Article

Acute ethanol alcohol intoxication in a dog

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Abstract

Objective: An Alascan Malamute was severely ill after having ingested concentrated alcohol (94% (v/v) ethanol). Pathogenesis, therapy and similar cases are discussed. Study design: A case study of acute alcohol poisoning in a dog is presented followed by a review of the relevant literature. Results: The case was managed aggressively with supportive symptomatic therapy, and despite reaching a comatose stadium the patient eventually recovered fully. Without a specific history other toxicoses and enteral pathology have to be considered. Treatment must focus on stabilisation of the patient, reversal of CNS depression, decontamination, maintaining acid-base homeostasis and blood glucose levels. Conclusion and clinical relevance: Acute ethanol intoxication occurs relatively rarely in dogs and, if severe, must be treated aggressively and symptomatically.

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