This introductory chapter is divided into four parts; and throughout, the chapter illuminates research into Text, Image, Interaction, Object, Music, and Colour. First, the chapter discusses a call for multimodal theory positioned in the year 2000. Subsequently, the chapter explicates immediate developments in multimodality between the years 2000 and 2001. Following this, the chapter exemplifies how a strong foundation for research in multimodality was laid during the very important years of 2002, 2003, and 2004. The chapter ends by discussing further developments in the years 2004 and 2005.