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A New Subspecies, Ablepharus kitaibelii (Bibron & Borry, 1833) budaki n. ssp. (Sauria: Scincidae) From the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

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Abstract

A new subspecies, Ablepharus kitaibelii budaki n. spp. that is distinguished from previously described subspecies, is recognized. Designation of A. k. budaki as a new subspecies, separate from the other subspecies, is based on the following characteristics: (a) the ventral side colouration of the trunk and tail, (b) the number of the vertical rows of scales between the masseteric and ear opening and (c) the size of the ear openings. Moreover, it is pointed out that the population of A. kitaibelii and especially the taxonomical status of A. k. chernovi in Turkey should be considered again.
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... Recently, a new subspecies of Ablepharus kitaibelii (Bibron & Bory, 1833) was reported by Göçmen et al. (1996) by name Ablepharus kitaibelii budaki from the northern Cyprus. Later, the subspecies was raised to full species by Schmidtler (1997) and he also introduced a new subspecies Ablepharus budaki anatolicus from the Anatolian mainland. ...
... Mensural and meristic data were obtained by modifying the systems of Göçmen et al. (1996) and Budak et al. (1998). We used a stereomicroscope to observe the morphological characteristics and a digital caliper to measure the morphometric characters to the nearest to 0.01 mm. ...
... In the present study, we reported a new locality record of A. budaki from Sütçüler District of Isparta province. Metric and meristic characteristics of the lizards in Yukarı Kırıntı population were found similar to those of the samples observed in the studies of Göçmen et al. (1996) and Budak et al. (1998), except slightly higher number of supraciliar and supraocular plates in specimens of the present study. ...
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The Budak’s snake-eyed skink (Ablepharus budaki) is recorded from Sütçüler District of Isparta province in Turkey. The metric and meristic characters of the specimens were found similar to the specimens of A. budaki reported in the literature. Surprisingly, the new locality in the present study coincides exactly among to the distribution areas of A. kitaibelii, A. budaki and the mixed clade specified in the literature.
... During morphological investigation, metric, meristic, and index (proportional) characteristics were determined according to the literature (Göçmen et al., 1996;Schmidtler, 1997;Kumlutaş et al., 2005;Ilgaz et al., 2007) characteristics were counted with an Olympus brand binocular microscope, and metric characteristics were measured with a 0.01-mm caliper. ...
... Ablepharus budaki was first described as a subspecies of A. kitaibelii from Cyprus by Göçmen et al. (1996). Schmidtler (1997) raised A. kitaibelii budaki to the species level as A. budaki and described two subspecies: A. budaki budaki and A. budaki anatolicus. ...
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Ablepharus Lichtenstein, 1823, which includes ten species, is distributed in eastern Europe and Asia. Four species are recorded in Turkey: A. kitaibelii, A. chernovi, A. bivittatus, and A. budaki. After molecular and morphological studies in Anatolia, the phylogenetic relationship of the genus is still very complicated. Here, we investigate the taxonomic status of Ablepharus in Anatolia using morphological and molecular methods. The genetic structure of Ablepharus populations in Anatolia was analyzed using both the nuclear (CMOS) and mitochondrial (cyt b and COI) gene regions. The maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference methods were applied for phylogenetic tree reconstruction, together with calculation of p-distances and reconstruction of haplotype networks. The morphological analysis was evaluated with SPSS by using 12 metric and 17 meristic characteristics. In total, 41 specimens and 279 specimens were used for the molecular and morphological analysis, respectively. A. bivittatus has highly different genetic and morphological characteristics compared to the others, and it shares similar morphological characteristics with the genus Asymblepharus, which are elliptical tympanum, hidden upper eye opening under 3 or 4 large shields, light and dark longitudinal stripes on the back, adpressed hind-limbs reaching to knees, and well-developed limbs with five toes. For this reason, A. bivittatus was placed in the genus Asymblepharus as Asymblepharus bivittatus comb. nov. A. budaki anatolicus was elevated to species level as A. anatolicus based on morphological and genetic data. In this study, Anatolian A. kitaibelii comprised two sister subclades, A. kitaibelii kitaibelii and A. kitaibelii stepaneki, and this research is the first record of A. kitaibelii stepaneki in Turkey. A. chernovi was divided into three subclades: A. chernovi chernovi, A. chernovi eiselti, and A. chernovi isaurensis.
... The genus Ablepharus, snake-eyed skink, is commonly known from southeast Europe (Balkans, Hungary, Slovakia) to the Middle East. Four species of the genus Ablepharus are found in the Turkey, the Snake-eyed Skink Ablepharus kitaibelii Bibron and Bory, 1833, the Chernov's Snake-eyed Skink A. chernovi Darevsky, 1953, the Budak's Snake-eyed Skink A. budaki Göçmen, Kumlutaş and Tosunoğlu, 1996 and Twin-striped Skink Ablepharus bivittatus (Menetries, 1832). The A. chernovi was firstly described from Armenia by Darevsky (1953). ...
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In present study, we report new locality records for Eumeces schneideri, Heremites vittatus and Ablepharus chernovi from Turkey during fieldwork in 2016-2017. In additionally, we present a summary of the morphological characters including meristic pholidolial characteristics, metric measurements and color-pattern features for our samples.
... budaki Göcmen, Kumlutas & Tosunoglu, 1996 based on dissected specimens. There is only one study on the gonadal histology of A. kitaibelii but the author (Goldberg 2012) has misidentified the species. ...
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Currently, information on the reproductive cycle of snake-eyed skink Ablepharus kitaibelii (Bibron & Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1833) in Bulgaria is lacking, though some data on egg laying were published. We performed a histological study on gametogenesis and incubation period of eggs of this species. The histology of testes demonstrated that males reached sexual maturity at snout-vent length (SVL) of 39 mm; for females, the result was not conclusive. The male reproductive cycle had four phases: quiescence in July, recrudescence in August, spermiogenesis in September–October and March – May and regression in June. Four phases were detected also in the females: quiescence in July – October, vitellogenesis in April and May with early vitellogenesis in April, pre-ovulatory follicles in May and fertilised eggs in June. Results also revealed that females produce one clutch of eggs per year and could lay up to five eggs (usually four) in a couple of days. The species had a prolonged egg laying period: from the beginning of June to the beginning of August. The egg incubation period at room temperature was between 26 and 42 days. Considering the short lifespan of the species, A. kitaibelii reaches sexual maturity relatively early.
... In order to understand and discuss the fauna of Kanlıdere, two major sources are selected to guide the research: the Specimens of Lacerta laevis Gray, 1838 (Sauria: Lacertidae) from North Cyprus and A New Subspecies, Ablepharus kitaibelii (Göçmen, Kumlutas, & Tosunoglu, 1996;Bibron & Borry, 1833) budaki n. ssp.(Sauria: Scincidae) from the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ...
Chapter
This chapter analyzes the case study of Kanlidere watershed in Cyprus to explore a potential "reintro-ducing" of the river to its surrounding residential communities (and, on a broader level, to society), in an effective protection and restoration approach of the environment. The Kanlidere (Pedios) is Cyprus' longest river where its watershed has considerable importance for the environmental sustainability of Northern Cyprus. There has been waste, vegetation, and other materials accumulated in the riverbed over many years of neglect, which led to thick vegetation growth and water pooling. This chapter examines the site in order to preserve its overall ecological health, facilitating the improvement of the communities in the future.
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