genera Odocnemis and Stenomax are char-
acterized by long common trunk (correlating with the
length of the fallobase) and slight S-shaped arcuation of
the gastral spicula. Species of genera Zophohelops and
Ectomopsis have, in most cases, widely placed and
weakly arcuate branches of the gastral spicula with mod-
erately long common trunk; sclerites of the common
trunk are fused only at the very apex. In the subtribe
Helopina the structure of the gastral spicula is more uni-
form. Its rods are usually thick, long, weakly S-shaped
and fused in long common trunk.
514 M. V. NABOZHENKO
Structure of the female reproductive system in the
subtribe Cylindronotina is rather uniform. Species of the
Nalassus genus group have simple spermatheca without
lateral branches (subgenera Caucasonotus, Helopoce-
rodes and the nominotypical subgenus Nalassus).
Sometimes spermatheca with short tubercles along its
entire length Nalassus (Helopocerodes)falderman-
ni. Species of the Nalassus (Helopondrus) possess
spermatheca with short lateral branches at base. In
species of the Cylindronotus genus group spermatheca
always with short (Cylindronotus, subgenus Helopono-
tus of Odocnemis) or long (many species of Odocnemis)
lateral branches. Spermathecal gland in the Cylin-
dronotus group usually long (length of gland 34 times
length of the beetle itself). The structure of spermatheca
in the subtribe Helopina is more variable and often with
branches and reservoirs.
Judging from the morphology, Pseudoprobaticus
appears a specialized branch within Cylindronotina,
adapted to the semiarid mountainous landscapes of Asia
Minor. Pseudoprobaticus granipennis demonstrates
the most derived character states: strongly sclerotized
cuticle; epipleura (lateral inflexed margin of elytra) with
outer margin reaching the apex of elytra; propleura, epi-
pleura, pro- and mesosterna and elytra with dense fine
tuberculation; very complicated structure of spermathe-
ca. At the some time this species has primitive structure
of aedeagus, resembling that of the genera Zophohelops,
Xanthomus and Ectomopsis. This feature supports
close relationship of the genus Pseudoprobaticus with
the mentioned genera.
REFERENCES
Medvedev, G. S. 1987. [Tenebrionid beetles of the genus Zophoh-
elops Rtt. And allied genera (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae) from
middle Asia and Kazakhstan]. Trudy Zoologicheskogo Institu-
ta,164: 95129 (in Russian).
Medvedev, G. S. 2001. [Evolution and system of darkling beetles of the
tribe Blaptini (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae)]. Meetings in memory
of N. A. Cholodkovsky, 53. St.-Petersburg. 332 pp. (in Russian).
Allard, E. 1876. Revision des Helopides vrais de Lacordaire.
lAbeille, 14: 180.
Iablokoff-Khnzorian, S. M. 1964. Bemmerkungen über einige Rei-
itersche Typen aus dem Ungarischen Naturwissenschaftlichen
Museum (Coleoptera). Folia Entomologica Hungarica, 17 (20):
293315.
Reitter, E. 1901. Verschiedenes über die Coleopteren der Tenebri-
oniden-Abtheilung Helopinae. Deutsche Entomologische
Zeitschrift, Heft 2: 209224.
Reitter, E. 1922. Bestimmungstabelle der europaischen Coleopteren.
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TAXONOMIC NOTES ON THE GENUS ZOPHOHELOPS REITTER, 1901 515
Received: July 27, 2001
Accepted: November 10, 2001
... 30. Shape of third tarsomere: (0) lobate ( (Nabozhenko 2001b(Nabozhenko , 2002a(Nabozhenko , 2002b(Nabozhenko , 2005 B vagina strongly curved and narrowed before the apex (40:1), single spermatheca not branched near the base (41:0, 42:1) illustrated from Nalassus plebejus Küster representing the nalassoid type (Nabozhenko 2001b(Nabozhenko , 2002a(Nabozhenko , 2002b C female genital tract with three serial spermathecal tubes (41:1) close to each other (43:0) and terminal accessory gland (49:2) in Helops farctus LeConte, illustrating the pattern previously reported for some Pimeliinae species (Doyen 1994), here reported for the first time in Tenebrioninae D distant spermathecal tubes (43:1) in Helops perforatus Horn with terminal accessory gland (49:2), illustrating a pattern described here for the first time. Total length of the accessory gland is not represented in A and B. ...
... 30. Shape of third tarsomere: (0) lobate ( (Nabozhenko 2001b(Nabozhenko , 2002a(Nabozhenko , 2002b(Nabozhenko , 2005 B vagina strongly curved and narrowed before the apex (40:1), single spermatheca not branched near the base (41:0, 42:1) illustrated from Nalassus plebejus Küster representing the nalassoid type (Nabozhenko 2001b(Nabozhenko , 2002a(Nabozhenko , 2002b C female genital tract with three serial spermathecal tubes (41:1) close to each other (43:0) and terminal accessory gland (49:2) in Helops farctus LeConte, illustrating the pattern previously reported for some Pimeliinae species (Doyen 1994), here reported for the first time in Tenebrioninae D distant spermathecal tubes (43:1) in Helops perforatus Horn with terminal accessory gland (49:2), illustrating a pattern described here for the first time. Total length of the accessory gland is not represented in A and B. ...
... 38. Shape of gonostyles (female): (0) apex as wide as base (Fig. 3C); (1) representing the nalassoid type (Nabozhenko 2001b(Nabozhenko , 2002a, illustrated from Stenomax aeneus (Scopoli) B pleural rods of gastral spicula close towards the middle of their length (50:0), representing the helopiod type (Nabozhenko 2001b(Nabozhenko , 2002a(Nabozhenko , 2005, illustrated from Tarpela micans (Fabricius), not included in the analysis C narrow and acute lobes of eighth sternite (54:1) and deep notch (52:0) in Helops farctus LeConte D broad lobes of eighth sternite (54:0) and shallow notch (52:1) in S. aeneus E projected anterior part of basal piece (basal piece "J" shaped) in Odocnemis californicus Mannerheim (67:0) F anterior part of basal piece not projected in Nautes fervidus Pascoe (67:1), character state used for the first time in this study. ...
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Резюме. Представлен обзор рода Ectromopsis фауны бывшего СССР. Три вида, ранее относимые к роду Gunarus (подтриба Helopina), перенесены в род Ectromopsis (подтриба Cylindronotina): Ectromopsis tantillus (Ménétriés, 1848), comb. n., E. bogatschevi (Khnzoryan, 1957), comb. n., E. bulgaricus (Medvedev et Angelov, 1981), comb. n. Рассматриваются морфологические адаптации рода к условиям среды, плезиоморфные и апоморфные признаки, родственные связи и положение в системе трибы Helopini. Представители рода относятся к налассодной группе родов подтрибы Cylindronotina и обладают рядом плезиоморфных признаков в строении пениса, парамер и гастральной спикулы самцов, половых протоков самок, эпиплевр надкрыльев. Морфологические преобразования группы связаны с переходом предковых налассоидных форм от лесного мезофильного образа жизни к обитанию в открытых ландшафтах. Тем не менее представители рода не обладают глубоко специализированными структурами, адаптированными к аридным условиям. С другой стороны, в группе не выражены или не четко выражены плезиоморфные черты, характерные для мезофильных лесных групп подтрибы Cylindronotina. Родственные связи виды Ectromopsis обнаруживают с родами Zophohelops Reitter, 1901 и Xanthomus Mulsant, 1854. Abstract. Review of the genus Ectromopsis of the fau- na of the former USSR is presented. Three species previous - ly attributed to the genus Gunarus (subtribe Helopina) are transferred to the genus Ectromopsis (subtribe Cylindrono- tina): Ectromopsis tantillus (Ménétriés, 1848), comb. n., E. bogatschevi (Khnzoryan, 1957), comb. n., E. bulgaricus (Medvedev et Angelov, 1981), comb. n. Some morphologi- cal adaptations of the genus to environmental conditions, plesiomorphic and apomorphic characters, relationships and position in the tribe Helopini are discussed. The genus Ectromopsis belongs to the nalassoid group of genera of the subtribe Cylindronotina and possesses a number of plesio- morphic characters in the structure of penis, parameres, gastral spicula of males, sexual ducts of the females, and epipleura. Morphological transformations of this group are connected with transition of ancestral forms of generic group "Nalassus" from the woody mesophyl mode of life to the life on the open semi-desert landscapes. Nevertheless, the representatives of the genus Ectromopsis lack deeply specialized structures, adaptive to the arid conditions. On the other hand, plesiomorphic features characteristic for mesophyl woody groups of the subtribe Cylindronotina are not expressed or are poorly-defined in this genus. Species of Ectromopsis are related with genera Zophohelops and Xanthomus Mulsant, 1854.
... Middle Asian species were studied by Reitter [1902Reitter [ , 1922, Skopin [1964Skopin [ , 1966, Medvedev [1987a] and Nabozhenko [2001aNabozhenko [ , 2008b. Middle East species of the genus were described by Nabozhenko and co-authors [Nabozhenko, Keskin, 2014;Nabozhenko, 2014]. ...
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New localities and data on distribution of darkling beetles of the tribe Helopini are presented. In total, 46 species from 12 genera (Adelphinus Fairmaire et Coquerel, 1866, Catomus Allard, 1876, Euboeus Boieldieu, 1865 (Pelorinus Vauloger, 1900), Helops Fabricius, 1775, Raiboscelis Allard, 1876, Entomogonus Solier, 1848, Hedyphanes Fischer von Waldheim, 1820, Nalassus Mulsant, 1854, Eustenomacidius Nabozhenko, 2006, Zophohelops Reitter, 1902, Cylindrinotus Faldermann, 1837, Odocnemis Allard, 1876) are reviewed. A brief review of taxonomic works for each genus is given. The following new taxa are described: Adelphinus (s. str.) baehri sp. n. from Morocco (differs from all congeners by the presence of erect black spine-like setae on elytra), Euboeus (Pelorinus) kopetzi sp. n. from Western Turkey (belongs to the obesus species-group, differs from all similar species with wrinkled prohypomera by the dorsally dark-blue body, and the structure of the aedeagus), Zophohelops (s. str.) staveni sp. n. from Eastern Turkey (similar to Z. montanatolicus Nabozhenko et Keskin, 2014, from which it differs by the coarsely and densely puncturated pronotum, coarsely wrinkled prohypomera with sparse punctures, absence of hair brush at middle of male abdominal ventrite 1 and not beaded abdominal ventrite 5). The following new combination is proposed: Euboeus (Pelorinus) globicollis (Seidlitz, 1896), comb. n. (transferred from Probaticus Seidlitz, 1896). Hedyphanes koltzei Heyden, 1892 is recorded for Kazakhstan for the first time. The distribution of Entomogonus saphyrinus (Allard, 1876) and Entomogonus duchoni Reitter, 1903 is corrected, both species occur only in Turkey. The species Catomus fulvipes (Reiche et Saulcy, 1857) is distributed in Syria and Israel, but not in Turkey
... Species of the genus Zophohelops Reitter, 1902 are widespread in Tien Shan, 2 species are described from Armenia, Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan) and Southeastern Turkey, 1 species is known from Southern Tajikistan [Medvedev, 1987;Nabozhenko, 2001Nabozhenko, , 2008Nabozhenko, Keskin, 2014]. Recently we have suggested that wide disjunction of the range of Zophohelops is related with poorly studied tenebrionid fauna of Iran [Nabozhenko, 2013]. ...
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Abstract. Two new species of darkling beetles are described from Northwestern Iran: Nalassus (Helopondrus) rejseki sp. n. from West and East Azerbaijan Provinces and Zophohelops iranesis sp. n. from Ardabil Province. The first species differs from other Helopondrus Reitter, 1922 by strongly widened 1–4 pro- and mesotarsomers of male and structure of median lobe baculi of male. Zophohelops iranensis sp. n. is the first representative of the genus in Iran. This species differs from other species of Zophohelops Reitter, 1902 by the structure of male aedeagus (dorsoventrally flattened apical piece and very narrow median lobe baculi) and it is included in the new monotypic subgenus Zophondrus subgen. n.
... Tibia straight, with dense light-yellow hairs. Genitalia of a male and sexual ducts of a female figured in Nabozhenko (2001). ...
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A new species Pseudoprobaticus roznerorum sp. nov. from Southern Western Turkey is described. The redescription of Pseudoprobaticus granipennis (Allard, 1876) and key to species of the genus Pseudoprobaticus Nabozhenko, 2001 are given.
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A review of genus-group names for darkling beetles in the family Tenebrionidae (Insecta: Coleoptera) is presented. A catalogue of 4122 nomenclaturally available genus-group names, representing 2307 valid genera (33 of which are extinct) and 761 valid subgenera, is given. For each name the author, date, page number, gender, type species, type fixation, current status, and first synonymy (when the name is a synonym) are provided. Genus-group names in this family are also recorded in a classification framework, along with data on the distribution of valid genera and subgenera within major biogeographical realms. A list of 535 unavailable genus-group names (e.g., incorrect subsequent spellings) is included. Notes on the date of publication of references cited herein are given, when known. The following genera and subgenera are made available for the first time: Anemiadena Bouchard & Bousquet, subgen. nov. (in Cheirodes Gené, 1839), Armigena Bouchard & Bousquet, subgen. nov. (in Nesogena Mäklin, 1863), Debeauxiella Bouchard & Bousquet, subgen. nov. (in Hyperops Eschscholtz, 1831), Hyperopsis Bouchard & Bousquet, subgen. nov. (in Hyperops Eschscholtz, 1831), Linio Bouchard & Bousquet, subgen. nov. (in Nilio Latreille, 1802), Matthewsotys Bouchard & Bousquet, gen. nov. , Neosolenopistoma Bouchard & Bousquet, subgen. nov. (in Eurynotus W. Kirby, 1819), Paragena Bouchard & Bousquet, subgen. nov. (in Nesogena Mäklin, 1863), Paulianaria Bouchard & Bousquet, gen. nov. , Phyllechus Bouchard & Bousquet, gen. nov. , Prorhytinota Bouchard & Bousquet, subgen. nov. (in Rhytinota Eschscholtz, 1831), Pseudorozonia Bouchard & Bousquet, subgen. nov. (in Rozonia Fairmaire, 1888), Pseudothinobatis Bouchard & Bousquet, gen. nov. , Rhytinopsis Bouchard & Bousquet, subgen. nov. (in Thalpophilodes Strand, 1942), Rhytistena Bouchard & Bousquet, subgen. nov. (in Rhytinota Eschscholtz, 1831), Spinosdara Bouchard & Bousquet, subgen. nov. (in Osdara Walker, 1858), Spongesmia Bouchard & Bousquet, subgen. nov. (in Adesmia Fischer, 1822), and Zambesmia Bouchard & Bousquet, subgen. nov. (in Adesmia Fischer, 1822). The names Adeps Gistel, 1857 and Adepsion Strand, 1917 syn. nov. [= Tetraphyllus Laporte & Brullé, 1831], Asyrmatus Canzoneri, 1959 syn. nov. [= Pystelops Gozis, 1910], Euzadenos Koch, 1956 syn. nov. [= Selenepistoma Dejean, 1834], Gondwanodilamus Kaszab, 1969 syn. nov. [= Conibius J.L. LeConte, 1851], Gyrinodes Fauvel, 1897 syn. nov. [= Nesotes Allard, 1876], Helopondrus Reitter, 1922 syn. nov. [= Horistelops Gozis, 1910], Hybonotus Dejean, 1834 syn. nov. [= Damatris Laporte, 1840], Iphthimera Reitter, 1916 syn. nov. [= Metriopus Solier, 1835], Lagriomima Pic, 1950 syn. nov. [= Neogria Borchmann, 1911], Orphelops Gozis, 1910 syn. nov. [= Nalassus Mulsant, 1854], Phymatium Billberg, 1820 syn. nov. [= Cryptochile Latreille, 1828], Prosoblapsia Skopin & Kaszab, 1978 syn. nov. [= Genoblaps Bauer, 1921], and Pseudopimelia Gebler, 1859 syn. nov. [= Lasiostola Dejean, 1834] are established as new synonyms (valid names in square brackets). Anachayus Bouchard & Bousquet, nom. nov. is proposed as a replacement name for Chatanayus Ardoin, 1957, Genateropa Bouchard & Bousquet, nom. nov. as a replacement name for Apterogena Ardoin, 1962, Hemipristula Bouchard & Bousquet, nom. nov. as a replacement name for Hemipristis Kolbe, 1903, Kochotella Bouchard & Bousquet, nom. nov. as a replacement name for Millotella Koch, 1962, Medvedevoblaps Bouchard & Bousquet, nom. nov. as a replacement name for Protoblaps G.S. Medvedev, 1998, and Subpterocoma Bouchard & Bousquet, nom. nov. is proposed as a replacement name for Pseudopimelia Motschulsky, 1860. Neoeutrapela Bousquet & Bouchard, 2013 is downgraded to a subgenus ( stat. nov. ) of Impressosora Pic, 1952. Anchomma J.L. LeConte, 1858 is placed in Stenosini: Dichillina (previously in Pimeliinae: Anepsiini); Entypodera Gerstaecker, 1871, Impressosora Pic, 1952 and Xanthalia Fairmaire, 1894 are placed in Lagriinae: Lagriini: Statirina (previously in Lagriinae: Lagriini: Lagriina); Loxostethus Triplehorn, 1962 is placed in Diaperinae: Diaperini: Diaperina (previously in Diaperinae: Diaperini: Adelinina); Periphanodes Gebien, 1943 is placed in Stenochiinae: Cnodalonini (previously in Tenebrioninae: Helopini); Zadenos Laporte, 1840 is downgraded to a subgenus ( stat. nov. ) of the older name Selenepistoma Dejean, 1834. The type species [placed in square brackets] of the following available genus-group names are designated for the first time: Allostrongylium Kolbe, 1896 [ Allostrongylium silvestre Kolbe, 1896], Auristira Borchmann, 1916 [ Auristira octocostata Borchmann, 1916], Blapidocampsia Pic, 1919 [ Campsia pallidipes Pic, 1918], Cerostena Solier, 1836 [ Cerostena deplanata Solier, 1836], Coracostira Fairmaire, 1899 [ Coracostira armipes Fairmaire, 1899], Dischidus Kolbe, 1886 [ Helops sinuatus Fabricius, 1801], Eccoptostoma Gebien, 1913 [ Taraxides ruficrus Fairmaire, 1894], Ellaemus Pascoe, 1866 [ Emcephalus submaculatus Brême, 1842], Epeurycaulus Kolbe, 1902 [ Epeurycaulus aldabricus Kolbe, 1902], Euschatia Solier, 1851 [ Euschatia proxima Solier, 1851], Heliocaes Bedel, 1906 [ Blaps emarginata Fabricius, 1792], Hemipristis Kolbe, 1903 [ Hemipristis ukamia Kolbe, 1903], Iphthimera Reitter, 1916 [ Stenocara ruficornis Solier, 1835], Isopedus Stein, 1877 [ Helops tenebrioides Germar, 1813], Malacova Fairmaire, 1898 [ Malacova bicolor Fairmaire, 1898], Modicodisema Pic, 1917 [ Disema subopaca Pic, 1912], Peltadesmia Kuntzen, 1916 [ Metriopus platynotus Gerstaecker, 1854], Phymatium Billberg, 1820 [ Pimelia maculata Fabricius, 1781], Podoces Péringuey, 1886 [ Podoces granosula Péringuey, 1886], Pseuduroplatopsis Pic, 1913 [ Borchmannia javana Pic, 1913], Pteraulus Solier, 1848 [ Pteraulus sulcatipennis Solier, 1848], Sciaca Solier, 1835 [ Hylithus disctinctus Solier, 1835], Sterces Champion, 1891 [ Sterces violaceipennis Champion, 1891] and Teremenes Carter, 1914 [ Tenebrio longipennis Hope, 1843]. Evidence suggests that some type species were misidentified. In these instances, information on the misidentification is provided and, in the following cases, the taxonomic species actually involved is fixed as the type species [placed in square brackets] following requirements in Article 70.3 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature: Accanthopus Dejean, 1821 [ Tenebrio velikensis Piller & Mitterpacher, 1783], Becvaramarygmus Masumoto, 1999 [ Dietysus nodicornis Gravely, 1915], Heterophaga Dejean, 1834 [ Opatrum laevigatum Fabricius, 1781], Laena Dejean, 1821, [ Scaurus viennensis Sturm, 1807], Margus Dejean, 1834 [ Colydium castaneum Herbst, 1797], Pachycera Eschscholtz, 1831 [ Tenebrio buprestoides Fabricius, 1781], Saragus Erichson, 1842 [ Celibe costata Solier, 1848], Stene Stephens, 1829 [ Colydium castaneum Herbst, 1797], Stenosis Herbst, 1799 [ Tagenia intermedia Solier, 1838] and Tentyriopsis Gebien, 1928 [ Tentyriopsis pertyi Gebien, 1940]. The following First Reviser actions are proposed to fix the precedence of names or nomenclatural acts (rejected name or act in square brackets): Stenosis ciliaris Gebien, 1920 as the type species for Afronosis G.S. Medvedev, 1995 [ Stenosis leontjevi G.S. Medvedev, 1995], Alienoplonyx Bremer, 2019 [ Alienolonyx ], Amblypteraca Mas-Peinado, Buckley, Ruiz & García-París, 2018 [ Amplypteraca ], Caenocrypticoides Kaszab, 1969 [ Caenocripticoides ], Deriles Motschulsky, 1872 [ Derilis ], Eccoptostira Borchmann, 1936 [ Ecoptostira ], † Eodromus Haupt, 1950 [† Edromus ], Eutelus Solier, 1843 [ Lutelus ], Euthriptera Reitter, 1893 [ Enthriptera ], Meglyphus Motschulsky, 1872 [ Megliphus ], Microtelopsis Koch, 1940 [ Extetranosis Koch, 1940, Hypermicrotelopsis Koch, 1940], Neandrosus Pic, 1921 [ Neoandrosus ], Nodosogylium Pic, 1951 [ Nodosogilium ], Notiolesthus Motschulsky, 1872 [ Notiolosthus ], Pseudeucyrtus Pic, 1916 [ Pseudocyrtus ], Pseudotrichoplatyscelis Kaszab, 1960 [ Pseudotrichoplatynoscelis and Pseudotrichoplatycelis ], Rhydimorpha Koch, 1943 [ Rhytimorpha ], Rhophobas Motschulsky, 1872 [ Rophobas ], Rhyssochiton Gray, 1831 [ Ryssocheton and Ryssochiton ], Sphaerotidius Kaszab, 1941 [ Spaerotidius ], Stira Agassiz, 1846 (Mollusca) [ Stira Agassiz, 1846 (Coleoptera)], Sulpiusoma Ferrer, 2006 [ Sulpiosoma ] and Taenobates Motschulsky, 1872 [ Taeniobates ]. Supporting evidence is provided for the conservation of usage of Cyphaleus Westwood, 1841 nomen protectum over Chrysobalus Boisduval, 1835 nomen oblitum.
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Two new species of the tribe Helopini (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) are described from Turkey: Nalassus (Nalassus) becvari sp. nov. (Elazığ Province) and Hedyphanes (Hedyphanes) kmenti sp. nov. (Artvin Province). The fi rst species is characterized by strongly thickened antennomeres 2-8 and diff ers from all Turkish Nalassus s. str. Mulsant, 1854 in the ventral aspect of eye, which bears a weak posterior ventral impression (rather than a distinct groove of other species). The second species belongs to the species group with asperate punctation of the prothoracic hypomera and diff ers from all Hedyphanes Fischer von Waldheim, 1820 in the presence of suberect pubescence on both sides of elytral base. Distribution of some Helopini (the Helops genus-group, subtribe Helopina) from Anatolia and Cyprus is updated with new data. Hedyphanes mannerheimi Faldermann, 1837 is recorded for Turkey (Iğdır Province) for the fi rst time. Helops caeruleus caeruleus Linnaeus, 1758 from Pervolia is a new record for Cyprus and the occurrence is probably a result of anthropogenic introduction.
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Abstract. New synonyms in the tribe Helopini are established: Odocnemis (Heloponotus) perplexus (Ménétriés, 1848) = Cylindronotus (Helopondrus) saturninus Reitter, 1922, syn.n.; Nalassus (Helopocerodes) faldermanni (Dejean in Faldermann, 1837) = Helops (Xanthomus) confluens Seidlitz, 1896, syn.n.; Nalassus (Helopondrus) lineatus (Allard, 1877) = Helops (Stenomax) propheta, Seidlitz, 1896, syn.n.; Zophohelops pullus (Seidlitz, 1896) = Xanthomus humeridens Reitter, 1901, syn.n. A new combination, Zophohelops pullus (Seidlitz, 1896), comb.n. is proposed for Probaticus pullus (Seidlitz, 1896).
Tenebrionid beetles of the genus Zophohelops Rtt. And allied genera (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae) from middle Asia and Kazakhstan
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Verschiedenes über die Coleopteren der Tenebrioniden-Abtheilung Helopinae
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[Evolution and system of darkling beetles of the tribe Blaptini (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae)]. Meetings in memory of N. A. Cholodkovsky, 53. St.-Petersburg
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Bestimmungstabelle der europaischen Coleopteren
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Bemmerkungen über einige Reiitersche Typen aus dem Ungarischen Naturwissenschaftlichen Museum (Coleoptera). Folia Entomologica Hungarica
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