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Abstract

It is shown that coherent electrodynamics of water molecules produces extended regions where the chemical activity of bio-molecules is governed in a selective way by a code based on frequency resonance. Coherence Domains of water act as devices able to collect low-grade energy in the environment and to transform it into high-grade energy able to produce electronic excitations. Water is the most important constituent of all living organisms (70% of the total mass and 99% of all molecules). Other biomolecules, proteins, fats, sugars, vitamins, salts, which are usually considered the only molecules playing a remarkable role in molecular biology, make up only 1% of the total. So, biological activity is assumed to involve 1% of all molecules only. What is the role of water then? Is it possible that 99% of all biomolecules are necessary only as a solvent whereas the "really essential" biomolecules enact all productive activity? The driving and regulatory role of water in governing the biochemical activity has begun to be recognized in recent times (Voeikov, 2007). In order to unravel this puzzle, we should take another enigma, which is the existence of biochemical codes (Barbieri, 2004), into account. Apart from the living matter or more generally far from catalysts, molecules are usually subjected to a polygamous regime; each biomolecule can interact with many others, thus producing a great number of reactions. In living matter, instead, biomolecules live inside each particular biochemical cycle in a monogamous condition (at least within definite time intervals), i.e. a biomolecule interacts only with well-defined partners and ignores the other biomolecules, with which interaction would be possible in empty space. Living matter therefore produces a "context" capable of preventing a great number of chemical interactions, which would theoretically be possible. The possibility of molecular interactions is governed by biochemical codes (the genetic code is the most widely known among them), to which particular biological processes correspond. Within the world of biomolecules, there are thus the prerequisites for communication. Indeed, biochemical cycles are open and capable of reacting against new influences. In this way all the codes build up and adopt flexible features, which are typical of a language. The emergence of these biochemical codes from the dynamics of matter is undoubtedly the main problem of biology.
... Ordered water layers can be formed at a plasma membrane, at the layer of H + ions around mitochondria, and at charged surfaces of macromolecules. A theoretical model describes water ordering in terms of electronic excitation, i.e., coherent oscillations and vortexing of electrons in molecules [49,50]. Electrons in water molecules are supposed to coherently oscillate between a fundamental state with strongly bound electrons (where the energy to expel an electron amounts to 12.60 eV) and the excited state with weekly bound electrons (where the expel energy is about 0.54 eV). ...
... Dependence of the intensity of the electric field in the ordered water layer on pH can affect electromagnetic activity in cells [51]. For pH > pH0, the ordered water has a high tendency to release electrons [49]. The electrons are transported into cytosol and form a conductive environment which can strongly damp the electromagnetic activity of the cell [47,[52][53][54][55]. ...
... Dependence of the intensity of the electric field in the ordered water layer on pH can affect electromagnetic activity in cells [51]. For pH > pH 0 , the ordered water has a high tendency to release electrons [49]. The electrons are transported into cytosol and form a conductive environment which can strongly damp the electromagnetic activity of the cell [47,[52][53][54][55]. ...
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Cancer can be initiated in a cell or a fibroblast by the short-circuiting of the cellular electromagnetic field by various fibers, parasitic energy consumption, virus infections, and mitochondrial defects, leading to a damped cellular electromagnetic field. Except short-circuiting (e.g., by asbestos fibers), the central process is mitochondrial dysfunction in cancer cells (the Warburg effect) or in fibroblasts associated with a cancer cell (the reverse Warburg effect), critically lowered respiration, reversed polarity of the ordered water layers around mitochondria emitting electrons, and damped electromagnetic activity of the affected cells. Frequency and power changes of the generated electromagnetic field result in broken communication between cells and possibly in reduced control over chemical reactions, with an increased probability of random genome mutations. An interdisciplinary framework of phenomena related to cancer development is presented, with special attention to the causes and consequences of disturbed cellular electromagnetic activity. Our framework extends the current knowledge on carcinogenesis, to clarify yet unexplained phenomena leading to genome mutation and cancer initiation.
... One of the widely accepted theories about the generation of electromagnetic waves is the membrane potential changes theory, i.e., is the polarization and depolarization or neuron firing [33]. This is not a single theory but there are multiple theories that are linked to membrane to understand the wave emission [34][35][36]. ...
... The change of water structure into ions like H 5 O 2 + and H 3 O 2 make tend the medium toward more polarizability which could be possible for metastable dynamic states formation [59]. The analysis of the water-ion macromolecule system in membrane structures shows that cellular water exists in a physical state sufficiently ordered to exclude solutes [34,60]. The evidence for this comes from a cooperative interaction between the majorities of ion-absorbing sites that replace K + by Na + ions. ...
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An interesting field of biophysics dealing with the electromagnetic waves emission correlating emphasis on the effect of darkness on an organism to organism communication. Multiple theories established narrating the production of electromagnetic waves within an organism by several means like the change in membrane potential, DNA excitation and relaxation, change in amino acids, the formation of water ions and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Darkness favorably provides the basis of generation, amplification, and reception of bio-electromagnetic waves that is disturbed in the light. One of the active key players involved in these waves generation is melatonin, produced by the pineal gland of the brain, controls the intensity and frequency of wave emission. Melatonin is captive in maintaining the suitable conditions for a proper bio-communication by activating and regulating the number of molecules and signaling cascades in the cells. The propagated bio-electromagnetic waves are then receipted by the bio-organism interested in communication and these waves target the cellular, subcellular machinery, and molecular level cascades of the recipient. Talking about that, these emitted waves target similar biomolecules of the receiver and creating an environment for proper communication. Different epigenetic factors like aiding food and effect of moon cycle (lunar cycle) can also contribute in bio-communication, therefore, crucially examined. The changes that a body undergoes with this conceiving like molecular pathways involved, metabolic chemistry changes can be taken into account through photo-proteins (e.g. some types of cytochromes) and quantum bioinformatics bases. The appliance of study could be a major quantum leap in the era where the need of electromagnetic devices could be minimized and a breaking dawn towards a new horizon.
... Water is the essential component required for all living things to maintain their vital functions (Del Giudice et al., 2009). Every year it is becoming more difficult for human beings to obtain clean water due to the increasing world population, pollution of water resources and climate change resulting from accelerating global warming. ...
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Accurate calculation of evapotranspiration (ET) for all crops plays an important role. This study was conducted to determine the most accurate reference evapotranspiration (ETr) estimation model for arid climatic conditions using the decision support system (DSS) program for alfalfa plants in south-east Anatolia, Turkey, in 2019 and 2020. The evapotranspiration of 12 mathematical models (ETr-m) and the evapotranspiration of a lysimeter (ETr-l) were used to estimate ETr. In 2 experimental years, 1133 and 1270 mm of irrigation water were applied to alfalfa plants, respectively. The actual total ET was calculated as 1288 and 1294 mm in 2019 and 2020, respectively. The root mean square error (RMSE), mean absolute error (MAE), ETr-m/ETr-l, and index of agreement (d) were calculated separately for each mathematical model. The RMSE, MAE, ETr-m/ETr-l and d values for the mathematical models had a range of 1.25–3.57 mm day 1, 0.91– 1.98 mm day 1, 0.64–1.04 and 0.56–0.94, respectively. According to the results of the regression analysis with the RMSE, MAE, ETr/ETr-m and d values obtained from the models, the Businger–Van Bavel model was the most accurate prediction model. The others were the FAO PPP-17 Penman and the 1982 Kimberly Penman models, respectively.
... For instance, the presence of a thick layer of organized water around biomolecules (that can be reach the thickness of 2.5nm) can play a decisive role both to amplify the biomolecules electric dipole and to reduce the vibrational energy dissipations of the biomolecule. In this context, further research should address also the fascinating theory proposed by G. Preparata and E. Del Giudice in QED framework on the possibility to induce coherence domains in water (see for instance[ABGP95,DGP98,Apo09,DGET09]). ...
Thesis
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... A living cell consists primarily of water [1][2][3]. This watery matter, the living cell, performs biological functions and exhibits unique characteristics. ...
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... Consequently, aqueous systems, such as those enfolded in living organisms, could play an additional role in modulating biological functions by producing dissipative structures at ambient conditions ( Marchettini et al., 2010;Taschin et al., 2013;Yinnon and Yinnon, 2009), and providing a suitable basis for processing, storing and retrieving information mediated by electromagnetic signals ( ). Furthermore, when any pattern of electromagnetic signals (both endogenous and exogenous) became resonant with some of the coherent domains of water, they can induce a dipole moments re-tuning inducing them to oscillate coherently with each other begetting a new phase correlation qualified as super-coherent ( Del Giudice et al., 2009). Therefore, external patterns of electromagnetic signals can be stored, translated and transferred by the water structure of the aqueous system to selective biological targets, thereby modulating their activity at both the cellular and systemic levels ( Jerman et al., 1996), yielding some local and nonlocal effects at once. ...
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