During the nineties and the beginning of the following decade, unemployment spread in Argentina involving even part of the population that had been relatively alien to that phenomenon, such as higher education graduates, traditionally characterized as "petty bourgeoisie" or "middle class". Although since then unemployment has decreased, have these unemployed graduates been inserted in jobs ... [Show full abstract] related to intellectual functions for which they were trained? Or has an "available contingent" been created which, although not manifested in the form of open unemployment, can be considered as a "mass of reserve" for performing those functions? What consequences does the appearance of this phenomenon have in terms of the social position of these groups? These are the questions that guide this paper, in which the occupational insertion of the active urban highly educated population is compared through the last years, based on information obtained from census sources and available official statistics.