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De discussie over (drug) overlast: enkele wetenschappelijke bevindingen

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... Over de genese en de toepassing van de GAS-wet werd reeds uitvoerig gepubliceerd (Devroe, 2003(Devroe, , 2005(Devroe, , 2008(Devroe, , 2012a(Devroe, , 2012b(Devroe, , 2013aDevroe en Ponsaers, 2005). We lieten daarbij experten aan het woord die van dichtbij betrokken waren bij de genese van de wet. ...
... Over de genese en de toepassing van de GAS-wet werd reeds uitvoerig gepubliceerd (Devroe, 2003(Devroe, , 2005(Devroe, , 2008(Devroe, , 2012a(Devroe, , 2012b(Devroe, , 2013aDevroe en Ponsaers, 2005). We lieten daarbij experten aan het woord die van dichtbij betrokken waren bij de genese van de wet. ...
... Thirdly it must be concluded that a tendency towards the privatisation of the public space in Flanders has taken place (Devroe et al., 2005). It includes large limousines in closed car parks which claim the public street, illegal dumping, double parking, advertising posters in the street, blocking public passages. ...
... Because the causes of crime are often situated in regional policy domains, we included regional policy issues in our analysis. Whilst federal and regional authorities retain responsibility for formulating stated goals on security policy, policy implementation (policing in action) (Wodak 2011) became the responsibility of the municipalities (Devroe and Ponsaers 2005). To draw upon a classic distinction between steering and rowing made in the study of governance (Osborne and Gaebler 1993), regional authorities steer social policy responses (policy formulation, e.g. ...
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This article provides an in-depth study of the Act on Municipal Administrative Sanctions 1999 (MAS), which is the first major piece of legislation regulating antisocial behaviour in Belgium. MAS provides municipalities with an instrument to sanction antisocial behaviour and conduct perceived to disturb public order. The article uses Garland’s (2001) thesis on the culture of control to analyse whether MAS has led to increased government control and the exclusion of significant groups of the population. The research is based on a multiple case study in which the application of MAS was analysed over a 25-year period of security policies in Belgium (1985–2010). The Act’s implementation was studied in the two Belgian cities of Antwerp and Liège in order to consider the influence of the Flemish government and the Walloon government, respectively, in this policy area. The article uses insights from this comparison to revisit the culture of control thesis and its limitations in understanding the political competition that exists over the formulation of policies on antisocial behaviour.
... Whereas federal and regional authorities retain responsibility for formulating these contrasting policy responses, policy implementation is the responsibility of the municipal authorities (Devroe and Ponsaers, 2005). To draw upon a common distinction made in the study of governance between 'steering' and 'rowing', regional authorities steer social policy responses (policy formulation, agenda-setting, allocation of resources, etc.) to quality of life issues, federal authorities steer law enforcement and the maintenance of public order, and municipal authorities are obliged to row both criminal justice and social policy approaches. ...
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In this paper, the meaning of the ‘governance of security’ in Belgium and the Netherlands will be explored. It is argued that the role of the mayor is substantial in both countries. This is why this article focuses explicitly on the political leadership of the mayor. The first section provides a comparison between Belgium and the Netherlands, contrasting their different constitutional-legal settlements and the relationship of these two cultures of control in the two countries. The consequences for which authorities and actors are ‘responsibilized’ for undertaking strategies of urban security governance are discussed. In a following section, the paper examines the current and potential challenges for governing urban security across both countries. In the final section, the dilemma of politics and science as drivers of policy responses to urban security problems is considered, identifying in particular certain deficits in mayoral expertise and training. The paper concludes that, despite a common tendency in comparative politics to group the ‘Low Countries’ together (given their strong historical and cultural connections), a powerful contrast is highlighted between the effects of federal and unitary constitution-legal settlements on policy responses to urban security.
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Volinz, L., Steenhout, I., Beyens, K., & Melgaço, L. (2021). FixMyStreet! Een criminologisch-theoretisch perspectief op de afhandeling van overlast via mobiele applicaties. Panopticon, 42(6), 527.
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