DataPDF Available
Source Industry Intervention Time period
Mfg. Heavy Redesign, participatory 5 years
http://www.apa.org/ppo/issues/sergofact.html http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
Mfg. Electronics
Workstations, lifting equip., scissor lifts, job enlargement
3 years
Meat processing Redesigned knife
Logging Truck cab redesign
Military Mission kit redesign
Mfg. Heavy Redesign material handling
Mfg. heavy Redesign material handling & storage
Mfg. Heavy Redesign manipulator cabin
Food service Participatory, food stand modification
Assembly Video monitor as magnifier
Mfg. Light
Program, chairs, workstation redesign, process improvements
7 years
Mfg. (6 companies) Training, participatory 1.5 years
Transportation Equipment and storage redesign 4 years
Mfg. Electronics Shipping dept. packaging job aid 2 years
Petroleum dist.
Macroergo, participatory, tool & equipment changes, training
4 years
Mfg. Light
Macroergo, participatory, equipment changes, design, TQM
.
Warehousing Pallet lift
http://www.occupationalhazards.com/Issue/Article/36853/Add_Value_with_a_Comprehensive_Approach_to_Ergonomics.aspx
Mfg. Carts at waist height
http://www.occupationalhazards.com/Issue/Article/36853/Add_Value_with_a_Comprehensive_Approach_to_Ergonomics.aspx
Mfg. Heavy Program 1 year
Mfg. Electronics
Program, Kaizen, workstations, design, involvement
.
Mfg. Beverage Layer picker
Meat processing Program, job rotation, engineering changes
Nursing home Program, involvement, lift equipment
Meat processing Knife redesing, automation, breaks 10 years
Nursing homes (103) Zero-lift, lift assists
Nursing homes (UK) No lift policy, lift assists
Mfg. Electronics Workstations, equip. redesign
Nursing homes Low lift, lift assists
Mfg. Paper
Program, involvement, workstation and process redesign
7 years
Warehousing Participatory, equip., work with suppliers
Military
Vacuum lift, mats, AV gloves, keyboard trays
1 year
Military Work positioners (creepers)
Military Lift/rotate fixture
Military Fixture, AV tools 10 years
Military Equipment replaces manual process 10 years
Military Transportation, auto tarping 10 years
Military Automated maintenance equipment 10 years
Military
Transportation, repair, low vibration tools, workstations
.
Military Equipment, redesign
Mfg. Luggage Program, involvement 6 years
GAO/HEHS-97-163, 1997 Mfg. Electronics
Program, involvement, engineering changes, job rotation
4 years
GAO/HEHS-97-163, 1997 Mfg. Heavy Program, involvement, engineering changes 4 years
GAO/HEHS-97-163, 1997 Nursing home
Program, involvement, lift assists, laundry bins, design, purchasing
3 years
GAO/HEHS-97-163, 1997 Mfg. Electronics
Program, involvement, engineering controls, workstation, task redesign
5 years
Ohio BWC grant program Nursing homes (27) Floor lifts 0.82 years
Ohio BWC grant program Nursing homes (11) Ceiling lifts 0.39 years
Ohio BWC grant program Nursing home Geri-chairs
http://www.apa.org/ppo/issues/sergofact.html http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
http://www.danmacleod.com/Cost-Benefit%20Analysis%20of%20a%20Pallet%20Lift.doc
http://www.occupationalhazards.com/Issue/Article/35819/Ergonomics_and_Manufacturing_Excellence.aspx
http://www.doli.state.mn.us/fourthmeetingminutes.html
http://www.doli.state.mn.us/fourthmeetingminutes.html
http://www.doli.state.mn.us/fourthmeetingminutes.html
http://www.doli.state.mn.us/thirdmeetingminutes.html
http://www.doli.state.mn.us/secondtmeetingminutes.html
http://w3.rn.com/news_features.asp?articleID=10820
http://www.doli.state.mn.us/fifthmeetingminutes.html
http://www.doli.state.mn.us/fifthmeetingminutes.html
http://www.danmacleod.com/Articles/CostBenefits.htm
http://www.cirano.qc.ca/pdf/publication/95s-38.pdf
http://chppm-www.apgea.army.mil/ergowg/conference/conf_agenda.asp
http://chppm-www.apgea.army.mil/ergowg/conference/conf_agenda.asp
http://chppm-www.apgea.army.mil/ergowg/conference/conf_agenda.asp
http://www.ergoworkinggroup.org/ewgweb/SubPages/AboutUs/Conference2003.htm
http://www.ergoworkinggroup.org/ewgweb/SubPages/AboutUs/Conference2003.htm
http://chppm-www.apgea.army.mil/ergowg/conference/conf_agenda.asp
http://chppm-www.apgea.army.mil/ergowg/conference/conf_agenda.asp
http://www.ergoworkinggroup.org/ewgweb/SubPages/ProgramTools/Publications/PDFnewsletters/2003NewsPDF/issue11.pdf
http://www.af.mil/stories/story.asp?storyID=123005843
http://www.tifaq.com/information/archive/osha-effective_practices-ergonomics-jun98.txt
Ohio BWC grant program Nursing homes (8) Hi-Lo beds
Ohio BWC grant program Nursing home Bathing system
Ohio BWC grant program Nursing homes Various equipment 0.82 years
Ohio BWC grant program Nursing home Electric beds, lift assist 0.58 years
Ohio BWC grant program Nursing home
Zero-lift, lift assists, electric beds, bath system
1.5 years
Ohio BWC grant program Nursing home Lift assists 1 year
Ohio BWC grant program Construction (7) Lift assists, aids, transport equip. 0.63 years
Ohio BWC grant program Construction (3) Powered dollies 1.09 years
Ohio BWC grant program Construction Continuous height scaffolding 1.09 years
Ohio BWC grant program Construction (3) Skid steers and attachments 0.82 years
Ohio BWC grant program Construction Ride on laser screed 0.62 years
Ohio BWC grant program Construction (30) Various equipment
Ohio BWC grant program Construction Skid steers and attachments 0.83 years
Ohio BWC grant program Construction Lift gates for dump trucks 0.58 years
Ohio BWC grant program Construction Material lift, walkthrough scaffolding 1.08 years
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg.(65) Lift assists, aids, transport equip. 0.59 years
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg. (3) Stretch wrap machine
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg. (2) Ergo power hand tools 0.82 years
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg. (9) Workstation design 0.68 years
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg. (24) Automated palletizers, packers, CNC 0.59 years
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg. (16) Semi-automated machinery 0.63 years
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg. (208) Various equipment 0.6 years
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg., heavy Tilt stands, anti-fatigue mats 0.58 years
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg., heavy
Shear with stacker, conveyor, automatic clamp
1 year
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg. Semi-automated machinery 1.5 years
Ohio BWC grant program School districts (3) Pneumatic bus door openers
Ohio BWC grant program School district Desk moving equipment
Ohio BWC grant program Public employers (20) Lifting aids for field work
Ohio BWC grant program Public employers (2) Lift gates for trucks 0.79 years
Ohio BWC grant program Public employers (35) Various ergo design 0.55 years
Ohio BWC grant program Public employer
Cranes, new jackhammers, lift gates, winches
0.5 years
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg.
Screwfeeding systems, screw guns, tool arms.
.
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg., plastics Bulk handling systems
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg., plastics (4) Lift assist devices
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg., plastics (5) Workstation redesign
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg. Plastics Barrel handling hoist
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg., plastics (17) Various ergo interventions 0.44 years
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg., plastics Automated mixer, extruder
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg., plastics Platforms, hoist 0.12 years
Ohio BWC grant program Mfg., plastics Deflashing fixtures, adjustale height tables 0.92
Rodrigues, C.C. (2001). Mfg. Automatic palletizer 10 years
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/goldkist.html
Poultry processing
Program, knife sharpening, design, participatory
10 years
Poultry processing Workstations, tank tilters
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/taylor.html
Beef processing Program
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/georgia.html
Mfg., wood products
Involvement, workstation changes, automation
.
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/furniture.html
Mfg., furniture
Program, involvement, equip., tools, lifts, workstations
.
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/spring_window4.html
Mfg. Assemlby tables, mats, footrests 5 years
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/spring_window.html
Mfg. Box handling system
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/quadgraphics.html
Printing Program, involvement, engineering
Stuart-Buttle, C. (1994)
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/intel.html
Mfg., computers and chips
Program, involvement, tool & process improvement
.
Mfg., computers Workstations, chairs, equipment 10 years
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/duracell.html
Mfg.
Program, involvement, workstation and process redesign, automation, mats, rotation, chairs
.
Transit Involvement, seats
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/colby.html
College
Program, involvement, lift assists, workstation adjustments
3 years
Parenmark, G, et al., 1993 Mfg.
Program, training, work organization, factory re-design, job enlargement
1 year
Shi, L, 1993 Public employer
Training, material handling equipment, facility improvements
Helander, M. G. & Burri, G. J., 1995
Mfg. Electronics
Systems approach, training, task allocation, workstation redesign
12 years
Garg, A. & Owen, B. D., 1992
Healthcare Patient transfer devices 3.5 years
Narayan, M. & Rudolph, L., 1993
Assembly
Workstation redesign, adjustable chairs and footrests, fixtures to hold parts
1 year
Riley, et al., 1994 Meat processing
Program, participatory, workstation redesign, conveyor redesign, work pactices, mechanical assists
2 years
Smith, M. J., 1994 Food processing
Program, participatory, education, work methods, automation, work flow redesign, improved storage, rotation, job enlargement
1 year
Village et al, 1994. Mfg., wood products Program, participatory, systematic approach 3 years
Oxenburgh, M.,1990 Packaging Gravity feed rollers
Oxenburgh, M., 1991 Food service Redesigned work process, lighter plates
Oxenburgh, M. 1990 Mfg., electronics Workstation redesign
Oxenburgh, M., 1991 Meat processing
Garg, A., 1997 Hospital Zero lift program
Garg, A., 1999 Hospital Zero lift program
Holland, T. H., 1991 Mfg. 6 years
Ridyard, D. T. & Hathaway, J., 2000
Mfg. Beverage
Program, participatory, education, medical management, restricted duty, administrative changes only
Spilling, S., Eitrheim, J & Aaras, A., 1990
Mfg. Electronics Redesign workstations, sit-to-stand
Murphy, D., 1992 Meat processing Mechanical deboner
Hospital Employee Health, July, 1995
Hospital Lift assists, slide boards, transfer belts 1 year
Nickasch, S., 1994 Mfg. Sewing Adjustable workstations, chairs 2 years
Garg, A. & Owen, B., 1996
Nursing home Patient transfer devices
Mfg.
Reduce weight of product, automated material handling, turntables
8 years
Oxenburgh, M., 1991 Mfg. Wood products Block turner and stacker
Akzo Coatings, Inc, 1996 Mfg.
Work process redesign, material handling equip.
2 years
Gauf, M., 1995 Mfg.
Involvement, redesigned product, new tooling
.
Elie, J., 1996 Unknown Adjustable workstations, reduced repetition
Brigham, C.J., 1994 Hospital Roller boards, team lifting 1.5 years
Hazzard, L., et al., 1992 Unknown Workstation redesign, rotation 1 year
Charney, W., et al., 1991 Hospital Lift teams, lift assists 2 years
Murphy, D., 1992 Meat processing Automation,semi-automation 1 year
Piegorsch, K., 1994 Upholstery Revised production process
Amey, D., 1992 Poultry processing Automation
Brown, S., 1993 Poultry processing Adjustable workstations
Gauf, M., 1995 Hospital Program, lift assists 5 years
Gauf, M., 1995 Hospital
Laundry work process redesign, maintenance
5 years
Wheal, C., 1992 Mfg. Heavy Smaller boxes, lift assists
Oxenburgh, M., 1991 Refuse collection Automated garbage pick up
La Bar, G., 1992 Assembly Articulating arms, lift assists 3 years
Bureau of National Affairs, 1990
Unknown Workstations, chairs
Burdorf, A. & Van Duuren, L., 1993
Mfg. Wood products Platforms, roller tables
Cook, R.E. & Marcotte, A.J., 1990
Mfg. Raised conveyor, automated stacking
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/sun.html
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/transit.html
Occupational Safety and Health Reporter, 1991
Oxenburgh, M., 1991 Mfg. Heavy Parts finished on wheel 2 years
Oxenburgh, M., 1991 Mfg. Wood products
Automated board feeding, separating, stacking, forklift to transfer
2 years
Bone, J., 1993 Refinery
Hoists, platforms, adjustable height carts,valve stem location
3 years
Rhone-Poulenc Rorer, 1994
Pharmaceuticals Lift assists, conveyors, lighter materials
Oxenburgh, M., 1991 Food mfg. Redesigned packing process
Wick, J.L., Morency, R., Waite, J., & Schwanda, V., 1990
Mfg. Sewing
Tilt stands, machine tilted, arm rests, workstation
.
Oxenburgh, M., 1991 Paper processing Scissor lift, rollers 3 years
Wick. J. L., 1985 Mfg., chemical Platform, conveyors
Fischer, J. F. & Wick, J. L., 1991
Mfg., electronics Workstation and process redesign
Gengel, S., et al., 1991 Unknown Parts fixture, workstation adjustment
M&M Protection Consultants, 1996
Meat processing
Work process redesign, material handling equip.
1 year
Brevillier Nursing Home Correspondence, 1996
Nursing home Lift assists 3 years
Don Estabrook, d'Youville Pavilion, 1996
Nursing home Lift assists
Caterpillar Inc., 1992 Mfg., heavy
Stack heights, fixture heights, robotic welders, workstation and chair heights, tool design
2 years
Wyatt, R., et al., 1995 Nursing home Lift assists
Perdue Farms, 1996 Poultry processing Program, engineering controls 4 years
Gauf, M., 1995 Grocery stores Checkstands redesigned, more adjustable
Oxenburgh, M., 1991 Meat processing Redesigned workstation and knife
Oxenburgh, M., 1991 Mfg. Electronics Hoist to move panels
Steele, S., et al., 1990 Mfg. Redesigned workstation and tools
Material Handling Engineering, 1994
Shipping Pallet positioner with turntable
Material Handling Engineering, 1988
Shipping Lift table, cart
CTD News, January 1996 Mfg. Shot blaster to debur parts
Ridyard, D.T., 1990 Mfg. Chemicals
Pallet turntables, drum dumpers, powered hand trucks, reduced product weight.
3 years
Mandleker, J., 1993 Unknown
Redesigned workstations ,added lifting devices
2 years
Hayes, T. J., 1990 Medical products
Redesigned workstations, tilted totes, footrests
.
McCasland, L. J., 1992 Meat processing Cart to move product
OSHA, November 1996 Mfg. Clothing Adjustable machines 0.4 years
Ferris, F., 1992 Printing Spring loaded table 1 year
Brigham, C.J., 1994 Hospital Patient air lift devices 2 years
Riley, M., et al., 1994 Meat processing Task redesign
Garry, M., 1993 Grocery stores Semi-automated meat wrappers, new knives 1 year
Fefer, M D., 1994 Mfg. Sewing Fabric pullers, adjustable chairs, equipment
OSHA, November 1996 Auto glass Height and tilt adjustable workstations
Healthcare No lift policy 1 year
Healthcare Program, lift assists 3 years
Nursing home Ceiling lifts 1.7 years
OSHA, November 2000 Bakery
Modified tools, involvement, work practices, workstations
.
OSHA, November 2000 Nursing home No single person lift policy, lift assists
OSHA, November 2000 Mfg., mattress Hand trucks, lift systems, involvement 1 year
OSHA, November 2000 Mfg. Electronics Adjustable stands
Hospital
Program, training, employee participation, workstation redesign, assist devices
.
Getty, R. L., 1999 Mfg. Heavy
Program, continuous improvement, TQM, participatory, training, medical management, tooling and process changes, lift tables, involvement in design process
Narayan, M. & Rudolph, L., 1993
Mfg., electronics
Awareness training, employee involvement, workstation changes, adjustable chairs, fixtures, microscope repositioning, padded edges
NIOSH, 1997 Mfg. Heavy
Upgrading equipment, improving process flow to reduce manual handling, lift equipment
3.66 years
http://www.eorm.com/ezine/pp7/ergo_healthcare.asp
http://www.eorm.com/ezine/pp7/ergo_healthcare.asp
http://www.eorm.com/ezine/pp7/ergo_healthcare.asp
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/citizens.html
Worrell, G. A. & Wirtz, S., 1999
Meat processing 1 year
L&I, Seattle City Light Public Utility 4 years
L&I, Xerox report Mfg. Electronics 8 years
Oxenburgh, M., 1997 Mfg. 2 years
Oxenburgh, M., 1997 Maintenance 2 years
Bernacki, E. J., et al., 1999
Hospitals
Program, hospital-wide, early treatment, risk factor identification and correction
7years
Evanoff, B. A., et al., 1999
Hospital
Program, participatory, training, work practices
2 years
Hochanadel, C. D. & Conrad, D. E., 1993
Industrial On-site physical therapy 10 years
Parenmark, G., et al., 1993
Engineering
Factory redesign, training, work organization, job enlargement
Moore, J. S. & Garg, A., 1997
Meat processing
Employee involvement, training, mechanical assists, conveyor and workstation redesign, process redesign, tool redesign, added staffing
7 years
Henderson, C., 1998 Poultry processing 5 years
McGrail Jr., M. P, et al., 1995
Hospital
Comprehensive program, medical management
2 years
Mckenzie, F., et al., 1985
Mfg. Electronics Plant-wide program, tool redesign 2 years
Aaras, A., 1993 Assembly
Adjustable workstations, chairs, arm support, suspended and counterbalanced tools
Chatterjee, D. S., 1992 Mfg. Heavy
Multidisciplinary interventions, workplace design, education
1 year
Echard, M., et al. Mfg. Heavy
Program, participatory, training, tool redesign, fixtures, work organization
2 years
Geras et al, 1989 Mfg. Heavy
Program, training, material handling equipment, workstation changes
5 years
Lifshitz et al, 1991 Mfg. Heavy Ergonomics teams and quality circles 2 years
Lockhart, 1986 Utility Program, participatory 3 years
Fitzler et al, 1983 Mfg.
Medical management, early reporting, modified duty, education
3 years
Townes, M. & Imrhan, S. N., 1991
Mfg. Electronics Product flow, line balancing, job rotation
Rosald, et al, 2002 Hospital Ceiling lifts 12 years
Nerhood et al, 1994
Office workstations, parcel delivery
Sit/stand workstations, training
Office Participatory, furniture
Office Furniture, chairs
Office - laboratory Workstation set up
Sauter, S.L. et al., 1990 Office - laboratory Optimal workstation & glare control
Sauter, S.L. et al., 1990 Office - laboratory Optimal workstation
Office Ergo environment
Fryer, B. & Ignatius, E., 1994
Office Adjustable furniture & lighting 3 years
Office
Program, adjustable furniture, accessories, lighting
10 years
Office Program, furniture, accessories 1 year
Office Program , workstations
Office Workstations, seating
Office Workstations, seating
Office Furniture, work layout
Office Furniture, work layout 10 years
Office Screen display improvements
OSHA, November 1996 Office
Paricipatory, workstations, seating, lighting, privacy, increased space
.
OSHA, November 1996 Office Workstations
OSHA, November 1996 Office Workstations
GAO/HEHS-97-163, 1997 Office
Program, participatory, workstations, chairs, headsets
4 years
Gauf, M., 1995 Office
Workstations, chairs, adjustable keyboard surface
1 year
Office Workstations, particpatory
Office
Program, workstations, chairs, document holders, breaks
.
http://www.allscan.ca/ergo/ergoecon.htm
http://www.allscan.ca/ergo/ergoecon.htm
http://www.allscan.ca/ergo/ergoecon.htm
http://www.combo.com/ergo/ergoecon.htm
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/bluecross_kan.html
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/bluecross_ri.html
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/erie.html
http://www.combo.com/ergo/ergoecon.htm
http://www.combo.com/ergo/ergoecon.htm
http://www.combo.com/ergo/ergoecon.htm
http://www.combo.com/ergo/ergoecon.htm
http://www.hfes.org/Publications/ProductDetail.aspx?ProductID=26
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/spring_window3.html
http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/success_stories/ergonomics/siemensautomotive.html
Tadano, P., 1990 Office Workstations, chairs
Bradley, W., 1996 Office Workstation adjustments 2 years
Sauter, S.L. et al., 1990 Office Furniture, layout, task lighting
Sauter, S.L. et al., 1990 Office Furniture, chairs, organization, task lighting
Sauter, S.L. et al., 1990 Office
Desks, foot rests, document holders, lighting, breaks
.
Sauter, S.L. et al., 1990 Office
Chairs, foot rests, lighting, breaks, work organization
.
Sauter, S.L. et al., 1990 Office Exercise breaks
Kleeman, W.B., et al., 1991
Office
Private offices, participatory, chairs, hardware
.
Kleeman, W.B., et al., 1991
Office
Participatory, renovations, advanced technology
.
Kleeman, W.B., et al., 1991
Office
Participatory, renovations, advanced technology
.
Kleeman, W.B., et al., 1991
Office Participatory, systems furniture
Kleeman, W.B., et al., 1991
Office Telephone headests
Kleeman, W.B., et al., 1991
Office Systems furniture
Kleeman, W.B., et al., 1991
Office Systems furniture 0.25 years
Kleeman, W.B., et al., 1991
Office Lighting
Kleeman, W.B., et al., 1991
Office Lighting
Kleeman, W.B., et al., 1991
Office Lighting
Kleeman, W.B., et al., 1991
Office Office & workstation redesign
Totals
Number of examples
Average
Median
Low
High
95% confidence
Puget Sound Human Factors
and Ergonomics Society
Injuries Productivity
83% 32%
100% 98%
4%
$500,000
10%
100%
$40,000
15%
40% 75% 70%
68% 89%
64% 100% 79% 67%
69% 94%
79%
$3,000 20%
80%
27%
$85,000
79%
60% 60%
59% 80%
90% 93%
84%
33% 51%
80% 100% 25%
$227,318
$35,212 23%
$2,160 60%
$700 58%
$10,700 27%
$750
$22,000 60%
$8,200
50%
$1,936.00 73% 85% 36.50%
45% 62% 62%
30% 30% 30% 60% 50%
$60,000 16% 35% -20%
73% 77% 77% 91% 76%
44% 38% 10%
5%
100% 100%
Costs of
Intervention(s)
Incidence
rate
Lost
workdays
Restricted
days
Workers'
comp costs
Cost per
claim
29% 72% 31%
100% 100%
37% 39% 26%
$59,000 100% 100%
$13,053 36% 64%
$25,347 48%
100% 100%
100% 100%
30% 7% 65%
40%
32% 82%
$33,502 80% 22%
$20,270 100% 100%
$64,736 8.70%
50% 70% 61%
14% 100% 69%
22%
84% 36% 61%
31% 81% 76%
70% 71% 100%
32% 52% 33%
$22,986 88% 100% 76%
$57,500 54%
$40,000 100% 100% 100%
68% 87% 84%
26% 45%
67% 61% 10%
100% 100%
19%
$58,024 100%
25%
74% 49%
62%
32%
100% 100%
8.50% 37.40%
73% 50% 6.80%
$8,403 100% 100%
50% 66% 73%
$300,000
46% 80% 20%
36% 83% 70%
50%
50%
50%
90%
100%
25% 60% 16% 25%
95%
79% 92%
90%
30%
95% 95%
50%
Training, material handling equipment, facility improvements
38% 38% 33% 13%
19%
43%
80% 99%
20%
50%
20%
100% 25%
40% 3% 10%
29% 25%
80%
78% 79% 90%
32% 62% 55%
62% 89%
Program, participatory, education, medical management, restricted duty, administrative changes only
11% 74%
$57,500 57%
89% 93%
43% 57% 54% 43%
55%
43%
62% 100%
15%
40% 63% 50%
93%
100% 55%
25%
46%
100%
17% 15%
39% 83%
71% 81%
73%
85%
92%
100%
85%
100% 10%
90% 83%
65% 95% 90%
15%
100% 100% 20%
33.30%
25%
11%
50% 50% 67%
92% 99%
50%
27%
50%
78% 66% 68%
43%
80%
32%
40%
90% 90%
25%
62% 100%
49% 66%
10%
50%
56%
73% 91% 12%
$22,000 56% 73%
45%
33%
88% 98%
74%
100% 97%
99%
80%
53.50%
50%
66% 75%
25% 55%
Awareness training, employee involvement, workstation changes, adjustable chairs, fixtures, microscope repositioning, padded edges
83% 97%
55%
71% 100% 100%
63% 66% 10%
24% 55%
68%
60%
80%
50% 83% 53%
80%
Factory redesign, training, work organization, job enlargement
15%
8% 77%
40%
18%
55% 84%
Adjustable workstations, chairs, arm support, suspended and counterbalanced tools
60%
95%
50%
70%
50%
58%
50% 90%
10.24%
$344,323 58% 69%
50% 100%
40%
15%
5%
23.30%
17.60%
4.40%
50% 74%
70% 89%
50%
7.50%
5%
$1,578,000 20%
$522,600 64%
15%
10%
80% 81%
64%
100%
100%
43%
100%
5.50%
$54,509 20.60%
16%
-0.20%
25%
39%
10.60%
11%
11.83%
28.40%
6%
7.50%
11%
64% 82% 100%
90 53 78 30 52 7 61
59% 65% 75% 53% 68% 39% 25%
57% 67% 80% 58% 70% 50% 20%
8% 9% 3% 5% 15% -20% -0.2%
100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 81% 80%
95% confidence
5% 8% 5% 11% 6% 28% 5%
std dev 0.2488513 0.2811692 0.24768893 0.3120564 0.237733829 0.382554073 0.216549228
Labor costs Scrap/errors Turnover Absenteeism Other Savings ROI
$1,480,000
$500,000
$65,000
$5,000,000
60%
100%
75% 80% savings in maintenance costs
$3,100,000
$1,348,748
75% $3,960,000
99% $2,000,000
MVAs down 51% $240,000
$10,500
$200,000
67%
50%
$300,000
98%
$1,250,000
$3,500,000 40%
$415,019
$87,400
$155,240
$73,520
27% $181,300
85% $84,000
$728,000
81% $2,850,000
$44,000
25%
3%
59%
9%
100%
16%
42%
40%
46%
60%
41%
32%
59%
16%
63%
39%
58%
32%
68%
88%
90%
42%
63%
35% 58%
63%
41%
$65,000 23.60%
$100,000
1.8
3%
23%
75% 42% $490,000
75%
60%
$205,000
20%
50%
33%
$1,800,000
53%
10%
90%
36%
$10,000
$200,000
$14,000
$2,700,000
$650,000
25%
3
$872,372 18%
56% 75%
$1,000,000
88% 50% 40% reduction in disability
$5,000,000 160%
$2,940,000
86% 14% $621,100
$6,400,000
$5,600,000
$386,000
$60,000
$400,000
$60,334
7.75%
25%
50%
65% reduction in energy costs
76% reduction in operating and maintenance costs
6 8 34 11 5 44 8
43% 67% 48% 58% $1,298,784.84
32% 75% 48% 60% $452,509.50
10% 8% 3% 14%
85% 100% 100% 98% $57,146,533.00
26% 18% 8% 15%
0.320338363 0.25276565 0.2451846 0.250312532
Payback (yrs) Cost:Benefit
1.5
1.25
0.4
10
2.5
72
140
0.56
0.07
0.29
0.03
0.58
0.21
0.12
0.71
0.06
2.4
0.18
4.4
0.83
2.5
0.37
1.7
0.03
0.42
1.5
0.15
0.08
3
0.17
0.19
1.3 6
0.4
0.4
0.7
0.96
0.9
0.06
0.2
0.06
0.24
36 6 529
0.72 38.92
0.4 8
0.03 2.5
4.4 140
0.32 45.05
0.9650739951 56.29957075

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