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Sovereignty: A political emotion, not a concept

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... As argued recently by an American academic, rational discourse with the United States is impossible when it raises sovereignty as an argument, 'the invocation of which is its own justification, requiring no further explanation.' 147 In order to engage the United States in a genuine debate over both the merits of their avoidance agreements, and the potential for co-operation with the ICC, this powerful, patriotic rhetoric needs to be demystified. ...
... For example scholars and politicians have claimed that United States' entrance into North American Free Trade Agreement, the World Trade Organization, and the International Criminal Court have all threatened sovereignty. They claimed that in signing these permanent agreements, the United States had forsaken its sovereign status (Radon 2004). This similar concern of the erosion of sovereignty kept the United States from several human rights treaties such as the Convention on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (Goldsmith 1998). ...
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This article aims to analyze Indonesia’s Immigration policy in restricting the arrival of foreigners due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Through a qualitative research method and descriptive analysis approach, it can be explained how the concept of human security and state sovereignty affects the making and implementation of a series of policies to restrict the arrival of foreigners to Indonesia during the Covid-19 pandemic. The author seeks to provide an analysis of how the Covid-19 pandemic has become a real threat to global human security and how the Indonesian government seeks to protect the Indonesian people by limiting the arrival of foreigners to minimize the spread of Covid-19. The Indonesian government does not take a lockdown policy, but prefers policies that can protect health while protecting the economic activities of the Indonesian people. In the ‘New Normal’ way, Indonesia’s immigration policies continue to adapt to support economic recovery while supporting the implementation of health protocols.
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The WTO is here to stay. Institutions are never perfect. The way the WTO, as an institution, runs its business may not be perfect either. Arab countries are attempting to broaden their engagement in the multilateral trading system in a manner that has many implications. This engagement includes accession to the WTO, participation in WTO dispute resolution mechanism, and representations at the WTO.
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