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Record of Delta dimidiatipenne (Saussure, 1852) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Eumeninae) From Barani Areas of Punjab Province of Pakistan

Abstract

Delta dimidiatipenne (Saussure, 1852) is recorded for the first time from barani areas of Punjab Province of Pakistan. A taxonomic note along with distribution from seven new localities in barani areas of Punjab is presented. The wasp is illustrated using micrographs which will help workers in Pakistan for identification in future. Host (prey) range of these wasps has also been given. workers in Pakistan for identification in future. Host (prey) range of these wasps has also been given.
Abstract.- Delta dimidiatipenne (Saussure, 1852) is recorded for the first
time from barani areas of Punjab Province of Pakistan. A taxonomic note
along with distribution from seven new localities in barani areas of Punjab
is presented. The wasp is illustrated using micrographs which will help
workers in Pakistan for identification in future. Host (prey) range of these
wasps has also been given.
Key words: Delta, dimidiatipenne, Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Punjab,
Pakistan
Genus Delta of Potter wasp is recognized with about 50 species and
many subspecies, distributed through-out the Old World, with one species
adventive in North America (Carpenter, 2008). It has been recorded from
neighboring countries of Pakistan like Afghanistan to Nepal
(Van der vecht and Fischer, 1972) and India with five species records
(Srinivasan and Kumar, 2010) including Delta dimidiatipenne (Saussure,
1852). This species belongs to subfamily Eumeninae of family Vespidae
(Hymenoptera). It has been reported from many parts of the world like
Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Hawaii, Hong Kong, Indonesia,
Malaysia, Moluccas Islands, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Sri Lanka,
Taiwan, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Tunisia, Canary Islands and
Vietnam (Van der vecht and Fischer, 1972; Lauterbach and Latsch
Lauterbach, 2007; Srinivasan and Kumar, 2010). It can be separated from
other species of the genus due to distinct characters like apical half of
second gastral tergite and whole of the remaining tergites
black; in female, clypeus and lower half of frons red (Srinivasan and
Kumar, 2010). This species has been reported for the first time in Barani
areas of Punjab Province of Pakistan. We have illustrated this species
with the help of micrographs along with its distribution in Punjab which
will help the future workers on these wasps in identification.
Materials and methods
A survey was conducted during 2009-2010 from barani areas of Punjab
Province of Pakistan. Adult wasps were collected from various weeds
grasslands, houses with the help of collection net. Wasp nests were also
taken to the laboratory and nests were observed for adult wasp
emergence. Nests were also broken in order to observe the larvae of the
prey of the wasps. Prey larvae were also identified. Wasps were killed in a
cyanide killing bottle. After setting and spreading the wasps on a Setting
board, pinning was done. Wasps were observed under Swift sm-80
binocular microscope. The illustrations were prepared using a Nikon
microscope (SMS-1500, with 30x 1-11.25x magnification). All the
studied specimens are deposited in the Department of Entomology, Pir
Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan. The
morphological terminology used in this paper follows Bingham (1897)
and Goulet and Huber (1993).
Delta dimidiatipenne (Saussure, 1852)
1852. Eumenes dimidiatipennis Saussure, Et. Fam. Vesp., Mon. Guep.
Sol.:51.Female, Male, Syntypes, Type locality Arabia (Djidda), The
East Indies (India), Egypt (MNHN).
1918. Delta dimidiatipenne (Saussure): Bequaert, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat.
Hist., 39: 59- 62.
Taxonomic note
Body 26 mm long, obscure dull red with following black markings:
vertex, extending to occiput usually at the apex of antennae, propleuron,
mesopleuron except two red patches, metapleuron except a red patch on
upper metapleuron, mesoscutum, base of petiole, apical half of second
tergite and whole of the remaining tergites. Antennal pedicle three times
shorter than flagellum. Longitudinal eye diameter is about 1.9 times the
tranverse eye diameter and 1.2 times the transfacial line. Ocelli forming a
broad triangle. Clypeus smooth, oval, convex, anterior margin transverse.
Tergite-1 about three times longer than wider. Propodeum about 1.2 times
wider than longer. Wings 22 mm long, three times longer than wider,
ferruginous, with apical half of forewing fuscous having a purple
refection .Metasoma smooth and shiny.
Male
Similar to female in general appearance except the clypeus and the
lower half of frons yellow, and smaller.
Material examined
Rawalpindi, 28.09.09, 4♀ and 2♂; Attock, 04.10.10, 4♀and 10♂;
Bakhar, 16-10-09, 3♀ and 8♂; Layyah, 21-10-10, 5♀ and 12♂;
Muzafargarh, 20-9-09, 2♀ and 14♂; Mianwali, 21-10-19, 5♀ and 10♂;
Islamabad, 04.10.09, 2♀.
Remarks
Specimens collected from Pakistan were compared with diagnostic
characters given by (Srinivasan and Kumar, 2010) and found to be
morphologically similar excepting negligible color variations.
Wasp of this species make nests of free mud cells attached a variety
of substrates like walls and roofs of houses, branches of trees and flowers.
They are active during October to November in various Districts of
Punjab. Mostly they are visiting various weed (unknown) during day
time. Nests were found to be filled by various larval instars of Pieris
brassicae and Helicoverpa armigera, seems most common prey of this
species. Wasps taken about one month to come out from their nests when
reared in a laboratory at ambient temperature.
Acknowledgements
We are thankful to Dr. Munir Ahmed, Lecturer, Department of
Entomology for providing us useful literature for identification purpose.
... Bingham [4] initiated the work on this important family in Indian subcontinent. various authors worked on this important family such as Chaudhry et al., [5], Das and Gupta [6 [8], Gusenleitner [9,10,11], Dvořák [12], al., [13,14,15], Mahmood et al., [16], al., [17], Shah [18], Faiz et al., [19] ...
... Abbottabad, Battagram, Balakot, Mansehra, Dir, Peshawar; Baluchistan: Noshkey; Azad Jummu and Kashmir: Bagh; Gilgit-Baltistan: Ghizer and Hunza [9], [13], [14], [16], [17], [19]. ...
... Bingham [4] initiated the work on this important family in Indian subcontinent. various authors worked on this important family such as Chaudhry et al., [5], Das and Gupta [6 [8], Gusenleitner [9,10,11], Dvořák [12], al., [13,14,15], Mahmood et al., [16], al., [17], Shah [18], Faiz et al., [19] Remarks: During this study A. argentatum is reported first time from Lower Dir: Timergara which is a new locality records for this species from Dir. Earlier, this species was reported from various localities of Pakistan such as from Federal Capital Area: Islamabad; Punjab: Attock, Chakwal, Jhelum and Rawalpindi; Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa: Abbottabad; Sindh: Thatta, (Halaji Lake); Gilgit-Baltistan: Ghizer and Skardu [5], [9], [10], [17], [19]. Remarks: Earlier this species was reported from Dir [16]. ...
... Abbottabad, Battagram, Balakot, Mansehra, Dir, Peshawar; Baluchistan: Noshkey; Azad Jummu and Kashmir: Bagh; Gilgit-Baltistan: Ghizer and Hunza [9], [13], [14], [16], [17], [19]. Remarks: During study this species was reported from Rabat (Lower Dir) and Sheringal (Upper Dir). ...
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