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Preface: It is with pleasure that I write a preface to the English version of this book, “The Black Sea, the Flood and Ancient Myths.” It was originally written in Bulgarian by the distinguished father and son team of oceanographers, Petko and Dimitar Dimitrovi, and it is a major contribution to our understanding of both human evolution and the recent geologic past. Its importance is emphasized by the authors’ insight into the mythology surrounding the Great Flood and the elegant convergence of the myth with scientific facts and observations which, as a totality, has provided these two eminent scientists with an insight into one of the greatest events of catastrophic proportions to befall mankind. The authors have provided a careful analysis of the mythology, archeological evidence and geological evidence, offering a compelling case for the existence of an early lake, its influence on the associated settlements that existed on the current shelf of the Black Sea, and the subsequent flooding of the Black Sea through the Bosphorous. This marine flooding is a fact and the sequence of events is well accepted. However, as with all advances in scientific knowledge, there are those who do not accept the proposition of THE FLOOD as promulgated in this dissertation. In any scientific endeavor, there are always some facts that can be disputed or challenged. However, it is the totality, the meshing of scientific evidence with mythology, that leads to the insight required for resolving problems raised by past events. Continued scientific study of the region will provide further evidence that the interpretations enunciated in this book are valid. This is the way of science, and it is clear to me that this book will serve as a guide and inspiration for many investigators to come. Non-technical readers will not be overwhelmed by the science contained in this book. It is concise and readable, and it is a wonderful story of scientific investigation illuminating the mysteries of the past. - Richard L. Thomas
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... The modern configuration and morphometric parameters of the Black Sea formed approximately 7600 years ago, when the connection between the Black Sea and the World Ocean was restored through the Bosporus Strait [3,4]. The main specific features of the Black Sea are due to the weak water exchange with the Mediterranean Sea, existence of hydrogen sulphide layer below depth of 150-200 m and a powerful river runoff. ...
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In this paper the main stages in the history of the Black Sea oceanography are briefly described from the middle ages to the present. It is shown that modern knowledge on the Black Sea and our understanding of hydrophysical and biochemical processes of this unique sea basin is reached as a result of hard research activity of a lot of researcher-oceanographers during last centuries. Significant attention is paid to the modern operative oceanography using modern data-computing technologies and satellite remote sensing methods.
... None of these studies reported any submerged prehistoric settlements. Dimitrov and Dimitrov (2004) reviewed underwater archaeological studies related to a 'Varna culture' that appeared near the present-day coast of Bulgaria around 5000 BC. Drowned settlements in Lakes Durankulak and Varna were dated to 5270 BC (Dimitrov and Dimitrov 2004, p. 49) by correlation with dated settlements on the lake shore. ...
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The continental shelf offshore of the Ukraine coast represents one of the largest areas of submerged landscape in the Black Sea, comparable to the extensive shelf areas of Northwest Europe. The general region has a long history of Palaeolithic occupation and numerous archaeological sites associated with the major river systems draining from the north, including many famous Palaeolithic settlements. The submerged landscape exposed during periods of low sea level would have offered an extensive and attractive extra increment of land. Underwater archaeological survey in the Black Sea has so far failed to produce convincing evidence of pre-Holocene sites, but the expectation that the Ukrainian shelf harbours Late Upper Palaeolithic sites is strengthened by the presence of occasional flint artefacts in sediment cores recovered from the shelf area during geological surveys. This chapter develops a predictive model for identifying target areas in the search for Late Palaeolithic sites on this submerged landscape. We focus on the Dniester-Kuyalnik region and analyse the location and distribution of on-land Late Palaeolithic sites in relation to the topographic and palaeoenvironmental features of their local surroundings to identify key determinants of site location. We then use the maps produced by the many hundreds of sediment sequences recovered by drilling and coring on the shelf, many radiometrically dated, to identify similar features on the submerged landscape. We also assess the likelihood of site preservation and visibility under different scenarios—rapid or gradual—of sea-level rise. A preliminary test of the model was attempted with remotely operated vehicles, video and acoustic equipment, but was terminated prematurely by logistic problems, and further investigation awaits improved funding.
... Петко Димитров, Dimitrov et. all, 2006), 2004г., 2006г. (Coolen et all, 2009), 2009 г. и 2011 г. са проведени поредица експедиции в Черно море с НИК "Академик". ...
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The most recent geological history of the Black Sea, which covers the last 25 thousand years, is a subject of special attention today. This interest is due mainly to the hypothesis we have launched about the early Holocene flood in the Black Sea. This hypothesis was a real shock to the scientific community. The idea of Noah’s Flood Theory (Black Sea deluge theory) was developed by Bulgarian scientist Petko Dimitrov in his publication “The Flooded ancient coastlines of the Black Sea”. UNION OF SCIENTISTS - VARNA, ISSN: 1314-3379, http://su-varna.org/izdanij/2017/Morski_nauki_2017.pdf
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This volume honors Eldridge Moores, one of the most accomplished geologists of his generation. The volume starts with a summary of Moores’ achievements, along with personal dedications and memories from people who knew him. Leading off the volume’s 12 chapters of original scientific contributions is Moores’ last published paper that presents an example of the Historical Contingency concept, which suggested that earlier subduction history may result in supra-subduction zone geochemical signatures for some magmas formed in non-subduction environments. Other chapters highlight the societal significance of geology, the petrogenesis of ophiolites, subduction zone processes, orogenic belt evolution, and other topics, covering the globe and intersecting with Moores’ interests and influences.
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Global Warming and other environmental hazards have conjured up among Bible readers an impending end-time apocalypse. Based on a previous paper offering three biblical eschatological scenarios (the Rainbow Model, the Nineveh Model and the Apocalypse Model), this paper expands on the three scenarios, giving more theological and, if any, historical background. While the Rainbow Model (Noah’s flood story) assumes that another worldwide destruction will never again take place and the Apocalypse Model (Jesus’ end-time expectation) assumes the ultimate end-time world annihilation, the Nineveh Model (Jonah’s doomsday message) assumes that the prospect of an envisioned end-time annihilation can be avoided through repentance and a change of behavior. For each scenario, this paper looks at possible historical roots and the theological intent. The result of the study suggests that each of the three narratives (Noah, Jesus, Jonah) is characterized by an inherent component of contingency, explicit or not, and that none of them is unequivocally unconditional. Each narrative assumes the basic tenet of God’s compassion and mercy in light of man’s willingness to change heart. Explicit or not, all biblical predictions entail contingencies that make it impossible for man to exactly predict the future. While the biblical covenants put man into a special relationship with God, God remains at all times sovereign and supreme to extend His mercy and compassion to whomever He wishes if and whenever man confesses his sins and changes his ways.
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There are drowning stories spread all over the world and they have always been regarded as fictional. Anyway, there are some local flood myths that actually may have been inspired by a precise geological event. Recent geoarchaeological and geological studies have demonstrated that in certain regions during the Holocene there was sea-level rise and flood myths show us that people were aware of environmental and landscape changes. This research proposes the analysis of drowning stories from Ancient Greece (the well-known Deucalion flood, and other flood stories geographically confined like the Dardanus and Cerambos ones) compared to ancient aboriginal stories of coastal drowning in Australia, in order to understand the capacities of resilience of coastal populations and the process that makes them keep the memory of hazardous events and to encode the information in stories that are part of the traditional heritage of oral-based societies. KEY WORDS: Environmental changes. Resilience. Geomythology. History. Flood Myths
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Full-text available
The most recent geological history of the Black Sea, which covers the last 25 thousand years, is a subject of special attention today. This interest is due mainly to the hypothesis we have launched about the early Holocene flood in the Black Sea. This hypothesis was a real shock to the scientific community. The idea of Noah’s Flood Theory (Black Sea deluge theory) was developed by Bulgarian scientist Petko Dimitrov in his publication “The Flooded ancient coastlines in Black Sea”., ISSN: 2367-5721
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Напоследък, все по-често библейските сказания са обект на изключителното внимание на учените. Отделни фрагменти и детайли от тези писания намират потвърждение с научни факти, което свидетелствува за тяхната достоверност.
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