Article

Reflexiones sobre la investigación en archivos de empresa a través del Archivo de Sociedad Anónima Hullera Vasco-Leonesa

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Abstract

The company is a historical subject where many relations are developed, what explain their impact in the environment from an economic and social point of view. The company file, being the faithful reflect of the memory of the organization, offers manifold possibilities for research, beyond the economic facet of the classic studies. The article analyzes several record series of the Vasco-Leonesa Coal Mine Archive, interesting for the studies developed from the optics of history or the anthropology and from the optics of political history, to conclude that the company Archive accumulates a patrimony on professional knowledge, cultures, values and moral values as well.

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La organización de los archivos empresariales como centros de investigación histórica se ha desarrollado en España durante los últimos cuarenta años, aunque de forma tardía con respecto a otros países y circunscribiéndose fundamentalmente a empresas de gran tamaño en un limitado número de sectores económicos. En este artículo se pretende mostrar qué tipo de fuentes puede encontrar el investigador en los archivos de las cooperativas agrarias, su utilidad para el estudio histórico, estado de conservación, principales problemas y posibilidades de consulta. La conclusión es que estos archivos son ricos documentalmente pero presentan una serie de problemas muy acentuados, como el riesgo de desaparición, la escasa concienciación de los órganos directivos sobre su importancia, la inexistencia de espacios de almacenamiento adecuados, la falta de personal especializado o de medios informáticos de catalogación y las dificultades de acceso para el investigador. In Spain, business archives have only become places of historical research during the last forty years, somewhat belatedly compared to other countries, and only in some economic sectors. This article is intended to show the kind of sources that researchers can find in the archives of agricultural co-operatives, their usefulness for historical research, state of conservation, main problems and opportunities for consultation. The conclusion is that these archives contain a wealth of documentation but at the same time present a series of considerable problems such as the risk of destruction, low awareness of their importance among the management, the lack of adequate storage space, skilled staff or computerised cataloguing facilities, and difficulties of access for researchers.
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