An analysis of the recovery of London's population change rate

To read the full-text of this research, you can request a copy directly from the authors.


After more than twenty-five years of massive losses, London's population stopped declining. This turnaround, so evident in the 1980s, has its origins in the early 1970s. The nature of this change and why it has come about are examined. -from Authors

No full-text available

Request Full-text Paper PDF

To read the full-text of this research,
you can request a copy directly from the authors.

... They are employed in higher paid control and management positions. They are usually at the technical and management levels of the control centres of large corporations, in the financial and producer services and in the media industry (Champion and Congdon, 1988;Harvey, 1989). Their lifestyle is youthful and they tend to avoid marriage and the raising of children, while stressing adult concerns. ...
The formation of a new in-migration stream to the inner city of Tel-Aviv in the 1960s does not fit the gentrification model. Instead, groups of the new middle class were attracted to the inner city where they replaced the elderly middle-class households that were in the final stages of their life cycles. Gentrification in the southern fringe of the inner city is merely a by-product of the major process.
... At the same time, changes take place in the employment spectrum in the new`financial new`financial capitals', where service employment-particularly in producer services, management of large industries and government-begins to be dominant (Marshall, 1988 ; Harrison and Kluver, 1989 ) . One consequence is that young, middle-class households are attracted to the inner cities, where they participate in its regeneration (Smith and Williams, 1986 ; Champion and Congdon, 1988) . Further clarification of the back-to-the-city movement in Western countries, which treats it as part of a restructuring process, is furnished in greater detail by more specific housing market, political-economic, demographic and cultural theories . ...
Full-text available
Several constraints and motivations in explaining migration to the inner city of Tel-Aviv are analysed. It is argued that the process was triggered off by decline in new constructions relative to the constitution of new households in Israel. However, the back-to-the-city movement was not stimulated by a manipulative elite or by decline in housing prices in the inner city. Instead, the inner city became the preferred location of several groups of lifestyles including young urbanites, Yuppies and Dinkies, and young mobile households, as well as more family-oriented households seeking high-status flats in the inner city.
... At a conceptual level too, the emergence, in the mid-1970s of the counter-urbanisation thesis, proclaiming (initially for the United States (Berry, 1976, Wardswell andBrown, 1980) but subsequently on a more general basis) the pervasiveness across all spatial scales of the shift toward lower density areas, suggested that the distinction was no longer tenable. The reasons for the urban-rural shift remained a subject for debate, however (Fielding, 1986), to be joined in the late 1980s by the question of whether it was being displaced by re-urbanisation, as major cities such as London showed signs of both economic and demographic revival (Champion and Congdon, 1988). ...
Full-text available
PIP "This paper uses a combination of spatial and econometric modelling techniques to investigate longer term patterns and processes of change in British interregional migration.... The two major influences on the longer distance flows are found to be relative rates of employment growth and perceived environmental quality, but while the former induces marked fluctuations within the observation period, the influence of the latter factors shows little variation, with no sign of a clean break. There is, however, evidence of a sharply reduced responsiveness of migration to unemployment differentials since the mid-1970s." (EXCERPT)
Istanbul is a rapidly growing city whose urban structure and socio-economic characteristics are constantly evolving. Residential preferences of the population are continually adapting to its changing conditions. According to many studies, the life cycle is the main explanatory factor in intra-urban migration. This study investigates residential-location preferences with respect to different age groups, household sizes and income groups. The results, which show a strong desire for mobility in middle and older age groups, are in contrast with the findings of Western studies. At the same time, while young people’s preferences are concentrated in the periphery, a large percentage of middle and older age groups prefer to move to the intermediate area between the core and the periphery, now the most easily accessible zone in the city.
This chapter reviews the literature dealing with systems of cities and the patterns of development within such systems. It starts with the longstanding question of the distribution of city sizes, both in relation to how this distribution can be described and, given the form that it takes, how that form can be explained. Such explanations frequently invoke various sorts of agglomeration economies and so some of the literature relating to these is included here. The chapter then surveys the literature that examines patterns of development within urban systems, and then work at a more disaggregated level on suburbanisation. The chapter concludes with a summary of research into recent patterns of urbanisation, including relative recentralisation.
The 1980s was a significant decade in the demography of Inner London. Population increase replaced decades of decline, and household numbers grew even faster. One-person households accounted for most of the growth in household numbers, and the greatest increase was among younger and middle-aged adults. The authors examine the characteristics and changing geography of one-person households in Inner London, particularly between 1981 and 1991, within the context of broader demographic and socioeconomic changes during the decade. In particular, the characteristics of those people who migrated to live alone in Inner london are examined, and questions raised about the relationship between household changes, residential mobility, occupational structures, and housing markets. Reference is also made to the London Borough of Tower Hamlets to explain some of the processes underlying household change. One-person households are an integral part of wider economic and social processes underway in large urban areas and form a leading edge of new ways of urban living.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication.