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Po stopách Němců ve východní Evropě. Česká republika, Slovensko, Maďarsko, Polsko, Rumunsko, bývalá Jugoslávie a Ukrajina



Natural conditions, political decisions, international or domestic conflicts and related border changes resulted in the emergence of various ethnic German groups living outside of Germany. Some of those German minorities have their own history since the Middle Ages, the others are rather a phenomenon of the present day. One of the general objectives of this publication is to identify and compare historical situation and current state of affairs of the German minorities in Central and Eastern European countries. Furthermore, the research was also focused on demography and issues related to national identity comprising the use of language, religion, habits or traditions. The core of the research was a qualitative survey the results of which were compared and supported by quantitative data. According to researchers, German minorities are often active and try to keep their national identity, even though their members live far away from their original Homeland. Despite all those efforts, anyway, there are areas with evident assimilation or emigration. Following chapters describe comprehensively state of the German minorities in Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, former Yugoslavia and Ukraine.
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... Although the culture, including food culture, in Central Europe is very diversified (McWilliams, 2011) both within and between countries, it is presumed that due to their geographical proximity and shared history, Germany and the Czech Republic are also considerably similar in their food culture and preferences (cf. Kokaisl et al., 2015). In addition, previous studies have found that German and Czech people show a remarkable resemblance to each other in their personality profiles (Hrebickova & Graf, 2014) and share a similar hedonic liking for certain food odours (Seo et al., 2011). ...
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This exploratory study investigates how consumer knowledge influences willingness to buy (WTB) insect food products. A comparative approach between Northern and Central Europe is adopted to explore whether consumer knowledge has different effects on WTB across cultural areas in Europe. The study analyses consumer survey data collected in Finland, Sweden, Germany, and the Czech Republic (N = 887) with structural equation modelling and multi-group models. The results suggest that the effects of distinct types of knowledge and food neophobia on WTB are mainly indirect and mediated by general attitudes, with these effects differing significantly between Northern and Central Europe. In Northern Europe, the consumers’ objective and subjective knowledge of insect food predict WTB as much as previous product-related experiences and food neophobia. In Central Europe, product-related experiences and food neophobia are superior predictors to subjective and objective knowledge. Moreover, consumers in Northern Europe generally have a more positive attitude towards insect food than consumers in Central Europe. Possible explanations for the regional differences are discussed, and implications are suggested on how the region-specific features should be regarded when developing consumer education and promotion strategies for insect food.
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