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Single-Person Household Needs with a Focus on Interior Planning

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Abstract

우리나라 1인 가구는 대부분 다인가구로의 전환 이전에 잠시 거치는 거주형태로 인식되어 불안정한 상황이다. 그러나 오늘날 만혼, 비혼 등 결혼에 대한 인식 변화와 고령화 등의 영향으로 가족의 형태가 변화하고 있으며 이에 따라 거주형태도 다인가족 중심에서 1인 또는 2인 등 소단위로 분화되면서 다양해지고 있다. 하지만 다인가구에 중심으로 형성된 기존의 주거시장에서는 이러한 급속도의 변화를 수용할 수 없어 여전히 소형 주거는 많은 불편함을 감수해야만 하는 열악한 실정이다. 본 연구는 현 사회현상에 주목하고 1인 가구를 위한 주거 계획 시 실내환경 측면에서 고려해야 할 사항들을 도출하는 것에 목적을 두었다. 선행연구들을 바탕으로 1인가구의 생활유형과 실내공간에서의 요구 사항들을 파악하기 위한 설문을 구성하였으며 실제 1인가구를 대상으로 설문조사 하였다. 결과, 현재 1인가구들이 거주하는 소형주거에서는 식사공간, 수납공간 등이 미비하여 공간 만족도가 매우 낮게 나타나는 등 무계획적 원룸형태 공급으로 인한 문제점을 확인 할 수 있었다. 따라서 단순히 숙식을 위한 물리적 공간 공급이 아니라 다양한 라이프스타일을 반영한 계획적 평면개발이 이루어져야 할 것이다. 또한 공간이라는 하드웨어와 1인 주거 간의 커뮤니티 활성화, 고령사회를 반영하여 다양한 연령대 1인 주거를 위한 사회화 프로그램 개발 등 소프트웨어 적 고려도 함께 이루어져야 할 것이다. 본 연구 결과는 물리적, 심리적 전환기에 있는 우리나라 주택시장의 새로운 요구에 대응할 수 있는 기초자료로 활용되어지길 기대한다
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24 6호 통권113호 _ 2015.12
24권 6113 _ 2015.12
24 6호 통권113호 _ 2015.12
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24 6호 통권113호 _ 2015.12
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Article
This study outlines the housing consciousness and needs of single woman household. In order to analyze housing consciousness of single woman household, surveys were conducted with the questionnaire composed of housing consciousness, housing needs, socio-demographic and housing characteristics of single woman household who lived in Seoul, and other near metropolitan area such as Gyeonggi and Incheon. The result of the study shows that single woman household put importance on safety, privacy, and comfort of their indoor housing environment. For single woman households convenience in transportation and facilities for leisure time were one of the important conscious factors. Housing consciousness of single woman household can be categorized into mainly three groups: (i) indifferent to overall housing consciousness except for convenient services such as front desk service at the lobby and maid house keeping services; (ii) privacy conscious group - this was the majority; (iii) relatively active housing consciousness group. Each type had different preference factors when selecting a house. That is, each showed difference preferences when considering types, sizes and services as well as motives for choosing a house.
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