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Ocular morbidity pattern of an urban population of Meerut.

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... Our study findings are similar to the findings of a study by Agrawal et al conducted in urban Meerut where 86.4% participants had refractive errors. 4 The high prevalence of hypermetropia in our study compared to that found by similar such studies by Haq et al 5 could be due to a higher prevalence of cataract found in our study. There are several studies done in India which have reported a high prevalence of hypermetropia after the 5th decade of life, 6,7 which correlate with the findings of our study. ...
... Similar results (0.4%) were found by Agarwal et al in their study. 4 However this value is much lower than that found in a study by Baldev et al 10 in Northern India (30.5%). This shows greater level of awareness about ocular injuries and their prevention in the urban Goan community, as well as ...
... Previous literature supports ocular morbidity to be associated with the sex (F > M), occupation, literacy rate, socio economic status, marital status and caste of the individuals. [12] Female gender has been reported as a barrier to cataract surgery uptake in a number of blindness prevention programs in middle-and lowincome countries (LMICs), and specific strategies have been recommended to deal with this gender inequity. [13] The reverse gender inequity in our patients is, therefore, interesting and noteworthy. ...
Article
Background: Family physicians (FPs) encounter numerous patients who need eye care services. For providing eye care services at the primary level, they need to be abreast with the common disorders, their management and appropriate referral. Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the socio-demographic and ocular morbidity profile of the beneficiaries, seasonal pattern of few ocular disorders and to find the proportion of blindness that is avoidable at the primary level. Methodology: Study was conducted in 25 vision centers across Delhi. Chart review was done in each center and retrospective data of previous 4 years was analyzed. Socio-demographic, ocular morbidity profile and trend of selected diseases was deducted and causes of blindness were determined. Results: Around 62.76% of patients were women and 78.26% were new patients. A seasonal peak of conjunctivitis was observed during the spring season. The common conditions detected by optometrists were refractive errors (34.68%), presbyopia (14.15%), cataract (14.02%), conjunctivitis (9.84%) and diseases of ocular adnexa (1.35%). In the age group ≥50 years, the proportion of patients who were blind was 2.5%, 39.0% had VI. The proportion of VI patients in all the categories was higher in women as compared to men. In patients ages ≥50 years, 81.4% of the blindness was avoidable. Conclusions: Women outnumbered men in availing services at the center and the proportion of visual impairment was also higher in them. The major causes of blindness in the older population were cataract and corneal-opacity, and it is avoidable by strengthening primary eye care services by FPs.
... In India, it is known that one out of every four persons in the country suffers from an eye problem at some point in time. [1] Many studies on ocular morbidity have shown that blindness and vision impairment remain major public health problems that need to be addressed globally. [2][3][4] Blinding eye diseases such as cataract, trachoma, glaucoma, and retinal disease have been prioritized by the Word Health Organization in Vision 2020. ...
... The commonest ocular disorder seen was refractive error which presented in 77.9% of participants, followed by allergic conjunctivitis 17.3% A few studies done in our region have reported Cataract, uncorrected refractive error [5], Glaucoma, allergic conjunctivitis [13], Refractive error, cataract [16,17], cataract, refractive error [18]. It is noteworthy that refractive error appears in most of the studies as a common cause of ocular morbidity except in the study by Osuji (3) where glaucoma was the commonest ocular disorder followed by cataract and pterygium. ...
... The commonest ocular disorder seen was refractive error which presented in 77.9% of participants, followed by allergic conjunctivitis 17.3% A few studies done in our region have reported Cataract, uncorrected refractive error [5], Glaucoma, allergic conjunctivitis [13], Refractive error, cataract [16,17], cataract, refractive error [18]. It is noteworthy that refractive error appears in most of the studies as a common cause of ocular morbidity except in the study by Osuji (3) where glaucoma was the commonest ocular disorder followed by cataract and pterygium. ...
... However, Agrawal et al. 19 found the prevalence of ocular morbidity to be 53.0% which is higher than the present study. ...
... An estimate reveals that globally 153 million people are blind or visually impaired due to uncorrected distance refractive error [6]. Indian study conducted in Meerut shows that 45.8% of morbidity is due to uncorrected refractive error out of which 66.7%, 59.8% and 61.3% morbidity was found in non-skilled, semi-skilled and skilled workers respectively [7]. ...
Article
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Introduction The sense of vision is the most important in human beings who help in performing various activities like daily tasks, job and recreational activities. Eighty percent of the sensory information provided to the brain is through the sense of vision. Our eyes interact with the surrounding environment in more than a million ways each second establishing a strong association between brain and the surrounding environment [1]. If vision gets impaired due to uncorrected refractive error which can result in potentially deliberating and can affect the individuals' opportunities in education and employment which can be easily corrected by a pair of spectacles [2]? Recent studies indicate that only 20% of the developing country population has access to spectacles [3-5]. An estimate reveals that globally 153 million people are blind or visually impaired due to uncorrected distance refractive error [6]. Indian study conducted in Meerut shows that 45.8% of morbidity is due to uncorrected refractive error out of which 66.7%, 59.8% and 61.3% morbidity was found in non-skilled, semiskilled and skilled workers respectively [7]. After refractive error, World Health Organization recognized that presbyopia had a negative consequence on productivity and quality of life of affected individuals with an estimate of 1.04 billion people worldwide who needs correction and 49% of them have either no or inadequate correction due to which 410 million of them are prevented from performing near tasks JOJ Ophthal 5(3): JOJO.MS.ID.555662 (2017) 001 Abstract Background: Vision is a great sensory gift of God which if gets enhanced due to a pair of spectacles, can improve our interaction with the family, workplace, surroundings and the society as a whole. In this study, we are trying to assess the effect of spectacle correction on the job performance of a worker. The purpose is to try and obtain an evident relation which can easily motivate working population to improve the spectacle acceptability and to decrease the social stigma of not wearing a spectacle in their workplace and in society.
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