Structural and ecological characteristics of private Teak plantations in the Atlantic Department, South Benin, were studied according to the synusial approach of phytosociology in order to contribute to the sustainable management of the plantations. The study of dendrometric characteristics of Teak plantations was done by establishing two temporal plots, each of 1 are. In each plot, the stem girth of the trees and the total height of three mean trees were measured. A total of 99 vegetal synusias has been described, then combined into 18 phytocoenoses. Ecological characteristics are also studied.