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Terrorism and Aggression: Towards Increased Freedom and Security

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Terrorism and Aggression:
Towards Increased
Freedom and Security
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Copyright © 2012 Tali K. Walters, J. Martín Ramírez, Tatyana Dronzina, & Lyndsey
Harris
Printed in Bulgaria
All rights reserved
ISBN: 978-954-91557-7-8
Cover design: Viktor Lavdakov
Photo: Municipality of Burgas
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Terrorism and Aggression:
Towards Increased
Freedom and Security
6th Annual CICA-STR
International Conference
Program and Abstracts
Burgas, Bulgaria
8 September through 11 September 2012
Edited by
Tali K. Walters, J. Martín Ramírez,
Tatyana Dronzina, & Lyndsey Harris
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CONTENTS
• GREETINGS
• CONFERENCE ORGANIZERS
• LOCAL EXECUTIVE PLANNING COMMITTEE
• INTERNATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE
• EXECUTIVE PLANNING COMMITTEE
• SPONSORS
• SCIENTIFIC PROGRAM
• ABSTRACTS
• LIST OF PARTICIPANTS
• PREVIOUS PUBLICATIONS
• NOTES
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GREETINGS
Dear friends,
As conference organizers, we are pleased to welcome you to Bulgaria
for the 6th Annual CICA-STR International Conference on Terrorism and
Aggression: Towards Increased Freedom and Security.
An impressive group of scholars, researchers and analysts have gath-
ered here to discuss one of the most challenging issues facing contempo-
rary societies in Bulgaria and around the world. More specically, about
80 active participants are attending this CICA-STR Conference, either
physically or sending their scientic contributions. They come from a to-
tal of 23 countries from all the continents: twelve from the European Un-
ion (Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Rumania, Spain, United Kingdom
and, obviously, our host Bulgaria) and other Eastern European countries
(Macedonia, Moldova, Russia, Turkey); six from Asia: Central Asia (Ka-
zakhstan, Kyrgyzstan), Indostan (India, Pakistan), Hong Kong - China
and Iran; two Africans (Nigeria, South Africa), and one from Oceania
(New Zealand), as well as delegates from the two American countries that
hosted our last two international conferences (USA and Colombia).
This conference, taking place in Burgas, has even an unexpected great-
er prominence as this city suffered a terrible act of international terrorism
just a month and a half ago.
We came together to generate ideas, to offer solutions, and to meet
challenges. Therefore, we wish you all productive work and fruitful dis-
cussions and hope the conference will produce important ndings and
results.
Once again we would like to extend to all of you our warm welcome.
Let the spirit of Burgas – a spirit of tolerance, cosmopolitism and respect
- be with us in our endeavours as researchers and citizens.
Tatyana Dronzina, J. Martín Ramírez,
Lyndsey Harris, and Tali K. Walters
Burgas, Bulgaria
8 September 2012
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Ladies and Gentlemen,
Welcome to Burgas, one of the most beautiful Bulgarian cities! I am
glad I could be with you at the opening of this authoritative academic
forum, which brings together researchers from Europe, Asia, Africa, U.S.
and Latin America. Issues that will be discussed for the next four days ap-
ply to all who believe that freedom and security are not mutually exclusive
concepts and that they are fully achievable and realistic.
Less than two months ago our city experienced an attack that took
six lives. Citizens of Burgas saw rst hand the bloody face of suicide
terrorism, which assaults the most basic human right - the right to life.
And they answered in the only right way: with rejection of the perpetra-
tors and solidarity with the victims, with even greater interethnic and
religious tolerance, with even greater effort to integrate and protect the
rights of people regardless of their religion and ethnicity.
Such is and such will continue to be Burgas - open and tolerant, the
gate of Bulgaria to Europe and the world, to our closest neighbors, with
which we have excellent relations, a meeting place for good friends, poets,
artists and researchers.
Once again, let me welcome you all and wish successful work of the
conference!
Ivan Valkov
Member of the Parliament of the 42 National Assembly, 2nd Burgas
Constituency
Chair of the Parliamentarian Committee of Transport,
Communications and Technologies
8 September 2012
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LOCAL EXECUTIVE PLANNING
COMMITTEE
Angel Angelov, Ph.D., Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Dimitar Denkov, Ph.D., Dean of the Faculty of Philosophy,
Soa University “St. Kliment Ohridski” Soa, Bulgaria
Stoyan Denchev, D.Sc., Rector of State University of Library Studies
and Information Technologies (ULSI)
Tatyana Dronzina, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Political Sciences,
Soa University “St. Kliment Ohridski” Soa, Bulgaria
Boris Kostov, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Sciences,
Soa University “St. Kliment Ohridski” Soa, Bulgaria
Nikolay Palashev, Ph.D., Professor, Head of Department
Communications and Security, State University of Library Studies and
Information Technologies (ULSI)
Tolya Stoitsova, Ph.D., New Bulgarian University
Todor Tanev, Ph.D., Head of the Department of Public Administration,
Soa University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Soa, Bulgaria
Kamen Velichkov, Ambassador, Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Yanko Zdravkov, MD, Member of the Foreign Policy and Defense
Committee, Bulgarian Parliament
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CONFERENCE ORGANIZERS
J. Martín Ramírez
Chairman, Coloquios Internacionales sobre Cerebro y Agresión (CICA)
President of the Spanish Pugwash Movement
Professor of Psychobiology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Madrid, Spain
www.cicainternational.org
Lyndsey Harris
Vice-President in Charge of Conference Planning, Society for
Terrorism Research
Birmingham, England
www.SocietyforTerrorismResearch.org
Tatyana Dronzina
Professor, Department of Political Sciences
Soa University “St. Kliment Ohridski”
Soa, Bulgaria
Tali K. Walters
President, Society for Terrorism Research
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
www.SocietyforTerrorismResearch.org
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INTERNATIONAL ADVISORY
COMMITTEE
J. Martín Ramírez (SPAIN)
Chair, Coloquios Internacionales sobre Cerebro y Agresión (CICA)
Head, Aggression Research Group, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Tali K. Walters (USA)
President, Society for Terrorism Research (STR)
Tatyana Dronzina (BULGARIA)
Department of Political Sciences, Soa University “St. Kliment Ohridski”
Soa, Bulgaria
Lyndsey Harris (ENGLAND)
Vice President in Charge of Conference Planning, Society for Terrorism
Research
Birmingham City University
Yonah Alexander (USA)
Director, Inter-University Center for Terrorism Studies
Senior Fellow, Potomac Institute for Policy Studies
John Archer (UNITED KINGDOM)
Former President, International Society for Research on Aggression (ISRA)
University of Central Lancashire
Arthur J. Kendall (USA)
President, Capital Area Social Psychological Association
Camilla Pagani (ITALY)
Italian Representative of CICA
Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies, National Research Council,
Rome
Borisz A. Szegál (HUNGARY)
Hungarian Representative of CICA
College of Dunaújváros, Dunaújváros
Guillermo Velarde (SPAIN)
Vice Marshall of the Spanish Air Force
President, Institute of Nuclear Fusion
Polytechnic University of Madrid
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Coloquios Internacionales
sobre Cerebro y Agresion
(CICA)
Parliament of Republic of
Bulgaria
Faculty of Philosophy, St.
Kliment Ohridski University
of So a
Society for Terrorism
Research (STR)
Municipality of Burgas
University of Library Studies
and Information
SPONSORS
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ORGANIZER PUBLICATIONS
C.I.C.A. SERIES OF BOOKS
Aggression: Functions and Causes (1985)
J. Martín Ramírez & Paul F. Brain (eds.)
Cross-disciplinary Studies on Aggression (1986)
Paul F. Brain & J. Martin Ramírez (eds.)
Essays on Violence (1987)
J. Martín Ramírez, Robert A. Hinde, & Jo Groebel (eds.)
Research on Aggression (1987)
J. Martín Ramírez (ed.)
International Journal of Neuroscience (1988), Vol. 41 (3 & 4)
J. Martín Ramírez & David Benton (eds.)
Terrorism: Psychological Perspectives (1989)
Jo Groebel & Jeffrey Goldstein (eds.)
Terrorismo (1989)
Francisco Gómez-Antón & Carlos Soria (eds.)
Aggression in Children (1989)
Lea Pulkkinen & J. Martín Ramírez (eds.)
Comparative Psychobiology of Aggression (1990)
Orlaldo Gutierrez (ed.)
Violence. Some Alternatives (1994)
J. Martín Ramírez (ed.)
Neuropsiquiatría de la Conducta Agresiva (1995)
J. Martín Ramírez & Héctor Peñaloza (eds.)
Cross-cultural Approaches to Aggression and
Reconciliation (2001)
J. Martín Ramírez & Deborah Richardson (eds.)
Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews (2006)
J. Martín Ramírez (ed.)
International Journal of Organizational Transformation
and Social Change (2009)
J. Martín Ramírez (ed.)
Attitudes toward conict and aggression (2009)
J. Martín Ramírez & Simha Landau (eds.)
Aggression, Political Violence, and Terrorism (2010).
Miguel Bettin, J. Martín Ramírez & Tali K. Walters (eds.)
CONFLIGO Conict and Aggression in a Society in
Transition (2010)
Borisz Szegál & István András (eds.)
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Violence is not Biologically Determined. The Seville
Statement on Violence twenty-ve years later (2011)
Camilla Pagani & J. Martín Ramírez (eds.)
Aggression And Crime. The Open Criminology Journal
(2011)
J. Martín Ramírez (ed.)
Cultural Issues in Research of Aggression. The Open
Psychology Journal (2011)
J. Martín Ramírez (ed.)
SOCIETY FOR TERRORISM RESEARCH – PUBLICATIONS
Radicalization, Terrorism, and Conict (anticipated 2013)
Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Tali K. Walters, Rachel Monaghan, & J. Martín Ramírez (eds.)
Interdisciplinary Analyses of Terrorism and Political
Aggression (2010)
Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Daniel Antonius, Adam D. Brown, Tali K. Walters, J. Martín
Ramírez, & Samuel Justin Sinclair (eds.)
Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression
(since 2008)
Peer reviewed journal published by Taylor and Francis
Samuel Justin Sinclair & Daniel Antonius (eds.)
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ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
) Peer reviewed journal published by
Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression (since 2008) Peer reviewed journal published by Taylor and Francis Samuel Justin Sinclair & Daniel Antonius (eds.)