Article

Hz. ali in the world of Turkish thought

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Abstract

As a relative of Muhammad, and the fourth caliph of Islam, Hazret-i Ali takes a primary role in Islamic world. Also, he is important for wold literature as a brave man and wise. Ali has a very important place in world history. However, suffered injustice, Ali was shot and martyred from his back, and his children were also martyred, all that effected the Islamic world deeply. "His sword, called "Zulfikar" was a symbol of heroism. His knowledge of the Koran and the hadith, and with his scientific ability, he became a symbol in history. Nearly 1350 years have passed since his death, never forgotten them though because he is not forgotten for Turkish thought. Turks has considered Hz. Ali one of the center image of their idea word. It can be possible to see this effect on literature. In this research, we analysed works written in Karahan's Period as Story of Dede Korkut, Menakib-i Haci Bektas Veli, Turk Sagas in Anatolia and Divans in Divan Literature. Also we reviewed some sagas collected from Anatolia for this purpose. Ali determined the location of the works have been drafted, story of Dede Korkut, Menakib-i Haci Bektas Veli, who formed in Anatolia Turkish sagas, have been drafted within the framework of the Divan Literature. In addition, we reviewed the legends compiled from Anatolia and tried to determine idea world of Turks on the axis of Hz. Ali.

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Poets have always produced original and esthetical works while forming their poetry. "Elifnâmes" written in various topics and in the forms inspired by the array of Arabic letters take place in both Divan and Folk Literatures. Religious and Sufi themes are usually included in Elifnâmes. It is still controversial that whether Elifnâmes are called a type or a form. Moreover, poems named as 'düvazdeh', 'düvaz imam' or 'düvazname' which tell about the Twelve Imams are commonly included in Alevi-Bektashi literature. As an intriguing example, "Duvaznâme" of Şah Hatâî, who is considered as one of the prominent seven poets of Alevi society, is written as an Elifnâme and tells about the Twelve Imams. Heroes remain in minds with their symbols. Usually these symbols are heroes' horses or arms. Heroes are identified with these symbols which become prominent in their development process. In this context, Saint Ali's horse, Düldül and his sword, Zülfikar are the identifiers of his heroic existence in the texts in which they take place together. In our study, there will be an outline of Elifnâme with the original transcribed text. Also we will discuss the chorus "lâ fetâ illâ Ali" in the context of the meaning it reminds by paying attention to the uses of Hz. Ali's name with his sword Zülfikar.
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