In the field of structural engineering the design of cost efficient structures is highly important. This led to the development of cold-formed steel structures (CFS). An advanced CFS structure is introduced in this paper, which uses a special type of polystyrene aggregate concrete (PAC) as bracing material. This material has beneficial insulating and fire protection properties, which makes it a reasonable choice for residential buildings. An experimental programme was performed, to gain information on the flexural and axial behaviour of PAC-encased CFS elements and panels. Both unbraced and braced members were tested to gain information on increment of load-bearing capacity. Several different element sizes were used to be able to investigate the different stability failure modes (i.e. local, distortional and global). Results showed that PAC was able to restrain the global and distortional buckling modes of steel elements, thus providing "full bracing" in most practical cases. These results are introduced in two papers (Part I and II), detailing the failure modes, load increments and the effect of composite action. In this paper - Part II - the background and the results of compression tests are presented, and the bending experiments are detailed in Part I .