Conference Paper

Some facts on depleted uranium, its military use, its effects on the health of population

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Abstract

This paper discusses some questions concerning the use of depleted uranium (DU) weapons in Yugoslavia by NATO in the Nineties. First of all, it is shown that DU is harmful and dangerous, not only as a chemically toxic agent, but also from the radiological viewpoint. Secondly, political and military authorities could not be uninformed of the dangers of DU and of its use in wars of the last decade; it is incorrect to say that DU weapons are not forbidden at the international level. A calculation is carried out to obtain an estimate of the cases expected to occur in the balkans population: we can reasonably expect population and foreign soldiers to develop tumours caused by DU. In the appendices, further questions are discussed: it is shown that the presence of DU is difficult to determine experimentally by field research. In addition, we focus on two points that broaden the perspective of the “DU problem in the Balkans”. We note that DU is only the tip of an iceberg as regards the consequences of what amounts to a chemical, radiological and environmentally destructive war conducted by NATO against Yugoslavia and against the entire environmental system in the Balkans. In the end, we discuss epidemiological data on the Yugoslavian civilian population to demonstrate that chemical and radioactive pollution, as well as the living conditions of Yugoslavian civilians, have already caused thousands of after-war cancer fatalities and birth defects.

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Article
The Hanford Environmental Dosimetry Upgrade Project was undertaken to incorporate the internal dosimetry models recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) in updated versions of the environmental pathway analysis models used at Hanford. The resulting second generation of Hanford environmental dosimetry computer codes is compiled in the Hanford Environmental Dosimetry System (Generation II, or GENII). The purpose of this coupled system of computer codes is to analyze environmental contamination resulting from acute or chronic releases to, or initial contamination of, air, water, or soil. This is accomplished by calculating radiation doses to individuals or populations. GENII is described in three volumes of documentation. The first volume describes the theoretical considerations of the system. The second volume is a Users' Manual, providing code structure, users' instructions, required system configurations, and QA-related topics. The third volume is a Code Maintenance Manual for the user who requires knowledge of code detail. It includes code logic diagrams, global dictionary, worksheets, example hand calculations, and listings of the code and its associated data libraries. 72 refs., 15 figs., 34 tabs.
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