World population will be approximately 9 billion by the year 2050. Additional area required to feed this population using available technologies equals to the size of Brazil. Because of the decrease in agricultural lands that will nourish people, the crop losses caused by emerging new pests and diseases, climate change and environmental pollution, the development of alternative agricultural systems in order for the production needed to be made to feed people has become compulsory. Therefore, 'Vertical Farming Systems' which is one of the agricultural systems where the yield (harvest) to be received from the unit area is high, is progressing on the way to becoming an agricultural system that will rapidly develop in the future. However, for sustainable production and energy in this system engineering, architecture, technology and experiences are needed to be used all together. Thus, in this agricultural system, with advanced technology, production made in an area of 4000-30 000 m2 is being achieved in an area of 1000 m2; the risk of crop loss dependent on conditions like aridity, floods, pests and disease, etc. is eliminated. By virtue of the utilisation of renewable energy resources (solar, wind, etc.), environmental pollution and fossil fuel consumption decrease. Due to multiplex buildings and systems, it is enabled to carry out agriculture in the city center and healthy products are provided in the sense of food safety.