ArticlePDF Available

The effect of baby massage on mental-motor development of healthy full term baby

Authors:
  • Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the present study is to define the effects of baby massage on mentalmotor development of healthy full term babies. Design: The research was designed as experimental. Setting: Istanbul University Istanbul Medical Faculty Gynecology and Obstetry Clinic. Subjects: The group of the research includes totally 104 healthy and full term babies (of which 52 is in control and 52 is in experimental group) who born in Istanbul University Istanbul Medical Faculty Gynecology and Obstetry Clinic between June 2001 and October 2002, and taking pediatric polyclinic service for healthy children in same hospital and their mothers who comply with criterions of case select. Mothers, who were educated on performing baby massage following birth, were asked to apply the massage 15 minutes once a day for during six months. Mental-motor developments of the babies in the experiment and control groups were evaluated in the third and sixth months after birth using Ankara Developmental Screening Inventory (ADSI). Percentage, average, standard deviation, student's t and chi-square tests were used in statistical evaluations. Main outcome measures: Demographics of healthy full term baby including; weight, length and cranial circumference at birth, sex, birth modality, apgar score, solely breastfeeding duration and mental-motor development scores. Results: Experimental and control groups were similar each other in terms of sex, birth modalities, apgar scores, weight, height, and cranial circumference at birth, solely breastfeeding durations. (p>0.05). When mental-motor development of two groups were compared with ADSI It seen that lingual-cognitive, fine motor, gross motor, social skill-self-care subscale and overall development of the experiment group were significantly higher than the control group (p<0.05). Conclusions: It was concluded that mentalmotor development can be improved with baby massage in healthy full term babies.
... The intervention was initiated from birth in two trials [19,22], within 24 hours of birth in six trials, within 48 hours of birth in one trial [21], after five days of birth in one trial [20] and after the second week of life in one trial [15]. The exact timing of initiation was not reported in 20 trials but specified that the participants were newborns (19 trials) or 0-2-month infants [25]. ...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Infant massage is commonly practiced in many parts of the world. However, the effectiveness of this intervention has not been reviewed for term, healthy newborns. Methods: This systematic review of randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials assessed the effect of whole-body massage with or without oil, compared to no massage in term healthy newborns. Key outcomes were neonatal mortality, systemic infections, growth, behaviour (crying or fussing time, sleep duration), and neurodevelopment. We searched MEDLINE via PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL, EMBASE, and CINAHL (updated till November 2021), and clinical trials databases and reference lists of retrieved articles. Two authors separately evaluated the risk of bias, extracted data, and synthesized effect estimates using mean difference (MD) and standardized mean difference (SMD). The GRADE approach was used to assess the certainty of evidence. Results: We included 31 randomized and quasi-randomized trials involving 3860 participants. Infant massage was performed by different care providers starting in the neonatal period and continuing for 1-2 months in most studies. Thirteen studies reported the use of oil with body massage. No study reported neonatal mortality or systemic infections. Meta-analyses suggested that whole-body massage may increase infant length at the end of the intervention period (median assessment age 6 weeks; mean difference (MD) = 1.6 cm, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.4 to 1.7 cm; low certainty evidence), but the effect on weight (MD = 340 g, 95% CI = 240 to 441 g), head circumference (MD = 0.8 cm, 95% CI = 0.6 to 1.1 cm), sleep duration (MD = 0.62 hours/d, 95% CI = 0.12 to 1.12 hours/d) and bilirubin levels (MD = -31.8 mmol/L or -1.8 mg/dL, 95% CI = -23.5 to -40.0 mmol/L) was uncertain. The effect on crying/fussing time at median 3 months of age, sleep duration at 6 months of age, weight, length, and head circumference at 6-12 months follow-up, and neurodevelopment outcomes, both at the end of the intervention period and follow-up was uncertain. Conclusions: Whole-body massage may improve the infant length at the end of the intervention period (median age 6 weeks, range 1-6 months) but the effect on other short- or long-term outcomes is uncertain. There is a need for further well-designed trials in future. Registration: Priyadarshi M, Balachander B, Rao S, Gupta S, Sankar MJ. Effect of body massage on growth and neurodevelopment in term healthy newborns: a systematic review. PROSPERO 2020 CRD42020177442.
Article
Full-text available
Bayi merupakan dasar dari awal kehidupan manusia dimana pertumbuhan dan perkembangan menjadi faktor utama untukmenuju tahapan berikutnya.Pada masa ini sangat bergantung dari orang tua dalam hal pemenuhan kebutuhan dasar untuk tumbuhkembangnya.Dalam merangsang pertumbuhan dan perkembangan bayi dibutuhkan stimulasi.Baby gym merupakan salah satu kegiatan yang dapat dilakukan untuk menstimulasi pertumbuhan dan perkembangan bayi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh baby gymterhadap peningkatanperkembangan bayi usia 6 bulan di desa Kayangan, Diwek Jombang. Jenis Penelitian ini adalah Quasi eksperimen dengan pendekatan non randomized pre and post test with control group design. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah bayi yang berusia 6 bulan hingga 6 bulan 15 hari saat awal penelitian sebanyak 20 anak. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan total sampling. Instrumen dalam penelitian ini menggunakan KPSP, meteran, dan timbangan bayi. Pengolahan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan univariat dan bivariat (uji chi square untuk mendapatkan nilai odds ratio. Hasil penelitian menunjukkanpengaruh baby gym terhadap perkembangan dihitung dengan menggunakan rumus nilai odds ratio dengan hasil 11 kali lebih besar untuk meningkatkan kemampuan mengangkat dada, 10 kali lebih besar untuk meningkatkan kemampuan mengangkat leher. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah terdapat pengaruh yang signifikan pemberian baby gym dalam meningkatkan perkembangan bayi yaitu meningkatkan 10 kali dalam kemampuan mengangkat dada dan 11 kali dalam meningkatkan kemampuan mengangkat leher. Ibu diharapkan sering melakukan stimulasi, ketika sedang melakukan perawatan sehari-hari serta bidan sebaiknya sering memberikan penyuluhan tentang manfaat stimulasi pada bayi.
Article
Full-text available
Masalah pertumbuhan dan perkembangan masih menjadi permasalahan kesehatan anak pada saat ini. Menurut WHO tahun 2013 mencatat bahwa setiap tahun lebih dari 200 juta anak mengalami gangguan pertumbuhan dan perkembangan.Data nasional Menurut Kemenkes RI bahwa pada tahun 2010, sebesar 11,5 % anak balita di Indonesia mengalami kelainan pertumbuhan dan perkembangan sedangkan dari data Riskesdas tahun 2018 menunjukkan total indeks perkembangan anak di Indonesia mencakup 88,3 % . Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pijat bayi terhadap Perkembangan pada bayi usia 3 sampai 6 bulan di Kelurahan Mandalika wilayah kerja Puskesmas Cakranegara Adapun metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam proposal ini adalah quasi eksperimen dengan rancangan non equivalent control group dan teknik pengambilan sampel yaitu purposive sampling. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah bayi yang berusia 3-6 bulan yang memiliki perkembangan meragukan atau menyimpang, dengan jumlah sampel 30 bayi. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan april 2019.Hasil Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa setelah dilakukan uji mann whitney didapatkan hasil analisis pengaruh pijat bayi terhadap perkembangan pada kelompok eksperimen dan kelompok control yaotu p value = 0,000 < α (0,05) menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan antara kelompok eksperimen dan kelompok kontrol terhadap perkembangan bayi. Ada pengaruh pijat bayi terhadap perkembangan bayi pada usia 3-6 bulan.The problem of growth and development is still a child health problem at this time. According to the 2013 WHO noted that every year more than 200 million children experience growth and development disorders. National data According to the Indonesian Ministry of Health that in 2010, 11.5% of children under five in Indonesia experienced abnormalities in growth and development while from the Riskesdas in 2018 showed the total child development index in Indonesia includes 88.3%. the purpose of this study is to know the Influence of Baby Message for Baby Development at the ages 3 – 6 months on Working Region of Cakranegara Health Center in 2019. The research method used in this proposal was quasi-experimental with a non equivalent control group design and the sampling technique was purposive sampling. The population in this study were babies aged 3-6 months who had dubious or deviant development, with a sample of 30 babies. This research was conducted in April 2019. The result of this study is after the Mann Whitney test, the results of the analysis of the effect of infant massage on the development in the experimental group and the control group p value = 0.000 <α (0.05) showed that there were differences between the experimental group and the control group on baby development, so there is an effect of baby massage on the development of babies at the age of 3-6 months.
Chapter
Full-text available
Este livro surge de uma ideia do Dr. Paulo Tubino (colaborador da Liga de Anatomia Dr. Nader Wafae - LADNW) e do presidente da LADNW Sr. Isac César Roldão Leite com o intuito de apresentar à comunidade médica e acadêmica em medicina alguns dos importantes temas desenvolvidos com os membros associados desta instituição durante sua história. Esta obra pretende abordar assuntos da anatomia funcional de maneira didática e aplicada em áreas da medicina que se mostraram de grande importância para a comunidade científica.
Chapter
Full-text available
Este livro surge de uma ideia do Dr. Paulo Tubino (colaborador da Liga de Anatomia Dr. Nader Wafae - LADNW) e do presidente da LADNW Sr. Isac César Roldão Leite com o intuito de apresentar à comunidade médica e acadêmica em medicina alguns dos importantes temas desenvolvidos com os membros associados desta instituição durante sua história. Esta obra pretende abordar assuntos da anatomia funcional de maneira didática e aplicada em áreas da medicina que se mostraram de grande importância para a comunidade científica.
Article
Full-text available
The present study was undertaken to investigate if massage with oils commonly used in the community for massage in infancy is beneficial. Full term born healthy infants (n = 125), 6 +/- 1 wk of age, wt > 3000 g were randomly divided into five groups. Infants received (i) herbal oil, (ii) sesame oil, (iii) mustard oil, or (iv) mineral oil for massage daily for 4 wk. The fifth group did not receive massage and served as control. The study tools were anthropometeric measurements; microhaematrocrit; serum proteins, creatinine and creatine phosphokinase; blood flow using colour doppler and sleep pattern. Massage improved the weight, length, and midarm and midleg circumferences as compared to infants without massage. However, in the group with sesame oil massage increase in length, midarm and midleg circumferences by 1.0, 0.9 and 0.7 cm, respectively was significant (P < 0.05, < 0.01 & < 0.05). There was no change in microhaematocrit, serum: proteins, albumin, creatinine and creatine phosphokinase between both the groups. The femoral artery blood velocity, diameter and flow improved significantly by 12.6 cm/sec, 0.6 cm and 3.55 cm3/sec respectively in the group with sesame oil massage as compared to the control group. Massage improved the post massage sleep, the maximum being 1.62 h in the sesame oil group (P < 0.0001). Massage in infancy improves growth and post-massage sleep. However, only sesame oil showed significant benefit.
Article
Forty preterm neonates treated in an intensive care nursery (M gestational age= 31 weeks, M birthweight=1274 gms) were randomly assigned to a treatment or control group. The treatment infants received tactile/kinesthetic stimulation (body massage and passive movements of the limbs) for three 15-min periods during three consecutive hours for a 10-day period. At the end of the treatment period the behavioral states and activity level of the neonates were monitored during sleep/wake behavior observations. In addition, neonatal behaviors were assessed on the Brazelton scale. The treated infants averaged a 47% greater weight gain per day (25 vs. 17 grams), and spent more time awake and active during sleep/wake behavior observations. On the Brazelton scale the treated infants showed more mature orientation, motor, habituation, and range of state behaviors. Finally, the treated infants were discharged 6 days earlier yielding hospital cost savings of $3,000 per infant.
Article
The Rice Infant Sensorimotor Stimulation (RISS) treatment was given to 15 premature infants to determine effects on neurophysiological development. The mothers of the infants were trained to administer the treatment for 15 minutes, 4 times a day, for 1 month, beginning the day the infant arrived home from the hospital. When each infant in the study (15 experimental and 14 control) was 4 months postnatal age, he/she was examined by a pediatrician, a psychologist, and a pediatric nurse who had no knowledge of which infant was experimental or control. The results indicated the experimental infants made significant gains in neurological development (p less than .001), weight gain (p less than .04), and mental development (p less than .05). The findings of this research indicate that early and systematic stimulation of the nerve pathways of the skin and of the vestibular nerve cells can accelerate growth and development of premature infants.
Article
Assigned randomly 28 neonates born to HIV-positive mothers to a massage therapy or control group. The treatment infants were given three 15-minute massages daily for 10 days. The massaged group showed superior performance on almost every Brazelton newborn cluster score and had a greater daily weight gain at the end of the treatment period unlike the control group who showed declining performance.
Article
Postnatal depression can have long term adverse consequences for the mother-infant relationship and the infant's development. Improving a mother's depression per se has been found to have little impact on mother-infant interaction. The aims of this study were to determine whether attending regular massage classes could reduce maternal depression and also improve the quality of mother-infant interaction. Thirty-four primiparous depressed mothers, median 9 weeks postpartum, identified as being depressed following completion of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 4 weeks postpartum, were randomly allocated either to an infant massage class and a support group (massage group) or to a support group (control group). Each group attended for five weekly sessions. Changes in maternal depression and mother-infant interaction were assessed at the beginning and the end of the study by comparing EPDS scores and ratings of videotaped mother-infant interaction. The EPDS scores fell in both groups. Significant improvement of mother-infant interaction was seen only in the massage group. The sample size was small and had relatively high dropout. It was not possible to distinguish which aspects of the infant massage class contributed to the benefit. This study suggests that learning the practice of infant massage by mothers is an effective treatment for facilitating mother-infant interaction in mothers with postnatal depression.