Since today’s world is moving ahead rapidly, the condition for the survival and durability of institutions and organizations depend on research, development, innovation, and communication, the realization of which requires the presence of a new and creative model. Therefore, this paper aims to formulate and explain an open successful innovation management model by seeking the factors affecting ... [Show full abstract] the diffusion of innovation model at sports federations. The study in term of goal is applied and in term of data analysis method is descriptive correlational study. The statistical population consists of sports federations of Iran in 2017. The sample size was 70 individuals selected using Morgan table and the simple random sampling method from 10 federations. The research collection data tool was a questionnaire. The correlation matrix was used to determine the relationships between independent and dependent variables. Furthermore, a novel hybrid technique of fuzzy DEMATEL and fuzzy ANP was used to rank the factors affecting open innovation. The results showed that structural factors, interorganizational joint venture, customer relationships, research and development department, and new technologies affected the open innovation. Moreover, structural factors were ranked the most effective factors. Then, customer relationships and interorganizational joint venture were known as the weakest factors affecting the creation of open innovation.